For a number of years I have been somewhat of a student of C.S. Lewis and have collected and read (some quite casually) the books outlined here. (Books noted with an asterisk indicate those that I have not seen.)

I have relied and inserted, for the most part, what the authors say about themselves and about the purposes for their books. In other cases, I have gone to the web for any information that was current at the time the book was published.

There are two sections: 1) Books by C.S. Lewis, including materials written by him, but edited by others, especially Walter Hooper; 2) Books and a few dissertations that others have written specifically about Lewis or that include information on Lewis—I have not included articles. There are many sources about Lewis on the web—see, for example or his official website at For an annotated bibliography, see: Many colleges and universities (e.g. Wheaton, Liberty, Bowling Green, Azusa Pacific) have websites or links to materials about Lewis. Bibliographies also often have links to other sites with Lewis information, e.g. An example of electronic sources can be found at:

I. Books by C.S. Lewis

  1. The pilgrim’s regress: An allegorical apology for Christianity, reason and romanticism. Glasgow: William Collins Sons & Co. Published as a Fount Paperback 1977; Also by William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Illustrated by Michael Hague. 1981. [ISBN: 0 8028 6063 X]

TPR was first copyrighted by Lewis in 1933 and 1943, with illustrations by Michael Hague in 1981. My comments refer to the deluxe illustrated edition (1981). There is also an Eerdmans Pocket Edition, published in 1958.

Lewis divides the book into 10 sections: 1) The data, with chapters on the rules, island, Eastern mountains, Leah for Rachel, Ichabod and Quem Quaritis in Sepulchro? Non est hic [“Sin and the law torment him, each aggravating the other”]; 2) Thrill, with chapters on dixit insipient [“He begins to think for himself and meets Nineteenth-century Rationalism”], the hill, a little southward, soft going, Leah for Rachel, Ichabod, Non est hic, and great promises. The remaining chapters (called books) are: 3) Through Darkest Zeitgeistheim; 4) Back to the road; 5) The grand canyon; 6) Northward along the canyon; 7) Southward along the canyon; 8) At bay; 9) Across the canyon, and 10) The regress.

As well as a general map of pilgrim’s world, there are illustrations of John’s island, John and Mr. Enlightenment, John and media, reason and the giant, Virtue and savage, John and contemplation, Mother Kirk and John and the dragon.

The running headers for each page give a summary of what is happening in the journey, for example on the first chapter, The Rules, the heading is “Knowledge of broken law precedes all other religious experience.”

Lewis also provides an “Afterword to third edition” that was written 10 years after the book was first published. In it he corrects some of the “obscurity” he feels was present in earlier editions. David C. Downing (2014) has edited a “Wade Annotated Edition” of the book.

  1. Out of the silent planet. London: Pan Books Ltd. [ISBN: 0 330 02172 9]

This is the story of Ransom, who is a philologist and a fellow of Cambridge college. It begins when he is simply trying to get home before dark. However, as it becomes late and he seems unlikely to get to his destination, he chances to meet a woman and asks her for directions to an inn where he might spend the night. She is distressed and is waiting for her husband, Harry. Harry turns out to be dumb, but works at a place that Ransom will be passing. Ransom agrees to find her husband and pass on her message of anxiety. Upon reaching the somewhat secluded place, Ransom has to climb a fence in order to get inside. There he is accosted by Devine (a former acquaintance) and his accomplice, Professor Weston. Unbeknownst to Ransom, they are conducting a human experiment, using Harry. Instead they use Ransom and the rest of the story is about his encounters once they reach Mars.

There are many publications of the book, the first by Bodley Head Ltd., in 1938; then by Macmillan in 1943. My copies are the Pan Books edition, 1952 and a re-issue of the 1938 edition by Scribner, 2003.

  1. The Screwtape letters. London: Geoffrey Bles. Illustrated, with a study guide. Prepared by Walter Hooper and Owen Barfield. Lord and King Associates, Inc. Distributed by Fleming H. Revell Company 1976. Published in 1961 as The Screwtape letters & Screwtape proposes a toast, with a new Preface by the author. Macmillan Company.

Revised edition contains the C.S.Lewis Preface of 1960, Screwtape Proposes a Toast, and the never-before-published Lewis Preface to the Toast.

Probably the best know of Lewis’s books (apart from the Narnia series), it is the story of a senior devil (Screwtape) giving instructions to a junior (Wormwood) on how to best tempt a particular man (and people in general). God is referred to as “The Enemy.”

The edition I have was published in 1942 and dedicated to J.R.R. Tolkien. Lewis quotes Luther as saying “The best way to drive out the devil, if he will not yield to texts of Scripture, is to jeer and flout him, for he cannot bear scorn.”

  1. Mere Christianity. NY: The Macmillan Company. See also: 1955. A revised and enlarged edition, with a new introduction, of the three books The Case for Christianity, Christian Behaviour, and Beyond Personality. Collier Books. NY: Macmillan Publishing Company. 1981. Mere Christianity: An anniversary edition of the three books The Case for Christianity, Christian Behaviour, and Beyond Personality. Edited and with an introduction by Walter Hooper. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Also called Broadcast Talks, from two series “Right and Wrong: A Clue to the Meaning of the Universe” and “What Christians Believe”, given in 1941 and 1942. London: Geoffrey Bles, 1942.

The long introduction by Hooper (in the 1981 edition) gives the history of Lewis’s association with the BBC, where the lectures included in the book were first presented. An appendix includes some of the letters that Lewis wrote in response to listeners’ questions. Lewis explains that he is not trying to convert anyone with his talks, nor is he focusing on any particular denomination and “the book, however faulty in other respects, did at least succeed in presenting an agreed, or common, or central, or ‘mere’ Christianity” (Preface, xl).

  1. Christian behaviour: A further series of broadcast talks. London: Geoffrey Bles: The Centenary Press hardback. NY: Macmillan. (See Lewis 1955, Mere Christianity)
  2. Voyage to Venus (Perelandra). London: Pan Books Ltd. [ISBN: 0 330 02171 0]; Reissued as Perelandra (Voyage to Venus), 1983 in London, Sydney and Auckland: Pan Books. [ISBN: 0330 28159 3]

This sequel to Out of the Silent Planet begins with the thoughts and journey of a man (who, not incidentally, is named Lewis) who is summoned to go to Ransom’s home. He already knows that Ransom has been to Mars and met creatures called eldila and their ruler, the Oyarsa of Malacandra. The man knows something of their physical characteristics as well: “They do not eat, breed, breathe, or suffer natural death, and to that extent resemble thinking minerals more than they resemble anything we should recognize as an animal.”

In the discussion that follows it is clear that Ransom would like to return to Malacandra (Mars) but that he has now been summoned to go to Perelandra (Venus) instead. The leader of the latter, a “bent Oyarsa” who resides somewhere in the Solar System, is going to attack Venus. Ransom has been selected to go to Venus because he learned the language Hressa-Hlab on Mars, which turns out to be Old Solar, Hlab-Eribol-of-Cordi, which is also spoken on Venus. The language was lost on Thulcandra (earth) and no human language is known to have descended from it. Additional facts are spelled out: how Venus has an outer layer of atmosphere so thick that the climate will be warm; the man Schiaparelli has studied the time it takes for Venus to revolve around the sun (Arbol). The conclusion is that there will be a perpetual day on one side of the planet and perpetual night on the other.

After an interlude of rest Ransom awakes and realizes that he is naked and at an unknown planet. Presently he sees what seems to be a dragon-like creature that he unsuccessfully tries to engage in conversation. With considerable difficulty in communication Ransom encounters what turns out to be a “green woman”. Eventually he talks to her in the ancient language of Venus telling her that he has come in peace. Her answer is as perplexing as his journey to this point. “What is peace?” she asks.

Their next conversation reveals how neither understands the other’s point of view or frame of reference. Ransom believes that when she says she is young she is referring to age. Rather, she is talking about the accumulation of wisdom. She calls Ransom “Piebald Man,” indicating the blotched nature of his skin and yet thanks him for the wisdom he is bringing. It turns out that she knows “that in your world Maleldil first took Himself this form, the form of your race and mine.” It is Maleldil that has provided all of the wisdom that the woman shares with Ransom.

But as his dialogue with the “green lady” goes on, it seems that many of Ransom’s concepts simply do not make sense to her. “What is home… alone… dead?” reveal some of the terms that are unfamiliar. She wonders aloud if Ransom was sent to Venus to teach them about death. As their dialogue continues it is also Piebald that is confused, showing “little hills and valleys” in his forehead and “a little lift” of his shoulders. “Are these the signs of something in your world?” she asks.

Weston is clearly the enemy, called the “Un-man”, who is intent on capturing the will of the lady. And it “showed plenty of subtlety and intelligence when talking to the Lady; but Ransom soon perceived that it regarded intelligence simply and solely as a weapon….” Weston continues with his arguments, clothes the lady with feathers of dead birds, gives her a mirror so that she can see herself and explains, “We call this thing a mirror. A man can love himself and be together with himself…to walk alongside oneself as if one were a second person and to delight in one’s own beauty. Mirrors were made to teach this art.”

There follows a long battle between Weston and Ransom, over land and sea, between a true man and an Un-man, one who eventually begs mercy from Ransom, who mortally wounds him. Even in this condition Weston argues with Ransom, about evil, about God, about the meaning of life. He extols the virtues of Spiritualism, how it has taken him beyond pleasant accounts of the dead that are traditional and philosophical.

A further vicious battle and adventure with the Un-man follows, in which Ransom overpowers him and then climbs a subterranean journey through the mountains and difficult terrain in his attempt to reach Oyarsa. However, the Un-man appears again and Ransom must crush him with a stone in “the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost”.

After further difficulty and travel Ransom comes across what is his own coffin-like chariot waiting for him to return to Earth from Venus. Near them are also two eldila who have been waiting. One is Oyarsa, representing Malacandra, the other represents Perelandra. Ransom is referred to as Elwin, the friend of the eldila who is “in the body of Maleldil and his sins are forgiven.” It is also Maleldil who has taught the two eldila to build the Fixed Island and perform other tasks.

The eldila reconstitute themselves so that Ransom can see them and they are taller than the sorns, “perhaps thirty feet high” and “burning white like white-hot iron.” The Oyarsa of Mars and the Oyarsa of Venus too have differences in their faces and bodies. “[D]o I see you as you really are?” asks Ransom. Mars replies, “Only Maleldil sees any creature as it really is.”

The final scenes are Ransom with a king and a queen who represent and clarify the end times of the earth. They are grateful to Ransom who has explained the nature of evil and the people of the earth, with their desire to corrupt other planets as well. Ransom departs in his coffin and returns to earth.

  1. The abolition of man. NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Contents: 1) Men without Chests—a critical and negative review of a small book on English intended for upper grade high school students. “The operation of The Green Book and its kind is to produce what may be called Men without Chests. It is an outrage that they should be commonly spoken of as Intellectuals. This gives them the chance say that he who attacks them attacks Intellectuals….Their heads are no bigger than the ordinary: it is the atrophy of the chest beneath that makes them seem so” (25). “We castrate and bid the geldings be fruitful” (26); 2) The Way; 3) The Abolition of Man—here Lewis analyzes the conception of our culture than Man has an increasing power over Nature. He asks if this is the “final stage in the conquest” given all that Man has done (59). Appendix—Illustrations of the Tao: 1) The Law of General Beneficence; 2) The Law of Special Beneficence; 3) Duties to Parents, Elders, Ancestors; 4) Duties to Children and Posterity; 5) The Law of Justice; 6) The Law of Good Faith and Veracity; 7) The Law of Mercy; 8) The Law of Magnanimity. Notes.

  1. That hideous strength. London: Pan Books Ltd. [ISBN: 0 330 02170 2]. Also John Lane The Bodley Head.

This story centers around Mark and Jane Studdock, who are not getting along too well. Jane reflects that marriage has “proved to be the door out of a world of work and comradeship and laughter and innumerable things to do, into something like solitary confinement.”

Jane, somewhat to her consternation, has the qualities of a competent visionary, a person who sees things in dreams that foretell or forbid the future. But her first vision is more of a nightmare and is confirmed by a notice that she reads in the newspaper.

Mark is not a visionary; he is a position seeker—a climber—at a small university, where he has been a sociologist for five years. Mark wished to be elected to a Fellowship but needs connections to make it happen. Lord Feverstone, now so called, was Devine in the story of the voyage to Mars, and is the man who has helped Mark get his fellowship at Bracton, although he does not learn of this until much later.

The college is engaged in the business of selling part of its property which the N.I.C.E., the National Institute of Coordinated Experiments, wishes to purchase for experimental purposes. After some discussion, the motion to sell is carried.

The first part of the story intersperses discussions between Mark and his colleagues at the university as they make plans for NICE to purchase its land with that of Jane and her friends as they try to understand what is happening to Mark, the university and NICE. Although Mark has a fellowship elsewhere, he is being offered a vague position at the university that will compromise his integrity and eventually his marriage. Jane, on the other hand, is only vaguely aware of what is going on with Mark’s decision or the effects that NICE will have on her own life. Her friend is Mrs. Dimble, who offers soothing advice like “Husbands were made to be talked to. It helps them to concentrate on what they’re reading.”

  1. The great divorce. Seventh Printing 1955. NY: The Macmillan Company. Copyright renewed 1973 by C.S. Lewis Pte. Ltd.

“The last thing I wish is to arouse factual curiosity about the details of the after-world” (viii). In the story Lewis joins a number of somewhat reluctant fellow-passengers to take a bus ride into an other-worldly place that is the abode of solid people and ghosts. There people who were at least once acquainted discuss staying or leaving the place. They are told that there is “No sphere of usefulness: you are not needed thereat all. No scope for your talents: only forgiveness for having perverted them. No atmosphere of inquiry, for I will bring you to the land of questions but of answers, and you shall see the face of God” (36). Only a few people are challenged to remain. Lewis summarizes what happens: “The good man’s past begins to change so that his forgiven sins and remembered sorrows take on the quality of Heaven; the bad man’s past already conforms to his badness and is filled only with dreariness” (64).

  1. ed. George MacDonald: An anthology. London: Geoffrey Bles: The Centenary Press. Published in America in 1947 By Macmillan.

A collection of 365 Readings. My edition was published by Touchstone, a registered trademark of NY: Simon & Schuster. [ISBN 0-684-82375-6]. In the Preface Lewis claimed: “All that I know of George MacDonald I have learned either from his books or from [his] biography, published by his son Dr. Greville MacDonald in 1924. “[MacDonald] appears to have been a remarkable man—a man hard, and tender, and humorous all at once, in the old fashion of Scotch Christianity” (xxi-xxii). His family were Calvinists and “On the intellectual side his history a largely a history of escape from the theology in which he had been brought up” (xxii). “His best characters are those which reveal how much real charity and spiritual wisdom can coexist with the profession of a theology that seems to encourage neither” (xxiii). MacDonald grew up in poverty and his resignation to it “was at the opposite pole from that of the stoic. He appears to have been a sunny, playful man, deeply appreciative of all really beautiful and delicious things that money can buy, and no less deeply content to do without them….and he was all his life hospitable as only the poor can be” (xxv). According to Lewis, it was in mythopoeic art that MacDonald excelled. Lewis’s collection “was designed not to revive MacDonald[s literary reputation but to spread his religious teaching” (xxx). “In making this collection I am discharging a debt of justice. I have never concealed that fact that I regarded him as my master; indeed I fancy I have never written a book in which I did not quote from him” (xxxii).  “The whole difficulty of making extracts is to leave the sense perfectly clear while not retaining anything you do not want” (xxxiv).

  1. Miracles: A preliminary study. London: Geoffrey Bles.

“…the question whether miracles occur can never be answered simply by experience” (11)….This book is intended as a preliminary to historical inquiry…Those who assume that miracles cannot happen are merely wasting their time by looking into the texts: we know in advance what results they will find for they have begun by begging the question” (13). After outlining the scope of the book in chapter 1, further chapters are: 2) The naturalist and the supernaturalist (15-22); 3) The self contradiction of the naturalist (23-31); 4) Nature and supernature (33-42); 5) A further difficulty in naturalism (43-48); 6) Answers to misgivings (49-54); 7) A chapter of Red Herrings (55-65); 8) Miracle and the laws of nature (67-75); 9) A chapter not strictly necessary (77-81); 10) Horrid Red Things (83-97); 11) Christianity and ‘Religion’ (99-114); 12) The propriety of miracles (115-120); 13) On probability (121-130); 14) The Grand Miracle 131-158); 15) Miracles of the Old Creation 159-170); 16) Miracles of the New Creation (171-195); 17) Epilogue (197-204). Then follows Appendix A. On the words Spirit and Spiritual (205-210); Appendix B. On ‘Special Providences’ (211-216); and finally an Index (217-220).

  1. The abolition of man, or reflections on education with special reference to the teaching of English in the upper forms of schools. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.

The following summary of the above is taken from Hooper, 1996:329-341: Background: I: “The Hegemony of Moral Values”; II: The Riddell Memorial Lectures. Summary: I: The Problem; II: The Educational Predicament. III: ‘Real; or ‘Basic’ Values. IV: An Appeal to ‘Instinct’. V: How Does Instinct Help Us Find ‘Real’ Values; VI: Which Instinct Should We Obey? VII: Where is There An Instinct to ‘preserve the species’? VIII: The Tao the Sole Source of All Value Judgments. IX. Is Progress in Values Possible? X: The Power of Earlier Generations Over Later Ones. XI: Moulding the New Men. XII: What Motivates the New Creators of Motives? XIII: The Rule of Nature. XIV: How Man Brings About His Subjection to Nature. XV: From Science the Cure Might Come. Reviews.

Hooper noted that Chad Walsh, in his review, said “This quiet little book is uniquely calculated to infuriate John Dewey’s disciples and all other moralists who want to pick and choose from among the scraps of universal morality, who what to have their cake and eat it too” (Hooper, p.341).

  1. ed. Essays presented to Charles Williams. Grand Rapids, MIL William B. Eerdmans. Chapters by Dorothy Sayers, J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, A.O. Barfield, Gervase Mathew and W.H. Lewis.

Preface: “In this book the reader is offered the work of one professional author, two dons, a solicitor, a friar, and a retired army officer “ (v). “No event has so corroborated my faith in the next world as Williams did simply by dying. When the idea of death and the idea of Williams thus met in my mind, it was the idea of death that changed” (xiv).

Contents: ‘…And Telling you a Story’: a Note on The Divine Comedy by Dorothy Sayers (1-37); On Fairy-Stories by J.R.R. Tolkien (38-89); On Stories by C.S. Lewis (90-105); Poetic Diction and Legal Fiction by A.O. Barfield (106-127); Marriage and Amour Courtois in Late Fourteenth-Century England by Gervase Matthew (128-135); The Galleys of France by W.H. Lewis (136-145).

  1. The weight of glory and other addresses. NY: The Macmillan Company; Published in England under the title, Transposition and other addresses.

Contents: 1) The Weight of Glory (1-15); 11) Transposition (16-29); III) Membership (30-42); (V) Learning in War-time (43-54); V) The Inner Ring (55-66).

“This book contains a selection of the too numerous addresses which I was induced to give during the late war and the years that immediately followed it.” (From the Preface)

“We are half-hearted creatures, fooling about with drink and sex and ambition when infinite joy is offered us, like an ignorant child who wants to go on making mud pies in a slum because he cannot imagine what is meant by the offer of a holiday at the sea. We are far too easily pleased” (2). “To please God…to be a real ingredient in the divine happiness…to be loved by God, not merely pitied, but delighted in as an artist delights in his work or a father in a son—it seems impossible, a weight or burden of glory which our thoughts can hardly sustain. But so it is” (10).

“The promises of Scripture may very roughly be reduced to five heads. It is promised, firstly, that we shall be with Christ; secondly, that we shall be like Him, thirdly, with an enormous wealth of imagery, that we shall have ‘glory’; fourthly, that we shall, in some sense, fe fed or feasted or entertained; and, finally, that we shall have some sort of official position in God’s universe—ruling cities, judging angels, being pillars of God’s temple” (7).

“Where we tend to go wrong is in assuming that if there is to be a correspondence between two systems it must be a one-for-one correspondence….If you are to translate from a language which has a large vocabulary into a language that has a small vocabulary, then you must be allowed to use several words in more than one sense” (21).

“I am going to maintain that what I call Transposition is the only possible mode whereby a poorer medium can respond to a richer: But I claim that it is very hard to imagine any other….[I]t seems to me that the real relation between mind and body is one of Transposition” (24).

“We live, in fact, in a world starved for solitude, silence, and privacy: and therefore starved for meditation and true friendship….To make Christianity a private affair while banishing all privacy is to relegate it to the rainbow’s end or the Greek Calends” (31).

“The very word membership is of Christian origin, but it has been taken over by the world and emptied of all meaning” (33).

“There will come a time when every culture, every institution, every nation, the human race, all biological life, is extinct, and every one of is still alive. Immortality is promised to us, not to these generalities. It was not for societies or states that Christ died but for men….Nothing that has not died will be resurrected” (38).

“Human life has always been lived on the edge of a precipice. Human culture has always had to exist under the shadow of something infinitely more important than itself. If men had postponed the search for knowledge and beauty until they were secure, the search would never have begun. We are mistaken we\hen we compare war with ‘normal life’. Life has never been normal” (44).

“A man who has lived in many places is not likely to be deceived by the local errors of his native village: the scholar has lived in many times and is therefore in some degree immune from the great cataract of nonsense that pours from the press and the microphone of his own age” (51).

“As far as I can find out, what we call natural death is usually preceded by suffering: and a battle field is one of the very few places where one has a reasonable prospect of dying with not pain at all. Does it decrease our changes of dying at peace with God? I cannot believe it” (52).

“The painless death of a pious relative at an advanced age is not an evil. But an earnest desire for her death on the part of her heirs is not reckoned a proper feeling, and the law frowns on even the gentlest attempt to expedite her departure. Let Inner Rings be an unavoidable and even an innocent feature of life, though certainly not a beautiful one: but what of our longing to enter them our anguish when we are excluded, and the kind of pleasure we feel when we get in?” (60).

  1. The lion, the witch and the wardrobe: A story for children. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. [ISBN 0 02 044220 3]

Contents: Lucy Looks into a Wardrobe; II) What Lucy Found There; III) Edmund and the Wardrobe; IV) Turkish Delight; V) Back on This Side of the Door; VI) Into the Forest; VII) A Day with the Beavers; VIII) What Happened After Dinner; IX) In the Witch’s House; X) The Spell Begins to Break; XI: Aslan Is Nearer; XII: Peter’s First Battle; XIII) Deep Magic from the Dawn of Time; XIV) The Triumph of the Witch; XV) Deeper Magic from Before the Dawn of Time; XVI) What Happened About the Statues; XVII) The Hunting of the White Stag.

“How Aslan, the noble lion, freed Narnia from the spell of the White Witch.”

  1. Prince Caspian: The return to Narnia. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. [ISBN 0 02 044240 8]

Contents: I) The Island; II) The Ancient Treasure House; III) The Dwarf; IV) The Dwarf Tells of Prince Caspian; V) Caspian’s Adventure in the Mountains; VI) The People That Lived in Hiding; VII) Old Narnia in Danger; VIII) How They Left the Island; IX) What Lucy Saw; X) The Return of the Lion; XI) The Lion Roars; XII) Sorcery and Sudden Vengeance; XIII) The High King in Command; XIV) How All Were Very Busy; XV) Aslan Makes a Door in the Air.

“How good Prince Caspian and his army of Talking Beasts conquered the Telmarines.”

  1. The voyage of the Dawn Treader. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. [ISBN 0 02 044260 2]

Contents: I) The Picture in the Bedroom; II) On Board the “Dawn Treader”; III) The Lone Islands; IV) What Caspian Did There; V) The Storm and What Came of It; VI) The Adventures of Eustace; VII) How the Adventure Ended; VIII) Two Narrow Escapes; IX) The Island of the Voices; X) The Magician’s Book; XI) The Dufflepuds Made Happy; XII) The Dark Island; XIII) The Three Sleepers; XIV) The Beginning of the End of the World; XV) The Wonders of the Last Sea; XVI) The Very End of the World.

“How King Caspian sailed through Magic waters to the End of the World.”

  1. The Silver Chair. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. ISBN 0 02 044250 5]

Contents: I) Behind the Gym; II) Jill is Given a Task; III) The Sailing of the King; IV) A Parliament of Owls: V) Puddleglum; VI) The Wild Waste Lands of the North; VII) The Hill of the Strange Trenches; VIII) The House of Harfang; IX) How They Discovered Something Worth Knowing; X) Travels Without the Sun; Xi) In the Dark Castle; XIII) The Queen of Underland; XIII) Underland Without the Queen; XIV) The Bottom of the World; XV) The Disappearance of Jill; XVI) The Healing of Harms.

“How captive Prince Rilian escaped from the Emerald Witch’s underground kingdom.”

  1. The Horse and His Boy. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. [ISBN 0 02 044200 9]

Contents: I) How Shasta Set Out on His Travels; II) A Wayside Adventure; III) At the Gates of Tashbaan; IV) Shasta Falls In with the Narnians; V) Prince Corin; VI) Shasta Among the Tombs; VII) Aravis in Tashbaan; VIII) In the House of the Tisroc; IX) Across the Desert; X) The Hermit of the Southern March; XI) The Unwelcome Fellow Traveler; XII) Shasta in Narnia; XIII) The Fight at Anvard; XIV) How Bree Became a Wiser Horse; XV) Rabadash the Ridiculous.

“How a talking horse and a boy prince saved Narnia from invasion.”

  1. English literature in the sixteenth century excluding drama. Oxford History of English Literature. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Contents: Introduction: New Learning and New Ignorance. Book I. Late Medieval: i) The Close of the Middle Ages in Scotland; II) The Close of the Middle Ages in England. Book II. ‘Drab’: I) ?Religious Controversy and Translation; II) Drab Age Verse; III) Drab and Transitional Prose. Book III. ‘Golden’: I) Sidney and Spenser; II) Prose in the ’Golden’ Period; III) Verse in the ‘Golden’ Period. Epilogue: New Tendencies. Chronological Table. Bibliography. Index.

“Learned, vivacious, individual, this nine-year pondered handbook is a notable performance. Few critics of recent years have brought to the study of English literature so wide a knowledge both of the classical literature and of French and Italian literature (to say nothing of the ‘Scots’). And Mr. Lewis, be it said, knows how to make the learning felt—you feel, reading him, that he has read what he is talking about. Even so, what is best in this book, perhaps, is the lively, individual quality of it.” (Times Literary Supplement)

  1. The Magician’s Nephew. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. [ISBN 0 02 044230 0]

Contents: I) The Wrong Door; II) Digory and His Uncle; III) The Wood Between the Worlds; IV) The Bell and the Hammer; V) The Deplorable Word; VI) The Beginning of Uncle Andrew’s Troubles; VII) What Happened at the Front Door; VIII) The Fight at the Lamp-Post; IX: The Founding of Narnia; X) The First Joke and Other Matters; XI) Digory and His Uncle Are Both in Trouble; XII: Strawberry’s Adventure; XIII) An Unexpected Meeting; XIV) The Planting of the tree; XV) The End of This Story and the Beginning of All the Others.

“How Aslan created Narnia and gave the gift of speech to its animals.”

  1. Surprised by Joy: The Shape of my Early Life. NY: Harcourt Brace & Company; Reissued in paperback as A Harvest Book, 1956.

Contents: I) The First Years; II) Concentration Camp; III) Mountbracken and Campbell; IV) I Broaden My Mind; V) Renaissance; VI: Bloodery: VII: Light and Shade; VIII) Release; IX) The Great Knock; X) Fortune’s Smile; XI) Check; XII) Guns and Good Company; XIII) The New Look; XIV) Checkmate; XV) The Beginning.

  1. [1943, 1945, 1952] Mere Christianity. NY: The MacMillan Company. A revised and enlarged edition, with a new introduction, of the three books The Case for Christianity, Christian Behaviour, and Beyond Personality.

Contents: Preface. Lewis warns that he offers no help to anyone who is hesitating between two Christian “denominations”. He believed that divisions among Christians should be discussed only when people with opposite points of view were present (vi). He uses the word “Christian” to mean those who accept the common doctrines of Christianity (ix). He uses the analogy of a hall with many rooms and that each has “fires and chairs and meals”. The hall is for waiting to enter one of the doors, which each person must knock on and, upon entering, ask which door is the true one, not which one he likes best. The focus is not upon whether we like the particular kind of service but upon the truth of the doctrines concerning holiness, and not because of our pride or personal taste. People all over the world that they ought to behave in a certain way, but in fact they do not and in so doing they break the “Law of Nature.”

Book I. Right and Wrong as a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe. 1) The Law of Human Nature: How people focus on fairness (right and wrong) as a universal value but with with a “law” already within them 2) Some Objections: Moral law is simply an instinct, like others but Lewis points out that if it was we ought to be able to point to an instinct called good and call it up for the right behavior; 3) The Reality of the Law—it is not what we do but a law that tells us what to do and which we do not do, something beyond the actual facts; 4) What Lies Behind the Law—if it were a blind force it would never interfere with what we want to do; 5) We Have Cause to Be Uneasy—Christianity does not begin with comfort, it begins with dismay because of our knowledge of good and evil.

Book II. What Christians Believe: 1) The Rival Conceptions of God—atheism turns out to be too simple because the universe has no meaning; 2) The Invasion—Christianity believes the ‘Dark Power’ was created by God and went wrong; 3) The Shocking Alternative—God cannot give us peace and happiness unless it comes form Him; Jesus is either who he said he is or a lunatic (41); 4) The Perfect Penitent—the “formula” is that by dying, Jesus disabled death and washed away our sins. Jesus’s sufferings were possible only because he was good; true, but it would be an odd reason for rejecting them; 5) The Practical Conclusion—we believe things “on authority” and it is no difference for Christians. “…if you are worried about people outside, the most unreasonable thing you can do is to remain outside yourself. Christians are Christ’s body, the organism through which He works. Every addition to that body enables Him to do more. If you want to help those outside you must add your own little cell to the body of Christ who alone can help them Cutting off a man’s fingers would be an odd way of getting him to do more work.”

Book III. Christian Behaviour: 1) The Three Parts of Morality—Lewis notes that when we think about morality three are three areas: relations between people, between the things within us and with the power that made us; 2) The “Cardinal Virtues”— Prudence (practical common sense), temperance (going the right length and no further), justice (fairness, honesty and truthfulness) and fortitude (perseverance); 3) Social Morality—the application of Christian Principles to the life around us; 4) Morality and Psychoanalysis—what a good man is and does and the philosophy of Freud is in contradiction to general philosophy and moral choices; 5) Sexual Morality—it is everything to be ashamed of if this is all we think about. We learn to accept some desires and reject others. We have two things inside of us: The Animal self and the Diabolical self and the latter is the worse of the two. “That is why a cold, self-righteous prig who goes regularly to church may be far nearer to hell than a prostitute. But, of course, it is better to be neither” (80); 6) Christian Marriage—“The monstrosity of sexual intercourse outside marriage is that those who indulge in it are trying to isolate one kind of union (the sexual) from all the other kinds of union which were intended to go along with it and make up the total union”; 7) Forgiveness—For Christians “thy neighbor” includes “they enemy”. “We may kill if necessary, but we must not hate and enjoy hating. We must punish if necessary, but we must not enjoy it; 8) The Great Sin—Pride or Self-Conceit and the opposite is Humility. “The real test of being in the presence of God is that you either forget about yourself altogether or see yourself as a small, dirty object. It is better to forget about yourself altogether”; 9) Charity—one of the “Cardinal” virtues. “Do not sit trying to manufacture feelings. Ask yourself, ‘If I were sure I loved God, what would I do?’ When you have found the answer, go and do it’”; 10) Hope—It is since Christians have largely ceased to think of the other world that they have become so ineffective in this. Aim at Heaven and you will get earth ‘thrown in’: am at earth and you will get neither”; 11) Faith—you must train the habit of faith because if it depends on our moods, they change; 12) Faith—a second or higher sense: “A man who starts anxiously watching to see whether he is going to sleep is very likely to remain wide awake”.

Book IV. Beyond Personality: or First Steps in the Doctrine of the Trinity: 1) Making and Begetting—We don’t get to God by studying nature or feeling the presence of God, we need a map to follow. We read that Christ was begotten, not created. Lewis calls nature Bios and the spiritual life Zoe. “The world is a great sculptor’s shop. We are the statues and there is a rumour going around the shop that some of us are some day going to come to life”; 2) The Three-Personal God—God is the thing to which he is praying—the goal he is trying to reach. God is also the thing inside him which is pushing him on—the motive power. God is also the road or bridge along which he is being pushed to that goal. So that the whole threefold life of the three personal Being is actually going on in that ordinary little bedroom where an ordinary man is saying his prayers” (127); 3) Time and Beyond Time—“You cannot fit Christ’s earthly life in Palestine into any time-relations with His life as God beyond all space and time. It is really, I suggest, a timeless truth about God that human nature, and the human experience of weakness and sleep and ignorance, are somehow included in his whole divine life” (132); 4) Good Infection—If you want joy, power, peace, eternal life, you must get close to, or even into, the thing that has them. They are not a sort of prize which God could, if He chose, just hand out to anyone” (137); 5) The Obstinate Toy Soldiers—when we were children we might have thought that it would be fun if our toy soldiers came to life but they are all separate and if one came to life it would make no difference to the rest. Human beings are not like that; 6) Two Notes—turning toy soldiers into real people would not be difficult if the human race had not turned away from God. A Christian should not be either a Totalitarian or a Individualist; 7) Let’s Pretend—“Very often the only way to get a quality in reality is to start behaving as if you had it already. That is why children’s games are so important” (147). We don’t need to act like Jesus died 2000 years ago and is not now with us; 8) Is Christianity Hard or Easy—“In the same way the Church exists for nothing else but to draw men into Christ, to make them into little Christs. If they are not doing that, all the cathedrals, clergy, missions, sermons, even the Bible itself, are simply a waste of time” (155); 9) Counting the Cost—“To shrink back from that plan [Christ making a difference] is not humility; it is laziness and cowardice. To submit to it is not conceit or megalomania; it is obedience” (159); 10) Nice People or New Men?—“The change will not be completed in this life, for death is an important part of the treatment?” (161) Some people are slowly becoming less Christians (162). “We must not suppose that even if we succeeded in making everyone nice we should have saved their souls. A world of nice people…would be just as desperately in need of salvation as a miserable world—and might even be more difficult to save” (167) 11) The New Men—“It is when I turn to Christ, when I give myself up to His Personality, that I first begin to have a real personality of my own” (174).

  1. The Last Battle. (With pictures adapted from illustrations by Pauline Baynes) NY: Macmillan. Collier books edition 1970. [ISBN 0 02 044210 6]

Contents: I) By Caldron Pool; II) The Rashness of the King; III) The Ape in Its Glory; IV) What Happened That Night; V) How Help Came to the King; VI) A Good Night’s Work: VII) Mainly About Dwarfs; VIII) What News the Eagle Brought; IX) The Great Meeting on Stable Hill; X) Who Will Go into the Stable? XI) The Pace Quickens; XII) Through the Stable Door; XII) How the Dwarfs Refused to be Taken In; XIV) Night Falls on Narnia; XV) Further Up and Further In; XVI) Farewell to Shadow-Lands.

This is really a story of how evil came to Narnia and how Aslan led the people to a new paradise.

  1. Till we have faces: A myth retold. Drawings by Fritz Eichenberg. NY: Harcourt, Brace & Co.

Lewis notes (pp. 311-313) that “this tale of a beautiful and an unattractive princess and their struggles comes from the story of Cupid and Psyche, which first occurs in one of the few surviving Latin novels, the Metamorphoses (sometimes called The Golden Ass) of Lucius Apuileius Platonieus, who was born about 125 A.D” and he uses this myth for the source (not model) for his own story. For an article about the novel, see:,

  1. Reflections on the Psalms. NY: Harcourt, Brace and Co; Published by Collins Fontana Books 1967; Fount Paperbacks 1977. [ISBN: 0 00 634568 4]

Contents: I) Introductory—“A man can’t be always defending the truth; there must be a time to feed on it” (7); II) “Judgment” in the Psalms—“Christians cry to God for mercy instead of justice; they cried to God for justice instead of injustice” (12); III) The Cursings—“If the Jews cursed more bitterly than the Pagans this was, I think, at least in part because they took right and wrong more seriously (30); IV) Death in the Psalms—And we notice here the strange roads by that God uses to leads his people. From “Century and century, by blows which seem to us merciless, by defeat, deportation, and massacre, it was hammered into the Jews that earthly prosperity is not in fact certain, or even probably, reward of seeing God” (43); V) “The fair beauty of the Lord”—“Our life as Christians begins by being baptized into death; our most joyous festivals begin with, and centre upon, the broken body and the shed blood” (52); VI) “Sweeter than Honey”; “One is sometimes (not often) glad not to be a great theologian; one might so easily mistake it for being a good Christian…..When the subject is sacred, proud and clever men may come to think that the outsiders who don’t know it are not merely inferior to them in skill but lower in God’s eyes” (57); VII) Connivance; “…avoid…any meeting with people who are bullies, lascivious, cruel, dishonest, spiteful and so forth. Not because we are ‘too good’ for them. In a sense because we are not good enough. We are not good enough to cope with all the temptations….The temptation is to condone, to connive at; by our words, looks and laugher, to consent’ (71); VIII) Nature—“To say that God created Nature, while it brings God and Nature into relation, also separates them. What makes and what is made must be two, not one. Thus the doctrine of Creation in one sense empties Nature of divinity” (80); IX) A Word about Praising—“I had not noticed how the humblest, and at the same time most balanced and capacious minds, praised most, while the cranks, misfits and malcontents praised least” (94). “I think we delight to praise what we enjoy because the praise not merely expresses but completes the enjoyment; it is its appointed consummation” (95); X) Second Meanings—“…almost anything can be read into any book if you are determined enough….(Some of the allegories thus imposed on my own books have been so ingenious and interesting that I often wish I had thought of them myself)” (99) ‘There is a real connection between what Plato and the myth-makers most deeply were  and meant and what I believe to be the truth. I know that connection and they do not” (108); XI) Scripture—“I never regard any narrative as unhistorical simply on the ground that it includes the miraculous” (109). “I take it that the whole Old Testament consists of the same sort of material as any other literature….Not all, I suppose, in the same way” (112); XII) Second Meanings in the Psalms. Appendix I—Selected Psalms; Appendix II—Psalms discussed or mentioned.

  1. The four loves. London: Geoffrey Bles Ltd. Published by Fontana Books 1963; Fount Paperback 1977; Also NY: Harcourt, Brace & World Inc.

There are also two cassette tapes of the book, recorded and published by The Episcopal Radio-TV Foundation, Inc. and Word Publishing, Dallas, Texas. These provide “The only published recording of the voice of C.S. Lewis” (1970, 1983, 1994). Also now available as a download from Amazon for ebook reading.

“The heroic stories… are best when they are handed on and accepted as stories. I do not mean by this that they should be handled on as mere fictions (some of them are after all true). But the emphasis should be on the tale as such, on the picture which fires the imagination, the example that strengthens the will” (43). The ‘loves’ Lewis describes are: 1) Affection, “the humblest and most widely diffused of love, the love in which our experience seems to differ least from that of the animals…. The Greeks called this love storge… ‘affection, especially of parents to offspring’” (53). “Affection would not be affection if it was loudly and frequently expressed; to produce it in public is like getting your house hold furniture out for a move” (56).”Affection is an affair of old clothes, and ease, of the unguarded moment, of liberties which would be ill-bred if we took them with strangers…. Affection at its best practices a courtesy which is incomparably more subtle, sensitive, and deep than the public kind. In public a ritual would do” (67); 2) Friendship “seemed the happiest and most fully human of all loves; the crown of life and the school of virtue. The modern world, in comparison, ignores it. We admit of course that besides the wife and family a man needs a few ‘friends’” (87). “The fact that no positive evidence of homosexuality can be discovered in the behavior of two Friends does not disconcert the wiseacres at all…. A belief in invisible cats cannot perhaps be logically disproved, but it tells us a good deal about those who hold it” (91). “Friendship arises out of mere Companionship when two or more of the companions discover that they have in common some insight or interest or even taste which the others do not share and which, till that moment, each believed to be his own unique treasure (or burden)” (96); 3) Eros—“By Eros I mean of course that state which we call ‘being in love’” (131). “Sexuality may operate without Eros or as part of Eros” (132). “[Venus] herself is a mocking, mischievous spirit, far more elf than deity, and makes game of us” (141). “As Venus within Eros does not really aim at pleasure, so Eros does not aim at happiness” (149). “Thus Eros, like the other loves, but more strikingly because of his strength, sweetness, terror and high port, reveals his true status…. He needs help; therefore needs to be ruled. The god dies or become a demon unless he obeys God” (160); 4) Charity. “Hitherto hardly anything has been said in this book about our natural loves as rivals to the love of God…. In words which can still bring tears to the eyes, St. Augustine describes the desolation in which the death of his friend Nbridius plunged him…. This is what comes, he says of giving one’s heart to anything but God. All human beings pass away. Do not let your happiness depend on something you may lose. If love is do be a blessing and not a misery, it must be for the only Beloved who will never pass away” (167). “We are all receiving Charity. There is something in each of us that cannot be naturally love” (183). “And yet I believe, the necessity for the conversion [of our love into Charity] is inexorable; at least, if our natural loves are to enter the heavenly life…nothing can enter there which cannot become heavenly” (187). “Perhaps, for many of us, all experience merely defines, so to speak, the shape of that gap where our love of God ought to be” (192).

  1. [1952, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1960]. The world’s last night: And other essays. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.

From articles and essays published elsewhere. Contents: 1) The efficacy of prayer (Atlantic Monthly, January, 1959); 2) On obstinacy in belief (Sewanee Review, Autumn, 1955); 3) Lilies that fester (Twentieth Century, April, 1955); 4) Screwtape proposes a toast (Saturday Evening Post, December 1959); 5) Good work and good works (Catholic Art Quarterly, Christmas 1959); 6) Religion and Rocketry (Christian Herald, April 1958); 7) The world’s last night (Religion for Life as “The Christian Hope—Its Meaning for Today” “We do not know the play. We do not even know whether we are in Act I or Act V. We do not know who are the major and who the minor characters. The author knows. The audience, if there is an audience…may have an inkling” (105).

  1. A grief observed. [N. W. Clerk, pen name] London: Faber & Faber.

A very intimate account of Lewis’s journey of grief after his wife died. He comments “’Where is she now?’ That is, in what place is she at the present time. But if H. is not a body—and the body I loved is certainly no longer she—she is no place at all” (21). “If the dead are not in time, or not in our sort of time, is there any clear difference, when we speak of them, between was and is and will be?” (22) “Unless, of course, you can literally believe all that stuff about family reunions ‘on the further shore’, pictured in entirely earthly terms. But that is all unscriptural, all out of bad hymns and lithographs. There’s not a word of it in the Bible. And it rings false. We know it couldn’t be like that. Reality never repeats” (23). “Probably half the questions we ask—half our great theological and metaphysical problems—are like that [nonsense]” (55). “There is also, whatever it means, the resurrection of the body. We cannot understand. The best is perhaps what we understand least” (59).

  1. Studies in words. Cambridge at the University Press.

“This book is based on lectures given at Cambridge during the last few years and is primarily addressed to students…. It is not an essay in higher linguistics…. The point of view is merely lexical and historical” (Preface, vii). “One understands a word much better if one has met it alive, in its native habitat. So far as possible our knowledge should be checked and supplemented, not derived, from the dictionary” (Introduction, 2). “Language is an instrument for communication. The language which can with the greatest ease make the finest and most numerous distinctions of meaning is the best. It is better to have like and love than to have aimer for both” (6). “What seems to me certain is that in ordinary language the sense of a word is governed by the context and this sense normally excludes all others from the mind” (11). Chapter 2 is called “Nature” after Latin natura and Greek phusis and English kind. Chapter 3 discusses sad (with gravis and grave); Chapter 4 “Wit” (with ingenium); Chapter 5 “Free” (with eleutherios, liberal, frank, etc.); Chapter 6 “Sense” (with sentence, sensibility, and sensible); Chapter 7 “Simple”; Chapter 8 “Conscience and Conscious”; Chapter 9 “At the fringe of language”; An Index lists all the words that Lewis discusses in the book.

  1. An experiment in Criticism. Cambridge University Press.

Contents: I) The Few and the Many; II) False Characterisations; III) How the Few and the Many use Pictures and Music; IV) The Reading of the Unliterary; V) On Myth; VI) The Meanings of Fantasy; VII) On Realisms; VIII) On Misreading by the Literary; IX) Survey; X) Poetry) XI) The Experiment. Epilogue. Appendix: A note on Oedipus.

“In this essay I propose to try an experiment. Literary criticism is traditionally employed in judging books. Any judgement it implies about men’s reading of books is a corollary from its judgement on the books themselves. Bad taste is, as it were by definition, a taste for bad books. I want to find out what sort of picture we get by reversing the process. Let us make our distinction between readers or types of reading the basis, and our distinction between books the corollary. Let us try to discover how far it might be plausible to define a good book as a book which is read in one way, and a bad book as a book which is read in another” (1).

  1. The problem of pain. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. [ISBN: 0 02 086850 2]

Contents: Preface. 1) Introductory; 2) Divine Omnipotence; 3) Divine Goodness; 4) Human Wickedness; 5) The Fall of Man; 6) Human Pain; 7) Human Pain, Continued; 8) Hell; 9) Animal Pain; 10) Heaven. Appendix.

“If any real theologian reads these pages he will very easily see that they are the work of a layman and an amateur. Except in the last two chapters, parts of which are admittedly speculative, I have believed myself to be restating ancient and orthodox doctrines. If any parts of the book are ‘original’, in the sense of being novel or unorthodox, they are so against my will and as a result of my ignorance” (xii).

  1. Letters to Malcolm: chiefly on prayer. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World; 1964 by Geoffrey Bles. Fontana Books 1966; Fount Paperbacks 1977. [ISBN: 0 00 623739 8]

There are 21 letters to “Malcolm” that begin with the subject of private (not corporate) prayer. Lewis reminds us that the charge to Peter was to feed His sheep, not to experiment with rats or teach dogs new tricks (5). He suggests that prayers without words are best (11) and that the relationship between us and God should be private and intimate (13). Although he allows for the possibility of prayers for the dead he sees it as a “great danger” (15) and also that the place or position we pray in is not the issue as much as praying with the discipline. Lead us not into temptation is a petition to make our paths straight and that we be spared, when possible, from crises (28). Some things we don’t pray about: “We don’t pray about eclipses” (38). “In every Church, in every institution, there is something which sooner or later works against the very purpose for which it came into existence” (43). Lewis often makes the point in his writings that “God and His acts are not in time. Intercourse between God and man occurs at particular movements for the man, but not for God” (48). He concludes that the images we have are more important and more to be trusted than theological abstractions because the latter is “itself a tissue of analogies: a continual modelling of spiritual reality in legal or chemical or mechanical terms” (52). “There is always hope if we keep an unsolved problem fairly in view; there’s none if we pretend it’s not there” (59). God listens to our prayers and takes them into account (61) even if he does not answer them like we wish. He points out that the increased number of people that we need to pray for is one of the burdens of old age! (66) “The true Christian’s nostril is to be continually attentive to the inner cesspool” (98). “Our emotional reactions to our own behaviour are of limited ethical significance” (99). See (108) for comment on purgatory. “If we were perfected, prayer would not be a duty, it would be a delight. Some day, please God, it will be” (114). “I must say my prayers today whether I feel devout or not; but that is only as I must lear my grammar if I am ever to read the poets” (115).

  1. The discarded Image: An introduction to Medieval and Renaissance literature. Cambridge at the University Press.

Contents: Preface. I) The Medieval Situation; II) Reservations; III) Selected Materials; The Classical Period: A) The Sominium Scipionis; B) Lucan; C) Statius, Claudian, and Lady Natura; D) Apuleius, De Deo Socratis; IV) Selected Materials: The Seminal Period: A) Chalcidius; B) Macrobius; C) Pseudo-Dionysius; D) Boethius; V) The Heavens: A) The Parts of the Universe; B) Their Operations; C) Their Inhabitants. VI) The Longaevi. VII) Earth and Her Inhabitants: A) The Earth; B) Beasts; C) The Human Soul; D) Rational Soul; E) Sensitive and Vegetable Soul; F) Soul and Body; G) The Human Body; H) The Human Past; I) The Seven Liberal Arts; VIII) The Influence of the Model. Epilogue. Index.

This book is acclaimed by critics as the best that Lewis ever wrote—see, for example, the many reviews on Amazon. It seems to me that it would be an ideal book for Bible translators to read, giving as it does the world view of the medieval period. It requires more classical knowledge than I have to follow the scores of references in the book, but the chapters on the heavens and on the inhabitants of them is easier to read and extremely helpful because of the overview of the world and universe as understood at that time.

  1. Poems. Edited by Walter Hooper. London: Geoffrey Bles.

Contents: Preface. Part I: The Hidden Country (31 poems); Part II: The Backward Glance (29 poems); Part III: A Larger World (25 poems); Part IV: Further Up & Further In (21 poems); Part V: Farewell to Shadowlands: Epigrams and Epitaphs. Appendix: Previous publications of poems already printed.

One of my “favorites” is the “Evolutionary Hymn” (p. 55), the first verse that goes as follows:

Lead us, Evolution, lead us
Up the future’s endless stair:
Chop us, change us, prod us, weed us.
For stagnation is despair:
Groping, guessing, yet progressing,
Lead us nobody knows where.

  1. [1959] Screwtape proposes a toast, and other pieces. Collins. Fontana Books.

Contents: Preface and Acknowledgments. 1) Screwtape Proposes a Toast; 2) The Inner Ring; 3) Is Theology Poetry? 4) On Obstinacy in Belief; 5) Transposition; 6) The Weight of Glory; 7) Good Work and Good Works; 8) A Slip of the Tongue.

“C.S. Lewis had finished putting this book together shortly before his death on 22nd November 1963. It is devoted almost entirely to religion and the pieces are derived from various sources….It would be quite wrong to call the address ‘another Screwtape letter’. What he described as the technique of ‘diabolical ventriloquism’ is indeed still there: Screwtape’s whites are our blacks and whatever he welcomes we should dread. But, whilst the form still broadly persists, there its affinity to the original Letters ends. They were mainly concerned with the moral life of an individual; in the ‘Toast’ the substance of the quest is now rather the need to respect and foster the mind of the young boy and girl.” (Preface)

  1. Christian reflections. Edited by Walter Hooper. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans.

Preface by Walter Hooper; 1) Christianity and literature; 2) Christianity and culture; 3) Religion; 4) Reality or substitute? 5) On ethics; 6) De futilitate; 7) The poison of subjectivism; 8) The funeral of a great myth; 9) On church music; 10) Historicism; 11) The psalms; 12) The language of religion; 13) Petitionary prayer: 14) A problem without an answer; 15) Modern theology and Biblical criticism; 16) The seeing eye.

  1. Letters to an American lady. Edited by Clyde S. Kilby. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Preface by Kilby. “These letters accentuate rather than change the character of Lewis as it is generally known. In them are his antipathy to journalism, advertising, snobbery, psychoanalysis, to the false and the patent, to wheels and stir and ‘administration’ and the multitude of petty or insidious practices that sap personal and national freedom. And we must not fail to add his antipathy to letter-writing….Yet here we have enough letters to fill a book written to one person in a far country whom he never expected to meet in this world. Although this is one of the longest of Lewis’s correspondences, it is not the only one running to a hundred or more letters….The obvious thrust of these letters is spiritual encouragement and guidance and it is chiefly here that they have their value” (6,7).

  1. C.S. Lewis: Selected literary essays. Edited by Walter Hooper. Cambridge University Press.

Contents: Preface by Walter Hooper; 1) De Descriptione Temporum; 2) The Alliterative Metre; 3) What Chaucer really did to Il Filostrato; 4) The Fifteenth-Century Heroic Line; 5) Hero and Leander; 6) Variation in Shakespeare and Others; 7) Hamlet: The Prince or The Poem? 8) Donne and Love Poetry in the Seventeenth Century; 9) The Literary Impact of the Authorised Version; 10) The Vision of John Bunyan; 11) Addison; 12) Four-Letter Words; 13) A Note on Jane Austen; 14) Shelley, Dryden, and Mr Eliot; 15) Sir Walter Scott; 16) William Morris; 17) Kipling’s World; 18) Bluspels and Flalansferes: A Semantic Nightmare; 19) High and Low Brows; 20) Metre; 21) Psycho-Analysis and Literary Criticism; 22) The Anthropological Approach. Index. (On my Kindle)

  1. God in the dock: Essays on theology and ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Co. [ISBN: 0 8028 1456 5]

Contents: Part I: 1) Evil and God; 2) Miracles; 3) Dogma and the universe; 4) Answers to questions on Christianity; 5) Myth became fact; 6) ‘Horrid red things’; 7) Religion and science; 8) The laws of nature; 9) The grand miracle; 10) Christian apologetics; 11) Work and prayer; 12) Man or rabbit?; 13) On the transmission of Christianity; 14) ‘Miserable offenders’; 15) The founding of the Oxford Socratic Club; 16) Religion without dogma?; 17) Some thoughts; 18) ‘The trouble with “X”…’’ 19) What are we to make of Jesus Christ?; 20) The pains of animals; 21) Is theism important?; 22) Rejoinder to Dr Pittenger; 23) Must our image of God go?; Part II: 1) Dangers of national repentance; 2) Two ways with the self; 3) Meditation on the third commandment; 4) On the reading of old books; 5) Two lectures; 6) Meditation in a toolshed; 7) Scraps; 8) The decline of religion; 9) Vivisection; 10) Modern translations of the Bible; 11) Priestesses in the church?; 12) God in the dock; 13) Behind the scenes; 14) Revival or decay?; 15) Before we can communicate; 16) Cross-examination; Part III: 1) ‘Bulversism’; 2) First and second things; 3) The sermon and the lunch; 4) The humanitarian theory of punishment; 5) Xmas and Christmas; 6) What Christmas means to me; 7) Delinquents in the snow; 8) Is progress possible?; We have no ‘right to happiness’: Part IV: Letters.

  1. Fern-seed and elephants and other essays on Christianity. Edited by Walter Hooper. Collins Fount Paperbacks. [ISBN: 0 00 624068 2]

Contents: 1) Membership; 2) Leaning in war-time; 3) On forgiveness; 4) Historicism; 5) The world’s last night; 6) Religion and rocketry; 7) The efficacy of prayer; 7) Fern-seed and elephants.

“Two of the essays have not been published before in Britain, and all of them had gone out of print before this new collection was made by Walter Hooper. The title is taken from a paper which Lewis read to students in Cambridge in 1959, attacking theologians who ‘claim to see fern-seed and can’t see an elephant ten yards away in broad daylight’” (From the back cover.)

  1. The joyful Christian: 127 readings from C.S. Lewis. Compiled by William Griffin, Macmillan Publishing Co. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.[ISBN: 0 02 570900 3]

Contents: Foreword by William Griffin. “What a Christian can joyfully believe, therefore, is the subject of this anthology, and selections have been taken from fifteen of C.S. Lewis’s works. The readings are thematically arranged, informally systematized, and devotionally styled” (xiv). 1) Right and Wrong; 2) The Universe; 3) Life on Other Planets; 4) God in Outer Space; 5) Atheism; 6) Seeing and Believing; 6) Miracles and the Laws of Nature; 8) Morality; 9) The Tao; 10) Illustrations of the Tao; 11) Joy; 12) Theology; 13) Divine Omnipotence; 14) Divine Goodness; 15) Begetting and Making; 16) Spirit, Spirits, Spiritual; 17) The Three-Personal God; 18) The trinity; 19) The Fall of Man; 20) The Incarnation; 21) The Virgin Birth; 22) Miracles of Fertility; 23) Miracles of Healing; 24) Miracles of Destruction; 25) Miracle of Resurrection; 26) Miracle of Walking on Water; 27) Miracle of the Raisin of Lazarus; 28) Miracle of the Transfiguration; 29) Miracle of the Ascension; 30) On Seeing a Miracle; 31) The Second Coming; 32) What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ? 33) “Putting on Christ”; 34) Perfection; 35) First Fervor; 36) Scruples; 37) Liturgy; 38) Holy Communion; 39) Devotions to Saints; 40) Church Music; 41) Ready-made Prayers; 42) Where and When to Pray; 43) The Moment of Prayer; 44) Mechanics of Meditation; 45) Answered Prayers; 46) The Efficacy of Prayer; 47) Mysticism; 48) Spiritual Reading; 49) Reading the Gospels; 50) Biblical Exegesis; 51) Thought, Imagination, Language; 52) Scripture; 53) The Psalms; 54) Prayer of Praise; 55) Modern Translations of the Bible; 56) Moral Choices; 57) Virtue; 58) Prudence; 59) Temperance; e60) Justice and Fortitude; 61) Chastity; 62) Belief; 63) Belief and Disbelief; 64) Faith; 65) Faith and Good Works; 66) Good Work and Good Works; 67) Hope; 6e8) Charity; 69) Homily; 70) Forgiveness; 71) Almsgiving; 72) Obedience; 73) The Devil; 74) Screwtape to Wormwood; 75) Everythingism; 76) Sins of Thought; 77) Pride; 78) Human Wickedness; 79) Laziness; 80) Guilt; 81) Anxiety; 82) Psychoanalysis; 83) Social Morality; 84) Christian Society; 85) Ecumenism; 86) Other Religions; 87) Facism and Communism; 88) Is Christianity Hard or Easy? 89) Apologetics; 90) Money; 91) Gift-love and Need-love; 92) Appreciative Love; 93) Love of Nature; 94) Love of Country; 95) Storge or Affection; 96) Philia or Friendship; 97) Eros and Venus; 98) Agape or Charity; 99) “Love Thy Neighbor”; 100) Sex; 101) Marriage; 102) Divorce; 103) Intercourse in the Afterlife; 104) Christmas and Xmas; 105) The Ego and the Self; 106) The Airplane, The Wireless, and the Contraceptive; 107) Human Pain; 108) Animal Pain; 109) Suffering; 110) The Crown and the Cross; 111) Death; 112) Judgment; 113) Resurrection of the Body; 114) Purgatory; 115) Hell; 116) Heaven. Bibliography. Sources.

  1. The dark tower & other stories. Edited by Walter Hooper. NY and London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Contents: Preface by Walter Hooper; 1) The Dark Tower, with a note by Walter Hooper; 2) The Man Born Blind; 3) The Shoddy Lands; 4) Ministering Angels; 5) Forms of Things Unknown; 6) After Ten Years, with notes by Roger Lancelyn Green and Alastair Fowler.

“There are those who feel there is something cruel in publishing fragments because in many cases we cannot even guess how the author would have ended the story. That is one reason why I advised Lewis’s trustees to hold on to The Dark Tower for the time being. Another is that I anticipate unfavourable comparisons with the trilogy” (9).

  1. They stand together: The letters of C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeves (1914-63). Edited by Walter Hooper. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. [ISBN 0-02-553660-5]

Contents: Introduction by Walter Hooper; Editor’s Note: Letters from C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeves; Letters from W.H. Lewis to Arthur Greeves; Letter from Joy Davidman to Arthur Greeves; Letters from Arthur Greeves to C.S. Lewis. Index.

“When, as I have said, the bulk of these letters came into his hands, Warren showed not the slightest interest in reading them. Indeed, when I suggested that they would almost certainly clear up some of the ‘problems’ he saw in the Lewis-Moore friendship he made it clear that he did not wish to read the letters, much less hear them discussed. But, oddly, he had no objection whatever to my editing them for publication” (21).

  1. C.S. Lewis: Selected Literary Essays. Edited by Walter Hooper. Cambridge University Press.

Contents: Preface by Walter Hooper; 1) De Descriptione Temporum; 2) The Alliterative Metre; 3) What Chaucer really did to Il Filostrato; 4) The Fifteenth-Century Heroic Line; 5) Hero and Leander; 6) Variation in Shakespeare and Others; 7) Hamlet: The Prince or the Poem? 8) Donne and Love Poetry in the Seventeenth Century; 9) The Literary Impact of the Authorised Version; 10) The Vision of John Bunyan; 11) Addison; 12) Four-Letter Words; 13) A Note on Jane Austen; 14) Shelley, Dryden, and Mr Eliot; 15: Sir Walter Scott; 16) William Morris; 17) Kipling’s World; 18) Bluspels and Flalansferes: A Semantic Nightmare; 19: High and Low Brows; 20) Metre; 21) Psycho-Analysis and Literary Criticism; 22) The Anthropological Approach; Index

“The volume includes over twenty of C.S. Lewis’s most important literary essays, written between 1932 and 1962.” (From the back cover0

  1. The visionary Christian: 131 readings from C.S. Lewis. Edited by Chad Walsh. NY: Macmillan Pub. Co. [ISBN: 0 02 086730 1]

Preface, followed by the readings. Bibliography. Sources.  “Yet though we roam far in God’s universe as envisioned by C.S. Lewis, all our adventures serve to bring us greater understanding of the here and now, on fallen Tellus. It is here, after all, that almost two thousand years ago God carried out his greatest counterattack against the demonic forces. By journeying, thanks to Lewis’s imagination, to distant worlds, we see our own more clearly and are summoned to take our part in the ultimate defeat of the bent eldil. Lewis is never more relevant o our usual days and dreams and nightmares than when he guides us through the worlds he has created. My hope is that The Visionary Christian will help us to enjoy and understand the lands to which he so skillfully escorts us. On thing I can promise. We shall not be bored” (xvii).

1982 [1966]. C.S. Lewis on stories and other essays on literature. Edited by Walter Hooper. NY and London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers. [ISBN: 0 15 169964 X]

Contents: 1) On stories; 2) The novels of Charles Williams; 3) A tribute to E.R. Eddison; 4) On three ways of writing for children; 5) Sometimes fairy stories may say best what’s to be said; 6) On juvenile tastes; It all began with a picture…; 7) On science fiction; 8) A reply to Professor Haldane; 9) The Hobbit; 10) Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings; 11) A panegyric for Dorothy L. Sayers; 12) The mythopoeic gift of Rider Haggard; 13) George Orwell; 14) The death of words; 15) The Parthenon and the optative; 16) Period criticism; 17) Different tastes in literature; 18) On criticism; 19) Unread estates.

“The theme of the collection is the excellence of Story. And particularly those kinds of story specially dear to Lewis—fairy tales and science fiction. In the essays printed here the author discusses certain literary qualities which he felt critics overlooked or…dismissed too automatically” (ix).

  1. Of this and other worlds. Edited by Walter Hooper. Collins: Fount Paperbacks.

The same essays as C.S. Lewis on stories and other essays on literature, 1982 [1966].

1984: Spirits in bondage: A cycle of lyrics. Edited by Walter Hooper. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers. [ISBN 0-15-684748-5]

Contents: Preface by Walter Hooper (xi-xl). Prologue. Part I: The Prison House [24 perms]. Part II: Hesitation [3 poems]; Part III: The Escape [16 poems]. Notes.

  1. Boxen: The imaginary world of the young C.S. Lewis. Edited by Walter Hooper. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. A Harvest/ HBJ Book. [ISBN: 0 15 614000 4]

Contents: Introduction by Walter Hooper; The Boxen Manuscripts. Animal-Land: 1) The King’s Ring; 2) Manz Against Manx; 3) The Relief of Murry; 4) History of Mouse-Land from Stone-Age to Bublish I; 5) History of Animal-Land; 6) The Chess Monograph; 7) The Geography of Animal-Land. Boxen: 8) Boxen: or Scenes from Boxonian City Life; 9) The Locked Door and Than-Kyu; 10) The Sailor. Encyclopedia Boxoniana.

“Jack seldom re-read any of his published works. There is, however, much to suggest that of all he wrote, published and unpublished, it was the Boxen stories that he and Warnie read most often. It was a door into one of the most pleasant parts of their lives.,,, The characters and their doing have their individual excellences, and nothing is despised” (19).

  1. First and second things: Essays on theology and ethics. Edited by Walter Hooper. Collins: Fount Paperbacks. [ISBN 0-00-626928-1].

First published in Undeceptions by Geoffrey Bles, London 1971.

Contents: 1) Bulverism; 2) First and second things; 3) On the reading of old books; 4) “Horrid red things”; 5) Work and prayer; 6) Two lectures; 7) Meditation in a toolshed; 8) The sermon and the lunch; 9) On the transmission of Christianity; 10) The decline of religion; 11) Vivisection; 12) Modern translations of the Bible; 13) Some thoughts; 14) The humanitarian theory of punishment; 15) Xmas and Christmas; 16) Revival or decay?; 17) Before we can communicate.

  1. Present concerns: Ethical essays. Edited by Walter Hooper. Collins: Fount Paperbacks. [ISBN 0-00-627023-9]

Contents: 1) The necessity of chivalry; 2) Equality; 3) Three kinds of men; 4) My first school; 5) Is English doomed?; 6) Democratic education; 7) A dream; 8) Blimpophobia; 9) Private Bates; 11) Hedonics; 12) After priggery—what?; 13) Modern man and his categories of thought; 14) Talking about bicycles; 15) On living in an atomic age; 16) The empty universe; 17) Prudery and philology; 18) Interim report; 19) Is history bunk?; 20) Sex in literature.

“There is another thing [besides saying thing clearly and briefly] that sets this book apart from his others. Most of his works are about Theology and Literature….The truth is that while some of the outward clothing of the things Lewis wrote about has changed, the essentials in all these essays are as important as they always were” (7,8).

  1. The inspirational writings of C.S. Lewis: 1) Surprised by Joy; 2) Reflections on the Psalms; 3) The Four Loves; 4) The Business of Heaven. NY: International Press. By arrangement with Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc. [ISBN: 0 88486 016 7]
  2. [1970, 1980] C.S. Lewis, timeless at heart: Essays on theology. Edited by Walter Hooper. Collins: Fount Paperbacks. [ISBN 0-00-627136-7]

Contents: Preface. 1) Christian apologetics; 2) Answers to questions on Christianity; 3) Why I am not a pacifist; 4) The pains of animals; 5) The founding of the Oxford Socratic Club; 6) Religion without dogma?; 7) Is theism important? 8) Rejoinder to Dr Pittenger; 9) Willing slaves of the welfare state; 10) Letters. [Cf. God in the dock for many of the same essays.]

“We will soon be commemorating the twenty-fifth anniversary of Lewis’s death. During that quarter of a century I’ve talked and corresponded with many thousands of those who admire his books. Most of them weren’t even born when Lewis was alive, so there are three generations reading his books now. It seems to me that they enjoy an experience remarkably similar to that of those who knew Lewis. His books are very like his conversation in tone and substance. Anyway, it is the books which continue to make it possible for readers, whether they knew the author or not, to understand the Christian faith and express themselves clearly” (7).

  1. Readings for meditation and reflection. Edited by Walter Hooper. NY: Harper Collins Publishers, Inc. Republished in 2008.

Contents: Introduction. 1) The Lion and the Stream; 2) The Intolerable Compliment; 3) The Land of Terrible Aspect; 4) The Cost of Discipleship; 5) Can’t You Lead a Good Life Without Believing in Christianity? 6) The Christian and the Materialist; 7) Can’t Someone Lead a Good Life without Christianity? 8) Will Christianity Help Me? 9) First and Second Things; 10) The First Job; 11) The Invasion; 12) The Personality of Jesus; 13) What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ? 14) Christ Has No Parallel in Other Religions; 15) God Has Come Down into the Created Universe; 16) Screwtape Explains Hell’s Invention of the “Historical Jesus”; 17) God as Man’ 18) Counting the Cost; 19) Half-hearted Creatures; 20) To be Loved by God; 21) “Ordinary” People; 22) Becoming Clean Mirrors; 23) Screwtape on Hell’s Idea of Humility; 24) We Delight to Praise; 25) Why We Need a Map; 26) Natural Law; 27) Morality Cannot Become “Stagnant”; 28) Looking “Along” and Looking “At”; 29) Belief in Miracles; 30) A Caution about Metaphors; 31) Prayer; 32) The Prayer Preceding All Prayers; 33) The Trouble with “X”; 34) Forgiving and Excusing; 35) Confession; 36) Emotional Reaction; 37) God Wants You to Be a Saint; 38) Encore! 39) The Necessity of Pain; 40) Misfortune; 41) The Divorce of Heaven and Hell; 42) Hope; 43) The Great Sin; 44) Screwtape on Worldliness; 45) Sexual Morality; 46) Screwtape on Hell’s View of Pleasure; 47) We Have No “Right to Happiness”; 48) Liking and Loving; 49) On Praying; 50) Ready-made Prayers; 51) Prayer and Time; 52) Screwtape Gives Hell’s View of the Present; 53) “Do I Believe”? 54) The Christian View of Suffering; 55) Anxiety; 56) Guilt; 57) Screwtape Explains to Wormwood Why God Will Not Over-ride Human Free-will; 58) Gift-love and Need-love; 59) Love 1: Affection; 60) Love 2: Friendship; 61) Love 3: Eros; 62) The Distractions of Domesticity; 63) Brother Ass; 64) When Eros Becomes a Demon; 65) Love 4: Charity; 66) Supernatural Need-love of God and One Another; 67) “Hating” the People We Love; 68) To Love Is to Be Vulnerable; 69) Consciousness of Sin; 70) The Central Self; 71) A Fifth-columnist in the Soul; 72) A Caution; 73) Nice People or New Men; 74) The Perfect Critique; 75) The Second Coming; 76) The Secret We Cannot Hide and Cannot Tell; 77) First and Last Love; 78) Purgatory; 79) New Men in Christ; 80) Heaven; 81) A Final Word from Aslan.

“Gathered from the mass of his published works…this compendium contains a cross section of Lewis’s finest work.” (From the back cover. There are 82 extracts.

  1. A year with C.S. Lewis: Daily readings from his classic works. Edited by Patricia S. Klein. HarperSanFrancisco.
  2. The collected letters of C.S. Lewis: Family letters. 1905-1931. Volume 1. Edited by Walter Hooper. HarperSanFrancisco. [ISBN 0-06-072763-2].

“One of the greatest writers of the twentieth century, C.S. Lewis continues to fascinate those who have been enchanted by The Chronicles of Narnia and thrilled by his theological books….This collection, the most extensive ever published, brings together the best of these, carefully selected and arranged.” (From the back cover)

  1. The collected letters of C.S. Lewis: Books, broadcasts, and the war. 1931-1949. Volume 2. Edited by Walter Hooper. HarperSanFrancisco. [ISBN 0-06-072764-0].

“In this, the second volume of C.S. Lewis’s letters, we witness the formation of both a world-class scholar and a world-changing popular writer. Lewis was not only a great author but also an extraordinary correspondent and in his lifetime wrote thousands of letters to family and friends. This carefully selected and arranged collection, the most extensive ever published, brings together the best of these.” (From the back cover)

  1. The collected letters of C.S. Lewis: Narnia, Cambridge, and Joy. 1950-1963. Volume 3. Edited by Walter Hooper. HarperSanFrancisco. [ISBN 978-0-06-081922-4].

“Arranged in chronological order, this final volume covers the years 1950—when The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe was published—through 1963, the year of Lewis’s untimely death.” (From the back cover)

  1. Yours, Jack. Spiritual directions from C.S. Lewis. NY: Harper Collins.

Contents: Editor’s Note. Acknowledgments. C.S. Lewis Letters: 1916; 1920-1921; 1929-1936; 1938-1963. Index. Biblical Index.

“Most of these letters are currently only available in their entirety—a collection consisting of three hefty tomes. Yours, Jack features the best inspirational readings and sage counsel culled from C.S. Lewis’s letters, offering an accessible look at this great author’s personal vision for the spiritual life. This thematic selection from his letters offers the freshest presentation of Lewis’s writing since his death in 1963. Yours, Jack will showcase Lewis’s remarkable teachings and vision for a new generation.” (From the dust jacket)

C.S. Lewis: 2013. Image and imagination. Edited by Walter Hooper. Cambridge University Press.

Originally published in C.S. Lewis, Rehabilitations and Other Essays. London: Oxford University Press, 1939; originally read to a joint meeting of the Classical and English Associations. [On my Kindle]

Part I: Reflections on literature: 1) The idea of an ‘English School’; 2) Our English syllabus; 3) Image and imagination; 4) Arundell Esdaile, The sources of English literature; 5) W.P. Ker, Form and style in poetry: Lectures and notes, ed. R.W. Chambers; 5) Denis de Rougemont, Poetry and society and Claude Chavasse, The bride of Christ; 7) Oliver Elton (1861-1945): an obituary; 8) Howard Rollin Patch, The other world, according to descriptions in medieval literature; 9) Werner Schwarz, Principles and problems of Biblical translation; 10) Tragic ends: George Steiner, The death of tragedy; 11) Eros on the loose: David Loth, The erotic in literature. Part II. The Inklings: Barfield, Tolkien, and Williams: 12) Who gaf me drink? Owen Barfield, Romanticism comes of age; 13) G.A.L. Burgeon ( = Owen Barfield), This ever diverse pair; 14) A world for children: J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit: or there and back again; 15) Professor Tolkien’s hobbit: J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit: or there and back again; 16) The gods return to earth: J.R.R. Tolkien, The fellowship of the ring ( being the First Part of The Lord of the rings); 17) The dethronement of power: J.R.R. Tolkien, The two towers (being the Second Par of the Lord of the rings) and The return of the King (being the Third Part of the Lord of the rings); 18) Preface from Essays presented to Charles Williams, ed. C.S. Lewis; 19) A sacred poem: Charles Williams, Taliessin through logres; 20) Charles Williams, Taliessin through logres; 21) Charles Walter Stansby Williams (1886-1945): an obituary. Part III. Reflections on Christianity and literature. 22) A lectionary of Christian prose from the second century to the twentieth century, ed. A.C. Bouquet; 21) The Oxford book of Christian verse, ed. Lord David Cecil; 24) Dorothy L. Sayers, The mind of the maker; 25) Selected sermons: A selection from the occasional sermons of Ronald Arbuthnott Knox, ed. Evelyn Waugh; 26) Foreword to Joy Davidman, Smoke on the mountain: An interpretation of the ten commandments; 27) Preface to Austin Farrer, A faith of our own. Part IV. Classical literature: 28) Odysseus sails again: The Odyssey, trans. Robert Fitzgerald; 29) Ajax and others: John Jones, On Aristotle and Greek tragedy; 30) Lucretius; 31) T.R. Henn, Longinus and English criticism; 32) Helen M. Barrett, Boethius: Some aspects of his times and work. Part V. Medieval and Renaissance literature. 33) Ruth Mohl, The three estates in Medieval and Renaissance literature; 34) J.W.H. Atkins, English literary criticism: The Medieval phase; 35) Arthuriana: Arthurian literature in the Middle Ages: A collaborative study, ed. R.S. Loomis; 36) Introduction from Selections from Lazamon’s Brut, ed. G.L. Brook; 37) Andreas Capellanus, The art of courtly love, with introduction, translation, and notes by John Jay Parry; 38) Rhyme and reason:  Dorothy L. Sayers, The poetry of search and the poetry of statement; 39) Alan M.F. Gunn, The mirror of love: a reinterpretation of The Romance of the Rose; 40) The English prose Morte; 41) Leone Ebreo, The philosophy of love (Dialoghi d’Amore, trans. J. Friedeberg Seeley and Jean H. Barnes, and intro. Cecil Roth; 42) E.K. Cambers, Sir Thomas Wyatt and some collected studies; 43) M. Pauline Parker, The allegory of the Faerie Queene; 44) Johh Vyvyan, Shakespeare and the Rose of Love. Part VI. Milton and later English literature. 45) Logan Pearsall Smith, Milton and his modern critics; 46) Douglas Bush, Paradise Lost in our time: Some comments; 47) H.W. Garrod, Collins; 48) Hugh Kingsmill, Matthew Arnold; 40: Evelyn Waugh, Rossetti: His life and works; 50) Boswell’s bugbear: Sir John Hawkins, The life of Samuel Johnson, ed. Bertram Hylton Davis; 51) Poetry and exegesis: Harold Bloom, The visionary company: A reading of English Romantic poetry; 52) The sagas and modern life – Morris, Mr. Yeats and originals: Dorothy M. Hoare, The works of Morris and of Yeats in relation to early saga literature; 53) Haggard rides again: Morton Cohen, Rider Haggard: His life and works. Notes. Index. About the author. Also by C.S. Lewis. Copyright. About the publisher.

Edited by Walter Hooper, the book is a collection of all of the book review Lewis did (42 over a span of 35 years) and includes four major essays, two obituaries, and some other material as well. They are divided into 6 major sections, with particular themes.

The C.S. Lewis Collection. 30 Volumes. Logos Bible Software. [Digital software edition]


II. Books & dissertations about C.S. Lewis

Abate, Michelle Ann and Lance Weldy, eds. C.S. Lewis: The Chronicles of Narnia. Palgrave Macmillan, a division of St Martin’s Press, New York: NY.

Contents: Series Editor’s Preface. Preface. Notes on Contributors. Introduction by Lance Weldy.  Part I: Text and Contents: 1) “Turkish Delights and Sardines with Tea”: Food as a Framework for Exploring Nationalism, Gender, and Religion in The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe; 2) Scapegoating and Collective Violence in The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe by Melody Green. Part II: Applications and Implications: 3) Moving Beyond “All that Rot:: Redeeming Education in The Chronicles of Narnia by Keith Donvick; 4) War and the Luminal Space: Situating The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe in the Twentieth Century Narrative of Trauma and Survival by Nanette Norris; 5) C.S. Lewis’s Manifold Mythopoeics: Toward a Reconsideration of Eschatological Time in the Construction of The chronicles of Narnia by Joseph Michael Sommers; Part III: Adaptations and Meditations: 6) The Author, the Movie, and the Marketing: The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe and Early Reader Adaptations by Rhonda Brock-Servais and Matthew B. Prickett; 7) The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe and Wii: Lewis’s Theology in the Narnia Video Game by Aaron Clayton. Part IV: Conflicts and Controversy: Lewis and Anti-Lewis: On the Influence of The Chronicles of Narnia on His Dark Materials by Philip Pullman (Gili Bar-Hillel); 9) “Beautiful Barbarians”: Anti-Racism in The Horse and His Boy and Other Chronicles of Narnia by Jennifer Taylor; 10) Boy-Girls and Girl-Beasts: The Gender Paradox in C.S. Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia by Susana Rodriguez. Further Reading. Index.

“I believe it is safe to say that this community of Narnia participants actually consists of a combination of both the first [the nostalgic, oneiric one] and second [problematic, sexualized]. As the essays in this New Casebook suggest, there are as many doors to enter the study of Narnia as there are critical perspectives and textualities, and who is to say that a scholar cannot also be a fan? (10).

Michelle Ann Abate is Associate Professor of English at Hollins University; Lance Weldy is Associate Professor of English at Francis Marion University.

*Adey, Lionel. 1978. C.S. Lewis’s ‘Great War’ with Owen Barfield. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria.

Adey, Lionel. 1998. C.S. Lewis: Writer, dreamer & mentor. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

Contents. Preface. 1) Forming of the Dreamer and Mentor; 2) Literary Historian; 3) Practical Critic; 4) Literary Theorist; 5) Fiction Writer for Adults; 6) Children’s Storyteller; 7) Failed Poet? 8) Essayist, Pleader, and Speaker; 9) Letter Writer; 10) Conclusion. Bibliography. Index.

Professor Adey was born in 1925 in Wednesbury, Staffordshire, the United Kingdom and died in 2009. He and his wife Muriel and family emigrated to Canada in 1967. He taught literature and fiction at the University of Victoria and was an expert in C.S. Lewis studies. In this book Adey devotes a chapter to each kind of Lewis’s writings: “literary history, practical and theoretical criticism, novels for adults and for children, poetry, apologetics, essays or addresses, and letters” (ix). The chapters are therefore not chronological but according to genre.

Aeschilman, Michael D. 1983. The restitution of man: C.S. Lewis and the case against scientism. Eerdmans. [ISBN 0-8028-4491-X]

Contents: Foreword to the Reissued Edition. Foreword by Malcolm Muggeridge. 1) Common Sense and the Common Man; 2) Scientism vs. Sapientia; 3) Scientism: The Current Debate; 4) C.S. Lewis and the Two Cultures; 5) The Abolition of Man. Afterword. Notes. Index.

“Concerned as Lewis was with the destructiveness of science without ethics or conscience…he was always aware of a converse danger and temptation. If we are most in danger of ‘deifying’ science, we can also be seduced into ‘defying’ it, as does the neo-romantic ‘New Age’ movement, a variant of the Gnosticism that Lewis understood and opposed in the occult quest of W.B. Yeats and the anthroposophy of his own close friend Owen Barfield” (84).

Michael D. Aeschliman is associate professor of education at Boston University and lecturer in English at the University of Italian Switzerland, Lugano.

Amend, Victor E. and Leo T. Hendrick, eds. 1964. Ten contemporary thinkers. NY: The Free Press of Glencoe.

Contents: Preface. I) Robert Maynard Hutchins; II) George Orwell; III) E.M. Forster; IV) Joseph Wood Krutch; V) Archibald MacLeish; VI) Carl L. Becker; VII) Walter Lippmann; VIII) C)S) Lewis; IX) Julian Huxley; X) E.B. White. Each has a bibliography and study question.

The essays by Lewis are: Our English Syllabus (1939); On Literary Criticism (1942); Right and Wrong As a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe (1943); Membership (1949); and Screwtape Proposes a Toast (1959).

Arnott, Anne. 1974. The Secret Country of C.S. Lewis. Illustrations by Patricia Frost. London: Hodder and Stoughton. [ISBN: 0 340 20686 1]

Contents: Prologue. 1) The Two Small Boys; 2) The New House; 3) The Great Loss; 4) The Prison House; 5) Interlude; 6) The Dark Ages; 7) Wyvern; 8) Happiness; 9) War; 10) The Aftermath; 11) Achievement; 12) The End of the Beginning; 13) Fulfilment—Through Work; 14) Fulfilment—through Marriage. Bibliography.

“This book brings to life a fascinating man and shows something of his almost reluctant journey into faith. Anne Arnott portrays the lively, sensitive little boy; the unhappy, brilliant schoolboy; the atheist; the poet; the courageous soldier sickened by war; the undergraduate; the powerful story-teller and man of letters.” (From the back cover)

Arthur, Sarah. 2005. Walking through the wardrobe: A devotional Quest into The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers.

What’s Inside: A Note from the author. Acknowledgments. Read this first. How to use this book. Part One: Walking With Lucy; Part Two: Walking with the Professor; Part Three: Walking with the Professor; Part Four: Walking with Edmund; Part Five: Walking with Peter; Part Six: Walking with Narnians; Part Seven: Walking with the White Witch (or Not); Part Eight: Walking with Aslan; Part Nine: Walking with Lewis. Read this last. Glossary of terms and fun facts. Guide to other works by C.S. Lewis. Notes.

“Sarah is a fun-loving speaker and the author of numerous books and resources on the intersection of faith and great stories, including the award-winning Walking with Bilbo: A Devotional Adventure through The Hobbit.” (From www.saraharthur.infor)

Baehr, Ted and James Baehr. 2005. Narnia beckons: C.S. Lewis’s the lion, the witch and the wardrobe and beyond. Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman. [With pictures and illustrations.]

Contents: Preface: Once upon a time; Part I: In the beginning: C.S. Lewis. 1) C.S. Lewis: A profile of his life by Lyle Dorsett; 2) Oxford and C.S. Lewis: “The deepest thirst within us” by Deborah Smith Douglas; 3) The Inklings…and other influences; 4) Friends of Lewis, friends of Old Narnia by James S.C. Baehr; 5) Will we meet Plato in heaven? By Carolyn Stanford Goss and Joseph Stanford Goss; 6) Lewis’s last interview by Sherwood Wirt; 7) Following the bright blur by Jerry Root. Part II: New heaven and earth—the world of Narnia. 8) Through the wardrobe: A famous image explored by Michael Ward; 9) From the wardrobe to the stable: Lewis’s defense of the transcendent incarnate by Angus Menuge; 10) “His speech has gone out into all lands”: The talking beasts of Narnia by Andrew Cuneo; 11) Food for the soul: Eating in Narnia by Wayne Martindale and Kathryn Welch. Part III: The fullness of time—the lion, the witch and the wardrobe. 12) The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe at fifty: A celebration (and a worry) by Paul F. Ford; 13) “Deeper magic”: Allusions in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by Marvin D. Hinten; 14) The fascination with “other worlds” in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe by Peter Kreeft. Part IV: Into all the world—movies, television and beyond. 15) C.S. Lewis at the cinema by James S.C. Baehr; 16) Inspiration moments for reflection: Further up and further in by Ted Baehr and Peiree Baehr. Conclusion: Only the beginning of the adventures of Narnia. Epilogue.

Ted and James Baehr are both graduates of Dartmouth College. Ted Baehr is a founder and publisher of MOVIEGUIDE and chairman of the Christian Film & Television Commission. James Baehr studied the literary achievements at Oxford and is an officer in the United States Marine Corps.

Baggett, David, Gary R. Habermas and Jerry L. Walls, eds. 2008. C.S. Lewis as philosopher: Truth, goodness, beauty. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.

Contents: Foreword by Tom Morris. Acknowledgments. Introduction: Jack of the Philosophical Trade by Jerry L. Walls. Part One: Truth: 1) Lewis’s Philosophy of Truth, Goodness and Beauty by Peter Kreeft; 2) From Atheism to Deism: A Conversation Between Antony Flew and Gary R. Habermas by Gary R. Habermas and Antony G. N. Flew; 3) Defending the Dangerous Idea: An Update on Lewis’s Argument from Reason by Victor Reppert; 4) Aut Deus Aut Malus Homo: A Defense of C.S. Lewis’s “Shocking Alternative”: by David A. Horner; 5) The Abolition of Man: C.S. Lewis’s Prescience Concerning Things to Come by Jean Bethke Elshtain; 6) C.S. Lewis and Emotional Doubt: Insights from the Philosophy of Psychology by Gary R. Habermas. Part Two: Goodness: 7) Is Divine Iconoclast as Bad as Cosmic Sadist? Lewis versus Beversluis by David Baggett; 8) Pursuing Moral Goodness: C.S. Lewis’s Understanding of Faith by Kevin Kinghorn; 9) “Belief” in the Writings of C.S. Lewis by David Rozema; 10) To Reign in Hell or to Serve in Heaven”: C.S. Lewis on the Problem of Hell and the Enjoyment of the Good by Matthew Lee; 11) C.S. Lewis on the Necessity of Gratuitous Evil by Michael L. Peterson. Part Three: Beauty: 12) Evil and the Cosmic Dance: C.S. Lewis and Beauty’s Place in Theodicy by Philip Tallon; 13) Lewis’s Miracles and Mathematical Elegance by Russell W. Howell; 14) Beastly Metaphysics: The Beasts of Narnia and Lewis’s Reclamation of Medieval Sacramental Metaphysics by Michael P. Muth; 15) Lewis and Tolkien on the Power of the Imagination by Gregory Bassham. Contributors. Index.

David Baggett (Ph.D., Wayne State University) is associate professor of philosophy at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia.

Gary R. Habermas (Ph.D., Michigan State University) is Distinguished Research Professor and chair of the department of philosophy and theology at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia.

Jerry L. Walls (Ph.D., University of Notre Dame) is professor of philosophy of religion at Asbury Theological Seminary in Wilmore, Kentucky.

Barfield, Owen. 1989. Edited by G. B. Tennyson. Owen Barfield on C.S. Lewis. Middletown, CN: Wesleyan University Press. [ISBN: 0 8195 5233 X]

Preface (ix); Introduction by G.B. Tennyson (xi-xx); 1) C.S. Lewis 3-16); 2) Introduction to Light on C.S. Lewis (17-29); 3) C.S. Lewis in Conversation (30-44); 4) Either: Or: Coleridge, Lewis, and Romantic Theology (45-66); 5) C.S. Lewis and Historicism (67-81); 6) Some Reflections on The Great Divorce (82-89); 7) Lewis, Truth, and Imagination (90-103); 8) Lewis and/or Barfield (104-119); 9) The Five C.S. Lewises (120-122); Conversations on C.S. Lewis (123); Early Days with C.S. Lewis (with Walter Hooper) (123-127); Reflections on C.S. Lewis (with Clifford Monks) (138-152); C.S. Lewis, A Retrospect (with G.B. Tennyson) (138-152); 11) C.S. Lewis in Barfield’s Fiction and Verse (153-163); “The Things That Are Caesar’s” (153-160); Poems on C.S. Lewis (161-163); Index: 165-171).

Owen Barfield (B.C.L., M.A., and B.Litt. from Oxford) served as a solicitor and philosopher. G.B. Tennyson, professor of English at UCLA, has written several studies of Barfield and also of Lewis.

Barkman, Adam. 2009. C.S. Lewis and Philosophy as a Way of Life. Zossima Press.

Contents: Introduction: C.S. Lewis and Philosophy? Part I. Philosophical Definition, Journey and Identity: 1) Philosophy as a Way of Life: Definition; 2) Philosophy as a Way of Life II: Rational Discourse and Training; 3) Philosophy as a Way of Life III: Heavenly Desire; 4) Philosophy as a Way of Life EV: Myth; 5) Philosophy as a Way of Live V: Culture. Part II. The Branches of Philosophy. 6) Metaphysics; 7) Psychology, Logic and Epistemology; 8) Ethics; 9) Socio-Political Philosophy; 10) Aesthetics. Conclusion. Appendix. Classical and Medieval Sources Cited. Bibliography. General Index.

“This brings me to the purpose of this book. By and large it seems as though friends and critics alike have been content with reducing any discussion of Lewis and philosophy, if they mention it at all, to his apologetics….Of course there have been a few attempts at drawing attention to Lewis and philosophy…Nevertheless, while all of these books and essays touch on various aspects of Lewis’s philosophical thought , none of them have done justice to Lewis’s insistence that ‘a complete philosophy must get to all the facts…’” (2, 4).

Alan Barkman (Ph.D., Free University of Amsterdam) is assistant professor of Philosophy at Yonsei University. He has published dozens of articles on such topics as C.S. Lewis and philosophy, the convergence of eastern and western philosophies, and philosophy and popular culture.

Barratt, David. 2005. C.S. Lewis and his world. Grand Rapids, MI: Krogel Publications. Published in the UK by Oxford: Lion Hudson. [ISBN 0-8254-2017-2]

Contents: 1) The Narnia Stories; 2) Fantasy Worlds; 3) Lewis’s Beginnings; 4) Surprised by Joy; 5) The Inklings; 6) Other Worlds; 7) Another joy; 8) C.S. Lewis: Teacher and Critic; 9) Further Reading.

David Barratt was for many years Senior Lecturer in English at University College, Chester, where he often taught courses and wrote articles on Children’s literature.

Bassham, G., and J. Walls, eds. 2005. The Chronicles of Narnia and Philosophy: The Lion, the Witch, and the Worldview. Chicago and LaSalle, IL: Open Court.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Abbreviations. Narnia and the Enchantment of Philosophy by Jerry L. Walls. Part I. Farewell to Shadowlands: Believing, Doubting, and Knowing: 1) Aslan’s Voice: C.S. Lewis and the Magic of Sound by Stephen H. Webb; 2) Virtue Epistemology: Why Uncle Andrew Couldn’t Hear the Animals Speak by Kevin Kinghorn; 3) Trusting Lucy: Believing the Incredible by Thomas D. Senor; 5) Breaking the Spell of Skepticism: Puddleglum versus the Green Witch by Steven Lovell; 5) At Any Rate There’s No Humbug Here: Truth and Perspective by Bruce R. Reichenbach. Part II. The Tao in Narnia: Morality and the Good Life: 6) Worth Dying For: Narnian Lessons on Heroism and Altruism by Laura Garcia; 7) Work, Vacation, and the Good Life in Narnia by Devin Brown; 8) The Tao of Narnia by Tim Mosteller; 9) Extreme Makeover: Moral Development and the Encounter with Aslan by Hill Davis; 10) Is it Good to Be Bad? Immoralism in Narnia by Janice Daurio; 11) Narnia and the Moral Imagination by Gayne J. Anacker; 12) Beasts, heroes, and Monsters: Configuring the Moral Imagination by Windy C. Hamblet; 13) No Longer a Friend: Gender in Narnia by Karin Fry. Part III. Further Up and Further In: Exploring the Deeper Nature of Reality. 14) Plato in Narnia by Gareth Matthews; 15) Different Worlds, Different Bodies: Personal Identity in Narnia by Timothy Cleveland; 16) Why Eustace Almost Deserved His Name: Lewis’s Critique of Modern Secularism by Angus Menuge; 17) Time Keeps on Ticking, Or Does It? The Significance of Time in The Chronicles of Narnia by Michael and Adam Peterson. Part IV. The Deepest Magic: Religion and the Transcendent: 18) Aslan the Terrible: Painful Encounters with Absolute Goodness by Erik J. Wielenberg; 19) Worthy of a Better God: Religious Diversity and Salvation in The Chronicles of Narnia by James F. Sennett; 20) The Atonement in Narnia by Charles Taliaferro and Rachel Traughber; 21) The Green Witch and the Great Debate: Freeing Narnia from the Spell of the Lewis-Anscombe Legend; 22) Some Dogs Go to Heaven: Lewis on Animal Salvation by Gregory Bassham. The Adventurers. The Marsh-wiggle’s Index.

Gregory Bassam is chair of the philosophy department at King’s College, Pennsylvania. Jerry L. Walls is professor of philosophy of religion at Asbury Seminary, Wilmore, Kentucky.

Bell, James Stuart Bell, Compiler, with Anthony Palmer Dawson. 2004. From the library of C.S. Lewis: Selections from writers who influenced his spiritual journey. Colorado Springs, CO: A Shaw Book, Published by Waterbrook Press. [ISBN 0-87788-044-1]

Contents: Foreword; Special Thanks; Introduction; Note to Reader. 1) “Follow After Agape”: God’s Love; 2) “You Have Transfixed My Heart”: Our Love of God; 3) “How Dearly You Have Paid for Me”: The Life and Sacrifice of Christ; 4) “I Will Seek You”: Knowing God; 5) “Mutually Christ’s”: Community and Loving others; 6) “Constant Dying”: Self and the Soul; 7) “The Lack of the Divine”: Sin and Temptation; 8) “Fatherly and Forgiving Goodness”: Grace and Redemption; 9) “You Shall Find Your Ground in God”: Suffering” 10) “Inexpressible Sweetness”: Prayer and Contemplation; 11) “The Eyes of Your Heart”: Faith; 12) “Divine Influence”: Living a Devout Life; 13) “The Most Pleasing Sacrifice to God”: Obedience and Will; 14) “Worthy to Receive More”: Humility; 15) “A Particular Joy”: Truth, Apologetics and Christianity; 16) “Fine Fabling”: Fantasy and Imagination; 17) “Borne on the Gusts of Genius”: Creation, Poetry and Writers; 18) “The Gleaming of Divine Brightness”: Heaven, Death, and Immortality. Acknowledgments. Bibliography. Index.

“This volume doesn’t attempt to ‘figure out’ C.S. Lewis but to provide a smorgasbord of the content and style of those who have shone forth as messengers of light in his life….So I believe that from these readings we can obtain clearer insight into C.S. Lewis as well as feed our imaginations and intellects upon those whose talents produced works of theology and literature that contain timeless standards” (2). For example, Chapter 1 contains readings of Julian of Norwich, George MacDonald (two), Joy Davidman, Anders Nygren, John Bunyan and George Herbert.

James Stuart Bell wrote his master’s thesis on Lewis at University College Dublin, in Ireland. Anthony Palmer Dawson served on the Marion E. Wade Center Steering Committee for nearly two decades.

Benge, Janet & Geoff. 2007. C.S. Lewis: Master Storyteller. Seattle, WA: YWAM Publishing.

Contents: 1) A Lively Imagination; 2) Big Changes; 3) New Schools, New Trials; 40 “Old Knock”; 5) Into the Trenches; 6) An Oxford Scholar; 7) Leaving Ireland Behind; 8) A Failure of Imagination; 9) Inklings; 10) War Again; 11) A Radio Star; 12) A Children’s Fairy Tale; 13) Chronicling Narnia; 14) New Opportunities; 15) The  Two Weddings of C.S. Lewis; 16) Some of the Happiest Days of His Life; 17) In the Shadowlands. Note to Readers. Bibliography.

“Christian Heroes: Then & Now chronicles the exciting, challenging, and deeply touching true stories of ordinary men and women whose trust in God accomplished extraordinary exploits for His kingdom and glory.” (From the back cover.)

Janet and Geoff Benge are a husband and wife writing team with more than twenty years of writing experience. Originally from New Zealand they served with YWAM for ten years.

*Berman, Jeffrey. 2010. Companionship in Grief: Love and Loss in the Memoirs of C. S. Lewis, John Bayley, Donald Hall, Joan Didion, and Calvin Trillin. University of Massachusetts Press.

“In Companionship in Grief, Jeffrey Berman focuses on the most life-changing event for many people — the death of a spouse. Some of the most acclaimed memoirs of the past fifty years offer insights into this profound loss: C. S. Lewis’s A Grief Observed; John Bayley’s three memoirs about Iris Murdoch, including Elegy for Iris; Donald Hall’s The Best Day the Worst Day; Joan Didion’s best-selling The Year of Magical Thinking; and Calvin Trillin’s About Alice. These books explore the nature of spousal bereavement, the importance of caregiving, the role of writing in recovery, and the possibility of falling in love again after a devastating loss. Throughout his study, Berman traces the theme of love and loss in all five memoirists’ fictional and nonfictional writings as well as in those of their spouses, who were also accomplished writers. Combining literary studies, grief and bereavement theory, attachment theory, composition studies, and trauma theory, Companionship in Grief will appeal to anyone who has experienced love and loss. Berman’s research casts light on five remarkable marriages, showing how autobiographical stories of love and loss can memorialize deceased spouses and offer wisdom and comfort to readers.” (From Amazon)

Beversluis, John. 1985. C.S. Lewis and the Search for Rational Religion. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Co. [ISBN: 0 8026 0046 7]

Contents: Introduction. 1) Apologetics; 2) Desire; 3) Morality; 4) Reason; 5) Unbelief; 6)
Counterevidence; 7) Pain; 8) Fideism; 9) Grief; 10) Specimen. Notes.

“I am not asking anyone to accept Christianity if his best reasoning tells him tht the weight of evidence is against it,” wrote C.S. Lewis in Mere Christianity; in this book philosopher John Beversluis takes Lewis’s challenge seriously and sets out to see whether the evidence—a s presented by Lewis in his apologetic writings—is in fact for or against Christianity….In the end, Beversluis suggests, Lewis stands as a paradigm of steadfast personal commitment to orthodox Christianity but a failure as a proponent of traditional Christian apologetic.” (From the back cover.)

John Beversluis is professor of philosophy and head of the philosophy department at Butler University, Indianapolis.

Bingham, Derick. 1999. C.S. Lewis: The story teller. Geanies House, Fearn, Scotland. [ISBN 1-85792-487-8]

Contents: 1) The Lost “Address; 2) The Unbending Thumb; 3) The Wackford Squeers of Watford; 4) The Most Beautiful Woman He Ever Saw; 5) A Careless Tongue; 6) The Gates of His Seclusion; 7) No Calling Without a Caller; 8) Oxford in Mantling Snow; 9) If There Were No God, There Would be No Atheists; 10) Heartbreak at the Heart of Things; 11) On Finding You Are Awake; 12) Taking a Header; 13) Being Present in the Present’ 14) A Clue to the Meaning of the Universe? 15) Strange and Solemn Perfume; 16) No Longer Faceless; 17) The Bridegroom and the Widower; 18) A Shiver of Wonder.

Derick Bingham died of leukemia in March 2010 at the age of 64. He was a teaching pastor (and a storyteller) with Christchurch Belfast and the author of many books. He was a graduate of Queen’s University.

*Bleakley, David. 1998. C.S. Lewis at home in Ireland: A centenary biography. Bangor, Northern Ireland: Standtown Press.

Bloom, Harold, ed. 2006. C.S. Lewis. Bloom’s Modern Critical Views. NY: Infobase Publishing.

Contents: Editor’s Note; Introduction by Harold Bloom—“My Introduction acknowledges C.S. Lewis’s eminence as a scholar-critic of Renaissance literature, while expressing a certain resistance to his dogmatic lay theology and his allegorical fantasy-fictions..” C.S. Lewis was the most dogmatic and aggressive person I have ever met. But he was a Christian polemicist, and I an eccentric Gnostic Jew, devoted to William Blake (1)….The energies of C.S. Lewis were as intense as his learning was profound, and his co-religionists will maintain  his public reputation for another generation or so” (3).

1)Dreams and Letters by Chad Walsh; 2) Fallen and Redeemed: Animals in the Novels of C.S. Lewis; 3) The Inconsolable Secret: Biography by Margaret Patterson Hannay; 4) The Power of Language by Dabney Adams Hart; 5) “Logic” and “Romance”: The Divided Self of C.S. Lewis by Lee D. Rossi; 6) The ‘Narnia’ Books by C.N. Manlove; 7) The Apologist by Joe R. Christopher; 8) The Recovered Image: Elements of Classicism and Medievalism by David C. Downing; 9) Masking the Misogynist in Narnia and Glome by Kath Filmer; 10) Children’s Storyteller by Lionel Adey; 11) C.S. Lewis, Poet by Don W. King; Chronology; Contributors; Bibliography; Acknowledgments; Index.

Harold Bloom is Sterling Professor of the Humanities, Yale University.

Boenig, Robert. 2012. C.S. Lewis and the Middle Ages. Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press. (Also on my Kindle)

Contents: Acknowledgments. Permissions. Introduction: A floating island. 1) Lewis the Medievalist; 2) Surprised by the Middle Ages; 3) What Lewis really did; 4) A moustache and a fishhook. Epilogue: Soft borders. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

“Using Lewis’s private correspondence, scholarly books and articles, and creative writing, Boenig charts Lewis’s involvement with all things medieval, demonstrating the importance of the Middle Ages in any assessment of Lewis’s literary achievements.” (From the dust jacket)

Robert Boenig is professor of English at Texas A&M University.

Bramlett, Perry C. 1996. C.S. Lewis: Life at the center. Peak Road, an imprint of Smyth & Helwys Publishing, Inc. [1-57312-054-5]

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. 1) “Life at the Center; 2) “It’s So Much Easier to Pray for a Bore than It Is to Go See Him”; 3) “The Bible, Read in the Right Spirit Will Bring Us to God”: 4) “Is any Pleasure on Earth as Great as a Circle of Friends by a Fire?”; 5 “But Look for Christ and You Will Find Him, and with Him Everything Else Thrown In”. Conclusion and Reflection. Appendices: A: Chronology, The Life and Influence of C.S. Lewis; B: C.S. Lewis and Communion; C: Prayer, Works by C.S. Lewis; D: The Bible, Works by C.S. Lewis; E: “Life at the Center”, Works about C.S. Lewis.

“Because literature about Lewis and prayer and scripture and friends is limited, I wrote this book for two reasons: (1) to “fill a gap” in C.S. Lewis studies for the general reader and non-Lewis specialist, whether lay-person or minster, and (2) to answer questions about his spiritual life. It is my am to present him as a wonderful example for the Christian who is serious about his or her own spiritual pilgrimage” (vi).

“Perry C. Bramlett is the founder of “C.S. Lewis for the Local Church,” an interstate teaching ministry on the life, works, and influence of Lewis. Bramlett is the only person in the United States who teaches Lewis to churches and groups on a regular basis.” (From the back cover)

*Bramlett, Perry C. and Robert W. Higdon. Touring C.S. Lewis’ Ireland and England. Macon GA: Smyth and Helwys.

Brazier, P.H. 2012. Revelation, Conversion, and Apologetics. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publishers. Book One (July 18, 2012 and September 7, 2012—print and eBook versions):

“This is a series of books that have a common theme: the understanding of Christ, and therefore the revelation of God, in the work of C.S. Lewis. These books are a systematic study of Lewis’s theology, Christology, and doctrine of revelation; as such they draw on his life and work. They are written for academics and students, but also, crucially, for those people, ordinary Christians, without a theology degree who enjoy and gain sustenance from reading Lewis’s work.” (From

*Brazier, P.H. 2012. The Work of Christ Revealed. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publishers. Book Two August 15, 2012 and eBook September 26, 2012

“C. S. Lewis—The Work of Christ Revealed focuses on three doctrines or aspects of Lewis’s theology and philosophy: his doctrine of Scripture, his famous mad, bad, or God argument, and his doctrine of christological prefigurement. In each area we see Lewis innovating within the tradition. He accorded a high revelatory status to Scripture, but acknowledged its inconsistencies and shrank away from a theology of inerrancy. He took a two-thousand-year-old theological tradition of aut Deus aut malus homo (either God or a bad man) and developed it in his own way. Most innovative of all was his doctrine of christological prefigurement—intimations of the Christ-event in pagan mythology and ritual.”

*Brazier, P.H. 2013. The Christ of a Religious Economy. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publishers. Book Three (May 7, 2013 and eBook May 24, 2013)

“C. S. Lewis—On the Christ of a Religious Economy. II. Knowing Salvation, opens with a discussion of the Anscombe-Lewis debate (the theological issues relating to revelation and reason, Christ the Logos). This leads into Lewis on the Church (the body of Christ) and his understanding of religion: how is salvation enacted through the churches, how do we know we are saved? This concludes with, for Lewis, the question of sufferance and atonement, substitution and election, deliverance and redemption: heaven, hell, resurrection, and eternity—Christ’s work of salvation on the cross. What did Lewis say of humanity in relation to God, now Immanuel, God with us, incarnate, crucified, resurrected, and ascended for humanity? What of Lewis’s own death, and that of his wife? What does this tell us about the triune God of Love, who is Love? This volume forms the second part of the third book in a series of studies on the theology of C. S. Lewis titled C. S. Lewis: Revelation and the Christ. The books are written for academics and students, but also, crucially, for those people, ordinary Christians, without a theology degree who enjoy and gain sustenance from reading Lewis’s work.” (From

Brazier, P.H. 2012. Foreword by Brian Horne. C.S. Lewis—An annotated bibliography and resource. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publishers. [ on my Kindle] Book Four September 20, 2012 and eBook October 30, 2012):

“This bibliography and resource consists of a chronological introduction to the development of Lewis’s works, a copious bibliography and a guide to the study of Lewis, an introductory essay on Christology in Lewis, and a glossary for those unfamiliar with some of the background and terms to Lewis’s understanding of revelation and the Christ. It will be an invaluable resource for all scholars of C. S. Lewis. The bibliography stands alone but it also serves to complement the three volumes of the series C. S. Lewis, Revelation, and the Christ”

Paul Brazier lives in Wimbledon, London, England. Born in Evesham, Worcestershire (1954) into a market gardening family, he worked for the Forestry Commission on Bredon Hill and the North Cotswolds; He holds degrees in Fine Art (B.A. 1977), Education (M.Phil. 1990), and Systematic Theology (M.A. 2001 and Ph.D. 2005, King’s College London). (From

*Bresland, Ronald W. 1999. The backward glance: C. S. Lewis and Ireland. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies. Dufour Editions.

*Bresland, Ronald W. 2007. Travel with C S Lewis: The creator of Narnia and most quoted Christian of the 20th Century (Day One Travel Guines).

“When C S Lewis grandfather, Richard Lewis, hand-carved a wardrobe out of black oak to adorn his family home, he had little idea that it would provide his grandson with the inspiration for one of the worlds best-loved childrens [sic] stories. The wardrobe stood for a time in the family home in Belfast, exerting a curious attraction for the children in the house. Two girls both cousins of Lewis remember sitting inside it, the door ajar, while the young C S Lewis held them spellbound with his stories. This young storyteller would become the author of one of the most famous books in the history of childrens [sic] literature, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. How God turned the atheistic C S Lewis into the most widely-quoted Christian writer of the twentieth century is as fascinating a story as any of the tales he told at that wardrobe door over a century ago.” (From Amazon)

Brind, Ronald K. 2006. A Guide to the C. S. Lewis Tour in Oxford. London: Janus Publishing Company, Ltd.

“A step by step guide that will explain how to find ‘the Kilns’, the former home of Clife Staples Lewis in Oxford and lots more…”

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. Summary. 1) Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963); 2) The Clay Hills (known today as the Kilns); 3) The Survey; 4) Mrs. Janie King-Moore (1873-1951); 5) Helen Joy Davidman (1915-1960) and the Marriage of Convenience; 6) William Lindsay Gresham (1909-1962); 7) Predominant Works of C. S. Lewis; 8) The Four Loves; 9) Relevant information and places to be Visited or Viewed Enroute; 10) Have You Made a Donation to the C.S. Lewis Foundation? 10) No Plaque for C.S. Lewis; 11) View by Appointment; 12) The Lake and Woodland; 13) The Original Entrance to the Kilns; 14) To Continue with Directions; 15) Magdalen College, the Great Tower, Magdalen Bridge and Addison’s Walk; 16) The Plain and Magdalen College School; 17) St. Hilda’s College; 18) The Ampleforth Arms and the Empty Cider bottles; 19) J.R.R. Tolkien’s Former House in Sandfield Road; 20) Quarry Hollow (drive by enroute); 21) The Masons Arms public house and Holy Trinity Church; 22) The Narnia Window and the Howe Bequest; 23) The Lewis Brothers’ Grave/Tombstone; 24) The Grave of Mrs. Janie King-Moore; 25) Warren ‘Warnie’ Hamilton Lewis (1895-1973); 26) Oxford Crematorium Ltd; 27) The Helen Joy Davidman Memorial plaque; 28) The Victorian Stamps, Wheaton College, Illinois and The Will; 29) Access to the Former Lewis Home; 30) Observations, Questions and Answers; 31) Who Did Purchase the Kilns; 32) Frank (Fed) Paxford (1898-1979); 33) The Last Will and Testament of Warren Hamilton Lewis; 34) The Lewis Awareness Fund; 35) The Glass Decanters; 36) The Sinking of the Lewis Punt; 37) Homeward Bound: the Ampleforth Arms Public House; 38) The Radcliffe Infirmary; 39) More about Douglas Gresham; 40) Church Attendance; 41) Was Lewis Chosen by God to Deliver to us All? 42) Photographs, Descriptions and Tick Boxes.

“For anyone who is interested in the life of this celebrated author, Ronald K. Brind has combined his own life-long interest with extensive research to produce a comprehensive guide of the Oxford area, taking in all the sites of significance in the story of C.S. Lewis. The guide can be used in isolation or as a companion publication in the C.S. Lewis Tours run by this author.” (From the back cover)

“Ronald K. Brind was a boyhood friend of one of Lewis’ step-sons, Dougie, and was a regular visitor to the Lewis household.” (From the back cover)

Brown, Devin. 2013. A life observed: A spiritual biography of C.S. Lewis. Foreword by Douglas Gresham. Grand Rapids, MI: BrazosPress. [BX5199.L53B76].

Contents: Foreword by Douglas Gresham. Preface. Prologue: A Longing Nothing Can Satisfy. 1) Infant and Child (1898-1908); 2) Schoolboy and Adolescent (1098-1913); 3) Young Man and University Student (1913-1925); 4) Oxford Don and Reluctant Convert (1925-1931); 5) Inkling and Author (1031-1950); 6) Husband, Widower, and Brother Once More (1950-1063). Epilogue: Home at Last; Bibliography. Index.

“While other biographers have provided excellent comprehensive, broad-ranging accounts of the events—large and small—which surrounded Lewis’s life, my goal is to focus closely on the story of Lewis’s spiritual journey and his search for the object of the mysterious longing he called Joy (always capitalized), a quest which he claimed was the central story of his life” (xi).

“This book is different. It is the story of Jack’s real true live—not the more flash of the firefly in the infinite darkness of time that is our momentary life in this world, but the one he left the world to begin—and how he came to attain it” (x, from the Foreword).

Devin Brown (Ph.D., University of South Carolina) is a Lilly scholar and professor of English at Asbury University, where he teaches courses on C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien.

Brown, Edwin W. and Dan Hamilton. 2006. In pursuit of C.S. Lewis: Adventures in collecting his works. With an Introduction by Dan Hamilton. Indianapolis, Indiana: Proleptikos Press.

Contents: Introduction. Preface: The Edwin W. Brown Collection at Taylor University. Blame the British (14); Introduction of Oxford (18); A Pub and a Plaque (29); A Bonanza in Belfast (24); Establishing a Fine Base in Oxford (26); Serendipity, Thy Name is Golden (30); Standing Together (35); Worth Repeating; Friends and Family Trees (37); A Tale of Two Geoffreys (38); The Lewis Legacy and the Market Place (43); Dressing Up Tired First Editions (49): The Prodigal Stepson Who Never Returned Home (52); The Closest Thing to Meeting Lewis Himself (56); Lewis Friends and Family (59); A Very Special Lewis Friendship (62); A Very Special Gift (68); Kids at the Kilns (77); Another Lewis Friend and a Strange Tale (82); Autograph Hunting (83); Snatched from the Fire (87); The Last of the Inklings (93); Shedding Light on Light (100); Lewis Sightings (105); A Christian Forum at a Secular University (107); More Than a Signature 110); Serendipitous Wonderment Yet Again (114); Unburied Treasure (116); Of Boys and Horses (118); A Grief Reserved (123); Last Letters and Last Words (128); A New Kind of Joy and a Sad Farewell (131); Other Lewis Letters (135); A Ghostly Encounter (140); A Forger Exposed—and the Comeuppance of an “Expert” (143); Acquiring a Rare Narnia First Edition—and a New Friend (146); The Search Goes On (149); A Present-Day Peril of International Trade (151); In Conclusion (154). First Editions of C.S. Lewis (157): A Descriptive Bibliography (Includes Chronological Index of First Editions). Alphabetical Index of First Editions (313).

Brown, a physician, recounts his lifetime journeys of buying C.S. Lewis books, mainly first editions, letters and other materials in his many visits to England and Europe. “[A] very generous and anonymous donor was willing to purchase the entire collection on behalf of Taylor [University]” (13) and it is now the third largest collection of first editions of Lewis’s books. The second part of the book is a chronological index of first editions, followed by a descriptive bibliography of each, including technical details on the front matter of the books.


Bruner, Kurt and Jim Ware. 2005. Finding God in the Land of Narnia. Tyndale House Publishers.

Contents: Introduction by Kurt Bruner. 1) Aslan’s song; 2) Evil has entered; 3) All get what they want; 4) Chinks and chasms; 5) Turkish delight; 6) Not safe but good; 7) Father Christmas; 8) Deep and deeper magic; 9) Sons of Adam and daughters of Eve; 10) Irresistibly drawn’ 11) Old Narnians; 12) Strange help; 13) Divine revelry; 14) A change of clothes; 15) The sign of the albatross; 16) Perilous  table; 17) Heart’s desire; 18) Only ask; 19) Lion’s breath; 20) Foot in the fire; 21) Bugled but blessed; 22) “Narnia and the north!” 23) Most unfortunate; 24) The good we could do; 25) Seeing it; 26) Further up and further in. Afterthoughts by Jim Ware. Endnotes. Bibliography.

“It is not our intention to turn Lewis’s stories into sermons. But we do hope to dray spiritual insights from the faith that inspired their author and informed their plots. We seek to enrich rather than replace the experience of reading The Chronicles of Narnia” (xviii).

“In Finding God in the Land of Narnia, best-selling authors Kurt Bruner and Jim Ware explore the deep spiritual themes of redemption and grace found in the popular Chronicles of Narnia series by C. S. Lewis. With amazing clarity that captures the tone and style of C. S. Lewis himself, the authors offer a depth of insight that will surprise even the most ardent Lewis fan. Each chapter will help readers gain not only a deeper understanding of the popular Lewis series, but a deeper understanding of God himself.” (From Amazon)

Kurt Bruner, a graduate of Talbot School of Theology, serves as vice president of the Focus on the Family Resource Center.

Jim Ware is a freelance writer living in Colorado Springs with this wife and six children.

Burson, Scott R. and Jerry L. Walls. 1998. C.S. Lewis & Francis Schaeffer: Lessons for a new century from the most influential apologists of our time. InterVarsity Press. [ISBN 10 0-8308-1935-5]

Contents: Acknowledgments. When Worlds Collide: Paleo-orthodoxy in a Postmodern Age. 1) The Biographical Foundation: The Path in Apologetic Prominence; 2) The Nature of Salvation: Envisioning the Highway to Heaven; 3) God’s Sovereignty and Human Significance: Predestination, Divine Election and the Power to Choose Freely; 4) Evaluating the Mystery Maneuver: The Necessity of “True” Truth; 5) Biblical Authority and Divine Inspiration: The Great Evangelical Divide; 6) Strategic Apologetics: Delivering the Faith; 7) Offensive Apologetics: Advancing the Faith; 8) Defensive Apologetics: Guarding the Faith; 9) Back to Libertarian Freedom and Dignity: Evaluating the Apologetic Arguments; 10) 21 Lessons for the 21st Century: Holism, Holiness and the Hope of Heaven. Notes. Index.

“This incisive book stands as both an excellent introduction to the work of these two important figures and a fresh proposal for apologetics at the dawn of a new century.” (From the back cover)

Scott R. Burson is directory of communications at Asbury Theological Seminar. Jerry L. Walls is profess of philosophy of religion at Asbury Theological Seminary.

Carnell, Corbin Scott. 1974. Bright shadow of reality: C.S. Lewis and the feeling intellect. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Co. [ISBN: 0 8028 4564 8]

Contents: Preface. I) Sehnsucht; II) Lewis’ Early Development: The Search for “Joy”; III) The Baptized Imagination: Lewis’ Later Work; IV) Opulent Melancholy and the Quest; V) Britain and Logres: Nature and Arch-nature; VI) The Location of Joy; VII) Sehnsucht and the New Romanticism; VIII) Epilogue. Selected Bibliography. Index

“Lewis seeks to persuade neither by sentiment nor by cold reason but by a combination of reason and feelings….He accepts the scientific-poetic dichotomy but not the cognitive-emotive one….as strongly as Lewis applies logic to his expository passages, it is the imaginative appeals that stick with us” (160).

Corbin Scott Carnell teaches literature at the University of Florida (Gainesville) (From the back cover)

Carnell, Corbin Scott. 1999. Bright shadow of reality: spiritual longing in C.S. Lewis. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

The same contents as the book by Carnell 1974.

Carpenter, Humphrey. 1979. The Inklings: C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams, and their friends. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Published in 1978 by George Allen & Unwin. [ISBN: 0 395 27628 4]

Contents: Part One: 1)’Oh for the people who speak one’s own language’; 2) ‘What? You too? 3) Mythopoeia; 4) ‘The sort of thing a man might say’. Part Two: 1) C.W.: 2) ‘A tremendous flow of words’. Part Three: 1) ‘They are good for my mind’; 2) ‘We had nothing to say to one another’; 3) Thursday evenings’ 4) ‘A fox that isn’t there’; 4) Hwæt! we Inclinga’. Part Four: 1) ‘No one turned up’; 2) Till We Have Faces. Appendices: A: Biographical notes; B: Bibliography; C: Sources of quotations; D: Acknowledgements. Index.

“The book is largely concerned with C.S. Lewis, for, as I have argued in it, the Inklings owed their existence as a group almost entirely to him” (xiii).

Humphrey William Bouverie Carpenter (29 April 1946 – 4 January 2005) was an English biographer, writer, and radio broadcaster. He lived practically all his life in Oxford.

Caughey, Shanna, ed. 2005. Revisiting Narnia: Fantasy, myth and religion in C.S. Lewis’s chronicles. Dallas, TX: Benbella.

Contents: 1) Introduction by Shanna Caughey; 2) The Silver Chair and the silver screen by Charlie W. Starr; 3) On the Origins of Evil by Lawrence Watt-Evans; 4) Elusive Prey by Natasha Giardina; 5) God in the Details by Naomi Wood; 6) Coming of Age in Narnia by Sam McBride; 7) The Chronicles of Narnia: For Adults Only? by Martha C. Sammons; 8) Believing Narnia by James Como; 9) The “Correct” Order for Reading the chronicles of Narnia? by Peter J. Schakel; 10) The Chronicles of Narnia: Where to Start by Wesley A Kort; 11) Narnia and Middle-earth by Joseph Pearce; 12) Aslan Is On the Move by Russell W. Dalton; 13) The Beginning of the Real Story by James V. Schall, S.J.; 14) Heathen Eye for the Christian Guy by Jacqueline Carey; 15) Would the Modern-day C.S. Lewis be a PETA [People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals] Protester? by Ingrid Newkirk; 16) Greek Delight by Nick Mamatas; 17) Why I Love Narnia by Sarah Zettel; 18) Daughters of Lilith [Adam’s first wife and progenitor of the White Witch] by Cathy McSporran; 19) The Last of the Bibliophiles by Peg Aloi; 20) C.S. Lewis and The Problem of Religion in Science Fiction and Fantasy by Vox Day; 21) Redeeming Postmodernism by Louis A. Markos; 22) The Horse and His Boy: The Theology of Bree [part of the Calormen society in The Horse and His Boy] by David F. Bumbaugh; 23) A Reconstructed Image by Mary Frances Zambreno; 24) A Knight in the Mud by Marie-Catherine Caillava; 25) “Most Right and Proper, I’m Sure…”; by Sally D. Stabb, Ph.D.; 26) Narnia in the Modern World by Colin Duriez.

“So, what distinguishes this book from others that come out this fall? Well, it’s probably the sheer diversity of the contributors. Or the fact that they all have a deep love for the series. We’ve got agnostic fantasists. Lewis scholars, devout Christians, pagans—you name it. All in this one volume. Each essay grabs onto one aspect of the series, gives it a good tug and delivers a detailed exploration” (2).

Based in Dallas, Shanna Caughey is a activist, currently at the Texas Campaign for the Environment.

Christensen, Michael J. 1971. C.S. Lewis on Scripture: His thoughts on the nature of Biblical inspiration, the role of revelation and the question of inerrancy. London: Hodder and Stoughton.

Revised in 1979. by the same title with a foreword by Owen Barfield and an introduction by Clyde S. Kilby. London: Hodder and Stoughton. [ISBN: 0 340 25336 3]

Contents: Foreword by Owen Barfield. Introduction by Clyde S. Kilby. Preface. 1) In what Way Is the Bible Inspired?—4 pieces; 2) Lewis: Liberal or Conservative?—11 pieces; 3) Literary Criticism of the Bible—5 pieces; 4) Myth, Revelation and Scripture—5 pieces; 5) The Question of Inerrancy—7 pieces; 6) A Treasure of Earthen Vessels—3 pieces. Appendix A. Two Letters from C.S. Lewis; Appendix B. Lewis” The Rational Romantic. Notes. Bibliography.

Michael J. Christensen is Director of the Shalom Initiative for Prophetic Leadership and Community Development at Drew University where he teaches spirituality and religious studies. His B.A. in English Literature is from Point Loma Nazarene University (1977),  M.A. in Religion from Yale University Divinity School (1981), and M.Phil. and Ph.D. from Drew University (1997).

Christopher, Gordon. 2014. C.S. Lewis: A life inspired. Wyatt North Publishing. (ebook on my Kindle)

Contents: About Wyatt north publishing. Foreword. An introduction. 1) Childhood happiness and first tastes of joy; 2) The end of reliability and tranquility; 3) The Great Knock; 4) A sense of reverence even in disbelief; 5) Battles of more than the mind; 6) A return to Oxford; 7) a bee in several bonnets; 8) The Inklings; 9) Joy becomes more than a longing; 10) Beyond philosophy, to purpose; 11) The space trilogy; 12) Good and evil, and World War II; 13) The Great Divorce; 14) Miracles; 15) Full admittance; 16) Mere Christianity; 17) Narnia; 18) Time and place and truth; 19) Last battle; 20) The story lives on.

Christopher, Joe R. and Joan K. Ostling, 1974. C.S. Lewis: An annotated checklist of writings about him and his works. Kent, OH: Kent State U. Press. [His works up until 1972]

Contents: Introduction. Checklist: 1) General and Unclassifiable Items, including Special Periodicals; II) Biographical Essays, Personality Sketches, and News Items; III) Fiction and Poetry [9 items]; IV) Religion and Ethics [7 items]; Literary Criticism [7 items]; VI) Selected Book Reviews: A) Multiple and Miscellaneous Reviews [3]; B) Books and Pamphlets by Lewis [56]; C) Books and Pamphlets about Lewis [7, by Cunningham, Gibb, Keefe, Kilby Kreeft, Walsh, and White]; VII) Indices: A) Masters’ Theses; B) Doctoral Dissertations; C) Authors; D) Works by Lewis refereed to in the Annotations.

Christopher, Joe R. 1987. C.S. Lewis. Boston: Twayne Publishers (A Division of G.K. Hall &Co.)

Contents: About the Author. Preface. Chronology. 1) A Romantic and Argumentative Life; 2) The Autobiographer; 3) The Literary and Lexical Historian; 4) The Generic Critic and Literary Theorist; 5) The Moral Philosopher; 6) the Apologist; 7) The Christian Essayist; 8) The Romancer (I); 9) The Romancer (II); 10) A Romantic and Argumentative Oeuvre. Notes and References. Selected Bibliography. Index.

“The approach in this book is in terms of Lewis himself and his artistry. Lewis disliked he first of these emphases, calling it (in the title of one of his volumes) the personal heresy….Except for this biographical emphasis, I have tried to approach Lewis’s writings strictly as literature” Preface).

Joe B. Christopher, Associate Professor of English at Tarleton State University, was the compiler of C.S. Lewis: Writings about Him and His Works (1974) He has published some fifty articles and bibliographies in whole or part on C.S. Lewis” (ii).

Clark, David G. 2007. C.S. Lewis. A guide to his theology. Blackwell. [9 781405 158848]

Contents: List of Abbreviations. Introduction. 1) From Atheist to Apologist; 2) Lewis Looks at the World; 3) Lewis Reaches Out to the World; 4) Humanity in God’s Creation; 5) Walking by Faith; 6) God’s Plan for the Soul; 7) God’s Plan for the Body—and the Universe. Conclusion: The Legacy of Lewis. Bibliography. Index.

“Another book about C.S. Lewis? Well, yes, because there is still more to say. Those who have written before me have (in many cases) carefully uncovered the facts of his life and his professional accomplishments….Now, it’s time to add to them with a comprehensive overview of his theological views” (1).

“So, taking all these ingredients into account yields the recipe know as Lewis. Take one English professor and add large amounts of history, Scripture, and literature. Stir in religious experiences and mix well. Let the mixture simmer for several decades, while serving up various portions on hundreds of paper pages. Season mixture well with wit and humor, and generously sprinkle in metaphors before serving. Let’s enjoy!” (13)

David G. Clark is Professor of New Testament and Greek at Vanguard University and Adjunct Professor at Fuller Theological Seminary.

Clark, David G. 2012. C.S. Lewis goes to heaven: A reader’s guide to the great divorce. Hamden, CT: Winged Lion Press.

Contents: Abbreviations. Definitions of Theological Terms. Foreword. Introduction. Part I: “Sociology” of The Great Divorce. 1) At the Bus Stop; 2) On the Bus; 3) Arriving at Heaven; 4) The Big Man and Len; 5) The Episcopal ghost and Dick; 6) Ikey, the Golden Apple and the Waterfall; 7) The Cynical Ghost; 8) The Self-Conscious Ghost and the Unicorns; 9) Lewis Meets His Tour Guide; 10) Robert’s Wife and Hilda; 11) Two Loves Gone Wrong; 12) Sarah Smith and Frank; 13) The Struggle for Frank’s Soul; 14) The Chessboard Vision; 15) Summary of Part I. Part II: The “Geography” of The Great Divorce. 1) The Grey Town; 2) Between Hell and Heaven; 3) Heaven;  Summary of Part II. Part III: The Theology of The Great Divorce. 1) The Descent of Christ; 2) The Choice and the Change; ; Post-Death Sanctification. Conclusion. Building on The Screwtape Letters. The Nature of God. Four Theological Issues. The Morning and the Night. Appendices: I: Summary of Characters; II: Biblical References (Table One: Biblical Quotations; Two: Biblical References; Three: Biblical Allusions; Four: Biblical Imagery. III: Historical People and Literary References. Bibliography Index.

Collins, Owen, Compiler. 2000. To quote C.S. Lewis. London: Fount. (an imprint of HarperCollinsReligious)

Contents: Introduction. A brief chronology. Quotations by subject: [109 items]. Fifty of C.S. Lewis’s one-liners. The last will of C.S. Lewis. A select bibliography of C.S. Lewis’s work. Books and letters by C.S. Lewis: a chronological list.

“This collection brings together over two hundred of quotations from more than forty of Lewis’s various books, together with extracts from some of his letters and spoken words” (xi).

“C.S. Lewis has long provided an abundant source of succinct and original quotations for speakers, teachers, and preachers. Lewis was a prolific writer and commented on many subjects of theology, literature, philosophy and the arts. In this book a wealth of short quotations has been gathered together and arranged helpfully in subject matter from A-Z, enabling the reader to find a suitable quotation for every occasion. The wisdom and wit of C.S. Lewis is accessible here as never before.” (From Amazon)

Owen Collins is the editor of several books including Speeches That Changed the World and The Oral History of Christianity.

Como, James ed. 1979. C.S. Lewis at the breakfast table. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. [ISBN 0-02-570620-9]

Como, James T., ed. 2005. Remembering C.S. Lewis: recollections of those who knew him. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. [Revision of Como, ed. 1979 and 1992]

Contents: Part One: Earliest Perspectives. 1) Near the Beginning by Leo Baker; 2) The Adventure of Faith by Alan Bede Griffiths; 3) A bout Anthroposophy by A.C. Harwood. Part Two: Master. A Prophet by Eric Routley; 5) A Solid Man by Luke Rigby; 6) The Tutor: A Portrait by Derek Brewer; 7) A Great Clerke by John Wain; 8) From Master to Colleague by Peter Bayley. Part Three: Colleague. 9) At the Breakfast Table by Adam Fox; 10) Orator by Gervase Mathew; 11) In Cambridge by Richard W. Ladborough; Part Four: Transatlantic Ties. 12) A Chance Meeting by Charles Wrong; 13) An Enduring Friendship by Jane Douglas; 14) Good Cheer and Sustenance by Nathan C. Starr; 15) Our Need for Such a Guide by Eugene McGovern; Part Five: More Than a Tutor. 16) Oxford’s Bonny Fighter by Walter Hooper; 17) To the RAF by Charles Gilmore; 18) A Christian Gentleman by Clifford Morris; 19) Jack on Holiday by George Sayer; 20) In the Evening by Roger Lancelyn Green; 21) Philia: Jack at Ease by Robert E. Havard; 22) From an “Outsider” by James Dundas-Grant. Part Six: The essence That Prevails. 23) A Toast to His Memory by A.C. Harwood; 24) In His Image by Austin Farrer. A bibliography of the writings of C.S. Lewis and an alphabetical index of them, both by Walter Hooper. Index.

James Como is professor of rhetoric and public communications at York College of the City University of New York.

Como, James. 1998. Branches to heaven: The geniuses of C.S. Lewis. Dallas, TX: Spence Publishing. [ISBN 1-890626-01-5]

Contents: Preface. Introduction: Genius. Part I: Roots. 1) Will; 2) Grammar; 3) Spirit. Part II: Branches. 4) Word; 5) Rhetoric; 6) Rhetorica Religii. Epilogue: Silence. A Brief Chronology. Works Consulted. Index.

“If this were the eighteenth century, when authors routinely employed long, descriptive, and therefore useful subtitles, mine would be something like ‘an inquiry into the sort of writer Lewis was above all, the kind of work he produced and when he produced it, followed by a prescription for how best to apprehend him, assess his achievement, and appreciate his labor; with emphasis upon the theory, tradition, and application of Rhetoric and of its several parts and upon the difficulties  mostly spiritual, which its practice effected’” (xii).

Como, James. 2008. Why I believe in Narnia: 33 reviews & essays on the life & work of C.S. Lewis. Allentown, PA: Zossima Press.

Contents: Foreword. Preface. I. Reviews: 1) Spirit in Bondage (1991); 2) Routes of Regression (1082); 3) Land of Shadows, and Even Through…(1993, 1994); 4) Land of Light: Not Quite a Movie Review (2006); 5) The Magic Never Ends (2001); 6) Messages of Hope (2004); 7) Faith(less) v. Reason(able) (2002); 8) The People’s New Clothes: A Biography, Its Readers, and Its Subject (1975); 9) As Secondary Sources Go…Il Libro de Tutti Libri (1996); 10) A sophisticated Man (2004); 11) Arc of Surrender (2007). II. Critical Views: 12) Broadening the Lewisian Context (1981); 13) The Prophetic Realist and The Abolition of Man (2003); 14) Culture and Public Philosophy: Another C.S. Lewis (2007); 15) Disobedience and Self-discovery (1998); 16) The Screwtape Letters: of Evil, and Its Antagonists (2008); 17) Belief in Perelandra: Myth, Frazer and Jung (1972); 18) M C.S. Lewis in Milton Criticism (1972); 19) The Book Reviewer: An Enjoyment (2008); 20) The Critical Principles of C.S. Lewis (1971); 21) Rhetorica Religii; 22) Lewis, C.S. (2006). III. Personal Views: 23) A Clerke of Oxenforde (1974); 24) A Toast (1979); 25) A Man for Our Season (2007); 26) A Faithful Steward: Walter Hooper (1992); 27) The Seeing Eye (1994); 28) Tales of Timelessness (1997); 29) Why Not in the World (2005); 30) Neo-Narnia (2001); 31) Why I Believe in Narnia (2005); 31) An Apologia Along the Way; 33) Mere Lewis (1994). Index.

“These essays and review are a good deal of what Jim wrote over the years of his affiliation with the New York Society but also what he wrote and spoke of CSL generally for many other venues. (The table of contents tells the reader the original light-of-day for each piece.)” (Clara Sarrocco in the Foreword, i.)

Conn, Marie A. 2008. C.S. Lewis and Human Suffering: Light among the shadows. Mahwah, New Jersey: Hidden Spring, an imprint of Paulist Press.

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. Introduction—All My Road Before Me: The Man Behind the Books. 1) Bits of a Life: A Look at C.S. Lewis; 2) The Loss of Conviction: World War I and Atheism; 3) Conviction Rediscovered: Lewis’s Conversion; 4) The Problem of Pain: All Nonsense Questions Are Unanswerable; 5) I Shall Never Be a Biped Again: A Discussion of A Grief Observed; e6) An Approach to Mourning: Our Own “Grief Observed”; 7) Only the Life I’ve Led: Some Concluding Remarks. Noes. Bibliography.

“This book will bridge the gap between the absolutely committed Christian of the published works and the struggling, questioning man who dealt with the doubts and problems common to all of us” (xi, xii).

“Marie A. Conn, PhD, is professor of religious studies at Chestnut Hill College in Philadelphia. She received her doctorate in theology from the University of Notre Dame”. (From the back cover)

Connolly, Sean. 2007. Inklings of heaven: C.S. Lewis and eschatology. Leominster, Herefordshire: Gracewing.

Contents: Foreword by Walter Hooper; 1) C.S. Lewis and the Eschata: Death: Death and sin; Death and immortality; Judgment: Judgment and purgatory; Judgment and morality; The Parousia: The Parousia and the general resurrection; 2) C.S. Lewis and the Eschaton: An Eschatology of Desire: Sehsucht and eschatology; Desire and Christian hope; Desire and moral eschatology; An Eschatological Understanding of time: God’s time; Time beyond time; Kairos versus chronos; Inklings of heaven; 3. Developing a Worldview: Determining Influences: Personal influences; Literary influences; Identifying a Tradition: Philosophical school; Theological school; 3) Metaphysics and Metaphor: Imagination and Reason; The metaphorical versus the literal; Imagination and the End Time; The cataphatic versus the apophatic; 5) The Problem of Eschatological Imagery: The images of heaven in Christian tradition; Resisting the move towards a modern minimalism; The mythopoetic in Lewisian eschatology; 6) The Contemporary Debate: The meaning of life and death; The range  of hope; The destiny of the world. Epilogue. Acknowledgments. Selected bibliography. Index.

“This book boldly makes that claim. C. S. Lewis was not a classically trained theologian. He wrote no systematic theological treatise. Time and again he referred to himself as a layman and an amateur, as one theologically uneducated and even unlearned. Yet here was a man, English scholar, broadcaster, children’s writer, and Christian apologist, whose later life became very much caught up in the business of heaven. Together with his brother Warnie, with his friends J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams, and many others, C.S.Lewis made up an intellectual group which called themselves the ‘Inklings’. The joke, of course, was a literary one but it could just as easily have been eschatological. For Lewis, above all, the heaven-directed was never lacking. His work is wrought with the sense of another world, more solid and of a deeper reality than we can ever begin to comprehend. He captured perfectly the truth that we have an inkling of that Something More – if only we would realise it – in every longed for, aching, yearned after, itching and unsatisfied moment of our lives. Lewis’s work – and thus this book – is not just about eschatology. It is about an eschatological desire that drives our Christian faith and calls us to communion with God.” (From Amazon)

Dr Sean Connolly studied theology at the Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas in Rome. He currently teaches ethics and religious studies in Gloucestershire.

Cootsona, Gregory S. 2014. C.S. Lewis and the crisis of a Christian. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.

Contents: 1) Introducing C.S. Lewis; The crises of atheism: 2) The crisis of materialism 3) The crisis of meaninglessness; 4) The crisis of anomie. The crises of Christian faith: Jesus and the crisis of other myths; 6) The crisis of the Bible. The crises of human life: 7) The crisis of of feeling; 8) The crisis of suffering; 9) V of death. Notes. Bibliography.

Cording, Ruth James. 2000. C.S. Lewis: A celebration of his early life. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers. [ISBN 080542200-5]

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) Little lad chattering; 2) We built the promenade; 3) Mamy is like; 3) I am like papy; 5) Flora’s letters; 6) It was the first beauty; 7) My brother’s gifts; 8) Growing up; 9) Books that pleased; 10) There came a night; 11) School days; 12) Something other; 13) I wrote the books; 14) The happiest three years; 15) A grief shared; 16) Chaucer’s knight. Notes. Bibliography. List of photos and illustrations. About the author.

“Having worked in the collection of Lewis letters and books since 1965, I hope to help others enjoy the vast serendipity of the anthology he left for us….I want this book on my ‘coffee table’ to remind me—and to share with others, through story and pictures—things about C.S. Lewis that are too good to miss, and a few reminiscences that may not be found anywhere else” (xiii).

Ruth James Cording is a freelance writer living in Wheaton, Illinois. She is a member of The National League of American Pen Women and a graduate of Wheaton College.

Coren, Michael, 1996. (Reprint edition.) The man who created Narnia: The story of C. S. Lewis. Eerdmans Pub Co. [ISBN 0-8028-3822-7]

Contents: 1) Beginnings; 2) Dreams and dreaming spires; 3) Friends, Gods, and devils; 4) Narnia; 5) And joy come in; 6) Out of the shadows. Chronology. A note on sources. Further reading. Picture sources. Index.

“Coren…takes a well-balanced approach to the creation of a life and treads carefully around the many pitfalls that await a biographer….He shows how the elements of Lewis’s life…have their echoes and resonances in Narnia….” (From the back cover)

“Michael Coren was born in London, England, and in 1987 came to Canada, where he now works as a syndicate columnist and as the host of ‘The Michael Coren Show’ on CFRB, Canada’s largest radio station.”

Cunningham, Richard B. 1967. C.S. Lewis Defender of the faith. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press. [Lib of Congress Card No. 67-19299]

Contents: I. The Apologist: 1) The nature and purpose of apologetics; 2) C.S. Lewis: The man and the author. II. The Apologetic Scene: 3) The world as it ought to be; 4) Our radical new era; 5) The abolition of man; 6) The major abolitionist: modern science; 7) The present stage of abolition: 8) Mass conformity; 9) The Post-Christian era; 10) An appraisal of Lewis’ world view. III. The Foundation of Apologetics: 11) Epistemology: The problem of knowledge; 12) Hermeneutics: The science of Biblical interpretation; 13) Theology: The formulation of faith; Eschatology; 14) Communication. IV. The Apologetic Method: 15) The literary forms of apologetics; 16) Devices and techniques of debate; 17) An evaluation. Notes. Bibliography.

“The farther I have gone, the more convinced I have become that contemporary preachers, theologians, and apologists, as well as laymen, can learn at many points from Lewis about how to defend the Christian faith, including such sticky areas as epistemology and hermeneutics….Though not always persuaded by his logic, I am almost always moved by his spirit” (12).

“Richard B. Cunningham is a graduate of Baylor University and Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (Th.D.)…and is now Assistant Professor of Systematic Theology and Philosophy of Religion at Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary, Mill Valley, California.” (From the inside cover)

Curtis, Carolyn and Mark Pomroy Key, eds. 2015. Women and C.S. Lewis: What his life and literature reveal for today’s culture. Oxford: Lion Books.

Introduction: Was C.S. Lewis sexist? 1) Is he relevant today? By Carolyn Curtis; Not mere mortals by Mary Pomroy Key. Section One: Lewis, the man…and the women in his life. 1) The enduring influence of Flora Lewis by D. Crystal Hurd; 2) What do we make of Lewis’ relationship with Mrs Moore? By Paul McCusker; 3) Helen Joy Davidman (Mrs C.S. Lewis) 1015-1960: a portrait by Lyle W. Dorsett; 4) Fire and ice: Why did Lewis marry Joy Davidman rather that Ruth Pitter? By Don W. King; 5) The divine comedy of C.S. Lewis and Dorothy L. Sayers by Crystal L. Downing; 6) On Tolkien, the Inklings…and Lewis’ blindness to gender by Alister McGrath; 7) C.S. Lewis and the friends who apparently couldn’t really have been his friends, but actually were by Colin Duriez. Section Two: Lewis the fiction author—how girls and women are portrayed in his novels. 1) Are the Chronicles of Narnia sexist? By Devin Brown; 2) “The abolition of women”: gender and hierarchy in Lewis’ Space Trilogy; 3) “She is one of the great ones”: The radical world of The Great Divorce by Joy Jordan-Lake; 4) The pilgrim’s paradox: female characters in The Pilgrim’s Regress by David C. Downing; 5) New perspectives: Till We Have Faces, The Four Loves, and other works by Andrew Lazo. Section Three: Lewis, the poet—surprises from his poetry. 1) Setting the man-woman thing to rights by Brad Davis; 2) Bridging the chasm between us by Kelly Belmonte; 3) Getting our goddesses together: Lewis and the feminine voice in poetry by Malcolm Guite. Section four: Lewis, the influencer—how his life and literature impact the twenty-first century discussion about women. 1) Jack, the “old woman” of Oxford: sexist or seer? By Monika B. Hilder; 2) A generation longing for C.S. Lewis by Brett McCraken; 3) From feminist to mere Christian by Mary Poplin; 4) Lewis as teacher and servant…and my respectful disagreement on women as priests by Dr Jeanette Sears; 5) On women’s roles in the church: Lewis’ letters to me as a child lit my way by Kathy Keller; 6) C.S. Lewis on love and sex by Holly Ordway; 7) Mistress for pleasure or wife for fruit? By Michael Ward; 8) Dorothy L. Sayers and C.S. Lewis: Comrades against the zeitgeist by Kathy Macsenti. Section Five: Lewis, the mentor—how his view on women impact mine. 1) Lewis inspired me to speak out for women by Randy Alcorn; 2) On being the father of immortals: Lessons from “The Weight of Glory” by John Stonestreet; 3) More than a fairy princess: What Narnia teaches about being strong, courageous women by Christin Ditchfield. Conclusion: What do Lewis’ life and literature reveal for today’s culture? By Carolyn Curtis. Questions for reflection and discussion. Endnotes.

Short essays commenting on Lewis’s attitudes and depictions of women in his writings. All agree, some more forcibly than others, that Lewis was not a sexist or misogynist. At the end of each essay there is a picture of the author and a description of his or her interest in Lewis, as well as their own works. The twelve questions for reflection and discussion are general and nature and cover his outlook on joy, his relationship with Mrs Moore, his friendships with men and women, what he gained from George MacDonald, his release from atheism, comments on intellect and imagination, his struggles, Joy Davidman, his attitude toward women and how the information and insights from the essays can be applied to our culture today.

*Davidman, Joy and Don W. King, ed. 2015. A naked tree: Love sonnets to C.S. Lewis. Eerdmans.

“Although best known as C. S. Lewis’s wife, Joy Davidman was a gifted writer herself who produced, among other things, two novels and an award-winning volume of poetry in her short lifetime. The first comprehensive collection of Davidman’s poetry, A Naked Tree includes the poems that originally appeared in her Letter to a Comrade (1938), forty other published poems, and more than two hundred previously unpublished poems that came to light in a remarkable 2010 discovery.”

*Derrick, Christopher. 1981. C.S. Lewis and the Church of Rome. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. [ISBN-10: 0898700094]

Christopher Derrick, a long-time friend and former student of C. S. Lewis, explores Lewis’ attitude toward the Catholic Church in this book.

Dickerson, Matthew and David O’Hara. 2009. Narnia and the fields of Arbol: The environmental vision of C.S. Lewis. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Contents. Acknowledgments. Conventions and Abbreviations. Introduction: Ecological crisis, environmental critique and Christian imagination. 1) What he thought about everything; 2) Nature and meaning in the history of Narnia; 3) The Magician’s Nephew: Creation and the Narnian ecology; 4) The Last Battle and the end of Narnia; 5) Out of the Silent Planet: Re-imaging ecology; 6) Perelandra: Creation and conscience; 7) That Hideous Strength: Assault on the sol and soul of England; 8) The Re-enchantment of creation. Notes. Recommended reading. Index.

“The authors examine the environmental and ecological underpinnings of Lewis’s work by exploring his best-known works of fantasy, including the seven books of the Chronicles of Narnia and the three novels collectively referred to as the Space Trilogy. Taken together, these works reveal Lewis’s enduring environmental concerns, and Dickerson and O’Hara offer a new understanding of his pioneering style of fiction. An avid outdoorsman, Lewis deftly combined an active imagination with a deep appreciation for the natural world. Narnia and the Fields of Arbol, the first book-length work on the subject, explores the marriage of Lewis’s environmental passion with his skill as a novelist and finds the author’s legacy to have as much in common with the agrarian environmentalism of Wendell Berry as it does with the fantasy of J. R. R. Tolkien. In an era of increasing concern about deforestation, climate change, and other environmental issues, Lewis’s work remains as pertinent as ever.” (From Amazon)

Ditchfield, Christin. 2003. A family guide to Narnia: Biblical truths in C.S. Lewis’s the Chronicles of Narnia. Wheaton: Crossway Books. [also on Kindle]

Contents: Foreword by Wayne Martindale. Preface. Introduction to The Magician’s Nephew. 1) The wrong door; 2) Digory and his uncle; 3) The wood between the worlds; 4) The bell and the hammer; 5) The deplorable word; 6) The beginning of uncle Andrew’s troubles; 7) What happened at the front door; 8) The fight at the lamp-post; 9) The founding of Narnia; 10) The first joke and other matters; 11) Digory and his uncle are both in trouble; 12) Strawberry’s adventure; 13) An unexpected meeting; 14) The planting of the tree; 15) The end of this story and the beginning of all the others. Introduction to The lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. 1) Lucy looks into a wardrobe; 2) What Lucy found there; 3) Edmund and the wardrobe; 4) Turkish delight; 5) Back on this side of the door; 6) Into the forest; 7) A day with the beavers; 8) What happened after dinner; 9) In the Witch’s house; 10) The spell begins to break; 11) Aslan is nearer; 12) Peter’s first battle; 13) Deep magic from the dawn of time; 14) The triumph of the witch; 15) Deeper magic from before the dawn of time; 16) What happened about the statures; 17) The hunting of the white stag. Introduction to The Horse and His Boy. 1) How Shasta set out on his travels; 2) A wayside adventure; 3) At the gates of Tashbaan; 4) Shasta falls in with the Narnians; 5) Prince Corin; 6) Shasta among the tombs; 5) Aravis in Tashbaan; 8) In the house of the Tisroc; 9) Across the desert; 10) The hermit of the southern march; 11) The unwelcome fellow traveler; 12) Shasta in Narnia; 13) The fight at Anvark; 14) How Bree became a wiser horse; 15) Rabadash the ridiculous. Introduction to Prince Caspian. 1) The island; 2) The ancient treasure house; 3) The dwarf; 4) The dwarf tells of a Prince Caspian; 5) Caspian’s adventure in the mountains; 6) The people that lived in hiding; 7) Old Narnia in danger; 8) How they left the island; 9) What Lucy saw; 10) The return of the lion; 11) The lion roars; 12) Sorcery and sudden vengeance; 13) The high king in command; 14) How all were very busy; 15) Aslan makes a door in the air. Introduction to The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. 1) The picture in the bedroom; 2) On board the The Dawn Treader; 3) The lone islands; 4) What Caspian did there; 5) The storm and what came of it; 6) The adventures of Eustace; 7) How the adventure ended; 8) Two narrow escapes; 9) The island of the voices; 10) The magician’s book; 12) The Dufflepuds made happy; 12) The dark island; 13) The three sleepers; 14) The beginning of the end of the world; 15) The wonders of the last sea; 16) The very end of the world. Introduction to The Silver Chair. 1) Behind the gym; 2) Jill is given a task; 3) The sailing of the king; 4) A parliament of owls; 5) Puddleglum; 6) The wild waste lands of the north; 7) The hill of the strange trenches; 8) The house of Harfang; 9) How they discovered something worth knowing; 10) Travels without the sun; 11) In the dark castle; 12) The queen of Underland; 13) Underland without the queen; 14) The bottom of the world; 15) The disappearance of Jill; 16) The healing of harms. Introduction to The Last Battle. 1) By Calron pool; 2) The rashness of the king; 3) The ape in its glory; 4) What happened that night; 5) How help came to the king; 6) A good night’s work’ 7) Mainly about dwarfs; 8) What news the eagle brought; 9) The great meeting on Stable Hill; 10) Who will go into the Stable? 11) The pace quickens; 12) Through the stable door; 13) How the dwarfs refuse to be taken in; 14) Night falls on Narnia; 15) Further up and further in; 16) Farewell to Shadowlands. Epilogue. Recommended Recourses.

“Christin Ditchfield is an accomplished educator, author, conference speaker, and host of the internationally syndicated radio program…. She is the author of more than 65 books, translated into half a dozen languages [and] has been speaking at conferences, retreats, banquets, and brunches. Christin holds a masters degree in Biblical Theology from Southwestern University.” (From

Ditchfield includes “Biblical Parallels and Principles” for each of her chapters as well as her personal thoughts and Scripture references.

Dorsett, Lyle W. 1983. And God came in: The extraordinary story of Joy Davidman her life and marriage to C.S. Lewis. NY: Macmillan.

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments and Sources. 1) Embattled Prodigy (1915-1934); 2) Wanderings (1934-1946); 3) The Crisis, the Search, the Answer (1946-1953); 4) Miracles, Pain, Peace (1953-1960); 5) Legacy. Afterword. Notes. Index.

“What is notable about Joy’s life is not that she was imperfect after conversion; the significance of her life is that she did grow into spiritual maturity. To be sure, her old nemesis, self-will, emerged from time to time; more than one person was the victim of her volatile temper and acerbic tongue. Nevertheless, as she allowed Jesus to become the Lord of her life, He changed her and He was able to use her in strikingly important ways. There is a lesson here for us” (xiii).

Dorsett, Lyle W. 2000. A love observed: Joy Davidman’s life and marriage to C.S. Lewis. North Wind Books. And 2004 at Wheaton, IL: Harold Shaw.

Contents: Preface to the 1998 Edition; Preface to the 1982 Edition. Acknowledgments and Sources. 1) Embattled Prodigy (1915-1934); 2) Wanderings (1934-1946); 3) The Crisis, the Search, the Answer (1946-1953); 4) Miracles, Pain, Peace (1953-1960); 5) Legacy. Afterword. Notes. Index.

“In this definitive biography of Joy Davidman, we read the real love story that the major motion picture, “Shadowlands,” could not tell. Lyle Dorsett reveals Davidman’s profound influence on C.S. Lewis’s life and writings.” (From Amazon)

Dorsett, Lyle W. 2004. Seeking the secret place: The spiritual formation of C.S. Lewis. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface. 1) Introduction: “God Grant Me to Say Things Helpful to Salvation”; 2) Prayer: “Sustained and Regular Habit”; 3) Scripture: “Our Lord’s Teaching Allows No Quarter”; 4) The Church: “The New Testament Knows Nothing of Solitary Religion”; 5) Spiritual Friends and Guidance: “A Wonderful Opportunity”; 6) Reluctant Guide: “I wanted Them to Follow Christ”; 7) Steering through Troubled Waters: “Keep Your Eye on the Helmsman; 8) Legacy: “The Real Thing Will Live on after the Shine of My Books Dies”. Selected Bibliography. Index.

“The portions of letters, the notations from books, and the gleanings from memories of Lewis’s associates, I trust, will reveal nothing that should remain in sacred silence like a person’s confession to a pastor or priest. Instead the following pages are offered in the spirit that C.S. Lewis said he was in while preparing his book on the four loves: ‘Pray for me that God grant me to say things helpful to salvation, or at least not harmful’” 928).

Dorsett, Lyle W. and Marjorie Lamp Mead, eds. 1985. Foreword by Douglas H. Gresham. C.S. Lewis letters to children. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co. [ISBN: 0 02 570830 9]

Contents: Foreword. Introduction. 1) C.S. Lewis: His Childhood; 2) A Note to Children; 3) The Letters. Bibliography.

Dorsett, Lyle W., ed. 1988. The essential C.S. Lewis. NY: Collier Books. Macmillan Pub. Co. [ISBN: 0 02 019550 8] An Anthology.

Contents: Preface; Acknowledgments; Chronology. Part I C.S. Lewis: An Introduction to His Life and Writing; Part II Autobiography: From Surprised by Joy; From The Letters of C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeves; Part III children’s Fiction: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (complete); Part IV Adult Fiction: Perelandra (complete); From The Screwtape Letters; Part V Nonfiction: Christian Topics: From Mere Christianity; From Undeceptions; From Christian Reflections; From The Weight of Glory and Other Addresses; From The World’s Last night and Other Essays; From Reflections on the Psalms; From Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer; Part VI Poetry: From Poems; Part VII Philosophy: The Abolition of Man (complete); Part VIII Literary History, Theory and Criticism: From They asked for a Paper; From The Allegory of Love; From English Literature in the Sixteenth Century Excluding Drama; From Studies in Words; From Essays Presented to Charles Williams; From An Experiment in Criticism; From Fifteen Poets; Part IX Letters: From Letters of C.S. Lewis; From C.S. Lewis Letters to Children; From Letters to an American Lady. Selected Bibliography.

Lyle W. Dorsett was professor of Christian formation and ministry at Wheaton College and Graduate School. He is now the Billy Graham Professor of Evangelism at Beeson Divinity School.

Downing, David C. 1992. Planets in peril: A critical study of C.S. Lewis’s Ransom Trilogy. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press. [0-87023-997-X].

Contents: Acknowledgments. Abbreviations. Introduction. 1) “Transfiguring the Past”: Lewis’s Reading of His Early Life; 2) “Smuggled Theology”: The Christian Vision of the Trilogy; 3) The Recovered Image: Elements of Classicism and Medievalism; 4) “Souls Who Have Lost the Intellectual Good”: Portraits of Evil; 5) Ransom and Lewis: Cosmic Voyage as Spiritual Pilgrimage; 6) Models, Influences, and Echoes; 7) The Achievement of C.S. Lewis: Assessing the Trilogy. Appendix: “The Dark Tower”. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

Downing, David C. 2002. The most reluctant convert: C.S. Lewis’s journey to faith. InterVarsity Press. [ISBN 0-8308-2311-5]

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) The Ill Secured Happiness of Childhood; 2) The Alien territory of Boyhood; 3) Mere Atheism in Early Adolescence; 4) The Dungeon of a Divided Soul; 5) Dualism During the War Years; 6) “Spiritual Lust” & the Lure of the Occult; 7) Idealism & Pantheism in the Twenties; 8) Finding Truth in the Old Beliefs. Epilogue. Abbreviations of Lewis’s Works. Notes. Bibliographical Materials on C.S. Lewis. Index. Permissions & Acknowledgments.

Downing, David C. 2005. Into the region of awe: Mysticism in C.S. Lewis. InterVarsity Press. [ISBN 0-8308-3284-X]

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction: The Overlooked Lewis. 1) The Mystique of Mysticism; 2) Mystical Elements in Lewis Life; 3) Christian Mysticism as Lewis Knew It; 4) The Mystical Way in the Space Trilogy; 5) Finding Words to Explore the Mind of God; 6) Mystical Elements in the Narnia Chronicles; 7) Lewis’s Critique of Mysticism; 8) Learning from the Mystical Way. Appendix: A Brief Timeline of Christian Mystics. Notes. Bibliography. Subject Index. Scripture Index.

Our purpose here is to examine C.S. Lewis’s interest in mysticism, how it shaped his faith and contributed to his worldview. G.K. Chesterton believed that “the morbid logician seeks to make everything lucid, and succeeds in making everything mysterious. The mystic allows one thing to be mysterious, and everything else becomes lucid.” Lewis was part logician, part mystic, and his books offer a unique blend of charisma and clarity—of explaining what can be known, while exploring the unknown and the unknowable.”

Downing, David C. 2005. Into the wardrobe: C.S. Lewis and the Narnia chronicles. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Contents: A C.S. Lewis Time Line; Introduction: The Child as Father of the Man. 1) The Life of C.S. Lewis; 2) The Genesis of Narnia; 3) The Spiritual Vision of the Narnia Chronicles; 4) Moral Psychology; 5) Classical and Medieval Elements; 6) What’s in a Narnian Name?; 7) Lewis’s Literary Artistry. Appendix: Definitions, Allusions, and Textual Notes. Notes. Bibliography. Acknowledgments. The Author. Index.

Downing, David C., ed. 2014. The Pilgrim’s Regress: The Wade Center annotated edition. Illustrated by Michael Hague. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

Contents: Note on the Wade Center copy of The Pilgrim’s Regress by Marjorie Lamp Mead. Editor’s Preface. Editor’s introduction. Book One: The Data; Book Two: Thrill; Book Three: Through darkest Zeitgeistheim; Book Four: Back to the Road; Book Five: The Grand Canyon; Book Six: Northward along the Canyon; Book Seven: Southward along the Canyon; Book Eight: At Bay; Book Nine: Across the Canyon; Book Ten: The Regress. Afterword to the third edition. Bibliography. Notes. General Index. Scripture Index.

“This splendid annotated edition, produced in collaboration with the Marion E. Wade Center in Wheaton, Illinois, helps readers recover the richness of Lewis’s allegory. Often considered obscure and difficult to read, The Pilgrim’s Regress nonetheless remains a witty satire on cultural fads, a vivid account of spiritual dangers, and an illuminating tale for generations of pilgrims old and new” (From the inside cover).

“This brand-new annotated edition helps readers recover the richness of Lewis’s original allegory. Often considered obscure and difficult to read, The Pilgrim’s Regress nonetheless remains a rollicking satire on modern cultural fads, a vivid account of contemporary spiritual dangers, and an illuminating tale for generations of pilgrims old and new. Editor David C. Downing relies both on his own expertise and on previously unpublished sources from Lewis himself to identify allusions to other authors, translate quotations, and explain inside jokes hidden within Lewis’s text.” (From Amazon)

David C. Downing is a leading C.S. Lewis expert, award-winning author, and professor of English at Elizabethtown College in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

Duncan, John Ryan. 2001. The magic never ends: An Oral History of the Life and Work of C.S. Lewis. Nashville, TN: W Publishing Group. [ISBN 0-8499-1718-2]

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) Origins; 2) Friendship; 3) The True Myth; 4) The Problem of Pain; 5) Screwtape and the Socratic Club; 6) Merely Christian; 7) The Magic Never Ends; 8) A Change of Heart; 9) Love; 10) A Grief Observed; 11) November 22, 1963; 12) Observations. A Final Note. Notes. Photographs and Illustrations.

“The common denominators among those included in this oral history on C.S. Lewis aare their passion for Lewis’s work and their commitment to sharing personal insights into C.S. Lewis the man, the writer, the teacher, and the creator of magical worlds” (16).

John Ryan Duncan is president of The Duncan Group, Inc., a documentary film production.

Duriez, Colin. 1990. The C.S. Lewis handbook: A comprehensive guide to his life, thought, and writings. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House. [No ISBN]

Preface. 1) The C.S. Lewis Handbook; 2) Books by C.S. Lewis; 3) Books about C.S. Lewis; 4) Reference Guide.

“Colin Duriez is based in Keswick in north-west England and writes books, edits and lectures. He has appeared as a commentator on extended version film DVDs of Peter Jackson’s The Lord of the Rings, the ‘Royal’ 4 DVD set of Walden/Disney’s The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, and the Sony DVD Ringers about Tolkien fandom and the impact of Tolkien on popular culture. He has also participated in documentaries on PBS and the BBC. He is also a part-time tutor at Lancaster University.” (From

Duriez, Colin. 2000. The C.S. Lewis encyclopedia: A complete guide to his life, thought and writings. Edison, NJ: Inspirational Press. [ISBN 0-88486-318-2] See also Duriez, 2013.

Preface. The C.S. Lewis Encyclopedia. Bibliography of C.S. Lewis. Reference Guide.

A revision and expansion of Duriez 1990.

Contents: Preface; 1) The C.S. Lewis Encyclopedia; 2) Bibliography of C.S. Lewis; 3) Reference Guide (groups together the titles of some of the related articles in the Encyclopedia).

“To allow readers to follow through themes and subjects that capture their interest I have used asterisks within articles to show other references” (10). “Parts of this book are greatly altered versions of material that has appeared as articles elsewhere or has been given as lectures” (11).

Duriez, Colin. 2003. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis: The gift of friendship. Mahwah, NJ: HiddenSpring. Also: Paulist Press. [ISBN 1-58768-026-2] Includes a complete list of both of their writings.

Contents: Preface. 1) The Formative Years (1892-1925); 2) Meeting of Minds and Imaginations: “Tolkien and I were talking of dragons….” (1926-1929); 3) A Story-Shaped World: “Mythopoeia” (1929-1931); 4) The Thirties: The Context of Imaginative Orthodoxy; 5) The Inklings Begin” Friendship Shared? (1933-1939); 6) Two Journeys There and Back Again: The Pilgrim’s Regress and The Hobbit (1930-1937); 7) Space, Time, and the “New Hobbit” (1930-1937); 8) World War II and After: Charles Williams Comes to Oxford (1939-1949); 9) A Professor’s Wardrobe and Magic Rings (1949-1954); 10) Surprise by Cambridge and Disappointed by Joy (1954-1963); 11) A Farewell to Shadowlands (1963-1973); 12) The Gift of Friendship: :Who could have deserved it?” Appendix A: A Brief Chronology of J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis; Appendix B: The Enduring Popularity of J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. Notes. The Writings of C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. Bibliography. Acknowledgments.

*Duriez, Colin. 2004. A Field Guide to Narnia. InterVarsity Press. Paperback edition from Sutton Publishing Ltd. in 2005.

*Duriez, Colin 2005. The C.S. Lewis Chronicles: The Indispensable Biography of the Creator of Narnia: Full of Little-Known Facts, Events and Miscellany. New York: BlueBridge.

“This biography reconstructs Lewis’ professional and daily life. More than 100 sidebars offer little-known trivia tidbits on the more personal side, and cover such topics as the contents of his home library, 10 things he believed about cats, his favorite beers and pubs, and the women and friends in his life.” (From Amazon).

Duriez, Colin. 2013. C.S. Lewis: A biography of friendship. Oxford: Lion Hudson. See also The A-Z of C S Lewis: A complete guide to his life, thoughts and writings. Published by Lion Hudson and copyright 1990, 2000, 2002, and 2013: Preface, C.S. Lewis A-Z. Bibliography of C.S. Lewis.

Contents: Preface; 1) A Northern Irish childhood; 2) Schooldays and Arthur Greeves: Watford, Belfast and Malvern; 3) “The Great Knock”: Bookham, Surrey; 4) Oxford and France: “This is what war is like…”; 5) Student days: Oxford, and Mrs. Janie Moore; 6) The aspiring poet and scholar in hard times: The inspiration of Owen Barfield; 7) The young Don: Meeting J.R.R. Tolkien; 8) The most reluctant convert; 9) The company of friends; 10) Storytelling and reflections: Through the changing thirties with Tolkien’ 11) The wartime years and after: Enter Charles Williams; 12) A new era and a change of strategy: The Narnia factor; 13) The surprising American: Mrs Joy Davidman Gresham; 14) Leaving: The Shadowlands. A brief chronology. Notes. Select Bibliography. Index. {Also on my Kindle)

Duriez, Colin and David Porter, 2001. The Inklings Handbook: The Lives, Thought and Writings of C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, Charles Williams, Owen Barfield, and Their Friends. [ISBN 1-902694-13-9]

Contents: Preface. Abbreviations. Part One: 1) The life and times of the Inklings; 2) The Inklings: A chronology; 3) The making of Narnia; 4) J.R.R. Tolkien’s Middle-earth; 5) Arthur, Logres and the Empire; 6) Theology and fantasy in the Inklings. Part Two: 7) The Inklings A-Z. Bibliography. Bibliography of Selected Writings About the Inklings.

Edwards, Bruce L. 1986. A rhetoric of reading: C.S. Lewis’s defense of Western literacy. Provo, Utah: Center for the Study of Christian Values in Literature, College of Humanities, Brigham Young University.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface: Dr Thomas Howard; Introduction: C.S. Lewis and the Climate of Literacy; 1) Contemporary Theories of  Literacy: A Sketch of Three Emerging Models of Reading; 2) Lewis’s Epistemology and the Integrity of the Text; 3) Authorial Intention and “The Personal Heresy”; 4) Reclaiming the Reader: An Experiment in Criticism; 5) Toward an Epistemology of Literacy: A Synthesis. Bibliography. Index.

Edwards, Bruce L. 2005. Further up & further in: Understanding C.S. Lewis’s The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

Contents: Preface: Through the Wardrobe: Our Passport to Narnia. Acknowledgments. 1) Meeting C.S. Lewis: Retelling the Gospel as a Fairy Tale; 2) Finding What You’re Not Looking For: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Chapters 1-3; 3) Turkish Delight and Other Tempting Confections: Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Chapters 4-6; 4) Hospitality Is as Hospitality Does: Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Chapters 7-9; 5) Aslan on the Move: Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Chapters 10-11; 6) Deep Magic Is Never Enough: Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Chapters 14-17. For Further Reading. Study Questions. Endnotes. Index.

“This is what our goal is on both sides of the wardrobe: to go “further up and further in,: to discover and remain in Aslan’s presence, following his lead, completing the missions he sets for us, and gaining glorious comrades along the way to share grand adventures in the Spirit. We want to know what it means to be a Narnian, so we can learn better how to be a Son of Adam or a Daughter of Eve” (viii).

“A large part of what makes Narnia terrific, engrossing, and life-changing is its ability not only to deliver a world that is strange and compelling but also to make our own world strange and compelling as well” (xii).

“We have gone “further up and further in” during our exploration of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe in order to experience the further joy of seeing not only the lines themselves but what is between them. We have wanted to look along, and not just look at, Narnia. We have wanted an indigenous journey, seeing through the eyes of those who live and move and have their being in Narnia, not as outsiders but as insiders” (88).

Edwards, Bruce L. 2005. Not a tame lion: Unveil Narnia through the eyes of Lucy, Peter, and other characters created by C.S. Lewis. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale. [ISBN 1414303815]

Contents: Dedication. Acknowledgments. Prologue: Discerning the Spiritual World of Narnia; 1) Inkling of Neverland: C.S. Lewis and the Origins of Narnia; 2) Encountering Aslan: The Danger of Goodness; 3) Valor Finds Validation: Reigning with Aslan; 4) Victory over Vanity: Transformations and Revivals: 5) Villainy Meets Viciousness: Witches, Traitors, and Betrayers; 6) Vindication and Valediction: Last Battles, Last Words; Epilogue: After Narnia (Re-enchanting our cosmos; Narnia apologetics; Lewis Redux). Suggested Reading. Study Guide. Notes.

“We most accurately discern the spiritual world of Narnia in the biography of Aslan. If, as some say, the Narnia tales resemble in genre the New Testament Gospels…perhaps Not a Tame Lion can be thought of as a synoptic treatment of Aslan’s character and personality as seen in his encounters with the kingdom under his rule. We come to know him first by watching him relate to others and thereby encounter him ourselves” (xvii).

Edwards, Bruce L., ed. 1988. The Taste of the Pineapple: Essays on C.S. Lewis As Reader, Critic, and Imaginative Writer. Preface by Owen Barfield. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press.

Contents: Acknowledgements. Preface. Editor’s Introduction by Bruce L. Edwards. Part I: The Taste of the Pineapple: 1) A Basis for Literary Criticism by Jerry L. Daniel; 2) Rehabilitating Reading: C.S. Lewis and Contemporary Critical Theory by Bruce L. Edwards; 3) “…the Abstractions Proper to Them”: 4) C.S. Lewis and the Institutional Theory of Literature by Robert B. Meyers. Part II: C.S. Lewis: The Practice of Criticism. 5) Provocative Generalizations: The Allegory of Love in Retrospect by Margaret P. Hannay; 6) Visions and Revisions: C.S. Lewis’s Contributions to the Theory of Allegory by David H. Stewart; 7) Fighting “Verbicide” and sounding Old-Fashioned: Some Notes on Lewis’s Use of Words by Paul Leopold. Part III: C.S. Lewis: The Critic as Imaginative Writer. 8) Subcreation and C.S. Lewis’s Theory of Literature by Margaret L. Carter; 9) Critical and Fictional Pairing in C.S. Lewis by Robert Boenig; 10) The Polemic Image: The Role of Metaphor and Symbol in the Fiction of C.S. Lewis by Kath Filmer; 11) The Affair of Jane’s Dreams” Reading That Hideous Strength as Iconographic Art by Joe McClatchey. Part IV: C.S. Lewis and His Critical Milieu. 12) C.S. Lewis: The Natural Law of Literature and Life by Kathryn Lindskoog and Gracia Fay Ellwood; 13) C.S. Lewis and G.K. Chesterton: Conservative Defendants as Critics; 14) Voices of Fire: Eliot, Lewis, Sayers and Chesterton by John Martin. Notes on Contributors. Index.

Edwards, Bruce L., ed. 2007. C.S. Lewis: Life, works and legacy. Volume 1: An examined life. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface. 1) An Examined Life: Introducing C.S. Lewis by Bruce L. Edwards; 2) C.S. Lewis ‘s Belfast Childhood by Richard V. James; 3) Lewis’s Early Schooling: Trials and Tribulations by Richard V. James; 4) Lewis and Military Service: War and Remembrance (1917-1918) by Colin Duriez; 5) Lewis the Reluctant Convert: Surprised by Faith by Perry C. Bramlet; 6) Lewis in Oxford: The Student Years (1917-1923) by Will Vaus; 7) Lewis in Oxford: The Early Tutorial Years (1924-1939) by Will Vaus; 8) Lewis in Oxford: The Later Tutorial Years (1939-1953) by Will Vaus; 9) Lewis in Cambridge: The Professional Years (1954-1963) by Will Vaus; 10) C.S. Lewis and Owen Barfield: Adversaries and Confidantes by Jane Hipolito; 11) C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien: Friends and Mutual Mentors by Scott Calhoun; 12) C.S. Lewis and Joy Davidman: Severe Mercies, Late Romance by Lyle W. Dorsett and Jake Hanson; 13) A Grief Observed: C.S. Lewis Meets the Great Iconoclast by Alice H. Cook; Index. About the Editor and Contributors.

Edwards, Bruce L., ed. 2007. C.S. Lewis: Life, works and legacy. Volume 2: Fantasy, mythmaker, & poet. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface. 1) Patches of Godlight”; C.S. Lewis as Imaginative Writer by Bruce E. Edwards; 2) Rehabilitating H.G. Wells: C.S. Lewis’s Out of the Silent Planet by David C. Downing; 3) Perelandra: A Tale of Paradise Retained by David C. Downing; 4) That Hideous Strength: Spiritual Wickedness in High Places by David C. Downing; 5) The World of Narnia: Medieval Magic and Morality by Marvin D. Hinton; 6) Sons of Adam, Daughters of Eve, and Children of Aslan: An Environmentalist Perspective on The Chronicles of Narnia by Margarita Carretero-González; 7) Cartography and Fantasy: Hidden Treasures in the Maps of The Chronicles of Narnia by Marta Garcia de la Puerta; 8) Till We Have Faces: A Study of the Soul and the Self by Karen Rose; 9) C.S. Lewis’s Short Fiction and Unpublished Works by  Katherine Harper; 10) The Screwtape Letters: Telling the Truth Upside Down by Devin Brown; 11) Columns of Light: The Preconversion Narrative Poetry of C.S. Lewis by Don W. King; 12) Early Lyric Poetry: Spirits in Bondage (1919) and “Joy” (1924) by Don W. King; 13) Topical Poems:P C.S. Lewis’s Postconversion Poetry by Don W. King. Index. About the Editor and Contributors.

Edwards, Bruce L., ed. 2007. C.S. Lewis: Life, works and legacy. Volume 3: Apologist, philosopher, & theological. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface. 1) The Ecumenical Apologist: Understanding C.S. Lewis’s Defense of Christianity by Victor Reppert; 2) C.S. Lewis as Allegorist: The Pilgrim’s Regress by Mona Dunckel; 3) Mere Christianity: Uncommon Truths in Common Language by Joel D. Heck; 4) The Sermons of C.S. Lewis: The Oxford Don as Preacher by Greg M. Anderson; 5) The Abolition of Man: C.S. Lewis ‘s Philosophy of History by Michael Travers; 6) The Great Divorce: Journey to Heaven and Hell by Wayne Martindale; 7) Miracles: C.S. Lewis’s Critique of Naturalism by Philip Harrold,; 8) Stealing Past the Watchful Dragons: C.S. Lewis’s Incarnational Aesthetics and Today’s Emerging Imagination by Marjorie Lamp Mead; 9) Letters to Malcolm: C.S. Lewis on Prayer by Marjorie Lamp Mead; 10) An Apologist’s Evening Prayer: Reflecting on C.S. Lewis’s Reflections on the Psalms by Donald T. Williams; 11) Understanding C.S. Lewis’s Surprised by Joy: “A Most Reluctant” Autobiography by Mona Dunckel and Karen Rowe; 12) “Gifted Amateurs”: C.S. Lewis and the Inklings by David Bratman. Index. About the Editor and Contributors.

Edwards, Bruce L., ed. 2007. C.S. Lewis: Life, works and legacy. Volume 4: Scholar, teacher, & public intellectual. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface. 1) The Christian Intellectual in the Public Square: C.S. Lewis’s  Enduring American Reception by Bruce L. Edwards; 2) The Letters of C.S. Lewi: C.S. Lewis as Correspondent by Michael Travers; 3) The Four Loves: C.S. Lewis’s Theology of Love by Michael Malanga; 4) C.S. Lewis as Philologist: Studies in Words by Scott Calhoun; 5) The Inklings Abroad: Reading C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien Outside the United Kingdom and North America by Marta Garcia de la Puerta; 6) The Allegory of Love and The Discarded Image: C.S. Lewis as Medievalist by Stephen Yandell; 7) English Literature in the Sixteenth Century: C.S. Lewis as a Literary Historian by Donald T. Williams; 8) “Everyman’s Tutor”: C.S. Lewis on Reading and Criticism by Michael J. Edwards and Bruce L. Edwards; 9) A Most Potent Rhetoric: C.S. Lewis, “Congenital Rhetorician” by Greg M. Anderson; 10) C.S. Lewis as Scholar of Metaphor, Narrative, and Myth by Edward Uszynski; 11) C.S. Lewis and the Media: Cinematic and State Treatments of C.S. Lewis’s Life and Works by Greg and Jenn Wright; 12) C.S. Lewis Scholarship: A Bibliographic Overview by Diana Pavlac Glyer and David Bratman; 13) Valediction from the Shadowlands: C.S. Lewis and the Gospel of Homesickness by Bruce L. Edwards. Index. About the Editor and Contributors.

Bruce L. Edwards is Professor of English and Associate Dean for Distance Education and International Programs at Bowling Green State University in Bowling Green, Ohio.

Edwards, Earl. 2013. C.S. Lewis: 100 amazing facts, letters and last will. [On my Kindle]

Contents: Introduction. 1) Romans 5:3-5; 2) Facts 1-10; 3) The Ass; 4) Facts 11-20; 6) De Profundis; 7) Facts 21-40); 8) Satan speaks (II); 9) Facts 41-76; 10) Alexandrines; 11) Facts 77-100; 12) Books that shaped C.L. Lewis; 13) Three letters by C.L. Lewis; 14) The last will of C.L. Lewis.

*Fernandez, Iréne. 2005. C.S. Lewis—Mythe, Raison Ardente: Imagination et Réalité Selon C.S. Lewis. Geneva: Ad Solem.

*Filmer, Kath. 1992. The fiction of C.S. Lewis: Mask and mirror. Palgrave Macmillan. [$181.50]

  1. Lewis’s Supernaturalism: Light and Darkness —
    2. Good, Evil and the Notion of the Self in Lewis’s Adult Fiction —
    3. Images of Good and Evil in the Narnian Chronicles —
    4. Lewis’s Political Fictions —
    5. Political Issues in Lewis’s Juvenile Fiction —
    6. Facing the Feminine: Women in Lewis’s Early Fiction —
    7. Masking the Misogynist in Narnia and Glome —
    8. Women as Saints and Slatterns in Lewis’s Shorter Fiction —
    9. So Who Was C.S. Lewis?

“This book examines the way in which the fictional writings of C.S. Lewis reveal much about the man himself and his quest for psychological and spiritual wholeness. There is new material dealing with C.S. Lewis’s political writings, especially the correspondences between his thriller, That Hideous Strength and George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, and some new insights into Lewis’s attitudes to women.”

Fisher, Dennis. 2015. As the sun has risen: Scriptural reflections on C.S. Lewis’ life and literature.. Discovery House.

Contents: Foreword by Walter Hooper, who recounts his own introduction to the works of Lewis. Introduction of Fisher, with a quote from Lewis that is used in this title: “I believe in “Christianity as I believe that the sun has risen: not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else.” Fisher says “This devotional book is a dragnet of sorts. But its purpose is not to divide the good from the bad in Lewis’ writings. Instead, this volume helps spread a wide net in order to capture both the familiar and the less known of Lewis’ writings.” Each reading has a title and a scripture reference, for example, January 1 instructs the reader to look at Job 38:1-7 and is called “Angle Praise. The head paragraph is from Job 38:6-7. December 31 has the readings of 2 Corinthians 10:1-5 and Acts 7:20-22; 22:3 and is called “Expanding our minds”.

“C. S. Lewis enthusiasts and new Lewis readers alike will enjoy this hardcover devotional collection that contains 365 daily meditations linking a Lewis quote to Scripture. Each topic of the day delivers the Bible’s perfect wisdom, Lewis’ unique way with words, and additional spiritual insight to help you grow in Christ in both heart and mind. There’s also a daily “For Further Reading” section that guides you to read more from the works of C. S. Lewis. As the Sun Has Risen makes a desirable addition to any collector’s C. S. Lewis library.” (From Amazon)

Ford, Paul F. 1980. Companion to Narnia: A complete, illustrated guide to the themes, characters, and events of C.S. Lewis’s imaginary world. Foreword by Madeleine L’engle. Illustrated by Lorinda Bryan Cauley. San Francisco: Harper & Row, Publishers. [ISBN: 0 06 250341 3]

Contents: List of Illustrations and Maps (21 + 3). Foreword by Madeleine L’Engle. Acknowledgments. Introduction. Using the Companion. The Companion from A to Z. Appendix One: Chronology of the Composition of the Chronicles; Appendix Two: List of Comparative Ages. About the Author.

“The Companion to Narnia has been written for those who know the Chronicles to be good stories and who want to take a friend back with them to point out sights they haven’t seen or want to see again through another pair of exes….Thus Chronicles of Narnia means to help you explore the various strands that Lewis weaves into the fabric of the Chronicles—literary, religious, philosophical, mythopoeic, homely, and personal images—the same fabric out of which our own stories are woven” (xxi).

“Dr. Ford is a Professor of Systematic Theology and Liturgy at St. John’s Seminary. He earned a B. A. in Philosophy, St. John’s Seminary College, Camarillo, a M. A. in Religion, St. John’s Seminary, Camarillo, and a Ph.D., Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California. He studied for the priesthood for the then diocese of Monterey-Fresno, 1961-1973, but was never ordained. He was a Benedictine monk at St. Andrew’s Abbey, Valyermo, from 1973-1978. Dr. Ford was the first Roman Catholic in the doctoral program at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena. His primary areas of competence are ecclesiology, spirituality, and music and liturgy; his secondary areas are Mariology and chant.” (From

*Freshwater, Mark Edwards. 1988. C.S. Lewis and the truth of myth. Lanham, MI: University Press of America. [$330.49] [$229.09] ISBN-10: 0819167843

Gibb, Jocelyn, ed. 1965. Light on C.S. Lewis: From Owen Barfield, Austin Farrer, J.A.W. Bennett, Nevill Coghill, John Lawlor, Stella Gibbons, Kathleen Raine, Chad Walsh, Walter Hooper. London: Geoffrey Bles.

Contents: Preface by Jocelyn Gibb; Introduction by Owen Barfield; 1) The Christian Apologist by Austin Farrer; 2) ‘Crete Clerk’ by J.A.W. Bennett; 3) The Approach to English by Nevill Coghill; 4) The Tutor and the Scholar by John Lawlor; 5) Imaginative Writing by Stella Gibbons; 6) From a Poet by Kathleen Raine; 7) Impact on America by Chad Walsh; 8) A Bibliography of the Writings of C.S. Lewis by Walter Hooper.

Gibson, Evan K. 1980. C.S. Lewis Spinner of Tales: A Guide to His Fiction. Wash. DC: Christian University Press. A Subsidiary of Christian College Consortium and Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co. [ISBN: 0 8028 1826 9]

Contents: Preface. The Inner Landscape: 1) Jack Lewis: Scholar, apologist, storyteller. The Solar Landscape: 2) Out of the Silent Planet; 3) Perelandra; 4) That Hideous Strength. The Infernal Landscape: 5) News from below: The Screwtape Letters and the Great Divorce. Beyond the Universe: 6) In the Days of the High King: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe and The Horse and His Boy; 7) The Caspian Triad: Prince Caspian, The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader,” and The Silver Chair; 8) First and Last Things: The Magician’s Nephew and The Last Battle. The Way to the True Gods: 9) Till We Have Faces. A Panorama of Landscapes: 10) The Tapestry of Spun Tales. Sources of Quotations and References. Index.

“In Lewis’s essays the concrete is usually attained through analogy. The abstract idea is given a body through an apt illustration….Another example of vividness is the strange characters which populate these distant landscapes” (261). “…Lewis uses several characters to illustrate that sin is self-destructive….The wrong choices which are produced by man’s fallen nature are like leprous growths which corrupt the vital organs of the individual” (269).

Evan K. Gibson is Professor of English Emeritus at Seattle Pacific University.

Gilbert, Douglas and Clyde S. Kilby. 1973 and 2005. C.S. Lewis: Images of His World. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans. Co-edition by Lion Hudson, Oxford, England.

Contents: Introduction. From Atheist to Christian. Images of His World: 1) The Early Years; 2) Oxford; 3) The Kilns; 4) Cambridge; 5) The Land; 6) Final Word. A Lewis Chronology. Sources.

“We were eager to let Lewis’s own words describe some of the photographs. We are most grateful that the Lewis Estate granted permission to use excerpts from some hitherto unpublished writings of Lewis….” (9)

Douglas Gilbert is a professional photographer who, with his wife, now ]2014] lives in Grand Haven, Michigan. Clyde S. Kilby (1902-1986) served for many years as professor of English at Wheaton College and curator of the Marion E. Wade Center, devoted to the works of C.S. Lewis and his friends.

Gilchrist, K.J. 2005. A morning after war: C.S. Lewis and WW1. New York: Peter Lang. [ISBN 0-8204-7612-9]

Contents: List of Illustrations. Acknowledgments. List of Abbreviations. Introduction. 1) Optimism’s Demise; 2) A Prospect of War; 3) Model Trenches; 4) Preparing a Defense; 5) Friendship and the Front; 6) What Homer Wrote About; 7) Respite and Reflection; 8) Man and Mouse; 9) The Power Who Slays; 10) The Angel of Pain; 11) Embedded Fragments; 12) Reluctant Confessions; 13) The Beauty That Has Been; 14) A Morning After War. Afterword. Bibliography. Index.

Illustrations: 1) Lewis’s enlistment papers; 2) The ruins of Monchy le Preux; 3) Arras after the war; 4) A working party in a particularly tidy trench near Arras; 5) German dead; 6) Aerial photo of trench lines at Fampoux; 7) Men marching past a tank stuck on the road between Fampoux and Athies; 8) The ruins of Fampoux; 9) Paddy Moore’s grave marker, near Pargny; 10) Alexander Gordon Sutton in O.T.C. uniform; 11) Alexander Gordon Sutton’s Grave in Belgium; 12) War Office telegram regarding Martin Somerville’s death; 13) The Rue de la Passerelle; 14) Endsleigh Palace Hotel; 15) French postcard; 16) Arthur Rackham’s illustration of Siegfried meeting Fear; 17) The view from Lewis’s first rooms at Oxford; 18) “Wounded Man” by Otto Dix; 19) Oxford Training Officer Corps men.

Maps: 1) Monchy de Preux trench map; 2) Fampoux trench map; 3) Bernenchon/Riez trench map.

“The image of Lewis in this book precedes and contradicts most other images that the name of C.S. Lewis evokes: as an adult, he was first a soldier; as a writer, first a war poet; as an adherent to reasoned beliefs, first an atheist. My intention is neither to explain the philosophical or theological shape of his literary imagination. Nor is it to trace his Christian pilgrimage. Nor is my purpose to rehearse his general biography, his school years, his entrance to Oxford, which, quite apart from the war’s centrality in that event, has also been repeatedly presented to us. My sole purpose is to explore 2nd Lieutenant Lewis. My hope is that this Lewis will be set in context with the others” (9).

K.J. Gilchrist, Senior Lecturer in English at Iowa State University In Ames, Iowa teaches and publishes on modern and contemporary British literature, World War I, and Shakespeare. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas.

Glaspey, Terry W. 1996. The spiritual legacy of C.S. Lewis. Nashville TN: Cumberland House Publishing. [ISBN 1-58182-216-2]

Contents: Foreword. Acknowledgments. Introduction. Chronology. C.S. Lewis: His Life: 1) September 28, 1931; 2) Heritage; 3) A Romantic Temperament; 4) Wynyard and Cherbourg; 5) Learning to Learn; 6) The Woes of War; 7) “The Trouble About God”; 8) The Rumpled Professor; 9) “The Unholy Muddle”; 10) The Regress of an Oxford Pilgrim;11) A Voice for the Truth; 12) Tour of Duty; 13) Screwtape; 14) The Inklings; 15) The Humble Apologist; 16) Euchatastrophe; 17) Narnia; 18) Mentor by Letter; 19) Cambridge; 20) Surprised by Joy; 21) In Sickness and in Health; 22) Happiness and Joy; 23) A Grief Observed. C.S. Lewis: His Thought: 1) The Longing; 2) The Reality of God; 3) Who is Jesus Christ? 4) Faith and the Intellect; 5) Pain; 6) Miracles, Mythology and the Gospel; 7) The Heart of a Child; 8) A Life with Books; 9) Friendship; 10) Humor; 11) Tradition; 12) Common Sense; 13) Subjectivism and Relativism; 14) Scientism and Reductionism; 15) Morality and Virtue; 16) Faith and Obedience; 17) Emotions; 18) Prayer; 19) Sin; 20) Hell and the Devil; 21) Pleasure; 22) Art and Culture; 23) The Limits of Politics; 24) Love; 25) Pride and Humility; 26) Celebrating the Ordinary; 27) Transformation; 28) Death; 29) Heaven. C.S. Lewis: His Legacy: 1) The Lewis Phenomenon; 2) Reason; 3) Imagination; 4) Holiness; 5) A Prophet for Our Times. The Writings of C.S. Lewis. C.S. Lewis The Lessons of Leadership. Endnotes. A Select Annotated Bibliography.

Glaspey, Terry W. 1996. Not a tame lion: The spiritual legacy of C.S. Lewis. Nashville TN: Cumberland House Publishing. [ISBN 1-888952-21-0]

Identical in content to the one above, but smaller in size, with a hardback binding.

“Terry Glaspey has degrees in history and pastoral ministry and is the author of several books….He is a passionate student of the Bible and a popular speaker for conferences and churches throughout North America.” (From}

Glover, Donald E. 1981. C.S. Lewis: The art of enchantment. Athens, Ohio: Ohio U. Press.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Preface. Introduction. I) Letters; II) Critical Theory; III) The Fiction: 1) The Pilgrim’s Regress (1933); 2) Out of the Silent Planet (1938); 3. The Dark Tower (1938) (1976); 4) Perelandra (1943); 5) That Hideous Strength (1945); 6) The Screwtape Letters (1942); 7) The Great Divorce (1945); 8) The Chronicles of Narnia (1950-1956); 9) Till We Have Faces (1956); Conclusion. Endnotes. Index.

“Lewis has clearly distinguished his reader from his critic. The good reader is what most of those who have come this far in the book are: open, receptive to all the works have to offer, ready to look, listen, and receive….The good reader feels the theme more than the form…and that look will deepen and broaden our appreciation of what Lewis meant to say to us….Lewis had essentially one message: the search for truth begins with a longing to recapture an impression which has tantalized our senses and our minds. We look and long to find that truth and search through life in books and music, in paintings, in nature, and in other people, and ultimately we discover that we have mistaken the earthly experience for a spiritual one. We have accepted the reflection of the truth for its reality” (201).

Donald E. Glover, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English at the University of Mary Washington received his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia.

Glyer, Diana Pavlac. 2007. The company they keep: C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien as writers in community. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press. [9 780783 389914]

Contents: Acknowledgments; Introduction: An Intellectual Dilemma; 1) Inklings: Building Community; 2) Influence: Assessing Impact; 3) Resonators: Supporting Progress; 4) Opponents: Issuing Challenge; 5) Editors: Making Changes; 6) Collaborators: Working Together; 7) Referents: Writing about Each Other; 8) Creativity: Appreciating Interaction; Appendix: The Inklings: Their Lives and Works by David Bratman; Permissions; Works Cited; Index.

“[To what extent did the] Inklings influence each other? In what ways? To what extent? What is the evidence? And what are the larger implications for the study of creativity and community? That is the story I tell in these pages” (xix).

Diana Pavlac Glyer is professor of English at Azusa Pacific University.

Stewart. 2015. A philosophical walking tour with C.S. Lewis: Why it did not include Rome. NY: Bloomsbury Academic.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. Part one: 1) Hedonistic happiness; Common sense and happiness; The nature of happiness, good and evil; Euthyphro and action; Hedonism; The relation between happiness and morality; Eudaemonism; Possible objections to Lewis’s understanding of happiness; Joy or Sehnsucht; Can we really understand the nature of perfect happiness? 2) Supernatural persons; The body and happiness; Lewis’s view of the body; Mental to mental causation; Mental to physical causation; The soul is the person; Once more on common sense; The pleasure of the soul. Part Two: 3) Privation and goodness; Augustine, Aquinas, and Lewis; Augustine’s understanding of evil; Aquinas’s understanding of evil; Is pain evil? Aquinas’s account of pleasure, happiness, and goodness; Eudaemonism and “good”; Lewis and Aquinas. 4) Body and soul; Cartesian dualism; Aquinas’s view of the soul; Aquinas’s view of the body; what would Lewis have thought? The resurrection body’s relationship to pleasure and goodness; Lewis, Aquinas and the soul; A section not strictly necessary. Part Three: 5) A relational journey; Why not Roman Catholicism? Conversion and mere Christianity; Firmly an ?Anglican; Lack of exposure; Homegrown prejudices; Vocational aspirations; Ignorance of history; Difficulties based in reason; Thomas Aquinas and Roman Catholicism; Common sense, mere Christianity, and Roman Catholicism; Conclusion. Bibliography. Author index.

Stewart Goetz is professor of philosophy and religion at Ursinus college.

Goffar, Janine, Compiler and editor. 1998 [1995]. The C.S. Lewis index: A comprehensive guide to Lewis’s writings and ideas. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. [ISBN 0-89107-980-7]

Foreword by Walter Hooper: “The reader might at first be confused when he sees this Index in a bookshop…to chose [sic] from…I am honoured that I have been given a chance to point to what I believe is the most valuable book we have on Lewis, and the one most likely to remain so.”
Introduction: Spells out the Scope, Reference Abbreviations, Use of Asterisks, Singular and Plural Noun Forms, Spelling, Dating of Letters, Cross-References, Search Method, Subheadings, Unusual Subject Headings, “Screwtape Proposes a Toast”, Use of the Index Versus Books, and World View of C.S. Lewis. Fifteen books are included in the index (viii).

“In addition to the more casual reader, I have especially envisioned its use by such people as ministers and teachers—busy people who man vaguely recall a ‘great passage’ relevant to the topic of their next sermon or lesson plan, but who despair of finding it before the week’s end….But the need for an idea-oriented index of C.S. Lewis’s works has existed for some time….” (xii)

“This extraordinary volume is a combination topical index and “concordance” of C.S. Lewis’ best-known works, both fiction and non-fiction. It catalogs nearly 14,000 alphabetical entries — both words and theological concepts — from his various books, including Mere Christianity, God in the Dock, Surprised By Joy, The Four Loves and the Screwtape Letters. A wonderful resource endorsed by leading Lewis scholars the world over, it serves as both a tool for locating useful quotations and as a window to topical study for all who wish to explore the range and depth of thought from this inimitable 20th-century Christian scholar.” (From

Goffar, Janine, Compiler and editor. 1995. Forward by Walter Hooper C. S. Lewis index: Rumours from the sculptor’s shop. Riverside, CA: La Sierra University Press. [ISBN-10: 0944450199 and ISBN-13: 978-0944450192]

This appears to be the same book as the one published by Crossway Books. It also has 678 pages, the same as the Crossway edition.


*González, Margarita Carretero and Encarnación Hidalgo Tenorio, eds. 2001. Behind the Veil of Familiarity: C.S. Lewis (1898-1998). Bern: Peter Lang.

Gormley, Beatrice. 1998. C.S. Lewis: Christian and storyteller. Eerdmans Books for Young Readers. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. [ISBN 0-8028-5069-3]

Contents: Introduction. 1) “He is Jacksie”; 2) Jack Leaves Home; 3) The Greatest Pleasure; 4) War and Recovery; 5) Mrs. Moore and Mr. Lewis; 6) On a Quest; 7) Friends, Faith, and Stories; 8) Defender of the Faith; 9) Escape to Narnia; 10) Exploring Narnia; 11) Joy and a Miracle; 12) Farewell in Shadow-Lands. My Sources for This Book. Suggestions for Further Reading. Acknowledgements.

Gormley, Beatrice. 1998. C.S. Lewis: The man behind Narnia. Eerdmans Books for Young Readers. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. [ISBN 978-0-80280-5301-1]

This edition published in 2005 by Eerdmans Books for Young Readers. The same contents as in Lewis: Christian and Storyteller. (Some photos are different.)

Graham, David. ed. 2001. We remember C.S. Lewis: Essays &memoirs. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman. [ISBN080542299-4]

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. Author: 1) What France Means to You by C.S. Lewis; 2) What  Lewis Was and Wasn’t by J.I. Packer; 3) Narnia: The Domain of Lewis’s Beliefs by M.A. Manzalaoui; 4) C.S. Lewis and God’s Surprises by Charles Colson; 5) The Pilgrim’s Regress by J.I. Packer; Tutor: 6) Forty Years’ Perspective by Bede Griffiths; 7) I Sleep but My Heart Watcheth by Martin Moynihan; 8) Intellectual Development by Joan O’Hare; 9) Courtesy and Learning by Helen Tyrrell Wheeler; 10) A Debt Repaid by Martin Lings; 12) Awe and Delight by Patricia M. Hunt; 13) Splendid Tutor by W.J.B. Owen; Lecturer: 14) Uncrowned King of Oxford by Rachel Trickett; 15) From G.K. Chesterton to C.S. Lewis by Peter Milward; 16) Lewis Lecturing by Roger Poole; Biography: 17) Shadowlands by David Graham; 18) The Schoolboy Johnson by Claude Rawson; 19) C.S. Lewis and Adultery by George Sayer; 20) Surprised by Shadowlands by Philip Yancey; Outside the Classroom: 21) Encounter in a Two-Bit Pub by Daniel Morris; 22) Forgetful Rudeness by Hugh Sinclair; 23) “He Should Have Been a Parson by” Fred W. Paxford; 24) Reminiscences of the Oxford Lewis by James Houston; 25) Sightings by Burton K. Janes; 26. Bits and Pieces. Notes.

David Graham is a surgeon a a contributing editor to The Canadian C.S. Lewis Journal.

*Green, Roger Lancelyn. 1957. Into other worlds: Space flight in fiction from Lucian to Lewis. London: A Schuman.

Green, Roger Lancelyn & Walter Hooper. 1974. C.S. Lewis: A biography. NY and London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. [ISBN 0-15-623205-7]

Green, Roger Lancelyn & Walter Hooper. 2002. C.S. Lewis: A biography. Fully revised & expanded [from the 1974] edition. Hammersmith, London: HarperCollins Publishers. [ISBN 0-00-628164-8]

Contents: Preface to the Revised Edition. Preface to the First Edition. Abbreviations. Prologue—Ancestry. 1) Early Days; 2) Oxford: The War and  After; 3) The Young Don; 4) Conversion; 5) Christian Scholar and Allegorist; 6) Inklings and Others; 7) Into the Field of Arbol; 8) Talk of the Devil; 9) ‘Mere Christianity’; 10) The Crusading Intellect; 11) Through the Wardrobe; 12) Surprised by Joy; 13) Marriage; 14) ‘The Term is Over’; Index.

Roger Lancelyn Green, who died in 1987, attended lectures by Lewis when a undergraduate and later became an English scholar.

Gresham, Douglas H. 1988. Lenten lands: My childhood with Joy Davidman and C.S. Lewis. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co. [ISBN: 0 02 545570 2]

Contents: Preface. 1) Me; 2) Renée; 3) Transition; 4) Mother; 5) Warnie; 6) Jack; 7) Foreshadows; 8) The Kilns; 9) The Kilns and I and Others; 10) Evening Sunlight; 11) Fred Paxford; 12) Sunset Joy; 13) The Thread Snaps; 14) Joy, Jack and Sorrow; 15) Carrying On; 16) Magdalen and Applegarth; 17) The Last Summer; 18) Again the Hammer Falls; 19) Carrin’ On; 20) Dawnlight and Darkness; 21) The Kilns, Warnie and Others; 22) Starting the Future; 23) Mainland Travails. Index.

Douglas H. Gresham, [now deceased] with his wife and children, live[d] at Merriedale Farms, Ringarooma, Tasmania.

*Gresham, Douglas H. 2005. Jack’s life: The life story of C.S. Lewis. Nashville, TN: Broadman.

“Douglas Gresham claims that Jack Lewis was the finest man and the best Christian he has ever known. Of course, Jack to Douglas is C. S. Lewis to the rest of the world. The informal address Gresham uses to refer to the great writer is indicative of the intimacy he shared with Lewis for a dozen years, living in England as Lewis’s stepson. Jack’s Life is an affectionate account of days now long gone. It is a personal memoir of a man who touched many in the classroom, even more with his pen, and made a significant, lasting, and eternal impression on one young man. Douglas Gresham is uniquely qualified to offer such an extraordinary portrait.” (From Amazon)

Griffin, William. 1986. Clive Staples Lewis: A dramatic life. San Francisco: Harper & Row. [ISBN: 0 06 250352 9]

Contents: Preface; Chronological details, each year from from 1925-1963 (each year a chapter), Notes. Acknowledgments. Bibliography. Index.

Griffin, William. 1998. C.S. Lewis: Spirituality for mere Christians. NY: The Crossroad Publishing Co. [ISBN 0-8245-2506-X]

Contents: Introduction. 1) Diversion; 2) Blues; 3) Broadcasts; 4) Buffoon; 5) Trudge; 6) Festoon; 7) Business. Afterword. Notes. Bibliography.

“Lewis’s spiritual legacy, if it’s anything, is to believe oneself, and to encourage others to believe, the basic doctrines of Christianity and to put into action the basic practices of Christianity as they are taught by one’ denomination. All Christians are included, none excluded. It doesn’t require hopping, skipping, and jumping to another denomination” (198).

William Griffin is an editor, novelist, journalist, literary agent, and publishing consultant.

Hannay, Margaret. 1981. C.S. Lewis. NY: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co.

Contents: Chronology. Preface. 1) The Inconsolable Secret: Biography; 2) Further Up and Further In: Chronicles of Narnia; 3) The Cord of Longing: Adult Fiction; 4) A More Accurate Reading: Literary Criticism; 5) Divine Sabotage: Apologetics; 6) The Object of All Desires: Poems, Stories, and Letters; 7) Raising the Stakes: Conclusions. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

“C.S. Lewis should provide a starting point, a map of Lewis’s two worlds, that of his life and that of his imagination. Lewis emerges as a man haunted by longing, a man both passionately romantic and scrupulously logical, a man who, through love and suffering, progressed from dogmatism to gentleness” (xiii).

Margaret Patterson Hannay is Assistant Professor of English, Siena College, Loudonville, New York.

Hannay, Margaret. 2009. C.S. Lewis: A map of his worlds. C.S. Lewis Secondary Studies. Wipf & Stock Publishers. Reprint edition.

*Hardy, Elizabeth Baird. 2007. Milton, Spenser and the Chronicles of Narnia: Literary Sources for the C.S. Lewis Novels. MacFarland.

Harries, Richard. 1987. C.S. Lewis: The man and his God. London: Fount.

*Hart, Dabney Adams. 1984. Through the open door: A new look at C.S. Lewis. University, Alabama: University of Alabama Press.

“This book focuses on Lewis as a teacher, how he opens doors by challenging 20th-century views… Two ideas run through and unify the book. The first is that in all his writing Lewis encourage ‘radical key’ to all Lewis’s critical and imaginative writings. Hart’s aim is to show that there is in Lewis a single, integrated, systematic theory of literature focused on the importance of imagination and language. “The book raises many of the right questions about Lewis and explores them in a stimulating and informative way.” (From Amazon)

Harwood, Laurence. 2007. C.S. Lewis: My Godfather. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Contents: 1) Introduction; 2) Friends at Oxford; 3) Lovers of Literature; 4) Walking Tours; 5) Friendship After Oxford; 6) Godfather Jack; 7) My Letters from My Godfather; 8) My Motther’s Death; 9) My Failure at Oxford: 10) Jack’s Illness and Marriage to Joy Davidman’ 11) Jack’s Last Years; 12) Jack’s Death. Image Credits and Permissions.

Lawrence Harwood, OBE, is a retired chartered land agent and surveyor with a career spanning thirty-six years in the National Trust of the United Kingdom.

Haverkamp, Heidi. 2015. Advent in Narnia: Reflections for the season. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press

Contents: Introduction. Week One: 1) Through the wardrobe; 2) The lamppost; 3) A great light; 4) Mr. Tummus; 5) Repentance; 6) Turkish delight; 7) The bread of life. Week Two: 8) Lucy; 9) The professor; 10) Becoming like children; 11) Edmund; 12) Keeping awake; 13) The fur coats; 14) Adam and Eve. Week Three: 15) Like a thief; 16) The robin; 17) Angels and messengers; 18) Mr. and Mrs. Beaver; 19) Christmas and Eucharist; 20) The Witch’s house; 21) The house of David. Week Four: 22) Is it safe? 23) Father Christmas; 24) The full armor of God; 25) A tiny feast; 26) God will prepare a feast; 27) Aslan is near; 28) The winter is past. Sessions for Small Group Discussion: A leader’s guide; Session 1: The wardrobe; Session2: The witch; Session 3: Father Christmas; Session 4: The lion. Creating a Narnia Night for Families: Decorations; Activities; Closing prayer service. Appendix A: Movie versions of The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Appendix B: An easy recipe for Mrs. Beaver’s sticky marmalade roll. Notes.

Heidi Haverkamp is Vicar of the Episcopal Church of St. Benedict in Bolingbrook, Illinois. Her blog is

Heck, Joel D. 2006. Irrigating deserts: C.S. Lewis on education. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House.

Contents: Permissions and Acknowledgments; Introduction: 1) The Mind of C.S. Lewis; Part I: C.S. Lewis on Education: 2) C.S. Lewis on the Purpose and Practice of Education; 3) C.S. Lewis on the Curriculum of Education; 4) Reading and Rereading Books; Part II: C.S. Lewis as Student: 5) The Early Education of C.S. Lewis; 6) C.S. Lewis at Oxford; Part III: C.S. Lewis as Teacher; 7) C.S. Lewis as Oxford Fellow; 8) C.S. Lewis at Cambridge; 9) C.S. Lewis as Tutor and Lecturer; 10) Lessons from C.S. Lewis; Appendix I: Books C.S. Lewis Read 1922-1927; Appendix II: The Norwood Report; Appendix III: The Green Book; Appendix IV: Orbilius; Appendix V: The Colleagues of C.S. Lewis; Appendix VI: An Educational Timeline of C.S. Lewis. Glossary. Notes. Bibliography.

“For the frequent reader of C.S. Lewis, we will traverse rather familiar territory, though only the territory that has relevance for Lewis’s educational views. We will gain insights into the Oxbridge system of education. We will see various references to education gathered widely from the Leis corpus into one place. We will begin to see a Lewis whom most have seen only in glimpses” (12).

Joel D. Heck (born 1 October 1948) is Professor of Theology at Concordia University Texas and Executive Editor of Concordia University Press.

Hein, David and Edward Henderson, eds. 2011. C. S. Lewis and Friends: Faith and the Power of Imagination. London: SPCK.

Contents: List of illustrations; List of contributors; Foreword by David Brown. Introduction. 1) Faith reason and imagination by David Hein and Edward Henderson; 2) C.S. Lewis: Reason, imagination and knowledge by Peter J. Schakel; 3) Austin Farrer: The sacramental imagination by Edward Henderson; 4) Dorothy L. Sayers: War and redemption by Ann Loades; 5) Charles Williams: Words, images and (the) Incarnation by Charles Hefling; 6) Rose Macaulay: A voice from the edge by David Hein’ 7) J.R.R. Tolkien: His sorrowful vision of joy by Ralph C. Wood. Bibliography. Index.

David Hein is Professor of Religion and Philosophy at Hood College, Frederick, Maryland. Edward Henderson is Professor of Philosophy and the Jaak Seynaeve Professor of Christian Studies at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge.

Hein, David and Edward Hugh Henderson, eds. 2004. Captured by the Crucified: The Practical Theology of Austin Farrer. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.

Contents: List of Illustrations. List of contributors. Foreword by David Brown. Introduction: Faith, reason and imagination by David Hein and Edward Henderson. 1) C.S. Lewis: Reason, imagination and knowledge by Peter J. Schakel; 2) Austin Farrer: The sacramental imagination by Edward Henderson; 3) Dorothy L. Sayers: War and redemption by Ann Loades; 4) Charles Williams: Words, images and (the) Incarnation by Charles Hefling’ 5) Rose Macaulay: A voice from the edge by David Hein. E6) J.R.R. Tolkien: The sorrowful vision of joy by Ralph C. Wood. Bibliography. Index.

“These essays helpfully remind us why imagination should matter to people of faith. The contributors make a compelling case that C.S. Lewis and his circle were not merely tellers of tales by theologians in their own right, whose stories and images advance faith’s search for understanding.” (From the back cover, quoting Kevin J. Vanhoozer)

*Hilder, Monika B. 2012. The feminine ethos in C.S. Lewis’s ‘Chronicles of Narnia’. Preface by Elizabeth Baird Hardy. NY: Peter Lang.

“The Feminine Ethos in C. S. Lewis’s ‘Chronicles of Narnia’ proposes that Lewis’s highly nuanced metaphorical view of gender relations has been misunderstood precisely because it challenges Western chauvinist assumptions on sex and gender. Instead of perpetuating sexism, Lewis subverts the culturally inherited chauvinism of «masculine» classical heroism with the biblically inspired vision of a surprisingly «feminine» spiritual heroism. His view that we are all «feminine» in relation to the «masculine» God – a theological feminism that crosses gender lines – means that qualities we tend to consider to be feminine, such as humility, are the qualities essential to being fully human. This book’s theoretical framework is Lewis’s own, grounded in his view of biblical thinking, as he was informed by writers such as Milton, Wordsworth, and George MacDonald, and in terms of the uniquely progressive implications for twentieth-first century cultural studies. This highly insightful and entertaining study of theological feminism in Lewis’s Chronicles of Narnia will be compelling for anyone interested in children’s and fantasy literature, Inklings scholarship, gender discourse, ethical and spiritual discourse, literature and theology, and cultural studies in general.” (From Amazon)

*Hilder, Monika B. 2013. Surprised by the feminine: A re-reading of C.S. Lewis and gender. NY: Peter Lang. [Listed on Amazon for $76.45]

“Surprised by the Feminine: A Rereading of C. S. Lewis and Gender proposes that Lewis’s highly nuanced metaphorical view of gender relations has been misunderstood precisely because it challenges Western chauvinist assumptions of sex and gender. Instead of perpetuating sexism, Lewis subverts the culturally inherited chauvinism of «masculine» classical heroism with the biblically inspired vision of a surprisingly «feminine» spiritual heroism. His view that we are all «feminine» in relation to the «masculine» God – a theological feminism that crosses gender lines – means that qualities we tend to gender as feminine, such as humility, are the qualities essential to being fully human.” (From Amazon)

*Hilder, Monika B. 2013. The gender dance: Subversion in C.S. Lewis’s cosmic trilogy. Studies in Twentieth Century British Literature. NY: Peter Lang.

“The Gender Dance: Ironic Subversion in C. S. Lewis’s Cosmic Trilogy, the second volume in a triad, proposes that Lewis’s highly nuanced metaphorical view of gender relations has been misunderstood precisely because it challenges Western chauvinist assumptions on sex and gender. Instead of perpetuating sexism, Lewis subverts the culturally inherited chauvinism of «masculine» classical heroism with the biblically inspired vision of a surprisingly «feminine» spiritual heroism. His view that we are all «feminine» in relation to the «masculine» God – a theological feminism which crosses gender lines – means that qualities we tend to gender as feminine, such as humility, are the qualities essential to being fully human.” (From Amazon)

*Hillegas, Mark R., ed. 1969. Shadows of Imagination: The Fantasies of C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien and Charles Williams. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

“Shadows of Imagination consists of essays by thirteen scholars who treat seriously the fantasies of C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien, and Charles Williams. Lewis, Tolkien, and Williams have made the writing of fantasy a legitimate art. These writers, according to Mark Hillegas, editor of and contributor to this collection, have revived the ancient arts of epic and romance, have returned to the tradition created by the Odyssey, the Divine Comedy, Paradise Lost, and Faust. Hillegas points out that although they often are compared with science-fiction writers, Lewis, Tolkien, and Williams do not write about science, never glorify the machine; instead, they fill a void, satisfy a human longing for a “myth to bring meaning again to the universe and human existence.” (From Amazon)

*Himes, Jonathan B., Joe R. Christopher and Salwa Khoddam. 2008. The magicians nephew: Truths breathed through silver. The Inkling’s moral & mythopoetic legacy. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publication.

“Representing a decade of scholarly activity within the C. S. Lewis & Inklings Society (CSLIS), this book challenges readers to examine the complex factors that shaped the theological perspectives, cultural concerns, and literary conventions in the works of the Oxford Inklings. The mythopoeic fiction that Lewis, Tolkien, Williams, and their associates enjoyed and composed put mortal humanity in contact with the immortal and the divine. The selection of papers in this volume, intended not only for experts but also for undergraduates and general readers, includes keynote presentations by Joe R. Christopher, Rolland Hein, Kerry Dearborn, David Neuhouser, and Thomas Howard that explore the Inklings legacy of moral mythopoeia, as well as essays that analyze works like Screwtape (Tom Shippey), The Magician s Nephew (Salwa Khoddam), The Silmarillion (Jason Fisher), The Lord of the Rings (David Oberhelman) and The Dark Tower (Jonathan B. Himes). The Inklings believed there was still power in the old myths, and ultimately that there was still truth to fortify humanity in them. Their friendship and their fiction provided these men a forum for entertaining speculative and sometimes unorthodox answers to the complex realities of sacred tradition.” (From Amazon)

Hinten, Marvin D. 2005. The keys to the Chronicles: unlocking the symbols of C.S. Lewis’s Narnia. Nashville, TN: Broadman.

Contents: An Introduction: “Further Up and Further In”. 1) Lewis, the Chronicles, Allusions, and Allegory; 2) “Deeper Magic”; Allusions in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 3) “Old Narnia is True”: Allusions in Prince Caspian; 4) “The Way to Aslan’s Country: Allusions in The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader”; 5) “The Healing of Harms” : Allusions in The Silver Chair; 6) “Myself”: Allusions in The Horse and His Boy; 7) “The Founding of Narnia”: Allusions in The Magician’s Nephew; 8) “Further Up and Further In”: Allusions in The Last Battle; 9) Allusions and the Future of Narnia; Appendix A: A Brief Background of C.S. Lewis; Appendix B: What Are Allusions, and How Important Are They?; Appendix C: Dating the Chronicles. Works Cited.

“Portions of this book previously appeared in The Lamp-Post, a C.S. Lewis journal….This book originated with a doctoral dissertation. Bruce [Edwards], as my dissertation director, penciled in helpful notes on virtually every page” (vii).

[T]he allusion sometimes borrows from the original exactly; more often it takes a portion of the original and alters it or adds to it” (100-101).

Marvin D. Hinten is an English professor at Friends University in Wichita, Kansas.

*Holbrook, David. 1991. The skeleton in the wardrobe: C.S. Lewis’s fantasies: A phenomenological study. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press.

“He claims that they are unnecessarily violent, hateful, misogynistic, and harmful to children. He builds this case by ignoring a very large body of good children’s literature which includes fantastical worlds, fairy tale elements, sword fighting, violence, masculinity, and all that good stuff that children love to read about. The points he makes are drawn from quotes stretched and spliced and immediately interpreted (some quotations are too short to have any meaning unless he gives them meaning), and some are from exaggerated conclusions drawn from private letters including infrared and ultraviolet fluorescent probings to find “deleted ideas.” These he pieces together to create an image of Lewis that is misoginist, sado-masochistic, slightly homosexual, obsessed with or ashamed of masturbation, and continually obsessed with his deceased mother. The dead mother concept and breasts surface frequently in his conclusions. His point? That Lewis’s Narnia books are harmful to children and that Lewis had many unresolved issues that appear in his writing and make them less than Christian in their themes and interpretations. The scholarship of The Skeleton in the Wardrobe is shady and unconvincing and the conclusions would be laughable if they were not so insulting and defamatory. There is nothing creditable about the way Holbrook draws his conclusions. He continually reminds the reader that a particular word of course means a particular thing, therefore this passage of this book reaffirms his point. This is a Freudian interpretation of the life of a man who has contributed to Christian apologetics, literary scholarship, children’s literature, adult fiction, science fiction and fantasy, and poetry. The variety of his subjects elude such limited conclusions about childhood issues with feminity and masculinity and it is the one-track view of the author that gets him into trouble from the start, when he writes that some children have been “unduly upset by them [the Narnia books].” The Narnia books are, for many children, childhood favorites and adult treasures; enjoyed as children, treasured through adolescence, read as adults and read to their own children later. Read this book if you love Lewis and wish to be amused, offended, insulted, and deceived.” (A review on Amazon by “bibliophile on December 10, 2004)

Holmer, Paul L. 1967. C.S. Lewis: The shape of his faith and thought. NY: Harper & Row. [ISBN: 0 06 064004 9]

Contents: Preface. 1) Some Reminders About Lewis and His Literature; 2) About Theories and Literature; 3) Concerning the Virtues; 4) What People Are; 5) On Theology and God.

“A prominent theologian who was also an acquaintance of C.S. Lewis offers an engaging, lively discussion of one of Christianity’s greatest apologists. Lewis’s great insight…was in understanding the special role that literature can play in drawing the reader into new constellations of emotion, virtue and belief.” (From the back cover.)

“The things in Lewis’s account of human life that are also the best are clearly the most costly. The gospel cost God the life of Jesus Christ. We do not have to sacrifice our intellects in order to be redeemed, but we do have to be converted, even in thought. Lewis gives us a clue to the transformation that is like a restoration. Once effected, it as if the unbidden reward is a world that once more makes sense. Our daily life hides a longing so pervasive, a need so powerful, that noting save God, immortality, and redemption will assuage them” (116).

Paul L. Holmer is Professor of Theology at Yale Divinity School.

Honda, Mincho. 2000. The imaginative world of C.S. Lewis: A way to participate in reality. NY: U. Press of America.

Contents: Preface. Introductions. Part I: 1) Imagination; 2) Some Criticisms of the Works of Lewis and His Style of Rhetoric; 3) Lewis’s works of Fiction—Participation in Reality. Part II: 1) The Great Divorce (1946); 2) Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold (1956): Attainment of Reality; Conclusion. Bibliography. Index.

“In this book I want to make my point that Lewis’s intrinsic appeal lies in the fact that he is concerned not only with Christianity, but also with the whole objective Reality and that he perceives, participates in, and communicates that Reality with all his reason, oral consciousness and, above all conspicuously strong imagination” (vii, viii).

Mineko Honda is Associate Professor in English  in the International Politics and Economics Department at Nishogakusha University in Japan.

Hooper, Walter. 1979. Past watchful dragons: The Narnian Chronicles of C.S. Lewis. New York: Collier.

Contents: Preface. I) The inconsolable longing; II) The parts come together; III) A defence of the Fairy Tale; IV) Watchful dragons; V) Inspiration and invention; VI) Narnia within; VII) Theological parallels; VIII) A rebirth of images; IX) Our true home. Index.

“I thought I saw how stories of this kind could steal past a certain inhibition which had paralysed much of my own religion in childhood. Why did one find it so hard to feel as one was told one ought to feel about God or about the sufferings of Christ? I thought the chief reason was that one was told one ought to. An obligation to feel can freeze feelings. And reverence itself did harm. The whole subject was associated with lowered voices: almost as if it were something medical. But supposing that by casting all these things into an imaginary world, stripping them of their stained-glass and Sunday school associations, one could make them for the first time appear in their real potency? Could one not thus steal past those watchful dragons? I thought one could.” (From the back cover)

Hooper, Walter, ed. 1979. They stand together: The letters of C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeve (1924-1963). NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.

Contents: Introduction by Walter Hooper; Editor’s Note. 1) Letters from C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeves; 2) Letters from W.H. Lewis to Arthur Greeves; 3) Letters from Joy Davidman to Arthur Greeves; 4) Letters from Arthur Greeves to C.S. Lewis; Index.

Hooper, Walter. 1982. Through joy and beyond: A pictorial biography of C.S. Lewis. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co. London: Collier Macmillan Publishers. [ISBN 0-02-553670-2] Dedicated to Michael York.

Contents: Introduction: The Book and the Film. Part I: Early Years; Part II: Oxford; Part III: ?Beyond Ivory Towers; Part IV: Christians Never Say Good-bye. Notes. The Books of C.S. Lewis. Sources of Illustrations. Index.

“Lewis admirers—or many of them—want to see as well as meet him, and this book was compiled for those who ask to see as much as possible of one they feel they already know. In choosing the photographs I thought would do the most to make this a comfortable, relaxing, and celebrative book, I was reminded of the delight Lewis took in the stories of Uncle Remus…Uncle Remus says that it is often when he ‘sets en dozes’ against ‘de chimbley-jam’ that Braer Rabbit and all the other ‘creeturs come slippin’ in on des tiptoes…en get up a re’lar jaberlee’” (xv).

“Now, Through Joy and Beyond makes it possible to enter the world of this beloved writer…A treasury of photographs never before published compliment the text by showing the people and places that formed the world within which Lewis worked and lived.” (From the dust jacket)

Hooper, Walter, ed. 1984. The Business of Heaven: Daily readings from C.S. Lewis. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers.

Contents: Preface: Readings for the Year; Movable Fasts and Feasts; Sources; Works of C.S. Lewis Quoted in This Book.

Hooper, Walter, ed. 1996. C.S. Lewis: A Companion and Guide. Harper: San Francisco. [ISSBN 0-06-063879-6]

“Includes a 120 page biographical essay; a detailed survey of his books, including backgrounds, summaries, and reviews; alphabetically arranged essays on Lewis’s key ideas; directories explaining Who’s Who and What’s What in Lewis’s life and books; and a comprehensive bibliography of his writings” (CT, Feb 3, 1997).

Contents: Preface; Abbreviations and Symbols; Life of C.S. Lewis; Chronology; Writings; Juvenilia: Boxen; Poetry: Spirits in Bondage; Dymer; Narrative Poems; Poems, Collected Poems; Autobiographical: The Pilgrim’s Regress; Surprised by Joy; A Grief Observed; Novels: Out of the Silent Planet; The Dark Tower; Perelandra; That  Hideous Strength; Till We Have Faces; Theological Fantasies: The Screwtape Letters (with Screwtape Proposes a Toast); The Great Divorce; Theology: The Problem of Pain; Mere Christianity; The Abolition of Man; Miracles; Reflections on the Psalms; The Four Loves; Letters to Malcolm; Chronicles of Narnia: The Magician’s Nephew; The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; The Horse and His Boy, Prince Caspian; The Voyage of the ‘Dawn Treader’; The Silver Chair, The Last Battle; Literary Criticism: A Preface to ‘Paradise Lost’; English Literature in the Sixteenth Century; An Experiment in Criticism; The Discarded Image. Key Ideas; Who’s Who; What’s What’ Bibliography of C.S. Lewis’s Writings; Acknowledgements; Index.

Hooper, Walter, ed. 2013. C.S. Lewis: Image and imagination. Ebook Original. HarperOne. [On my Kindle, 42 book reviews covering 35 year. See entry at Lewis, 2013.]

Howard, Thomas. 1980. The achievement of C.S. Lewis: A reading of his fiction. Wheaton: Harold Shaw Publishers. [ISBN: 0 87788 004 2]

The same book as Howard 1987. Different titles and different publishers.

Howard, Thomas. 1987. C.S. Lewis: Man of Letters. A Reading of His Fiction. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.

Contents: Preface by Peter J. Kreeft. 1) The Peal of a Thousand Bells; 2) Narnia: the Forgotten Country; 3) Out of the Silent Planet: The Discarded Image; 4) Perelandra: The Paradoxes of Joy; 5) That Hideous Strength: The Miserific Vision; 6)Till We Have Faces: The Uttermost Farthing.

“At last! A book about C.S. Lewis that doesn’t sound like a term paper…a book that looks along Lewis rather than merely at him; a book that looks at something far important than Lewis: his world, which is also our world because it is the real world.” (From the Preface, p. 9)

Thomas Howard is a professor of English at St. John’s Seminary, Brighton, Massachusetts.

Howard, Thomas. 2006. Narnia and beyond: A guide to the fiction of CS Lewis. San Francisco, CA: Ignatius.

Formerly published as C.S. Lewis: Man of letters. A reading of his fiction. San Francisco: Ignatius Press (1987) and The achievement of C.S. Lewis: A reading of his fiction (1980).

Jacobs, Alan. 2005. The Narnian: The life and imagination of C. S. Lewis. Harper San Francisco. [ISBN 0-06-076690-5]

Contents: Preface and Acknowledgments. Introduction 1) “Happy, but for so happy ill secured…”; 2) “Coarse, brainless English schoolboys”; 3) Red beef and strong beer”; 4) “I never sank so low as to pray”; 5) “A real home somewhere else”; 6) “I gave in”; 7) “Definitely believing in Christ”; 8) “Do you think I am trying to weave a spell?”; 9) “What I owe to them all is incalculable”; 10) “Nobody could put Lewis down”; 11) “We soon learn to love what we know we must lose”; 12) “Joy is the serous business of heaven”. Afterword: The Future of Narnia. Notes. Abbreviations. Index.

“The seed of this book is a question: what sort of person wrote the Chronicles of Narnia? Who was the man who made—and, in a sense, himself dwelled in—Narnia? What knowledge, what experience, what history made a boy from Ulster who grew up to profess English literature turn, when he was nearly fifty, to writing of stories for children—and stories for children that would become among the most popular and beloved ever written? …this story traces the routes of Lewis’s imagination far more closely than it traces the routes of his holiday itineraries” (ix).

Alan Jacobs is professor of English and director of the Faith and Learning Program at Wheaton College in Illinois.

Janes, Burton K. ed. 2006. Beyond Aslan: Essays on C.S. Lewis. Gainesville, FL: Bridge-Logos. [ISBN 0-88270-082-0] (From the Canadian C.S. Lewis Journal)

Contents: Foreword by Rev. Perry C. Bramlett. Introduction. Beyond Aslan Album. Lewisiana: 1) C.S. Lewis: Mere Christian by Roger J. Stronstad; 2) C.S. Lewis and Weather by the late Evan K. Gibson; 3) Humour and Spirituality: Cheerful Givers by Darin Harootunian; 4) The Screwtape Letters: Of Greed and Grace by Jack L. Knowles; 5) C.S. Lewis and the Holy Spirit by the late Kathryn Lindskoog; 6) Frightened by Unicorns: The Narrator of the Great Divorce by George Musacchio; 7) Trained Habit: The Spirituality of C.S. Lewis by Nancy-Lou Patterson; 8) Assessing the Apologetics of C.S. Lewis by Clark H. Pinnock; 9) C.S. Lewis as the Patron Saint of American Evangelicalism by Philip Graham Ryken; 10) Death and Dying in the Writings of C.S. Lewis by Peter J. Schakel; 11) Touchstone of Reality: Great Awakenings by Michael A. Szuk; 12) The Agony and the Ecstasy of C.S. Lewis by Walter Unger; 13) Visiting C.S. Lewis’s Oxford by Diane Vint. Testimonials: 14) How I Became Interested inn C.S. Lewis by Carolyn Keefe; 15) From G.K. Chesterton to C.S. Lewis by Peter Milward, S.J. Narnia: 16) The Lion, the Witch, and the Wastebasket: Discarded Fragments of the Narnia Chronicles by David C. Downing; 17) To Narnia and Back by Martha A. Emmert; 18) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe: Through Eight-Year-Old Eyes, collected by Roger J. Stronstad; 19) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe at 50: A Celebration (and a Worry) by Paul F. Ford. Family Connections: 20) Helen Joy Lewis by Douglas Gresham; 21) W.H. Lewis: Popular Historian by Charles J. Wrong. Sightings: 22) “An Examiner’s Nightmare” / “Awake, My Lute!” by Burton K. Jones; 23) Bob Jones Jr. Meets C.S. Lewis by Burton K. Janes; 24) C.S. Lewis’s Honourary Degrees by Burton K. Janes; 25) A Little-Known C.S. Lewis Letter by Burton K. Janes; 26) Sherwood Eliot Wirt Interviews C.S. Lewis by Burton K. Janes. Appendix: Stephen L. Schofield (1915-1993) by Burton K. Janes.

*Jensen, Chris. 2005. Shine as the sun: C.S. Lewis and the doctrine of deification. Oxbridge: The C.S. Lewis Foundation Institute.

Jensen, Nathan. 1998. The restored gospel according to C.S. Lewis. Bonneville Books.

Contents: 1) The quest for truth; 2) My work and my glory; 3) Perfect ourself; 4) Worldliness and idols; 5) Eternal progression or digression; 6) On being a Christian; 7) The philosophies of men; 8) The truest realist; 9) Faith, hope, and charity; 10) An unpopular doctrine; 11) Agency; 12) Pride; 13) Heaven and Godhood; 14) Hell, death, and the devil; 15) Love and marriage; 16) Red tights and horns; 17) Natural law, morality, and relativism; 18) Happiness in the Gospel; 19) The natural man; 20) Soft religion; 21) Man’s relationship with God; 22) What thought he of Christ? Appendix of quotes.

Joeckel, Samuel 2013. The C.S. Lewis phenomenon: Christianity and the public sphere. Merces U. Press.

Contents: Acknowledgments. General Introduction. 1) C.S. Lewis, Public Intellectual; 2) The Rise of the Public Sphere, the Challenge of Atheism, and the Transformation of Christian Apologetics; 4) The Basic Stance: The Vantage Point of the Outsider and Other Advantageous Perspectives; 4) Forms and Sources of Authority; 5) Conveying Authority. Part 2: C.S. Lewis Beyond the Public Sphere; 6) The Demise of the Public Sphere; 7) Hesitant Steps Beyond the Public Sphere: Tensions and Dilemmas; 8) “Water-spouts of Truth from the Very Depth of Truth”: Perspective, Preconditionalism, and the Actualization of Myth in Till We Have Faces; 9) “The Best is Perhaps What We Understand Least”: Localizing the Problem of Evil in A Grief Observed. Part 3: An Experiment in Meta-criticism. 10) The Evolution of C.S. Lewis’s Reputation in the Public Sphere, 1930-1970; 11) The Evolution of C.S. Lewis’s Reputation in the Public Sphere, 1970-2010; 12) Explaining Some Meta-critical Curiosities; 13) The C.S. Lewis Industry. Conclusion. Appendix: Biographical Contradictions. Bibliography. Index.

“This book names the way in which Lewis’s presentations of Christianity in both his fiction and non-fiction depend upon the conventions of the public sphere—this study explores three facets of that phenomenon. The first concerns Lewis’s accomplishment as a public intellectual. The conditions enabling this accomplishment develop from the public sphere, which arose at the turn of the eighteenth century and seminally established the conventions of public discourse for centuries. Not long after Lewis’s death, the public sphere fragmented and crumbled; the public space of critical-rational debate ceased to exist in the form it maintained for centuries. Consequently Lewis’s accomplishment was both unprecedented and inimitable: he made use of the public sphere like no other Christian in history, and since the public sphere no longer exists, his accomplishment will never be repeated. The second facet concerns the anomalies within the body of Lewis’s works–texts that engage particularity and precognitive forces that contextualize belief, thus moving Lewis beyond the public sphere–a counter-narrative to the first. Conceiving Lewis as a public intellectual also provides a useful meta-critical lens for exploring his symbiotic relationship to the public sphere, revealing how his place within the public sphere mirrors its rupture. A meta-critical analysis also sheds light on the Lewis industry, highlighting the curiosities that have characterized Lewis scholarship from its beginning. These issues comprise the third facet of the Lewis phenomenon.” (From the back cover)

Samuel Joeckel is associate profess of English and professor in the Supper Honors Program at Palm Beach Atlantic University in West Palm Beach, Florida.

Karkainen, Paul A. 1979. Narnia explored: The real meaning behind C.S. Lewis’s chronicles of Narnia. Old Tappan, N.J.: Fleming H. Revell.

Contents: Preface. 1) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 2) Prince Caspian; 3) The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader”; 4) The Silver Chair; 5) The Horse and His Boy; 6) The Magician’s Nephew; 7) The Last Battle.

“The purpose of Narnia Explored is to ferret out of the Narnia takes the principle themes, particularly those which reflect Lewis’s Christian viewpoint…..Ideas the Christian has taken for granted or the unbeliever rejects without understanding are revitalized or deepened through his images” (7).

Paul A. Karkainen is a teacher and a longtime fan of Aslan. He lives in Washington State.

Karkainen, Paul A. 1979, 2007. Narnia: Unlocking the wardrobe. [In my Kindle] Previously published under the title Narnia Explored.

*Kawano, Richard. 1955. C.S. Lewis: Always a poet. Lanham, MDD: University press of America

Keefe, Carolyn. ed. 1971. C.S. Lewis: Speaker & teacher. Foreword by Thomas Howard. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House.

Contents: Foreword; Preface; 1) The Creative Logician Speaking by Clyde S. Kilby; 2) To the Martlets by Walter Hooper; 3) To the Royal Air Force by Stuart Barton Babbage; 4) In the University by George Bailey; 5) In Conversation by Owen Barfield; 6) On the Air by Carolyn Keefe; 7) Notes on Lewis’s Voice by Carolyn Keefe. Notes. Bibliography of Oral Material.

Carolyn Keefe was born on August 24, 1943 and passed away on Friday, May 17, 2013. She was a resident of Columbia, Kentucky. She taught Speech and coached Debate at Rutgers University and later was Professor of Speech and Forensics at West Chester State College.

Kennedy, Jon. 2008. The everything guide to C.S. Lewis and Narnia: Explore the magical world of Narnia and the brilliant mind behind it. Foreword by Lee Oser. Avon, Massachusetts: Adams Media. [ISBN 0-1-59869-427-8]

Contents: The Top Ten Things You’ll Learn about C.S. Lewis & Narnia; Introduction; 1) All of His Roads Before Him; 2) Life with Father and Warnie; 3) Back to England to Stay; 4) First Friend, War, and Oxford; 5) A Career in Oxford; 6) Journey to Faith; 7) Life at the Kilns and Oxford; 8) War and Writing; 9) Mere Christianity; 10) Into the Fantasy World; 11) The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe; 12) Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia; 13; The Voyage of the Dawn Treader; 14) The Silver Chair; 15) The Horse and His Boy; 16) The Magician’s Nephew; 17) The Last Battle; 18) Books Meanwhile and After; 19) Life with Joy; 20) C.S. Lewis’s Legacy; Web Resources; Bibliography; Index.

“Jon Kennedy, M.A., is a veteran writer and theologian. Founder of several Christian-related magazines, he’s a popular speaker and seminar leader at campuses, churches, and conferences on the topics of Christian worldview, writing, and apologetics.” (From the back cover)

Khoddam, Salwa. 2011. Mythopoeic Narnia: Memory, metaphor, and metamorphoses in the chronicles of Narnia. Winged Lion Press.

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. Introduction: Towards a Definition of C.S. Lewis’s Mythopoeic Aesthetics; 1) The Roles of Memory, Metaphor, and Metamorphoses in Lewis’s Mythopoeia; 2) Light and Sun Iconography in Narnia; 3) Mnemosyne in Narnia: Prince Caspian and The Silver Chair; 4) Satanic Cities in Narnia: Charn, the Castle of Ice, and Underland; 5) A Tale of Two Cities of Man: Tashbaan and Anvard in The Horse and His Boy; 6) The City of God: Cair Paravel in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 7) The Gardens in Narnia; 8) The Sea-Serpent, the Ship, and Bifurcated Sea in The Voyage of the Dawn Trader; 9) The Narnian Apocalypse in The Last Battle; 10) Ovide Moralisée in Narnia: Metamorphoses and Thêosis. Conclusion. Works Cited. Index.

“This book is primarily an attempt to secure a well-deserved place for C.S. Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia in the history of the Western Imagination as product of the confluence of the classics and Christianity….The stories are a literary, and subtle form of what he had reiterated in his Broadcast Talks…and other apologetic and literary works (assuming one can separate the two), that the purpose of life is to live in imitation of Christ….” (i)

Salwa Khoddam, Ph.D., is Professor Emerita of English at Oklahoma City University in Oklahoma City.

Kilby, Clyde S. 1964. The Christian world of C.S. Lewis. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Co.

Contents: Preface. I) Search for Joy; II) Hell and Heaven; III) Pain and Love; IV) Myth of Deep heaven; V) The Kingdom of Narnia; VI) Psalms, Miracles, and Orthodoxy; VII) Themes in Lewis. Appendix.

“I believe Lewis means to say that we do not have a world plus God but that, so to speak God has built the moral principle into the very atoms. Sin violates not simply the commands of God but the very principle of life” (190).

Clyde Samuel Kilby (26 September 1902, Johnson City, Tennessee – 18 October 1986, Columbus, Mississippi) was an American author and English professor, best known for his scholarship on the Inklings, especially J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. A professor at Wheaton College (Illinois) for most of his life, Dr. Kilby founded the Marion E. Wade Center there, making it a center for the study of the Inklings, their friends (such as Dorothy Sayers), and their influences (such as George MacDonald). (From

Kilby, Clyde S., ed. 1968. A mind awake: An anthology of C.S. Lewis. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.

Contents: Preface. 1) The nature of man; II) The moral world; III) The Bible; IV) The Trinity; V) Sin; VI) The Christian commitment; VII) Hell and heaven; VIII) Love and sex; IX) Nature; X) The Post-Christian world.

“Worthy as it might be, my aim has not been to compile a book of what Lewis believed. For instance, he held that pacifists are wrong and he steadfastly refused to be classified as High, Low or Broad Church, but such opinions are omitted….Nor is this volume intended primarily as ‘spiritual uplift’ or sermonic exhortation to lead men tot Christ or Christians to a closer walk with God….Neither have I attempted to wedge into the anthology interesting personal aspects of Lewis” (13). “First, I have followed the radiation of ‘wit and wisdom’ by seeking entries containing the pungent and provocative idea. Secondly, and again in the tradition of anthologies, I have chosen self-contained remarks, i.e. one requiring no editorial explanation or comment. Thirdly, it need hardly be mentioned that entries should be in the best style. Often in one way or another they embody a figure of speech. Fourthly, I have desired to include not simply aphoristic remarks as such but rather ideas shaped and coloured by the particular bias of Lewis’s mind. It is a Lewis anthology” (14).

Kilby, Clyde S. and Marjorie Lamp Mead, eds. 1982. Brothers and friends: The diaries of Major Warren Hamilton Lewis. New York: Ballantine Books.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. Chronology: 1) Major Warren Hamilton Lewis; 2) Lewis Family Genealogy; 3) Warren, Hamilton, and Ewart Family Genealogy. Editorial Note. Part I: 1912-1929; Part II: 1030-1939; Part III: 1939-1973. Index.

“The diary of Major Warren Hamilton Lewis is the record of a sensitive, loving man, a gentleman above all, who struggled honestly with the temptations of human life. He was no hero, no saint, and yet he was a good man—devout in his attempts to live a Christian life. Just an ordinary man. And just as extraordinary” (x).

King, Don W. 2001. C.S. Lewis, Poet: The legacy of his poetic impulse. Kent, OH: Kent State University. [ISBN 0-87338-681-7]

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. Abbreviations. 1) C.S. Lewis, Poet; 2) Early Poems, 1908-1919; 3) Spirits in Bondage: Frustrated Dualist at War; 4) Early Oxford Poems and Dymer, 1920-1926: Siegfried Unbound; 5) Narrative Poems: The Grand Tradition 6) Comic and Satiric Verse; 7) Contemplative Verse; 8) Religious Verse; 9) Poetic Prose: Lewis’s Poetic Legacy. Appendix 1) The Unpublished Narrative Poetry of V and Ruth Pitter’s Spenserian Transcriptions of the passages from Perelandra; Appendix 2) The Ten Short Poems Previously Published Only in “Glints of Light”; Appendix 3) Eleven Previously Unpublished Short Poems by C.S. Lewis; Appendix 4) Young King Cole and Other Pieces and Holographs of Other Lewis Poems; Appendix 5) The Holograph Contents of “Half Hours with Hamilton”; Appendix 6) The Holography Contents of Lewis’s Earliest Poems, In the Handwriting of Arthur Greeves, 1915-1917. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

*King, Don W. 2009. Out of my bone: The letters of Joy Davidman. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

“Although best known as the wife of C. S. Lewis, Joy Davidman was an accomplished writer in her own right, with several published works to her credit. Out of My Bone tells Davidman’s life story in her own words through her numerous letters — most never published before — and her autobiographical essay “The Longest Way Round.” / Gathered and expertly introduced by Don W. King, these letters reveal Davidman’s persistent search for truth, her curious, incisive mind, and her arresting, sharply penetrating voice. They chronicle her religious, philosophical, and intellectual journey from secular Judaism to atheism to Communism to Christianity. Her personal engagement with large issues offers key insights into the historical milieu of America in the 1930s and 1940s. Davidman also writes about the struggles of her earlier marriage to William Lindsay Gresham and of trying to reconcile her career goals with her life as mother of two sons. Most poignantly, perhaps, these letters expose Davidman’s mental, emotional, and spiritual state as she confronted the cancer that eventually took her life in 1960 at age 45. / Moving and riveting, Out of My Bone reveals anew the singular woman whom Lewis deeply loved and who influenced his later writings, especially Till We Have Faces.” (From Amazon)

King, Don W. Plain to the inward eye: Selected essays on C.S. Lewis. Abilene Christian U. Press. [On my Kindle]

Contents: Acknowledgments. 1) Narnia and the seven deadly sins; 2) The childlike in George MacDonald and C.S. Lewis; 3)The door as Christian metaphor; 4) The rhetorical similarities of Bertrand Russell and C.S. Lewis; 5) The distant voice in C.S. Lewis’s poems; 6) Making the poor best of dull things: C.S. Lewis as poet; 7) C.S. Lewis’s The Quest of Bleheris as poetic prose; 8) the poetry of prose: C.S. Lewis, Ruth Pitter, and Perelandra; 9) Quorum Porum: The literary cats of T.S. Eliot, Ruth Pitter and Dorothy L. Sayers; 10) Devil to devil: John Milton, C.S. Lewis, and Screwtape; 11) The nature poetry of Ruth Pitter; 12) Joy Davidman and the New Masses: Communist poet and reviewer; 13) Fire and ice: C.S. Lewis and love poetry of Joy Davidman and Ruth Pitter. Reviews and Review Essays. Other Worlds. Demythologizing C.S. Lewis; A review of A.N. Wilson’s C.S. Lewis; A Biography; C.S. Lewis as Artist: A Review of Word and Story in C.S. Lewis; Surprised by Love: A review of Shadowlands (1993); A Review of Wesley A. Kort’s C.S. Lewis: Then and Now; A Review Essay on The Collected Letters of C.S. Lewis; A Review of Peer J. Schakel’s Imagination and the Arts in C.S. Lewis; Enchanted; A Review of Alan Jacobs’ The Narnian; Gold Mining or Gold Digging? The Selling of Narnia: A Review Essay; A Review of Diana Glyer’s The Company They Keep; A Review of Michael Ward’s Planet Narnia; A Review of Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen’s A Sword between the Sexes?; A Review Essay on Recent Books on C.S. Lewis. Bibliography. Index.

“A collection of essays on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of Lewis’s death. C. S. Lewis scholar Don W. King has kept a critical eye on the work by and about Lewis for four decades. Now, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of Lewis’s death, King has put together a collection of his essays and critical reviews organized around four areas. The first deals mainly with what will perhaps be Lewis’s longest lasting legacy–his ”Chronicles of Narnia.” The second deals with Lewis’s poetry, a neglected area of his work. The third focuses on Lewis and the two women poets with whom he had lasting relationships: Ruth Pitter and Joy Davidman. (Lewis and Davidman eventually fell in love and later married, twice.) The fourth offers a critical perspective on the way in which critical interest in Lewis has developed over the last thirty years.”

*King, Don W., ed. 2015. The collected poems of C.S. Lewis. Kent State University Press. [Reviewed by Dale Nelson in CSL Vol 46, No. 2 (March/April 2015), p. 14.

*King, Don W., ed. 2014. The Letters of Ruth Pitter: Silent Music. Newark: University of Delaware Press.

A friend and frequent with C.S. Lewis, they met dozens of times. Like Lewis , she was moved by the writings of George MacDonald. (Reviewed in CSL, The Bulletin of the New York C.S. Lewis Society, May/June 2014)

*King, Don W. 2015. Yet one more spring: A critical study of Joy Davidman. Eerdmans.

Contents: Acknowledgements. Introduction. Chronology of Joy Davidman’s life (1915-1960). 1) Early writings (1929-1938); 2) Letter to a comrade (1938); 3) Communist writer and reviewer (1938-1945); 4) Into the lion’s den: Joy Davidman and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1939); 5) Other published poems (1938-1945d); 6) Anya (1940); 7) Disillusionment too faith: Weeping Bay (1950) and Smoke on the Mountains (1955); 8) A naked tree: Joy Davidman’s love sonnets to C.S. Lewis (1952-1956); 9) Last things (1954-1960). Appendix. Bibliography. Index.

Don W. King is professor of English at Montreat College in Montreat, North Carolina.

Kloster, Julie. 2008. The eternal truths of Narnia: Bible studies and leaders’s guide from The Chronicles of Narnia. Alachua, FL: Bridge-Logos. This study first appeared on Christian

Contents: 1) In the Beginning: The Magician’s Nephew; 2) The Triumph Over Evil: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 3) Fulfilling Our Destiny: The Horse and His Boy; 4) More Than Conquerors: Prince Caspian; 5) A Heart Set on Eternity: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader; 6) Victorious Rescue: The Silver chair; 7) The End of the Beginning: The Last Battle.

Kort, Wesley A. 2001. C.S. Lewis: then and now. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Contents: Introduction. 1) Retrieval; 2) Reenchantment; 3) Houses; 4) Culture; 5) Character; 6) Pleasure; 7) Celebration. Conclusion. Notes. Index.

“This book is intended, then, to take the reader into what I think of as the most useful aspects of Lewis’s work for people attempting to articulate ‘world and life views’ that are both relevant to our current location and informed by religious beliefs” (9). “…this book is an attempt to challenge both religious tendencies to live increasingly in rejection of culture and the tendencies of cultural theory and criticism to discount or distrust religion” (12).

Kort, Wesley A. 2016. Reading C.S. Lewis: A commentary. Oxford University Press.

Contents: Preface. Works by C.S. Lewis cited. Introduction. Part One: 1) Surprised by joy: The shape of my early life (1955); 2) The problem of pain (1940); 3) The Screwtape letters (1942); 4) Mere Christianity (1952); 5) Some reasonable assumptions. Part Two: 6) Out of the silent planet (1938); 7) Perelandra: A novel (1943); 8) The abolition of man (1944); 9) That hideous strength: A modern fairy-tale for grown-ups (1945); 10) Some cultural critiques. Part Three: 11) The lion, the witch and the wardrobe (1950) and Prince Caspian (1951); 12) The four loves (1960); 13) The magician’s nephew (1955) and The last battle (1956); 14) Some principles applied. Conclusion. Notes. Index.

“An overarching intention behind this book is to suggest this sense of the whole and to see why his broader project led him to give attention to religion and to value Christianity so highly….My overall goal, then, is to give attention both to particular texts and to a structural wholeness or coherence in Lewis’s work” (viii).

Wesley Kort is Professor of Religion at Duke University.

*Kreeft, Peter. 1969. C.S. Lewis: A critical essay. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. Also 1972, 1988 (paperback).

“C. S. Lewis: A Critical Essay is the most concise and vivid introduction to the life and writings of the greatest Christian apologist of the twentieth century. First published over forty years ago, and now updated to include an entirely new essay by the author, Kreeft’s book wisely allows Lewis to speak for himself through a series of judiciously chosen quotations. C. S. Lewis: A Critical Essay is a memorable tribute from one of today’s foremost Christian apologists—whose own writings have often been compared to those of Lewis—to his acknowledged master.” (From Amazon)

Kreeft, Peter. 1982. Between heaven & hell: A dialog Somewhere beyond death with John F. Kennedy, C.S. Lewis & Aldous Huxley. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press. [ISBN: 0 87784 389 9]

Contents: Prologue. The dialog: Time: November 22, 1963; Place: Somewhere beyond death; Characters: C.S. Lewis—Theist; John F. Kennedy—Humanist; Aldous Huxley—Pantheist. Epilogue.

“These three men also represented the three most influential versions of Christianity in our present culture: traditional, mainline or orthodox Christianity (what Lewis called “mere Christianity”), modernist or humanistic Christianity (Kennedy), and Orientalized or mystical Christianity (Huxley)” (7).

“Peter Kreeft, Ph.D., is a professor of philosophy at Boston College and at the King’s College (Empire State Building), in New York City. He was Baptized in the Spirit in 1972; is in wide demand as a speaker at conferences, and is the author of over 75 books…” (From

Kreeft, Peter. 1994. C.S. Lewis for the third millennium: Six essays on The Abolition of Man. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.

Contents: Introduction. 1) How to Save Western Civilization: C.S. Lewis as Prophet; 2) Darkness at Noon: The Eclipse of “The Permanent Things”; 3) The Goodness of Goodness and the Badness of Badness; 4) Can the Natural Law Ever Be Abolished from the Heart of Man?; 5) Walker Percy’s Lost in the Cosmos: The Abolition of Man in Late-Night Comedy Format; 6) The Joyful Cosmology: Perelandra’ s “Great Dance” as an Alternative World View to Modern Reductionism. Conclusion. Bibliography.

“These six essays are literally “essays”, explorations—into the single most momentous question of our desperate times. I invite the reader to join me on my six little rafts following in the wake of Lewis’ pioneering ship to explore the whirlpools and rapids of this great, roaring river that is our common culture, now apparently headed for the falls. Whether and how it is possible to avert this fate is one of the few really relevant things to think about today” (10).

Kreeft, Peter. ed. 1994. The shadowlands of C.S. Lewis: The man behind the movie. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.

Contents: Introduction. I. Shadow-lands: This World as “Shadow-Lands”; “ Meditation in a Toolshed”: “Looking Along” vs. “Looking At; (From God in the Dock); Back on This Side of the Door” (From The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe); “The Queen of the Underland” (From The Silver Chair); Meeting an Angel (From Perelandra); “Allegory” (From The Allegory of Love); “The Magician’s Book” (From The Voyage of the Dawn Treader); “Patches of Godlight” (From Letters to Malcolm); “Think of Yourself as a Seed” (From Letters to an American Lady). II. Joy: The Mysterious Longing (“Joy”); Two Mysteries of Desire (From the Preface to The Pilgrim’s Regress); Reading the Riddle, Following the Clue (From Surprised by Joy, Lewis’ autobiography); “hope” (From Mere Christianity); “The Weight of Glory”: Weaving the Spell of Good Magic (From “The Weight of Glory”); Happiness, Not Unhappiness, Begets Longing (From Till We Have Faces): The Preciousness of Longing (from Poems). III. Heaven: “The Land from Which the Shadows Fall” (Heaven); “Immortal Horrors or Everlasting Splendours” (From “The Weight of Glory”); “Man or Rabbit?” (From God in the Dock); Is Heaven Playful or Serious? (From Letters to Malcolm); A Modern Mini-Divine Comedy (From The Great Divorce); “Further Up and Further In” (From The Last Battle); “Farewell to Shadow-Lands” (From The Last Battle); “heaven” (From The Problem of Pain). IV. The Golden Key: “The Golden Key” to “The Land from Which the Shadows Fall”; “The Golden Key” by George MacDonald; Lord, Liar, or Lunatic? (From Mere Christianity); “What Are We to Make of Jesus Christ?” (From God in the Dock); The Lamb and the Lion (From The Voyage of the Dawn Treader); “They Went All Trembly” (From The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe). V. The Problem of Pain: “The Problem of “pain”; Explaining Pain (From The Problem of Pain); Experiencing Pain (From A Grief Observed); “Footnote to All Prayers (From Poems); “The Apologist’s Evening Prayer: (From Poems); “No Earthly Comfort” (From Poems); “No Safe Investment” (From The Four Loves); “We Shall Find Them All in Him (From The Four Loves).Conclusion: Realism or Idealism? Suggestions for Further Reading. Acknowledgments.

“This anthology is a necklace of gems from C.S. Lewis’ mine of some fifty books. Its unifying principle is the point of the title of the movie Shadowlands, in five steps, as summarized above” (11) [1-haunting sense, 2-innate longing, 3-soaring imagination, 4-knockout argument, but not, 5-escapist fantasy].

Lawlor, John. 1998. C.S. Lewis: Memories and reflections. Dallas, TX: Spence Publishing Co. [ISBN 1-890624-01-5]

Contents: List of Illustrations: 1) Frontispiece: C.S. Lewis, demobilized and returned to University College, Oxford, 1919; 2) Following Page 46: Selected correspondence from C.S. Lewis to John Lawyer; Selections from C.S. Lewis’s annotations of Revelations of Divine Love by Julian of Norwich.. Foreword by Walter Hooper. Preface. Part I: Memories: 1) The Tutor; 2) Magdalen, 1936-1938; 3) Oxford, 1046 and After. Part II; Reflections: 4) Interplanetary Voyaging; 5) Myth and Magic; 6) Reason and Romanticism; 7) The Writer as Scholar. Postscript. Index.

“This book is an attempt to recollect Lewis ‘in his habit as he lived’. There are memories of his tutorial work; of his sallying forth into delighted controversy upon the name and nature of English studies; his kindness towards the neophyte researcher; and the solid foundations of a lasting friendship” (xiii). “I have drawn on personal correspondence, hitherto unpublished, and on Lewis’s annotation of books, once owned by him and subsequently mine” (xiv).

John Lawlor was professor of English language and literature at the University of Keele at Staffordshire in Great Britain. Revised and enlarged edition by Walter Hooper, 1966, 1968. Harcourt, Brace and World.

Lewis, W.H., ed. 1966, 1988. Letters of C.S. Lewis. Edited and, with a Memoir, by W.H. Lewis. Revised and enlarged edition edited by Walter Hooper NY: Harcourt, Brace Company.

Introduction by Walter Hooper; Memoir by Warren Lewis; The Letters; Index.

“Introduced and edited by Walter Hooper, this volume represents an important revision to the collection of Lewis’s letters published in 1966: several letters have been added, proper dates have been restored to some, correspondents’ names to others. And, as in the original volume, selected entries from Lewis’s own diary are included, as is Warnie Lewis’s fascinating memoir of his brother’s life.” (From the back cover)

Illustrations are: C.S. Lewis in childhood; The family in Northern Ireland, circa 1901; Jack and Warren with their father, 1911; Jack aged ten with his father and Warren; Jack and his father; C.S. Lewis  on leave, 1918; C.S. Lewis in 1938; The brothers at Annogassan, 1949; The kilns at C.S. Lewis’ home; C.S. Lewis, circa 1958. The Memoir of C.S. Lewis is pp. 1-26.

W.H. Lewis was an authority on sixteenth-century France.

Lindskoog, Kathryn Ann. 1973. The Lion of Judah in never-never land: The Theology of C.S. Lewis expressed in his fantasies for children. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. [ISBN 0-8028-1495-6]

Contents: Preface. I) Making Pictures; II) Spoiled Goodness: Lewis’s Concept of Nature; III) The Coming of the Lion: Lewis’s Concept of God; IV) Possible Gods and Goddesses: Lewis’s Concept of Man; V) Weaving a Spell. Further Reading. Bibliography.

“The author begins by setting Lewis’s appreciation for fantasy in the perspective of his life, describing the nature of fantasy writing, and justifying its use as a way of conveying truths about Christianity. Succeeding chapters consider Lewis’s concept of God, of man, and of nature, and a summary chapter and a bibliography of material by and about C.S. Lewis conclude this study. An early draft of the book, written as a master’s thesis was sent to Lewis before his death. In his reply, Lewis told the author: ‘You are in the centre of the target everywhere. For one thing, you know my work better than anyone else I’ve met; certainly better than I do myself…you (alone of the critics I’ve met) realize the connection, or even the unity, of all the books—scholarly, fantastic, theological—and make me appear a single author, not a man who impersonates half a dozen authors, which is what I seem to most. This wins really very high marks indeed.’” (From the back cover)

“Kathryn Lindskoog (December 26, 1934 – October 21, 2003) was a C. S. Lewis scholar known partly for her theory that some works attributed to Lewis are forgeries, including The Dark Tower. The main target of Lindskoog’s writing was Walter Hooper, Lewis’s literary co-executor who edited most of Lewis’s posthumous work. Lindskoog points out that Hooper’s relationship with Lewis was overstated in some of the publications that he edited, and she argues that several works published under Lewis’s name were in fact by Hooper.” From”

Lindskoog, Kathryn Ann. 1973. C.S. Lewis: Mere Christian. Foreword by Dr. Clyde S. Kilby. Glendale, CA: Regal Books Division, G/L Publications. [ISBN: 0 8307 0212 1]

Contents: 1) Introducing C.S. Lewis: Sincerity Personified (1-17); 2) God (19-37); 3) Nature (39-55); 4) Man (57-71); 5) Death (73-85); 6) Heaven (87-100); 7) Hell (101-115); 8) Miracles (117-131); 9) Prayer (133-149); 10) Pain (151-167); 11) Love (169-187); 12) Ethics (189-205); 13) Truth (207-222); Afterword (224-243), with chronologies of his works and locations, as well as a number of C.S. Lewis resources.

Lindskoog, Kathryn. 1988. The C.S. Lewis Hoax. Portland, OR: Multnomah. [ISBN: 0 88070 258 3]

The book contains eight chapters and two appendices, later revised in Lindskoog 2001—chapters 1-5 correspond to the same chapters in the later book; chapters 6, 7, and 8 correspond to 8, 9, and 10. Appendices 1 and 2 correspond to 4 and 12 in the enlarged version of the book.

*Lindskoog, Kathryn. 1997. Finding the landlord: A guide to C.S. Lewis’s Pilgrim’s Regress. Chicago, IL: Cornerstone.

“The Pilgrim’s Regress was C.S. Lewis’ first work that reflected his new-found Christian faith. Though recognized by many as one of his best works, Pilgrim’s Regress has never gained the popularity of Lewis’ other works, mostly because it contains so many references to classic literature and philosophy. Finding the Landlord explains all obscure references in Pilgrim’s Regress, as well as chronicling Lewis’ near-parallel journey to faith.” (From Amazon)

*Lindskoog, Kathryn. 1997. Journey into Narnia. An expansion of Lindskoog, 1973.

Lindskoog, Kathryn. 2001. Sleuthing C.S. Lewis: More light in the Shadowlands. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press. [ISBN 9 780865 547308]

This is a complete revision of the “Lewis Hoax” (Lindskoog 1998) and it is a very well thought out and documented book, with contents as follows: Foreword by Joe R. Christopher; Introduction by Robet Ellwood; Preface; Acknowledgements, with chapters and appendices: 1) Re-Packaging C.S. Lewis: No end in sight after all? (1-12); 2) Shining Some Light on the Dark Tower: Not a lost Lewis novel after all? (13-40); 3) Throwing Water on the Bonfire Story: Not a literary rescue after all? (41-55); 4) Seeing Through “Through Joy and Beyond”: Not the film of a lifetime after all? (56-74); 5) Strange Visions and Revisions: Not real rhymes or reasons after all? (75-102); 6) Forms of Things Unknown: Not what Lewis had in mind after all? (103-124); 7) The Most Substantial People: Not a flimsy fiction after all? (125-141); 8) Will the Real Mrs. Lewis Stand Up: Not really not really [sic] married after all? (142-163); 9) Forging a Friendship: Not a genuinely copied signature after all? (164-185); 10) The Fall Together: Not a stolen manuscript after all? (186-220); 11) The Business of Heaven: Not unworldly wisdom after all? (221-250); 12) Battle for the Dark Tower: Not a contest after all? (251-292); Appendix 1: An Afterword by John Bremer (293-301); Appendix 2: Facts About Forgery (302-311); Appendix 3: The Mistress of C.S. Lewis by John Bremer (312-321); Appendix 4: Stealing the King’s Ring (322-336); Appendix 5: A.N. Wilson Errata (337-345): Appendix 6: C.S. Lewis Petition and Signatories (246-352); Appendix 7) The Portland Statement (353-355);-Appendix 8: Letter to La Paz (356-363): Appendix 9: The Julius Grant Report (364-368); Appendix 10: The Nancy Cole Report (369-386); Appendix 11: Who Owns C.S. Lewis? by “Nat Whilk” (387-391); Appendix 12: Three Letters from C.S. Lewis [to Vanauken] (392-396); Appendix 13: A Shadowlands Chronology (399-406); Index (407-416).

“Twenty-eight years ago, in 1973, C.S. Lewis’s brother Warren died; and in 1975 I read shocking statements in his diary. For eleven years I kept discovering more and more evidence of relentless deception….old fables and new falsehood about here in the Shadowlands.…This book is needed now, like a bright lamp-post in Narnia, to cast more light into dim shadows. Where C.S. Lewis and most of his friends are now, no lamps are needed” (xiii).

Lindsley, Art. 2005. C.S. Lewis’s case for Christ: Insights from reason, imagination, and faith. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Part I: Why Study Lewis’s Case for Christ? 1) Why Consider C.S. Lewis’s Arguments for Christ? 2) What were Lewis’s Obstacles to Faith? Part II: Obstacles to Faith: 3) Chronological Snobbery: What Does a Two-Thousand-Year-Old Religion Have to Do with Me? 4) The Problem of Evil: How can I believe in God When There is So Much Evil, Pain and Suffering in the World? 3) Myth: Isn’t Christianity Just One Myth Among Many? 6) Rationalism: Who Needs Faith? 7) Imagination: Isn’t Faith Merely Imaginary? 8) Miracles: But Do You Believe in the Miracles of the Bible? Part III: Coherence: Does It All Fit Together? 9) Wish Fulfillment: Isn’t Belief in God Just a Crutch for Needy People? 10) Postmodernism: Is What Was True for C.S. Lewis Necessarily True For Me? 11) Relativism: Aren’t Morals Relative? 12) Other Religions: There Are So Many Religions, How Can You Say Which One Is Right? 13) Death and Immorality: Is Death Really the End of It All? 14) Christ: Isn’t Jesus Just Another Good, Moral Teacher? Recommended Reading. Notes. Index.

Lindsey outlines a number of reasons to study C.S. Lewis’s case for Christ: 1) more than anyone else in the 20th century, Lewis’s writings have had a tremendous effect; 2) his ability to combine reason and imagination; 3) his unbelieving past; 4) his breadth of knowledge and intellectual abilities; 5) his interaction with other top thinkers; 6) his personal qualities (23-24).

Art Lindsey is senior fellow at the C.S. Lewis Institute in Springfield, Virginia.

Lindvall, Terry. 1996. Surprised by laughter. Thomas Nelson Publishers. [ISBN 0-7852-7689-0]

Contents: Acknowledgments. Part 1: The Idea and the Legacy. Introduction. 1) The Deadly Dissection; 2) Perspectives; 3) Fathers and Sons; 40 Grandfather of Mirth and Gladness; 5) Humor of the Self. Part 2: Joy. Introduction. 6) Sehnsucht; 7) Joy and suffering; 8) Laughter of Reunions; 9) Joy and Hierarchy; 10) A Joyful Noise; 11) Laughter as Thanksgiving; 12) Heaven. Part 3: Fun. Introduction. 13) The Quiddity of Life; 14) Humor and Humility; 15) Gravity and Levity; 16) Food and Drink; 17) Adventures and Games; 18) The Fun in Nature; 19) Wild Play; 20) The Fun of Reading’ 21) Wordplay. Part 4: The Joke Proper. Introduction. 22) Wit and Wordplay; 23) The Word Made Joke; 23) Comic Techniques and Topics; 25) Taboo Humor; 26) The Vernacular and the Vulgar; 27) The Oldest Joke; 28) Falling From Frauendienst; 29; Sex and the Marriage. Part 5: Satire and Flippancy. Introduction. 30) A Storehouse of Satire; 31) The Sword of Satire; 32) Flippancy. Part 6: Conclusion: The Laughter of Love. 33) A Divine Comedy. Bibliography.

“He was a man of laughter and surprises, of jokes and joy. And he was ruddy-faced because he had a sunny heart, gladness foaming and ready to burgeon out at any moment, solemn or gay” (3). “Lewis’s travels across the landscapes of laughter were never specified—never printed onto a literary road map as such—but were spontaneously jotted onto scraps of paper, recorded in letters and essays, and scattered about in various works….And they remain as signposts today for other pilgrims to study, ingest, and enjoy as they plod along on their journeys….It is not the purpose of this book to argue that C.S. Lewis was a comedian. Any such attempt would itself be ridiculous” (4). “I have tried to ensure that the study of Lewis’s wit and humor do not end up being an autopsy. Lewis echoed E.B. White’s pithy observation that humor, like a frog, dies when we dissect it and “the innards are discouraging to any put the pure scientific mind’” (6).

“Dr Terry Lindvall, president of Regent University, was one of its founding faculty members” (From the dust jacket)

Livermore, Kevin S. 2014. The theology of C.S. Lewis. eBook. [on my Kindle]

Contents: Introduction. 1) The problem of evil and the existence of God (Moral Law; Free Will; Evil and Redemption); 2) Love, marriage, and fidelity (Love; Marriage; Fidelity); 3) The world of Narnia and how it relates to God’s nature (The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe; The Voyage of the Dawn Treader; Aslan, Obedience, and a Coming of Age; 4) C.S. Lewis’ battle with God/grief after his wife died (Childhood Attachments, God and Lewis’ “Stage” of Grief; Cyclical Nature of his Grief; Did Lewis lose his Faith like some have thought? Appendix: Book Summaries (Mere Christianity; The Problem of Pain; The Weight of Glory; The Screwtape Letters; Miracles; Surprised by Joy; God in the Dock; The Great Divorce; The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe; Perelandra; That Hideous Strength; C.S. Lewis at the Breakfast Table. About the Author. Endnotes. Bibliography.

Kevin Livermore is founder of with videos and tough questions answered. He has an M.Div. from Fuller Theological Seminary and a B.Sc. in business administration from the U. of Southern California.

*Lobdell, Jared. 2004. The scientifiction novels of C.S. Lewis: Space and time in the Ransom stories. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. [$28.60]

Contents: 1) The Ransom Stories in Their English Literary Context; II) Malacandara, or Space-Travel Out of the Silent Planet; III) The Dark Tower, or An Exchange in Time; IV0 Perelandra, or Paradise Retained; V) Thulcandra, or Our Time Under That Hideous Strength; VI) Lewis’s Arcadian Science Fiction; VII) C.S. Lewis and the Myth in Mythopoeia. Bibliography. Index.

“Used by C.S. Lewis himself, the term “scientifiction” is revived here as it once encompassed not only what we call science fiction, but also that indeterminate field of the 1940s and 1950s sometimes referred to as science fantasy (leading up to Ray Bradbury), along with a portion of that great realm that has come, since the advent of The Lord of the Rings, to be called fantasy. Rather as an eighteenth-century novel may pre-date the divide between novel and romance, so C.S. Lewis’s “interplanetary” novels may be considered to pre-date the modern divide between fantasy and science fiction and thus be thought of as “scientifictional” in nature. The stories dealt with are those in which Elwin Ransom is a character, the three usually called the “space trilogy”: Out of the Silent Used by C.S. Lewis himself, the term “scientifiction” is revived here as it once encompassed not only what Planet, Perelandra, and That Hideous Strength – and the time-fragment entitled The Dark Tower. Lengthy chapters are devoted to each of the four Ransom stories. The book presents a study of Lewis, the nature of science fiction, the nature of Lewis’s “Arcadian” science fiction and his (and its) place in English literary history.” (From Amazon)

*Lowenberg, Susan. 1993. C.S. Lewis: A reference guide 1972-1988. (Reference Publication in Literature). NY: G.K. Hall & Co. [ISBN 0-8161-1846-9] [$75.00]

Macdonald, Michael H. and Andrew A. Tadie. eds. 1989. G. K. Chesterton and C. S. Lewis: The riddle of joy. With a Foreword by Janet Blumberg Knedlik. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Co. [ISBN: 0 8028 3665 8]

Contents: Two Valedictory Poems by Rudolph Schimmer; Foreword by Janet Blumberg Knedlik; I. Riddling Remembrances from those who knew them: 1) Some Personal Angles on Chesterton and Lewis by Christopher Derrick (3-19); 2) Chesterton, the Wards, the Sheeds, and the Catholic Revival by Richard L. Purtill (20-32); 3) C.S. Lewis and C.S. Lewises by Walter Hooper (33-52); 4) The Legendary Chesterton by Ian Boyd, C.S.B. (53-68); 5) The Prayer Life of C.S. Lewis by James M. Houston (69-86). II. Spelling The Riddle: Literary Assessments: 6) Looking Backward: C.S. Lewis’s Literary Achievement at Forty Years’ Perspective by Thomas T. Howard (89-99); 7) G.K. Chesterton and Max Beerbohm by William Blissett (100-124); 8) The Centrality of Perelandra to Lewis’s Theology by Evan K. Gibson (125-138). III. Living the Riddle: Their Social Thought: 9) G.K. Chesterton, the Disreputable Victorian by Alzina Stone Dale (141-159); 11) G.K. Chesterton and C.S. Lewis: The Men and Their Times by John David Burton (160-172); 12) The Chesterbelloc and Modern Sociopolitical Criticism by Jay P. Corrin (173-191). IV. Proclaiming the riddle: Their Apologetics: 13) Chesterton in Debate with Blatchford: The Development of a Controversialist by David J. Dooley (195-214); 14) C.S. Lewis: Some Keys to his Effectiveness by Lyle W. Dorsett (215-225); 15) The Sweet Grace of Reason: The Apologetics of G.K. Chesterton by Kent R. Hill (226-248). V. Pursuing the Riddle of Joy: 16) C.S. Lewis’s Argument from Desire by Peter J. Kreeft (249-272); 17) Derrida Meets Father Brown: Chestertonian “Deconstruction” and that Harlequin “Joy” by Janet Blumberg Knedlik (273-289); 18) The Psychology of Conversion in Chesterton’s and Lewis’s Autobiographies by David Leigh, S.J. (290-304).

Michael H. Macdonald is professor of European studies and philosophy at Seattle Pacific University. Andrew A. Tadie teaches English at Seattle University.

MacSwain, Robert and Michael Ward, eds. 2010. The Cambridge companion to C.S. Lewis. Cambridge University Press.

Contents: Contributors. Abbreviations. C.S. Lewis Chronology. Introduction by Robert MacSwain; Part I: Scholar: 1) Literary critic by John V. Fleming; 2) Literary theorist by Stephen Logan; 3) Intellectual historian by Dennis Danielson; Classicist by Mark Edwards); Part II: Thinker: 4) On scripture by Kevin J. Vanhoozer; On theology by Paul S. Fiddes; 5) On naturalism by Charles Taliaferro; 6) On moral knowledge by Gilbert Meilander; 7) On discernment by Joseph P. Cassidy; 8) On love by Caroline J. Simon; 9) On gender by Ann Loades; 10) On power by Judith Wolfe; 11) On violence by Stanley Hauerwas; 12) On suffering by Michael Ward; Part III: Writer: 13) The Pilgrim’s Regress and Surprised by Joy by David Jasper; 14) The Ransom Trilogy by T.A. Shippey; 15) The Great Divorce by Jerry L. Walls; 16) The Chronicles of Narnia by Alan Jacobs; 17) Till we have faces by Peter J. Schakel; 18) Poet by Malcolm Guite). [978-0-521-71114-2].

“It is not at all obvious that this volume should appear in the Cambridge companions to Religion series, as opposed to the Cambridge Companion to Literature….However it is part of Lewis’s anomalous character to confound this expectation as well, and for two reasons. First, some of this professional writings do trespass into the territory of academic theology and philosophy, and his works of fiction and poetry are likewise often occupied with such matters….But second, and more positively, it may also be the case that Lewis should rightly be considered in this particular series because he has, in fact, expanded the genre of theology to include the imaginative works for which his is so famous” (7, 8).

Robert MacSwain is Assistant Professor of Theology and Christian Ethics at the School of Theology of the University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee. Michael Ward is Chaplain of St Peter’s College in the University of Oxford.

*Manlove, C.N. 1988. C.S. Lewis: His literary achievement. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

“This book is the first thorough analysis of the whole of Lewis’ fiction to show it has behind it a considerable sophistication of literary technique and patterning. The works discussed include THE PILGRIMS REGRESS, THE RANSON TRILOGY, THE GREAT DIVORCE, the NARNIA books and TILL WE HAVE FACES. -.-.- “This is a positively brilliant book, written with splendor, elegance, profundity and evidencing an enormous amount of learning. This is probably not a book to give a first-time reader of Lewis. But for those who are more broadly read in the Lewis corpus this book is an absolute gold mine of information. The author gives us a magnificent overview of Lewis’ many writings, tracing for us thoughts and ideas which recur throughout, and at the same time telling us how each book differs from the others. I think it is not extravagant to call C. S. Lewis: His Literary Achievement a tour de force.” – Robert Merchant, St. Austin Review, Book Review Editor. (From Amazon)

Manlove, C.N. 1993. The chronicles of Narnia: The patterning of a fantastic world. New York: Twayne.

Contents: Illustrations. Note on the References and Acknowledgments. Chronology: C.S. Lewis’s Life and Works. Literary and Historical Context: 1) Historical Context; 2) The Importance of the Chronicles; 3) Critical Reception. A Reading of the Chronicles. 4) Introduction; 5) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 6) Prince Caspian; 7) The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader”; 8) The Silver Chair; 9) The Horse and His Boy; 10) The Magician’s Nephew; 11) The Last Battle; 12) Conclusion. Approaches to Teaching: Discussion topics for children; Use of sources for comparison; Passages to read out load; Sections to act out. Notes and Reference. Selected bibliography. Index.

Colin Manlove is Reader in English Literature at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.

Markos, Louis. 2003. Lewis Agonistes: How C.S. Lewis can train us to wrestle with the modern and postmodern world. Nashville, TN: Broadman and Holman. [ISBN 080542778-3]

Contents: Preface. The Education of Lewis Agonistes: 1) Early Days: The War of Reason and Intuition; 2) Schooldays: Building a Wall of Reason; 3) Oxford: Breaking Down the Wall; 4) Christian Apologist: The Marriage of Reason and Intuition; 5) The Last Battle: Wrestling with Love and Pain. Wrestling with Science: 6) Unpacking the Modernist Paradigm; 7) The things That Could Not Have Evolved; 8) It’s Your God Who’s Too Small. Wrestling with the New Age: 9) The Return to Paganism; 10) The Medieval Net Was Wider Than Our Own; 11) Rehabilitating the Medieval Model; Wrestling with Evil and Suffering: 12) The Problem of Pain; 13) God’s Free Will Experiment; 14) Suffering into Wisdom. Wrestling with the Arts: 15) The Death of Language; 16) The Aesthetics of Incarnation; 17) The Sub-Creator at Work. Wrestling with Heaven and Hell: 18) The Deconstruction of Heaven and Hell; 19) The Psychology of Sin; 20) Our Desires Are Too Weak for Heaven. Conclusion: Seeing Past the Lines.

“It is my firm belief that if Christians of today are to make full use of Lewis’s legacy in taking up the specific challenges of their moment in history,  then they will need a resource that does three basic things: 1) explains in lay terms exactly what the challenges in modernity-postmodernity are and how these challenges surface in various areas; 2) forges the arguments, illustrations and overall vision of the fictional and nonfictional writings of C.S. Lewis into weapons with which the Christian can do battle 3) encourages and enables its readers to become participants themselves in the agon, or wrestling match of the twenty-first century” (xii).

Louis Markos, Ph.D., is professor in English and scholar in residence at Houston Baptist University and holds the Robert H. Ray Chair in Humanities.

Markos, Louis. 2010. Restoring beauty: The good, the true, and the beautiful in the writings of C.S. Lewis. Biblica.

Contents: Preface. Part I: Restoring Beauty: 1) Fractured Fairy Tales and the Cult of the Ugly; 2) The Space Trilogy I: The Beauty of Hierarchy; 3) The Space Trilogy II: The Beauty of the Normal; 4) Narnia I: The Beauty of Complementarity; 5) Narnia II: The Beauty of Clarity; 6) Narnia III: The Beauty of Light and Truth; 7) Till We Have Faces: The Beauty of Beauty. Part II: The Good Guys and the Bad Guys: 8) The Nature of Good and Evil; 9) Further Up and Further Down; 10) Heroes and Villains’ 11) Courage along the Road; 12) The Heirs of Nietzsche. Part III: Men Without Chests: 13) Losing the Tao; 14) The Dangers of a Values-Free Education; 15) From Tao-less Students to Tao-less Citizens; 16) The Scientist and the Magician’ 17) The Chest-less Tyrant; 18) The Death of Language. Part IV: Aslan in the Academy: 19) Restoring the Past; 20) The Renaissance Never Happened; 21) Dinosaurs in the Classroom; 22) Genial Criticism; 23) The Historical Point of View; 24) The Professor as Public Educator; 25) Restoring Virtue. Epilogue: Know Thy Enemy: Screwtape’s Millennial Toast; Lewis on Education and the Arts: A Bibliographical Essay.

“In the closing lines of his poem ‘Ode on a Grecian Urn,’ John Keats makes the memorable, if somewhat enigmatic, claim that ‘beauty is truth, truth beauty.’ These five word when filtered through the life and legacy of C.S. Lewis, provide the impetus and raison d’être for the book” (1).

“Parts of this book have also appeared, in altered form, as freestanding essays in journals….” [details follow]

*Markos, Louis. 2012. On the shoulders of Hobbits: The road to virtue with Tolkien and Lewis. Foreword by Peter Kreeft. Chicago: Moody

Contents: Foreword. Introduction. Part 1: The Road: 1) The lure of the road; 2) Responding to the call; 3) Dangers on the road; 4) The end of the road. Part 2: The Classical Virtues: 6) The courage to endure; 6) Temperance and tobacco; 7) The wisdom that discerns; 8) The justice of the king. Part 3: The Theological Virtues: 9) Rehabilitating friendship; 10) The eyes of faith; 11) Hope and the happy ending; 12) The love that pities and forgives. Part 4: Evil: 13) Forbidden fruit; 14) Perversion and corruption; 15) Blinded by the light; 16) Egyptian alliances. Conclusion: In defense of stories. Appendix A: Tolkien ad Middle-Earth: A bibliographical essay; Appendix B: Lewis and Narnia: A bibliographical essay. Acknowledgements. Index.

Markos, Louis. 2012, A to Z with C.S. Lewis. Amazon Digital Services. [Kindle edition]

“Professor, apologist, novelist, literary critic, fantasy writer, philosopher, theologian, and ethicist, Lewis has exerted a profound influence on the way millions of people read literature, make moral choices, think about God, and live out the Christian faith. By means of a genial blend of reason and imagination, logic and fantasy, profound academic insight and good old common sense, Lewis has challenged the modern world to re-examine the claims of Christ, the Bible, and the Church, re-experience the goodness, truth, and beauty of literature, and re-expand its vision of God, man, and the universe. In each 600-word entry, Markos enlist Lewis’s aid in the study, both theoretically and practically, of a topic of perennial interest to humanity and of particular interest to the early 21st century.” (From Amazon)

Markos, Louis. 2015. C.S. Lewis: An apologist for education. Camp Hill, PA: Classical Academic Press.

Contents: Introduction. 1) The education of C.S. Lewis: The loss of Joy and the Inner Ring; Three new mentors; The great war; Tolkien and the myth made fact; Broadcast talks, Oxford Socratic and the Inklings; Cambridge to the rescue and the return of joy; 2) C.S. Lewis on education: Putting on the knights’ armor; Envy and egalitarianism; Men without chests; How to be a good reader; 3) What educators can learn from C.S. Lewis: C.S. Lewis and Francis Schaeffer; C.S. Lewis University. Bibliography. Annotated bibliography of works by Lewis; Annotated bibliography of works about Lewis; Questions for discussion.


*Marshall, Cynthia. 1991. Essays on C.S. Lewis and George MacDonald. Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press. [$54.95]

“Studies that go beyond observations noting thematic connections between C. S. Lewis’ theological writings and his imaginative fictions to probe the basic foundation of Lewis’ conception of fiction and advance our understanding of the importance Lewis granted to the imagination in perceiving truth. Also, explores the role George MacDonald (who Lewis said “baptized [his] imagination”) played in the development of his theory of fiction. Walter Hooper and Ann Loades offer essays on questions of autobiography raised by A Grief Observed; Robert Holyer writes on the epistemology of Till We Have Faces; Frank Riga discusses dreams as conduits for the imagination; and Waldo Knickerbocker discusses Lewis’ sense of Christianity as “a true fairy tale.” (From Amazon)

Martin, Thomas L., ed. 2000. Reading the classics with C.S. Lewis. Baker Academic. [ISBN 0-8010-2234-7]

Contents: Preface. Contributors. List of Titles. 1) Reading Literature with C.S. Lewis by Leland Ryken; 2) In the Tutorial and Lecture Hall by Carolyn Keefe; 3) Classical Literature by P. Andrew Montgomery; 4) Medieval Literature by David Lyle Jeffrey; 5) Spenser by Doris T. Myers; 6) Renaissance by Gene Edward Veith; 7) Shakespeare by Colin Manlove; 8) Seventeenth Century by Michael W. Price; 9) Milton by Charles A. Huttar; 10) Restoration and Eighteenth Century by Peter J. Schakel; 11) Romantics by Wayne Martindale; 12) Victorians by Kate Durie; 13) Modern Literature by Joe R. Christopher; 14) Myth by Maria Kuteeva; 15) Fantasy by Kath Filmer-Davies; 16) Science Fiction by David C. Downing; 17) Children’s Literature by David Barratt; 18) Literary Criticism by Bruce L. Edwards; 19: In the Library: Composition and Context by Colin Duriez; 20) Lewis: A Critical Prospective by Thomas L. Martin. List of Lewis’s Major Critical Works. Index.

“An underlying conviction of this book is that while many continue to read Lewis for his fictional, apologgetical, and theological writings, they underappreciate this fact: Lewis’s mind was nurtured on the study of literature….While we have strived to make this book accessible to a variety of readers, we particularly have in mind two audiences: teachers and students of literature as well as readers of Lewis’s own works” (9).

Thomas L. Martin (Ph.D., Purdue University) teaches English at Florida Atlantic University.

Martindale, Wayne and Jerry Root. eds. 1989. The quotable Lewis. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House. [ISBN: 0 8423 5115 9].

An encyclopedic selection of quotes from the complete published works of C.S. Lewis—”Arranged alphabetically by topic; Ordered chronologically within topics, showing progression of Lewis’s thought; Comprehensively indexed; Includes never before published photos.” (From the cover)

Martindale, Wayne, Jerry Root and Linda Washington. 2010. The soul of C.S. Lewis: A meditative journey through twenty-six of his best-loved writings. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. [978-1-4143-2566-8]

Contents: Introduction. Pilgrimage: 1) The Pilgrim’s Regress (1933); 2) Surprised by Joy (1955); 3) Till We Have Faces (1956); Dymer (1926); 5) The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (1952); 6) The Silver Chair (1953). Temptation and Triumph: 7) Perelandra (1943); 8) A Preface to Paradise Lost (1942); 9) The Screwtape Letters (1942); 10) Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer (1964); 11) The Abolition of Man (1944); 12) That Hideous Strength (1945). Going Deeper: 13) Prince Caspian (1951); 14) An Experiment in Criticism (1965) and The Discarded Image (1964); 15) The Great Divorce (1945); 16) “The Weight of Glory” (1962); 17) The Horse and His Boy (1954); 18) A Grief Observed (1961). Words of Grace: 19) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (1950); 20) The Magician’s Nephew; 21) Out of the Silent Planet (1938); 22) Studies in Words (1967); 23) “The World’s Last Night” (1960) and “Historicism” (1950); 24) The Last Battle (1956). Conclusion. Bibliography.

[This book] “is an attempt to gain a wider grasp of the world and life experience. It is primarily a book of reflections building on quotations from C.S. Lewis and connecting each to Scripture  passages” (xi).

“The purpose of The Soul of C.S. Lewis is to encourage reflection and thoughts. The selections are short; nevertheless, they are designed for the reader’s personal growth…. Furthermore, Lewis integrates his faith into the learning process, and this, too, provides a significant model for a reader’s own reflection” (xvi).

Wayne Martindale, Ph.D., is a professor of English at Wheaton College. James Root, Ph.D. is associate professor of evangelism at Wheaton College. Linda Washington is a senior project writer for Livingston Corporation.

Martindale, Wayne. 2005. Beyond the Shadowlands: C.S. Lewis on heaven & hell. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. [ISBN 1-58234-513-5]

Contents: Acknowledgments. Foreword by Walter Hooper. Introduction. HEAVEN Part I: Demythologizing Heaven: The Nonfiction: 1) The Myths of Heaven Exposed: #1) Heaven Will be Boring; #2) What! No Sex? #3) But I Hate Ghosts; #4) It Won’t be Me; #5) Just a Harp and Crown Trip; #6) Heaven is Escapist Thinking; #7) Heavenly Minded But No Earthly Good. Part II: Remythologizing Heaven: The Fiction: 2) Making the Mythos of Heaven and Hell; 3) Reclaiming the Heaven for Heaven: Out of the Silent Planet; 5) Paradise Regained: Perelandra; 5) The Fulfillment of Human Potential: The Great Divorce; 6) Land of Wonder and Delight: The Chronicles of Narnia; 7) When Seeing is Not Believing: Till We Have Faces. HELL. Part I. Demythologizing Hell: The Nonfiction: 8) The Myths of Hell Exposed. #1) A Good God Wouldn’t Send Anyone to Hell; #2) A Physical Hell Would Be Cruel; #3) Hell is Just a State of Mind; #4) All the Interesting People Will Be in Hell; #5) A Tolerant God Would Let Me Choose; #6) No One Could Be Happy in Heaven Knowing Some Are in Hell. Part II. Remythologizing Hell: The Fiction: 9) The Philosophy of Hell: The Screwtape Letters; 10) Evil in Paradise: Perelandra; 11) The Sociology of Hell: That Hideous Strength; 12) Hell is a Choice: The Great Divorce; 13) Descent into Hell: The Chronicles of Narnia. PURGATORY. 14) Is Purgatory Plan B? EPILOGUE. 15) Last Things: An Epilogue on Who Goes to Heaven. Notes. Work Cited. Index.

*Mastrolia, Arthur. 2000. C.S. Lewis and the blessed virgin Mary. Lima, OH: Fairway Press. [$165.00]

“This book is an attempt to present the theology of the 20th century English and Anglican author C.S. Lewis in a Marian theological perspective. A popular writer of Christian fantasy and apologetics, Lewis addresses issues of vital concern for society at the dawn of the 21st century, i.e., secularism and supernaturalism, the relationship between the sexes, ecumenism, the sacramentality of nature, and the need for proper authority and obedience in a well-ordered society. Lewis maintains that “gender” is a metaphor which describes the relationship between humankind and God. He therefore develops a theology of sexuality in terms of the eternal archetypes of the masculine and feminine aspects of reality. His popular apologetic, theological, and fictional writings can thus be understood in a Marian context – based on the fact that Lewis understands the Blessed Virgin Mary to be herself the metaphor for the eternal archetype of the feminine.” (From Amazon)

*Matthews, Kenneth. 1983. C.S. Lewis and the modern world. Unpublished PhD. Diss. UCLA.

McGrath, Alister E. 2013. C.S. Lewis: A life. Eccentric genius, reluctant prophet. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. [976-1-4143-3935-1].

Contents: List of Illustrations (some 42 of them); Preface. Part 1: Prelude: 1) The soft hills of Down: An Irish childhood, 1898-1908; 2) The ugly country of England: Schooldays, 1908-1917 (covers the various schools he attended and those who had the greatest influence on him); 3) The Vasty Fields of France, War, 1917-1918 (includes his being wounded and his relationship with Mrs. Moore); Part 2: Oxford: 4) Deceptions and discoveries: The making of an Oxford Don, 1919-1927 (includes his academic successes and failures and his fellowship at Magdalen College); 5) Fellowship, family and friendship: The early years at Magdalen College, 1927-1930 (includes the death of his father, Warnie moving to Oxford and his friendship with Tolkien; 6) The most reluctant convert: The making of a mere Christian, 1930-1932 (includes his conversation with Tolkien and others and his belief in the divinity of Christ); 7) A man of letters: Literary scholarship and criticism, 1933-1939 (includes notes on his tutorials and lectures, Pilgrim’s Regress, the Inklings and The Allegory of Love); 8) National acclaim: The wartime apologist, 1939-1942 (includes his friendship with Williams, The Problem of Pain and his wartime lecture); 9) International fame: The mere Christian, 1942-1948 (includes his books The Screwtape Letters, Mere Christianity and the Ransom Trilogy); 10) A prophet without honour? Postwar tensions and problems, 1945-1954 (includes the jealousy his fame produced at Oxford, Warnie’s alcoholism, the Socratic Club and his role as an apologist. Part 3: Narnia: 11) Rearranging reality: The creation of Narnia (the themes ordering of the books, the animals and how it is a window on reality); 12) Narnia: Exploring an imaginative world (the medieval symbolism of the planets in Narnia, the Shadowlands and Aslan); Part 4: Cambridge: 13) The move to Cambridge: Magdalene College, 1954-1960 (the establishment of a Chair for Lewis; his inaugural lecture and his marriage to Joy Davidman and her death); 14) Bereavement, illness and death: The final years, 1960-1963 (includes A Grief Observed and Lewis’s failing health and death). Part 5: Afterlife: 15) The Lewis phenomenon (Lewis and Americans; his status in literature). Timeline. Acknowledgements. Works Consulted. Notes. Index.

“Though I did not know Lewis as a person, I can relate well—perhaps better than most—to at least some aspects of Lewis’s worlds” (xv). McGrath is from Ireland, studied at Oxford and has been teaching and writing there for 25 years. Like Lewis, he was a n atheist but found his faith in the Church of England. He is often called upon to give a public defense of the Christian faith.

Alister McGrath is professor of theology, ministry and education at King’s College, London and head of the Center of Theology, Religion and Culture. He is also a Senior Research Fellow at Harris Manchester College at Oxford and has written more than 50 books.

See also the review essay of McGrath’s biography by Arend Smilde in The Journal of Inklings Studies,

McGrath, Alister. 2013. The intellectual world of C.S. Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. [978-0-470-67279-2].

Contents: Acknowledgments. A Brief Biography of C.S. Lewis. Introduction. 1) The enigma of autobiography: Critical reflections on Surprised by Joy; 2) The “New Look”: Lewis’s philosophical context at Oxford in the 1920s; 3) A gleam of divine truth: The concept of myth in Lewis’s thought; 4) The privileging of vision: Lewis’s metaphors of light, sun, and sight; 5) Arrows of joy: Lewis’s argument from desire; 6) Reason, experience, and imagination: Lewis’s apologetic method; 7) A “Mere Christian”: Anglicanism and Lewis’s religious identity. 8) Outside the “Inner Ring”: Lewis as a theologian. Works of Lewis cited. Index.

“It is hoped that these more detailed engagements with aspects of Lewis’s thought may help encourage a deeper exploration of his ideas and methods, especially by situating them within a broader historical narrative. Lewis was deeply conscious of standing within a tradition of literary, philosophical, and theological reflection, which he extended and deepened in his own distinctive manner” (5).

McGrath, Alister. 2014. If I had lunch with C.S. Lewis: Exploring the ideas of C.S. Lewis on the meaning of life. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. [978-1-4143-8378-1].

Contents: Preface. 1) The Grand Panorama: C.S. Lewis on the Meaning of Life; 2) “Old Friends to Trust”: C.S. Lewis on Friendship; 3) A Story-Shaped World: C.S. Lewis on Narnia and the Importance of Stories; 4) The Lord and the Lion: C.S. Lewis on Aslan and the Christian Life; 5) Talking about Faith: C.S. Lewis on the Art of Apologetics; 6) A Love of Learning: C.S. Lewis on Education; 7) Coping with Suffering: C.S. Lewis on the Problem of Pain; 8) “Further Up and Further In”: C.S. Lewis on Hope and Heaven. Acknowledgements. Appendix 1: For Further Reading; Appendix 2: Introducing Lewis. Notes. About the Author.

McGrath asks his readers to imagine they are having lunch with C.S. Lewis, a formidable leap of faith and imagination, not only because most of Lewis’s discussions took place in the evening, but also because one must know so much to even talk to him. Here McGrath comes to our rescue: He helps us by discussing what Lewis would have said by quoting or paraphrasing him on the topics of friends, stories, faith, apologetics, education, pain and suffering, heaven and, of course, Aslan. The wisdom of Lewis is apparent throughout, illustrating that “he is someone really worth listening to” (xi). I have read most of Lewis’s books and many books about him, but this is perhaps the most concise and informative. Why? Because McGrath, like Lewis is a translator—he explains and interprets Lewis for the layman and even his forays into theology are clear and related to the world view of Lewis. We are also fortunate to have someone like McGrath, who can afford to buy quotes form the companies that manage the name and fame of Lewis. The common man, for whom Lewis most often wrote, cannot do this, ironical as it may seem. The reader should therefore be aware that, although he or she can buy Lewis’s books or books, like McGrath’s, he or she cannot quote (in print) anything by Lewis without permission from and payment to the companies that manage the Lewis book and movie estate.

McCusker, Paul. 2014. C.S. Lewis & mere Christianity: The crisis that created a classic. [Focus on the Family]. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers.

“Mere Christianity is one of the best books of Christian apologetics ever written. Arguably, no book other than the Bible itself has had as much influence for the cause of the gospel over the past 60 years. The story of how that message came to be created, during the rigors of World War II in England, is fascinating in and of itself. But it also addresses a very important question: How do we present the gospel effectively to a culture that has Christian foundations but has become largely secularized and ignorant of biblical truth? C. S. Lewis & Mere Christianity develops the circumstances of Lewis’s life and the inner workings of the BBC. It also goes into greater detail about life in the middle of war against Nazi Germany, and Lewis’s series of broadcasts that extended into 1944.” (From Amazon)

Contents: Prologue; 1) “Peace for our time”; 2) The Kilns at war’ 3) Reporting for duty; 4) Déjà vu; 5) The very real phony war; 6) Crossing the line; 7) The blitz; 8) Convergence; 9 “The art of being shocked”; 10) The rim of the world; 11) The high cost of success; 12) Miracles, Narnia, and Mere Christianity. Acknowledgments. Notes. Bibliography.

Paul McCusker is an author and dramatist who scripted the Chronicles of Narnia and other Lewis works for the Focus on the Family Radio Theatre.

*McPherson, Joyce. 2011. Beyond the land of Narnia: The story of C.S. Lewis. Amazon Digital Services. [Kindle edition]

“A biography of C.S. Lewis, author of the Narnia Chronicles, and one of the foremost apologists of the twentieth century. This book tells his story: beginning with his childhood in Ireland and telling of his long journey to faith. This book is written on a 5th-6th grade reading level, but younger children will enjoy having it read aloud to them.” (From Amazon)

Meilaender, Gilbert. 1978. The taste for the other: The social and ethical thought of C.S. Lewis. Eerdmans. [ISBN 0-8028-4492-8]

Contents: Preface to the Second Edition. Preface to the First Edition. Introduction. I. The Sweet Poison of the False Infinite: Pleasures on Malacandra and Perelandra; The Dialectic of Enjoyment and Renunciation; Living the Dialectic. II. The Revelry of Insatiable Love: That Mystical Death Which is the Secret of Life; Forever conjoined But Not Reconciled; Logres Vs. Britain. III. The Divine Surgeon: Purgatory; The Importance of a Starting Point; Some Difficulties. IV. The Tether and Pang of the Particular: Eros and Marriage; The Limits of the Natural Loves; The Transformation of the Natural Loves. V. The Primeval Moral Platitudes: The Nature of Morality; Normative Ethics; Religion and Morality. Conclusion. Index.

“This is a book about Lewis’ “social and ethical thought.” Only in chapter 5, however, do I discuss some of the standard issues in ethical theory; for the book is not about ethics but about Lewis’ understanding of what it would mean fully to realize our nature as human beings. And that understanding is an intensely moral one, deeply Augustinian in its basic contours, in which ethics and theology are closely intertwined. We are made for God” (vii).

Gilbert Meilaender holds the Board of Directors Chair in Christian Ethics at Valparaiso Indiana.

*Meithe, Terry L. 1999. C.S. Lewis’s mere Christianity: The most concise and accurate way to grasp the essentials. Shepherd’s Notes, Christian Classics. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers. [0-8054-9347-6]

“Shepherd’s Notes- Christian Classics Series is designed to give readers a quick, step by step overview of some of the enduring treasures of the Christian faith. They are designed to be used along side the classic itself- either in individual study or in a study group. The faithful of all generations have found spiritual nourishment in the Scriptures and in the works of Christians of earlier generations. Martin Luther and John Calvin would not have become who they were apart from their reading Augustine. God used the writings of Martin Luther to move John Wesley from a religion of dead works to an experience at Aldersgate in which his “heart was strangely warmed.” Shepherd’s Notes will give pastors, laypersons, and students access to some of the treasures of Christian faith.” (From Amazon)

Menuge, Angus J.L., ed. 1997. Lightbearer in the Shadowlands: The evangelistic vision of C.S. Lewis. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

Preface: Lyle Dorsett (9-10); Acknowledgments (11-12); Introduction by Angus J.L. Menuge (13-24); Contributors (25-28); Part One. The Motivation: The Influence and Potential of Lewis’s Evangelism: 1) Shadowlands: Inadvertent Evangelism by Wayne Martindale (31-54); 2) Winsome Evangelist: The influence of C.S. Lewis by Philip G. Ryken (55-78); 3) Apostle to Generation X: C.S. Lewis and the Future of Evangelism by Reed Jolley (79-100); Part Two. The Explanation: Why Was Lewis Such an Effective Evangelist? 4) Longing, Reason, and the Moral Law in C.S. Lewis‘s Search by Corbin Scott Carnell (103-114); 5) God’s Chosen Instrument: The Temper of an Apostle by Angus J.L. Menuge (115-142); 6) Escape to Wallaby Wood: Lewis’s Depictions of Conversion by Michael Ward (143-168); 7) Mere Christianity Because There Are No Mere Mortals: Reaching Beyond the Inner Ring by Patrick T. Ferry (169-190); 8) The Pagan and the Post-Christian: Lewis’s Understanding of Diversity Outside the Faith by Jon Balsbaugh (191-210); Part Three. The Technique: Making Christianity Plausible: 9) Exorcising the Zeitgeist: Lewis as Evangelist to the Modernists by George Musacchio (213-234); 10) Praeparatio Evangelica by Joel D. Heck (235-258); 11) Old Wine in New Wineskins by Francis C. Rossow (259-278); 12) Translated Theology: Christology in the Writings of C.S. Lewis by Steven P. Mueller; 279-302); Part Four. The Argument: Defending the Faith: 13) Joy, the Call of God in Man: A critical Appraisal of Lewis’s Argument from Desire (305-328); 14) University Battles: C.S. Lewis and the Oxford University Socratic Club by Christopher W. Mitchell (329-352); 15) C.S. Lewis and the Problem of Evil by Jerry Root (353-366); 16) A Vision, Within a Dream, Within the Truth: C.S. Lewis as Evangelist to the Postmodernists (367-387); Name Index (389-393); Subject Index (395-399).

Miller, Laura. 2008. The magician’s book” A skeptic’s adventures in Narnia. New York: Little, Brown and Co.

Contents: Introduction. A Note on the Order of the Chronicles of Narnia. Part One: Songs of Innocence: 1) The Light in the Forest; 2) Animal-Land; 3) The Secret Garden; 4) Boxcar children’ 5) Something Wicked This Way Comes; 6) Little House in the Big Woods; 7) Through the Looking-Glass. Part Two: Trouble in Paradise: 8) Forests and Trees; 9) The Awful Truth; 10) Required Reading; 11) Garlic and Onions; 12) Girl Trouble; 13) Blood Will Out; 14) Arrows of Desire; 15) The Other Way In. Part Three: Songs of Experience: 16) Castlereagh Hills; 17) The Far Country; 18) Northern Lights; 19) The Builder and the Dreamer; 20) The Second Love; 21) Marvelous Journeys; 22) A Too Impressionable Man; 23) The Old Religion; 24) Riches All About You; 25) The Third Road; 26) A Formula of Power over Living Men; 27) Further Up and Further In. Acknowledgments. Index.

“I’d been raised as a Catholic, but what faith I’d had was never based on anything more than the fact that children tend to believe whatever adults tell them. As soon as I acquired any independence of though, I drifted away from the Church and what I saw as its endless proscription and requirements, its guild-mongering and tedious rituals” (6).

“I am no longer young and I can’t read the Chronicles the way I once did, with the same absolute belief. Some of what I find there still moves me profoundly, but other bits now grate and disturb….I wouldn’t have much liked the man who wrote them, despite the proselytizing that most adults assume is their only real content” (15).

“Laura Miller is a journalist and critic living in New York. She is a co-founder of, where she is currently [2014] a staff writer, and a contributor to the New York Times Book Review, where she wrote the Last Word column for two years. Her work has appeared in the New Yorker, the Los Angeles Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Guardian and other publications.” (From Amazon)

Miller, Rod, ed. 2013. Foreword by Theodore Prescott. C.S. Lewis and the Arts: Creativity in the Shadowlands. Square Halo Books, Inc.

Contents: Introduction, Rod Miller. 1) Beauty is in the “I” of the beholder: A critique of Lewis’s aesthetic theories in The Abolition of Man by David C. Downing; 2) At the table with our guard down: Submission, courtesia, and symbol in the theories of C.S. Lewis by George Steiner, and Hans Georg Gadamer by Bruce Herman; 3) The moral aesthetic of Perelandra by Scott B. Key; 4) The art of C.S. Lewis’s Poetry by Don W. King; 5) Mirrors, shadows, and the muses: C.S. Lewis’s and the value of arts and letters by Rod Miller; 6) C.S. Lewis, objectivity, and beauty by Jerry Root; 7) C.S. Lewis on the transformative power of (theory-free) literature by David Rozema; 8) “The really important things”: Music and Dance in C.S. Lewis by Peter J. Schakel; 9) Aesthetics vs. anesthesia: C.S. Lewis on the purpose of art by Charlie W. Starr; 10) Christ, culture, and C.S. Lewis by Will Vaus.

“Variously have the arts been considered. Entertainment, therapy, distraction from death, vague statements about ‘knowing where we came from,’ or the ‘highest and best’ have been offered as justification or meaning. Sorting through often contradictory notions is challenging under the best of circumstances; making sense of creativity and cultural products when one is a Christian, during times when any intellectual exercise even smacking of faith is left outside, requires assistance. It is hoped that the thoughtful reflection of the essayists and the formidable wit of C.S. Lewis offers useful direction” (xv).

Mills, David, ed. 1998.  The pilgrim’s guide: C.S. Lewis and the art of witness. Eerdmans. [ISBN 0-8028-3777-8]

Contents: Introduction by David Mills (xi-xiii); Contributors (xiv-xviii); The Character of a Witness: 1) Bearing the Weight of Glory: The Cost of C.S. Lewis’s Witness by Christopher W. Mitchell (3-14); 2) Teaching the Universal Truth: C.S. Lewis among the Intellectuals by Harry Blamires (15-26); 3) A Thoroughly Converted Man: C.S. Lewis in the Public Square by “Bruce L. Edwards (27-40). The Work of a Witness: 4) Saving Sinners and Reconciling Churches: An Ecumenical Meditation on Mere Christianity by Michael H. Macdonald and Mark P. Shea (43-52); 5) God of the Fathers: C.S. Lewis and Eastern Christianity by Kallistos Ware (53-69); 6) The Heart’s Desire and the Landlord’s Rules: C.S. Lewis as a Moral Philosopher by James Patrick (70-85); 7) Speaking the Truths Only the Imagination May Grasp: Myth and “Real Life” by Stratford Caldecott (86-97); 8) The Romantic Writer: C.S. Lewis’s Theology of Fantasy by Colin Duriez (98-110); 9) To See Truly through a Glass Darkly: C.S. Lewis, George Orwell, and the Corruption of Language by David Mills (111-132); 10) The Triumphant Vindication of the body: The End of Gnosticism in That Hideous Strength by Thomas Howard (133-144); 11) Fragmentation and Hope: The Healing of the Modern Schisms in That Hideous Strength by Leslie P. Fairfield (145-160); 12) The Abolition of God by Sheridan Gilley (161-167); 13) Awakening from the Enchantment of Worldliness: The Chronicles of Narnia as Pre-Apologetics and The Structure of the Narnia Chronicles by Stephen M. Smith (168-184); 14) Growing in Grace: The Anglican Spiritual Style in the Narnia Chronicles by Doris T. Myers (185-202); 15) The War of the Worldviews: H.G. Wells and Scientism versus C.S. Lewis and Christianity (203-220); 16) Tools Inadequate and Incomplete: C.S. Lewis and the Great Religions by Jerry Root (221-235); 17) Nothningness and Human Destiny: Hell in the Thought of C.S. Lewis by Kendall Harmon (236- 254). Appendices: A Reader’s Guide to Books about C.S. Lewis and Other Resources by Diana Pavlac Glyer (257-273); A C.S. Lewis Time Line compiled by David Mills, with Michael Nee, James Kurtz, Dan Klooster and Sarah Mills (274-293); The Source of C.S. C.S. Lewis’s Use of the Phrase “Mere Christianity” (294); Permissions (295-297).

The Pilgrim’s Guide is intended for the serious general reader, though academic readers should find it helpful. The book explores the art of Lewis’s witness, which was both a moral art, in the formation of his character, and an intellectual art, in knowing how to speak the Word so that it would be heard. The distinction is a poor one, in some ways, because, as Lewis himself know, one can only communicate what one knows, and one only knows what one sees, and one sees well or badly depending on one’s character” (xi).

Mr. David Mills is director of publishing at Trinity Episcopal School for Ministry and editor of the school’s journal Mission & Ministry.

*Milward, Peter. 1993. A challenge to C.S. Lewis. London: Associated University Presses. Also listed as published by Farleigh Dickinson University, 1995.

*Montgomery, John Warwick, ed. 1974. Allegory and Gospel: An interpretation of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, G.K. Chesterton, Charles Williams. Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship Inc.

*Moodie, C.A.E. 2000. C.S. Lewis: Exponent of tradition and prophet of post-modernism. Unpublished D.Th. Diss. U. of South Africa.

*Morris, Francis J. 1977. Metaphor and myth: Shaping forces in C..S. Lewis’s critical assessment of medieval and renaissance literature. Unpublished Ph.D. diss. U. of Pennsylvania.

Morneau, Robert E. 1999. A retreat with C.S. Lewis: Yielding to a pursuing God. Cincinnati, OH: St. Anthony Messenger Press. [ISBN 0-86716-328-3]

Introducing A Retreat With…. Getting to Know our Director. Day One: The Great Surprise. Joy; Day Two: Four of a Kind? Love; Day Three: More Than Mere Christianity. Conversion; Day Four: Searchers in the Land of Narnia. Truth; Day Five: Till We Have Faces and Voices. Identity; Day Six: The Problem of Pain and Evil. Suffering; Day Seven: Observing a Grief. Death. Going Forth to Live the Theme. Deepening Your Acquaintance.

“Robert E. Morneau weaves excerpts from Lewis’s allegories, letters and poems into a week of prayer and deepening acquaintance, ending with a list of resources to help you continue this relationship.” (From the Back Cover)

Moynihan, Martin, translator and editor. 1987. The Latin letters of C.S. Lewis to Don Giovanni Calabria of Verona and to members of his congregation, 1947 to 1961. Distributed by Crossway Books, Westchester Illinois. A Division of Good News Publishers. [ISBN: 0 89107 443 0]

Originally published under the title “The Latin Letters 1947-1961 of C.S. Lewis to Don Giovanni Calabria of Verona (1873-1954) and to Members of His Congregation,” in Seven: An Anglo-American Literary Journal, Vol. 6, published by the Marion E. Wade Center and Bookmakers Guild, Inc. © 1985 Bookmakers Guild, Inc. “The letters reveal what kind of friend C.S. Lewis was—concerned and encouraging, honest as well as gentle. They exhibit a joyful sense of intellectual camaraderie between two men committed to serving God with all their talents.”

“Martin Moynihan, C.M.G., M.C., a friend and student of C.S. Lewis, served in the British diplomatic corps until his retirement. He is currently in the process of preparing the full collection of Lewis’ Latin letters for publication.” (From the back cover)

*Mueller, Steven. 2002. Not a Tame God: Christ in the Writings of C.S. Lewis. Saint Louis: Concordia Publishing House.

“This book explores the wisdom and insights of C. S. Lewis into the core of the Christian faith: Jesus the Messiah, Son of God, Savior, and Lord. With a passion for communicating God’s truth to people of all ages, Lewis painted a complex, yet faithful picture of Christ, depicting the God who is “untamable” but who amazingly chose to become incarnate as a human being to save the world through His death and resurrection. In short, Lewis presents the Christ of Scripture, but he does so in fresh and creative writing, revealing his abiding faith in Christ, ‘who is not tamed by His creatures, but who surprises us with His endless grace.’” (From Amazon)

*Mühling, Markus. 2005. A theological journey into Narnia. An analysis of the message beneath the text. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen. [ISBN 3-525-60423-8]

“This book is a theological and philosophical journey to Narnia, a world C.S. Lewis created in his well-known Narnia stories, especially in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Mühling uncovers key themes of Christianity and explains their relevance for us today.” (From Amazon)

Murphy, Brian. 1983. C.S. Lewis. Mercer Island, Wash.: Starmont House.

Contents: I) Chronology; II) Introduction: “Soft Dreams Filled With Promise”; III) Lewis the Man, the Main Outlines; IV) A “Kind of Madness” on a “Silent Planet”; V) Perelandra—Theme and Poem of Man; VI) How Strength Grows Hideous; VII) Last Works: “Further In and Higher Up”; VIII) Annotated Primary Bibliography: Fiction and Poetry; IX) Primary Bibliography: Principal Non-fiction; X) Annotated Secondary Bibliography. Index.

Although a slim book (95 pages) it is one of the best I have seen in tying together the general approach of Lewis and demonstrating a clear knowledge of his writings as well.

Musacchio, George. 1994. C.S. Lewis: Man & writer: Essays and reviews. Belton, TX: University of Mary-Hardin Bayler.

Contents: Preface. A Brief Chronology. Part I. Biographical-Critical Studies: 1) C.S. Lewis: Man and Writer; 2) Courting Mnemosyne; 3) War Poet; Review of Books Basically Biographical—a) Breakfast with Jack Lewis; b) Jack’s Boswell; c) Rich Reminiscences; d) No Rum Thing. Part II. Critical Studies of Selected Books: 1) Foreign Words in The Discarded Image; 2) Ransom’s New Cosmology: Lewis’s Old Worldview; 3) The Pilgrimage of Elwin Ransom—a) The Pilgrimage Begins; Elwin Ransom: b) Wayfaring Christian; 4) The Three Temptations of Perelandra’ s Queen; 5) Study Aids for the Ransom Trilogy; 6) Reviews of Books on Lewis’s Fiction—a) An Informed Reading of Ransom; b) Guiding the “Ordinary Reader”; c) Prolegomena to the Narnian Chronicles; d) Lewis’s Psychomachy; 7) Fiction in A Grief Observed; 8) The Telos of Literature in An Experiment in Criticism; Part III. Assessments Assessed: Reviews: a) Systematizing Lewis’s Ethics; b) Lewis as Litterateur; c) Steeped in the Past; d) No Place like Rome; e) Lewis Versus Scientism; f) Lewis as Apologist; g) Lewis as Writer and Thinker. Bibliography. Index.

“George Musacchio is Professor of English and holds the Frank W. Mayborn Chair of Arts and Sciences at the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor in Central Texas.” (From the back cover)

Myers, Doris T. 1994. C.S. Lewis in context. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press. [0-87338-617-5]

Contents: Preface. Acknowledgments. 1. The Context of Metaphor: The Meaning of Meaning and Poetic Diction; Two Kinds of Metaphor in The Pilgrim’s Regress. 2. The Context of Literary Criticism and Genre: Out of the Silent Planet; Perelandra. 3. The Context of Language Control: The Control of Language and The Abolition of Man; That Hideous Strength. 4. The Context of Christian Humanism: Abolishing the Controllers: The First Three Chronicles; Language North and South” The Middle Chronicles; Mutability: The Last Two Chronicles. 5. The Context of Myth and History: Till We Have Faces. Postscript. Notes. Works Cited. Index.

“The purpose of this book is to redirect attention to Lewis’s fiction as art worth of serious study….Thus the context I seek to establish is not the private context of Lewis’s personal habits or relationships, but the public context of language” (x, xi).

Doris T. Myers is Emeritus Professor of English at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley.

*Myers, Doris T. 2004. Bareface: A guide to C.S. Lewis’s last novel. Columbia, MO: U. of Missouri Press.

“Previous studies have often treated the novel as mere myth, ignoring Lewis’s effort to present the story of Cupid and Psyche as something that could have happened. Myers emphasizes the historical background, the grounding of the characterizations in modern psychology, and the thoroughly realistic narrative presentation. She identifies key books in ancient and medieval literature, history, and philosophy that influenced Lewis’s thinking as well as pointing out a previously unnoticed affinity with William James. From this context, a clearer understanding of Till We Have Faces can emerge. Approached in this way, the work can be seen as a realistic twentieth-century novel using modernist techniques such as the unreliable narrator and the manipulation of time. The major characters fit neatly into William James’s typology of religious experience, and Orual, the narrator-heroine, also develops the kind of personal maturity described by Carl Jung. At the same time, both setting and plot provide insights into the ancient world and pre-Christian modes of thought. Organized to facilitate browsing according to the reader’s personal interests and needs, this study helps readers explore this complex and subtle novel in their own way. Containing fresh insights that even the most experienced Lewis scholar will appreciate, Bareface is an accomplishment worthy of Lewis’s lifelong contemplation.” (From Amazon)

Myers, Doris T (the editors of CT). 2012. C.S. Lewis: His simple life and extraordinary legacy. Carol Stream, IL: Christianity Today Essentials. [On my Kindle]

Contents: Introduction. Part 1: The Man. 1) Mere Christian: A sketch of his life; 2) The joys of friendship: A gallery of friends; 3) The postman’s knock: Lewis’s personal correspondence: Meeting children as equals; 4) Mind in motion: Lewis’s philosophical journey: Lewis’s intellectual mentors. Part 2: The Legacy. 5) Into the land of imagination; 6) Training hearts to see the real; 7) Following that bright blur: Lewis’s theology; 8) Making doctrine dance; 9) Faith and grief; Lewis the iconoclast; 10) Western civilization at the crossroads: Lewis’s approach to history; 11) C.S. Lewis superstar: How he became a rock star for evangelicals; Epilogue: The Jack I knew: A conversation with Lewis’s stepson. Appendices. Appendix 1: Timeline: Lewis’s life and works; Appendix 2: Recommended resources. More essentials!

A collection of articles from Lewis that appeared in Christian History & Biography and Christianity Today. There are also brief sketches of his family and friends.

*Newell, Roger J. 1983. Participatory knowledge: Theology as art and science in C.S. Lewis and T.E. Torrance. Unpublished Ph.D. diss., U. of Aberdeen.

Newsom, William Chad. 2005. Talking of dragons: The children’s books of J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. Ross-Shire, Great Britain: Christian Focus Publications.

Contents; Acknowledgements. Foreword by Bradley J. Birzer. Preface. 1) Family history: Stories and their place in the story; 2) J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis: A creative friendship; 3) Word and image: The storytelling of Tolkien and Lewis; 4) Starting at home: The children’s writings of J.R.R. Tolkien; 5) Tolkien’s Roverandom: The original toy story; 6) Family lore: Tolkien’s Adr Bliss; 7) Elven epistles: Tolkien’s The Father Christmas Letters; 8) Luck and providence in Tolkien’s The Hobbit; 9) Watchful Dragons: The children’s writings of C.S. Lewis; 10) Parrots and politics: Lewis’s Boxen stories; 11) Honesty and encouragement in Lewis’s Letters to Children; 12) The adventure that Aslan shall send us: The sovereign God of Lewis’s The Chronicles of Narnia. Conclusion: The continuing story: Life in the great fairy tale.

Nicholi, Armand M. Jr. 2002. The question of God: C.S. Lewis and Sigmund Freud debate God, love, sex, and the meaning of life. NY: Free Press. [ISBN 0-7432-4785-X]

Contents: Prologue. Part One: What Should We Believe? 1) The Protagonists: The Lives of Sigmund Freud and C.S. Lewis; 2) The Creator: Is There an Intelligence Beyond the Universe? 3) Conscience: Is There a Universal Moral Law? 4) The Great Transition: Which Road to Reality? Part Two: How Should We Live? 5) Happiness: What Is the Source of Our Greatest Enjoyment in Life? 6) Sex: Is the Pursuit of Pleasure Our Only Purpose? 7) Love: Is All Love Sublimated Sex? Pain: How Can We Resolve the Problem of Suffering? 9) Death: Is Death Our Only Destiny? Epilogue. Notes. Bibliography. Acknowledgments. Index.

“The purpose of this book is to look at human life from two diametrically opposed points of view: those of the believer and the unbeliever. (Freud divided all people into those two categories.) We will examine several of the basic issues of life in terms of these two conflicting views. We will look at both views as objectively and dispassionately as possible and let the arguments speak for themselves” (5, 6).

“For more than twenty-five years, Armand Nicholi has taught a course at Harvard that compares the philosophical arguments of both men….Both men considered the problem of pain and suffering, the nature of love and sex. And the ultimate meaning of life and death—and each of them thought carefully about the alternatives to their positions.” (From the back cover)

Armand M. Nicholi, Jr., M.D. is a clinical professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts General Hospital.

*Neilsen, Mark. ed. 2003. A clean heart create in me: Daily Lenten reflections from C. S. Lewis. St Louis: Creative Communications for the parish.

*Norwood, W.D., Jr. “The Neo-Medieval Novels of C.S. Lewis.” Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.

Payne, Leanne. 1979. Real Presence: The Holy Spirit in the works of C.S. Lewis. Westchester, IL: Crossway Books and Eastbourne: Monarchy Publications. [ISBN: 0 89107 164 4] (two copies)

Contents: Preface. 1) Introduction: Incarnational Reality; 2) God, Super-Nature, and Nature; 3) Sacrament: Avenue to the Real; 4) Spirit, Soul, and Body; 5) Till We Have Faces; 6) We’ve Been “Undragoned”; 7) The Great Dance; 8) The Way of the Cross; 9) The Whole Intellect; 10) The Whole Imagination I: Surprised by Joy; 11) The Whole Imagination II: The Two Minds. Appendix: The Great Divorce. Notes. Addendum to Notes.

“The book is written primarily for all who have loved and benefited from the writings of C.S. Lewis, but it is also for those who would like to step for the first time into Lewis’s unique world of understanding. One can only marvel at the Holy “Spirit’s use of Lewis’s talents—not only in the life of the individual believer, but in the ongoing renewal that the Church is experiencing today” (9).

Mrs. Payne has been active in the ministry of healing prayer for over thirty years. She is the founder and president of Pastoral Care Ministries.

Pearce, Joseph. 2003. C.S. Lewis and the Catholic Church. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. [ISBN 0-89870-979-2]

Contents: Foreword by Thomas Howard. Introduction by R.S. Benthall. Acknowledgements. Preface. 1) Escape from Puritania; 2) A Sound Atheist; 3) ‘Never Trust a Papist…’; 4) Meeting Mother Kirk; 5) Inklings and Reactions; 6) Smuggling Theology; 7) Lewis in Purgatory; 8) Mere Christianity; 9) Move Christianity; 10) The Mere and the Mire; 11) Mire Christianity. Index.

“The central question that this book asks and attempts to answer is one which no Christian has the right to shun. Christ has asked that we all be one. our differences, as Lewis never failed to remind us, are a failure to do God’s will. Unity is an imperative. Lewis sought this unity in his advocacy of ‘mere Christianity’. This volume, in its own humble way, has the same intention” (xxx).

“Joseph Pearce (born 1961) is an English-born writer, and as of 2014, Director of the Center for Faith and Culture at Aquinas College (Tennessee) in Nashville.  A a number of his literary biographies are of Catholic figures. Formerly aligned with the National Front, a white nationalist political party, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1989, repudiated his earlier views, and now writes from a Catholic perspective.” (From

Pemberton, Ryan J. 2015. Called: My journey to C.S. Lewis’s house and back again. Abilene, TX: Leafwood Publishers. [On my Kindle]

Contents: Introduction. 1) Origins; 2) Doubt; 3) Dreams; 4) Confidence; 5) Answered Prayers; 6) Wilderness; 7) Regret; 8) Identity; 9) Unanswered Prayers; 10) Experience; 11) Wilderness, II; 12) Decisions; 13) Culmination; 14) Memories. Afterward. Acknowledgements. About Ryan J. Pemberton—he has degrees in theology from Duke Divinity School and Oxford University. He serves on the board of directors for Jesus’ Economy, an international nonprofit organization that creates jobs and churches in the developing world.

“Through a series of personal anecdotes, illuminating conversations, and candid reflections, Called brings you face-to-face not only with the world of C. S. Lewis, but also with the very real peaks and valleys of pursuing a calling. Seeking to reclaim the uniquely Christian sense of calling, Pemberton shows that God’s call cannot be reduced to one’s dreams, skills, or passions, vividly and powerfully illustrating how Christ turns ideas of failure and success on their head.” (From

Peters, John. 1985. C.S. Lewis: The Man and His Achievement. Exeter, U.K.: Pater Noster Press.

Contents: 1) An Abiding Influence; 2) A Sketch of Lewis’s Life; 3) Visionary and Allegorist; 4) The Imaginative Apologist; 5) Science Fiction Too; 6) Letter Writer Extraordinary; 7) Appraisal. Notes. Index.

“My chosen method has been to allow Lewis to speak for himself as much as possible; he is by far the best and ablest commentator on and elucidator of his works, and this is where his letters act as companion volumes to his published works and help to substantiate certain of his attitudes and beliefs” (14).

Peters, Thomas C. 1997. Simply C.S. Lewis: A beginner’s guide to his life and works. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books. [ISBN 0-89107-948-3]

Contents: Preface. 1) A Sneak Preview; 2) The Stage is Set; 3) Enter C.S. Lewis; 4) The Chronicles of Narnia; 5) Science Fiction and Fantasy; 6) Basic Apologetics; 7) On Pain, Love, and Miracles; 8) Scholarly Works; 9) The Complete Scholar; 10: C.S. Lewis and the Third Millennium. Appendix. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

“The book is intended to be used in two ways. One method would be simply to read it through from cover to cover as an introductory overview of the life and works of C.S. Lewis. The other method would be to use it as an introduction when preparing to read a particular book by C.S. Lewis” (xii).

Peters is on staff at the University of California at Riverside.

Petersen, William J. 1985. C.S. Lewis had a wife. Wheaton: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. Living Books. [ISBN: 0 8423 0202 6]

Contents: 1) John and Marjory Knox; 2) Hudson and Maria Taylor; 3) Billy and Nell Sunday; 4) Frank and Grace Livingston Hill; 5) Jack (C.S.) and Joy Lewis. Bibliography.

“An intimate, heartwarming look at the marriages of great Christian leaders including John Knox and Grace Livingston Hill”.

Phemister, Mary Anne and Andrew Lazo, ed. 2009. Mere Christians: Inspiring stories of encounters with C.S. Lewis. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

With a Foreword by Walter Hooper and a Preface by Marjorie Lamp Mead, followed by Acknowledgments and Introductions by Mary Anne Pemister and Andrew Lazo. There are 55 short stories in the book, alphabetically, from the authors Atessa Afshar to Philip Yancey, each telling how they were influenced by the works and words of Lewis.

Mary Anne Phemister (née Knowles; born June 23, 1942) is a Christian author and speaker. She was born in Wuchow (now Wuzhou), Guangxi Province, South China, to missionary parents. She studied at Houghton College and then earned a B.S. degree at Columbia University, School of Nursing. (From

Phillips, Justin, ed. 2002. C.S. Lewis in a time of war: The World War II broadcasts that riveted a nation and became the classic Mere Christianity. HarperSanFrancisco. [ISBN 13:978-0-06-088139-9 and 10:0-06-088139-9]

Contents: Author’s Introduction. 1) 1 September 1939; 2) The BBC;s Early Vision; 3) Censorship Kicks In; 4) The Radio Talk; 5) Broadcasting House Bombed; 6) Lewis Approached: Right and Wrong; 7) Life in Oxford; 8) Getting Lewis to Air; 9) What Christians Believe; 10) Communicating Core Beliefs; 11) Attracting Attention; 12) The Joys of Domesticity; 13) Radio Drama; 14) The Man Born to be King; 15) ‘ Not my pigeon, I think’; 16) A Pox On Your Powers; 17) ‘We understand and we regret…’; 18) The Legacy. Acknowledgments. Appendix 1: The BBC Sound Archives; Appendix 3: The History of Mere Christianity; Appendix 3: The Anvil. Index.

“… Justin Phillips explores the fascinating story of the radio broadcasts that evolved into Lewis’s seminal work, Mere Christianity, and the enthusiastic response they evoked in London during World War II….. C.S. Lewis Goes to War reveals a new facet of Lewis, never before explored, which will intrigue and delight any Lewis fan.” (From the back cover)

Justin Phillips was a radio journalist for the BBC for over twenty years….Phillips died in 2000.

*Phillips, Justin. 2002. C.S. Lewis at the BBC: Messages of hope in the darkness of war. London: Harper Collins.

*Pike, Mark A. 2013: Mere education: C.S. Lewis as teacher for out time. The Lutterworth Press.

“The word ‘mere’ is used in the title of this book in its Middle English sense as an adjective ‘nothing less than, complete’. This book is about schooling for a fair and vibrant society; it is about an education of hope, education that completes a person. In ‘The Magician’s Nephew’ (1955), the first in C.S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia series, Digory and Polly are dragged back through time into a world that is “devoid of life and barren of vegetation”. Such a world is not a safe place for children and young people. When C.S. Lewis wrote that the task of the modern educator is ‘to irrigate deserts’ he was making the point that it is teachers who ‘inculcate just sentiments’ (Lewis 1978/1943, p.13) and enable the moral sense of their students to flourish. Mark A. Pike supports C.S. Lewis’ belief in the role of educators and has written ‘Mere Education’ to show how we might go about it so that ‘the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose’ (Isaiah 35:1).” Contents:

Part 1: The Hinge of the Wardrobe Door: Core Values, Character and Christianity
1. Character Education: Learning for Life
2. Christian Education: Liberating Faith, Hope and Love
3. Spiritual Education: Why you Need a Map when you Walk on the Beach

Part 2: The Furniture of the House: Educating Children
4. Liberal Education: Living Well in a Liberal Society
5. Sex Education: Self-Control and Sales Resistance
6. Biblical Education: The Basis of Liberty

Part 3: Professor Lewis: Cultural Interpreter for Educators
7. Cultural Education: Understanding the Foundations
8. Citizenship Education: Molding Minds
9. Democratic Education: How to Avoid ‘dumping down’

Part 4: The Professor’s House: Leading on School Ethos and Excellence in Teaching
10. Teacher Education: How to be an Excellent Teacher
11. Leadership Education: How to be an Excellent Leader
12. Future Education: A Prophecy

Notes, Bibliography, Index.

Piper, John & David Mathis, eds. 2014. The romantic rationalist: God, life, and imagination in the work of C.S. Lewis. Wheaton, IL: Crossway.

Contents: Introduction: Half a century since C.S. Lewis by David Mathis; 1) C.S. Lewis, romantic rationalist: How his paths to Christ shaped his life and ministry by John Piper; 2) Inerrancy and the Patron Saint of evangelicalism: C.S. Lewis on Holy Scripture by Philip Ryken; 3) Undragoned: C.S. Lewis on the gift of salvation by Douglas Wilson; 4) In bright shadow: C.S. Lewis on the imagination for theology and discipleship by Kevin Vanhoozer; 5) C.S. Lewis on heaven and the new earth: God’s ethernal remedy to the problem of evil and suffering by Randy Alcorn; 6) What God made is good—and must be sanctified: C.S. Lewis and St. Paul on the use of creation; Appendix 1: C.S. Lewis and the doctrine of hell by Randy Alcorn; Appendix 2: A conversation with the contributors. Acknowledgments. General index. Scripture index. A note on recourses:

*Poe, Henry Lee. 2009. The Inklings of Oxford: C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien and their friends. Zondervan Press.

Poe, Harry Lee and Rebecca Whitten Poe, eds. 2006. C.S. Lewis remembered: Collected reflections of students, friends & colleagues. Zondervan. [ISBN 10:0-310-26509-6]

Contents: Preface. Foreword by Simon Barrington-Ward. Part One—The Man: 1) C.S. Lewis as Christian and Scholar by Owen Barfield; 2) What about Mrs. Boshell? by Walter Hooper. Part Two—The Teacher: 3) C.S. Lewis: Sixty Years On by Derek Brewer; 4) Good College Man by Peter C. Bayley; 5) The Art of Disagreement: C.S. Lewis (1898-1963) by Georg Watson; 6) C.S. Lewis: Personal Reflections by W. Brown Patterson; 7) C.S. Lewis: Supervisor by Alastair Fowler; 8) Encounters with Lewis: An Interim Report by Paul Piehler; 9) Smartened Up by Lewis by Christopher Mead Armitage. Part Three—The Personal Influence; 10) An Oxford Encounter with C.S. Lewis by David Bleakley; 11) C.S. Lewis on The Abolition of Man by Basil Mitchell; 12) What Lewis Has Meant for Me by Peter Milward; 13) C.S. Lewis and Dorothy L. Sayers by Barbara Reynolds; 14) A Goddaughter’s Memories by Sarah Tisdall; 15) The Kilns Celebration and Dedication Service by Laurence Harwood, Walter Hooper, and Francis Warner. Appendix: The Establishment Must Die and Rot…,’; C.S. Lewis Discusses Science Fiction with Kingsley Amis and Brian Aldis. Contributors. Index. Notes.

“This is not a book of scholarship—though most of the contributors have had distinguished careers as scholars…,” “I wondered how much influence Lewis had really had in that [professional writer] capacity. What has happened to his students? What sort of teachers did Lewis produce? This book represents my efforts to find the answer to these questions. it is not an exhaustive answer, but it is a highly suggestive one” (9).

Harry Lee Poe (PhD, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary) is the Charles Colson Professor of Faith and Culture at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee, and the program director for the C.S. Lewis Summer Institute, held triennially in Oxford and Cambridge.

Rebecca Whitten Poe is a student at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee. She works as assistant to the minister of youth at Englewood Baptist Church.

Puckett, Joe, Jr. 2012. The apologetics of joy: A case for the existence of God from C.S. Lewis’s argument from desire. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, Publishers.

Contents: Foreword by Mark Linville. Preface. Introduction. Part 1: C.S. Lewis and the argument from desire: 1) The argument as presented in selected works of C.S. Lewis; 2) Defining “joy” as Sehnsucht; 3) Plantinga and Lewis: Balancing the mystical and the natural in Sehnsucht; 4) A word on the different forms that the argument can take. Part 2: Examining Beversluis’s objections of the argument: 5) Does Lewis “Beg the Question”? 6) Does the quality of Sehnsucht lack innateness? 7) If “Joy” is so natural and desirable then why did Lewis run away from it? 8) Does the concept of Sehnsucht contradict the Bible? 9) Why do some people never experience what C.S. Lewis calls “Joy”? Part 3. Haunted by desire: 10) Echoes and evidences of the second premise; 11) Imagination and the heart’s deep need for a happy ending; 12) In the defense of beauty; 13) Lewis, leisure, and Sehnsucht. Part 4: Concerning the conclusion of the argument from desire: 14) The evolutionary objection; 15) Is there a human gene for Sehnsucht? Conclusion. Appendix: The end of human desire. Bibliography. Subject/name index.

“Among all the arguments for the existence of God there may be none more personal and intimate than C. S. Lewis’s Argument from Desire. This book attempts to explain what the Argument from Desire is and why we believe that the argument is an inductively strong one. In the spirit of C. S. Lewis, Augustine, and Pascal, this book invites both the head and the heart of the reader to consider the case for God’s existence. While many arguments look out to the external world for evidence of God’s existence, this book calls the reader to look inward to the human heart. While learning from classical thinkers (particularly C. S. Lewis) the Argument from Desire will bring both intuition and experience together to demonstrate the truth of divine presence in the world. The reader will walk away with either a newfound faith or a reinforced conviction that has a strong intellectual and experiential dimension.” (From Amazon)

Purtill, Richard L. 2004. C.S. Lewis’ case for the Christian faith. San Francisco: Harper&Row.

Contents: Preface. 1) Some Reasons for Lewis’ Success; 2) Reasons for Belief in God; 3) What Must God Be Like? 4) Who is Christ? 5) Miracles and History; 6) Faith and Reason; 7) Rivals of Christianity; 8) Christian Living; 9) The Problems of Prayer; 10) Death and Beyond. Conclusion. For Further Reading. Acknowledgments. Index.

“This book aims to present, in a clear and understandable form, the main lines of C.S. Lewis; defense of and arguments for Christian belief and practice”  (9). “Since I agree with Lewis on most of the matters that this book deals with, some readers may find me too partial to be a good expositor of his views, preferring someone who would find more failures and faults. I must, somewhat ironically, apologize for disappointing them. I report what I find, and I find both Lewis and his case for the Christian faith worthy of respect” (10).

The author is emeritus professor of Philosophy at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington.

Purtill, Richard. 2nd ed. 2006. Lord of the Elves and Eldiles. Fantasy and Philosophy in C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. C.S. Lewis’ Case for the Christian Faith. San Francisco: Ignatius Press. [First edition 1974].

Contents: Introduction. Literature and Language. 1) Why fantasy? 2) Fantasy and literature; 3) Language, mind, and character. Good, Evil and God: 4) Good and evil in Lewis: 5) Good and evil in Tolkien; e6) Religion in Tolkien; 7) Religion in Lewis. Conclusions: 8) The baptism of the imagination; 9) The Christian intellect; 10) The continuing battle. Appendices: A) Forerunners and fiends; B) That Hideous Strength: A double story; C) Did C.S. Lewis lose his faith? D) A basic Lewis-Tolkien bibliography. Acknowledgments. Index.

“If you have ever been perplexed as to why Tolkien and Lewis wrote the way they did, or perhaps were interested to find out how they came to write their masterpieces, this book is for you. From philosophical differences to various writing styles, this book covers all the bases regarding these two authors. As is the case with most philosophy books, it can take a lot of time to absorb all that is contained in the book, so give yourself lots of time. It’s well worth reading every single word and not skipping anything. But this book answers several questions I had regarding Tolkien/Lewis, and it answers them very well. Pick up this book!” (From Amazon)

*Pyles, Franklin Arthur. 1978. The influence of the British Neo-Hegelians on the Christian apology of C.S. Lewis. Unpublished Ph.D. diss. Northwestern University.

Reed, Gerald. 1999. C. S. Lewis and the Bright Shadow of Holiness. Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press.

Contents: Preface. Part One. The “Bright Shadow” of Holiness: 1) Heavenly Traces of a Holy One, “The ‘Bright Shadow’ of Holiness”; 2) The Most Beautiful Thing in the World, “A Particular Thing”; 3) The Fire Forever Burning, “Most Numinous of All”. Part Two. God’s Holy Temple: “Glorious and Excellent’ by Design: 4) A Mind like the Mind of the Maker,” A Shadow of an Image:’ 5) A Will Still Free to Will God’s Will, “The Modus Operandi of Destiny”; Part Three. A Most Ungodly “Bent Toward Evil”: 6) We’re Vandals, All of us, “All Sin Is Sacrilege”; 7) There’s a Devil in This Mess, “The Bent One”; 8) We Choose to Lose Our Way, “The Fall is Simply Disobedience”; 9) The Ravages of Sin, “The Soul Has Gone Out of the Wood”. Part Four. God’s Holy Provisions—“The Whole of Christianity”. The Master Plan for the Master’s People: 10) Called to Be Holy, “People of a Particular Sort”; 11) Perfectly Christian, “The Whole of Christianity”; 12) Conformed to Christ Jesus, “All Men Were Intended to Be”. Purity of Heart Is to Will One Thing: 13) Put on the New Man, “An Alternation of the Will”—“Die Before You Die”; 14) Perfect Submission, “Give Me All”; 15) All to Jesus I Surrender,” The Key to All Doors”; 16) Part of His Body, “Joined to the Immortal Head”; 17) Refined by Trials, “Made Perfect Through Suffering”. Part Five. Holy, Holy, Holy God: 18) Holy Father, “God Himself Has Taught Us How to Speak of Him”; 19) Holy Son, “The ‘Good and Terrible’ Lion of Judah”) 20) Holy Spirit, “He is Always Acting Through You”. Notes.

Reed, Gerard. 2001. C.S. Lewis explores vice and virtue. Kansas City, MO: Beacon Hill Press. [ISBN 083-411-8947]

Contents: Preface. Introduction. Part One. The Seven Deadly Sins: 1) Pride, “The Complete Anti-God State of Mind”; 2) Envy, “The Most Odious of Vices”; 3) Anger, “The Anesthetic of the Mind”; 4) Lust, “perversions of the Sex Instinct Are Numerous; 5) Gluttony, “Her Belly Dominates Her Whole Life”; 6) Sloth, “This Made It Hard to Think; 7) Avarice, “This Itch to Have Things”. Part Two. The Seven Christian Virtues: 8) Prudence, “No ‘Intellectual Slackers’ Allowed”; 9) Justice, “The Old Name for Fairness”; 10) Courage, “The Form of Every Virtue”; 11) Temperance, “Going the Right Length”; 12) Faith, “The Power to Go on Believing”; 13) Hope, “Something That Cannot Be Had in This World”; 14) Love, “An Affair of the Will”. Notes.

“In dealing with Lewis, I’ve tried to correctly understand and represent his views, fully aware that he never wrote a full-fledged ethical treatise. Nor did he ever put together the seven deadly sins and seven virtues, as did his medieval masters. So I have often drawn upon thinkers Lewis used, such as Aristotle and Aquinas, as well as added both personal anecdotes and other materials that seem relevant” (11).

Gerard Reed, Ph.D., is professor of philosophy and religion at Point Loma Nazarene University in San Diego.

*Reilly, R.J. 1971. Romantic religion: A study of Barfield, Lewis, Williams and Tolkien. Athens: University of Georgia Press.

“Thesis is that Lewis (and the others) defended romanticism by showing it to be religious, and defended religion by “traditionally romantic means.” Separate chapters on each writer. The chapter on Lewis emphasizes the fiction, especially Till We Have Faces.” (From Murphy, p. 91)

Reppert, Victor. 2003. C.S. Lewis’s dangerous idea: In defense of the argument from reason. InterVarsity Press. [ISBN 0-8308-2732-3]

Contents: Preface. 1) Taking C.S. Lewis Seriously, Apologetics and the Personal Heresy; 2) Assessing Apologetic Arguments; 3) C.S. Lewis, Elizabeth Anscombe and the Argument from Reason; 4) Several Formulations of the Argument from Reason; 5) Explanatory Dualism; 6) The Inadequacy Objection. Bibliography. Index.

Building on the metaphors of Daniel Dennett (skyhook and crane in Darwin’s Dangerous Idea), Lewis, “by contrast [shows] that the attempt to account for the world entirely in terms of cranes overlooks something very important: the world thus analyzed has to have scientists in it. And scientists draw their conclusions from evidence, and in so doing they engage in rational inference. But can rational inference itself be genuinely accounted for in terms of cranes? Lewis contention was that it could not, that if you tried to account for the activity of reasoning as a byproduct of the fundamentally nonpurposive system, you end up describing something that cannot be genuinely called reasoning. If Darwin’s dangerous idea is a true explanation of how Darwin got his dangerous idea, then the idea cannot possible be the intellectual monument that Dennett supposes it to be” (7,8).

Victor Reppert (Ph.D., University of Illinois) teaches at Glendale Community College in Arizona.

Rigney, Joe. 2013. Live like a Narnian: Christian discipleship in Lewis’s chronicles. Eyes and Pen Press. [In my Kindle edition]

Contents: Acknowledgments. A Word to the Reader. Introduction: Learning to Breath Narnian Air: Discipleship and the Shaping Power of Stories. 1) Deep Magic, and Deeper: The Moral Law and Sacrificial Love; 2) The Witch’s War on Joy: Why Christmas, Feasts, and Spring’s
Arrival Really Matter; 3) We Will Be Who We Are Becoming: Our Direction Determines Our Destination’ 4) Trumpkin’s Surprising Obedience: The Difference between Giving Advice and Taking Orders; 5) The Lost Art of Chivalry: Recovering the Virtues of Ferocity and Meekness; 6) The Folly of Nothing-Buttery: There’s Always More Than Meets the Eye; 7) After Darkness, Light: Seeing Everything by the Light of the Lion; 8) Parents, Educats, and Bureaucrats: Lewis’s Subtle Assault on Progressivism; 9) Breaking Enchantments with Burnt Marshwiggle: Defending the Faith against Modern Fables; 10) Shasta’s Hard Lesson: Receiving the Reward for a Job Well Done; 11) A Society of Self-Regard: Learning to Whistle Like a Humble Narnian; 12) The Heart of the Laughing King: Learning from Lune What it Means to Be a Man; 13) Tell Me Your Sorrows: Pursuing Healing through Happy Endings; 14) A High and Lonely Destiny; 15) Tirian’s Trials and Tragedy: Enduring Deep Doubt and the Soul’s Dark Night.

“In Live Like a Narnian Joe Rigney shows that Owen Barfield was right–What C.S. Lewis thought about everything was secretly present in what he said about anything. From apologetics to his thoughts on education, from his view of science to the role of government, from Natural Law to true manhood and womanhood–the breadth of Lewis’s bright vision of life shines through in his beloved Chronicles. Come, learn to breathe Narnian air.” (From Amazon)

Joe Rigney is a professor at Bethlehem College and Seminary.

Robinson, Nigel. 2005. The unofficial Narnia quizbook: 1000 questions and answers about C.S. Lewis’s enchanted land. NY: Gramercy Books.

Contents: 50 titled questions, covering the Chronicles and their characters followed by 50 titled answers.

“The thousand questions in The Unofficial Narnia Quizbook are designed to test your knowledge not just of Lucy’s adventures in Narnia, but of the whole history of Narnia and of all the other children from our world who where called there by Aslan” (ix).

“Nigel Robinson is a freelance writer and the author of sixty-eight published novels, non-fiction books, and RV and movie tie-ins.” (From the dust jacket)

*Rogers, Jonathan. 2005. The world according to Narnia: Christian Meaning in C.S. Lewis’s beloved chronicles. New York: Time Warner. Also on Audio Cassette by Blackstone Audiobooks, 2005.

*Rogers, Jonathan. 2009. The Word, the Name, the Blood: Christian meaning in C.S. Lewis’s beloved chronicles. FaithWords.

Contents: Copyright. Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) Reality you could not have guessed: The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe; 2) Myth become fact: Prince Caspian; 3) Finding self, forgetting self: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader; 4) Remembering the signs: The Silver Chair; 5) Up from slavery: The Horse and His Boy; 6) Adventurer and magician: The Magician’s Nephew; 7) Further Up and Further In: The Last Battle. Notes. Bibliography.

“Instead of giving you a lecture on the importance of staying warm, Lewis build a fire and says, “Here—feel this.” You can hardly help but love Aslan for the things he says and does. You can hardly help but desire what’s good and right and true. You can hardly help but feel that a life of virtue is an adventure you wouldn’t want to miss.” (From Amazon)

Roller, Julia L., ed. 2010. A Year with Aslan: Daily reflections from The Chronicles of Narnia. New York, NY: HarperOne

“In the tradition of A Year with C.S. Lewis, get your daily dose of inspiration from this one-of-a-kind devotional collecting 365 readings from the beloved Chronicles of Narnia. C.S. Lewis channeled his profound spiritual understanding into The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Prince Caspian, The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, and the other books in his seminal fantasy series. This enthralling anthology (with lavish illustrations by Pauline Baynes) is the perfect gift for fans of the beloved children’s books, and a peerless set of meditations for anyone looking to step through that secret door to their own world of devotion.” (From Amazon)

*Rossi, Lee D. 1984. The politics of fantasy: C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien. Epping: UMI Research Press.

*Rowe, Carolyn. 2014. C.S. Lewis 199 Success facts: Everything you need to know about C.S. Lewis. Emereo Publishing.

“In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about C.S. Lewis’s Early life, Career and Personal life right away.

A quick look inside: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe – Allusions, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone – Style and themes, Problem of evil – Free will, Owen Barfield – The Inklings, Mere Christianity – The Case for Christianity, Eros (concept), Order of the British Empire, Trumpkin, Wynyard School, Natural Law – Contemporary Christian understanding, Clyde Kilby – Lewis and Inkling scholarship, Geocentrism – Geocentric models in fiction, The Personal Heresy, Alex Jennings – Career, Paul Fiddes – Chapters, Dorothy L Sayers – Other Christian and academic work, The Space Trilogy – The Dark Tower, The Chronicles of Narnia (film series), Biblical literalism – Clarity of scripture, C. S. Lewis – Legacy, Love & Sex, Aslan – In The Last Battle, Active imagination – European tradition, Bacchante – Later culture, Mr. Tumnus, Biographer – Nndash;Z, Georgie Henley – Career, Diana Glyer – Publications, The Voyage of the Dawn Treader – Differences between British and American editions, Wyndhams Theatre – Delfont Mackintosh era, Lewis’s trilemma – Influence, The Four Loves – Agape – unconditional love, Love & Debate – Christianity, David Holbrook – List of other works, Claire Bloom – Television, Pembroke Castle – Film appearances, Headington Quarry, The Magician’s Nephew – Film adaptation, Lurgan College – Notable former pupils, and much more…” (From Amazon)

*Rowse, A.L. 1985. Glimpses of the great. Landam, MD: U. Press of America.

Ryken, Leland and Marjorie Lamp Mead. 2005. A reader’s guide to Through the Wardrobe: Exploring C.S. Lewis’s Classic Story. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Contents: Introduction. Part 1: A guided tour of the Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. 1) Lucy looks into a wardrobe: How the story begins; 2) What Lucy found there: Discovering more about the strange world; 3) Edmond and the wardrobe: Characterization; 4) Turkish delight: Archetypes; 5) Back on this side of the door: How it feels to be normal; 6) Into the forest: Worldmaking and the Storyteller’s art; 7) A day with the beavers: The good place motif; 8) What happened after dinner: Images of good; 9) In the witch’s house: Images of evil; 10) The spell begins to break: What readers like best in a story; 11) Aslan is nearer: The dynamics of the plot; 12) Peter’s first battle: The Romance genre; 13) Deep magic from the dawn of time: The uses of magic; 14) The triumph of the witch: Parallels to the passion story; 15) Deeper magic than before the dawn of time: The genre of fairy tale; 16) What happened about the statues: The role of myth; 17) The hunting of the white stag: The happy ending as narrative pattern and spiritual reality; 18) Retrospect: Putting it all together. Photo Section. Part 2: Narnian Backgrounds. 19) How the Narnian books came to be; 20) Receptive history of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 21) The Christian version of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; 22) A brief biography of C.S. Lewis. Appendix: What is the correct order in which to read the Chronicles of Narnia? Recommended reading list. Notes. Acknowledgements and permissions. Index.

Ryken, Leland and Marjorie Lamp Mead. 2008. A reader’s guide to Caspian: A journey into C.S. Lewis’s Narnia. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Contents: Preface. Introduction. Part I: A Guided Tour of Prince Caspian: 1) The Island: How Lewis Decided to Begin His Story; 2) The Ancient Treasure House: A Discovery Story; 3) The Dwarf: Plot, Setting and Character as a Narrative Harmony; 4) The Dwarf Tells of Prince Caspian: The Device of Flashback; 5) Caspian’s Adventure in the Mountains: Escape and Rescue; 6) The People That Lived in Hiding: Travelogue; 7) Old Narnia in Danger: Preparation for Battle; 8) How They Left the Island: Preparation for Mission: 9) What Lucy Saw: Another Perilous Journey; 10) The Return of the Lion: A Fairy Story and More; 11) The Lion Roars: Epiphany; 12) Sorcery and Sudden Vengeance; Evil Council Convened; 13) The High King in Command: Challenge to Single Combat; 14) How All Were Very Busy: Conquest Story; 15) Aslan Makes a Door in the Air: Denouement. Part 2. Caspian Backgrounds: 16) Are the Narnian Stories Allegorical? 17) The Christian Vision of Prince Caspian 18) Contemporary Review of Prince Caspian; 19) The Critics Comment on Prince Caspian; 20) A Brief Biography of C.S. Lewis. Appendix A: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe: The Movie; Appendix B: Using the Guide with Reading Groups; Appendix C: Using This Guide with Home School Students; Appendix D: Pauline Baynes’s Illustrations of Prince Caspian. Recommended Reading List. Notes. Acknowledgments and Permissions. Index.

“This guidebook has two basic purposes—to introduce C.S. Lewis’s Price Caspian and to give readers some assistance in the basic principles of reading literature” (10).

Leland Ryden (Ph.D., University of Oregon) is Clyde S. Kilby Professor of English at Wheaton College in Wheaton, Illinois; Marjorie Lamp Mead has been associate director of the Marion E. Wade Center at Wheaton College since 1977.

*Sammons, Martha C. 1980 A guide through C.S. Lewis’ space trilogy. Westchester, IL: Cornerstone Books.

Chapters include: -Seeing Pictures: How the books were written, chronological summaries, publication history -Selecting the Ideal Form: Why Lewis chose the fairy tale form, fairy tale elements and style -Seeing Man as Hero: Child heroes -Stealing Past Dragons: Characteristics of religious fantasy, allegory and “supposition,” Christian elements -Stepping Through the Door: Themes and effects of fantasy -Dictionary of Names and Places

“A Guide Through Narnia was one of the first in-depth studies of C.S. Lewis’s seven Chronicles of Narnia. The focus and organization of this revised and expanded edition is on why Lewis wrote the books as fairy tales, the best “Form” for his ideas. It is written for both students and scholars who want to expand their understanding of these popular classics.” (From Amazon)

*Sammons, Martha C. 2000. A far-off country: A guide to C.S. Lewis’s fantasy fiction. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

“A Far-Off Country offers a comprehensive introduction to C.S. Lewis’ major works of fantasy fiction: The Chronicles of Narnia, The Space Trilogy, and Till We Have Faces. Drawing on Lewis’ manuscripts as well as unpublished letters, Sammons provides a detailed background for the novels, including biographical information on Lewis as it pertains to each work. She thoroughly investigates the characters, symbols, and themes of the novels, highlighting the Christian doctrines that are embedded in them in addition to the many Biblical parallels. Sammons also includes numerous references from Lewis’ other books, ultimately relating the ideas presented in his written works to his Christian beliefs. Exhaustive in its analysis yet accessible to a wide audience, this book will excite those in search of an insightful guide to Lewis’ works.” (From Amazon)

Sammons, Martha C. 2004. A guide through Narnia. Revised and Expanded Edition. Vancouver: Regent College Publishing.

Contents. Acknowledgments. Introduction. I. Seeing Pictures: 1) The creation of the Chronicles; 2) Summary of athe Chronicles and events; 3) Other versions and resources. II. Selecting the Ideal Form: 4) Fairy tales; 5) Style; 6) Narrative. III. Seeing Man as Hero: 7) Sons of Adam and daughters of Eve; 8) The role of humans. IV. Stealing Past Dragons: 9) Myth; 10) Allegory; 11) Supposition; 12) Aslan; 13) Creation; 14) The tree and the garden’ 15) Evil; 16) Sacrifice and resurrection; 17) Salvation;. V. Stepping through the Door: 18) Longing; 19) Writer as creator; 20) Dream and reality; 21) Platonism; 22) Stable door; 24) Aslan’s country; 25) The happy ending. Appendix: 26) Dictionary of names and places in the Chronicles of Narnia. Bibliography. Index.

*Sammons, Martha C. 2009. War of the fantasy worlds: C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien on art and imagination. Praeger.

“Most scholarship about J.R.R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis describes their shared faith and academic interests or analyzes each writer’s fantasy works. War of the Fantasy Worlds: C.S. Lewis and J.R.R. Tolkien on Art and Imagination is the first to focus solely on their contrasting concepts of fantasy. The authors’ views of art and imagination, the book shows, are not only central to understanding the themes, value, and relevance of their fantasy fiction, but are also strikingly different.” (From Amazon)

Martha C. Sammons is Professor of English at Wright State University.

*Santamaria, Abigail. 2015. Joy: Poet, seeker and the woman who captivated C.S. Lewis. NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Sayer, George. 1988. Jack: C.S. Lewis and His Times. First edition. San Francisco: Harper & Row. [ISBN: 0 06 067072 X]

Contents: Acknowledgments. Foreword. Note on Primary Sources. Preface: Our First Meeting. 1) Very Different Strains; 2) Good Parents, Good Food, and a Garden; 3) Into Bondage; 4) Malvern College; 5) Great Bookham; 6) Into Battle; 7) Spirits in Bondage; 8) Mrs. Moore; 9) Into Poverty; 10) Fellow and Tutor; 11) Dymer; 12) The Pilgrim’s Regress; 13) The Kilns; 14) War Work; 15) Preacher and Broadcaster; 16) Writing, Writing, Writing; 17) Into Narnia; 18) Escape; 19) Surprised by Joy; 20) Surprised by Marriage; 21) Inspired by Joy; 22) Life After Joy. Afterword. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

“In most of the biographies that I have read, the early years are the most interesting. I have therefore given far more space than Green and Hooper to this part of Lewis’s life. I have similarly given more attention to other aspects, such as his early poetry, his relationship with Mrs. Moore, his life as a university teacher, and his life at the Kilns. I have also tried to provide something like a miniature critical commentary on his books and to guess which are likely to be still in print and read at the beginning of the twenty-first century” (xi).

George Sayer studied under C. S. Lewis at Oxford, was a member of Lewis’s inner circle, and remained his friend throughout his life.

Sayer, George. 1988. Jack: A life of C.S. Lewis. Second edition. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

Same material as in the first edition.

*Schakel, Peter J., ed. 1977. The longing for a form: Essays on the fiction of C.S. Lewis. Kent, OH: Kent State U. Press.

Schakel, Peter. 1979, Reading with the heart: The way into Narnia. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

Contents: Editions Used. Introduction. 1) Reading with the heart: The critical approach; 2 “A Great Sculptor’s Shop”: Law and grace in The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe; 3) “Finding Out by Experience”: Belief and disbelief in Prince Caspian; 4) “Putting the Clock Back”: Progress in The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader”; 5) “You Must Use the Map”: Signs and Scripture in The Silver Chair; 6) “Throwing Up the Sponge”: Trust and Luck in The Horse and His Boy; 7) “Putting the Human Machine Right”: Moral Choice in The Magician’s Nephew; 8) “My True Country”: Longing in The Last Battle. Conclusions. Notes. Table for Converting Page References to Chapter Numbers. Index.

“The key to the approach of this book, then, is that it assumes the Chronicles are not dependent on works or ideas outside themselves, either through allegory or allusion. They depict secondary worlds, separate and self-contained, and they are to be “received” as such, through the imagination and the emotions. My goal in this study, therefore, is to send reader back to the Chronicles with interest renewed and enjoyment increased; to bring out the universal character of the stories aby focusing on archetypal motifs, characters and images, and to clarify the broad patterns of Christian meaning—not picky parallels—which Lewis develops within the books” (xiv).ollins

Schakel, Peter J. 1984. Reason and imagination in C.S. Lewis: A study of ‘Till we have faces’. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Contents. Preface. Section one—Till we have faces: the work itself. I. Introduction: The background; II. Part I, Chapters 1-2: Methods, motives, materialism; III. Chapters 3-5: Of divine mysteries and sacrifice; IV. Chapters 6-7: Love and longing; V. Chapters 8-11: Believing and perceiving; VI. Chapters 12-15: Seeing and knowing; VII. Chapters 16-20: Loving, hating, hiding; VIII. Chapter 21: The myth and the retelling; IX. Part II, Chapters 1-4: “Real life is meeting”. Section two—Till we have faces: The work in context. X. Poet of the teens and twenties: The struggling imagination; XI. Critic and story-writer of the thirties: Imagination as servant; XII. Apologist of the forties: Reason as master; XIII. Autobiographer of the fifties: Reason and imagination reconciled; XIV. Person writer of the sixties: Reason and imagination united. Notes. Table for converting page references to chapter numbers. Index.

*Schakel, Peter J. 2002. Imagination and the arts in C.S. Lewis. Columbia, MO: U. of Missouri Press.

“Peter Schakel begins by concentrating on the way reading or engaging with the other arts is an imaginative activity. He focuses on three books in which imagination is the central theme—Surprised by Joy, An Experiment in Criticism, and The Discarded Image—and shows the important role of imagination in Lewis’s theory of education. He then examines imagination and reading in Lewis’s fiction, concentrating specifically on theChronicles of Narnia, the most imaginative of his works. He looks at how the imaginative experience of reading the Chronicles is affected by the physical texture of the books, the illustrations, revisions of the texts, the order in which the books are read, and their narrative “voice,” the “storyteller” who becomes almost a character in the stories. Imagination and the Arts in C. S. Lewis also explores Lewis’s ideas about imagination in the nonliterary arts. Although Lewis regarded engagement with the arts as essential to a well- rounded and satisfying life, critics of his work and even biographers have given little attention to this aspect of his life. Schakel reviews the place of music, dance, art, and architecture in Lewis’s life, the ways in which he uses them as content in his poems and stories, and how he develops some of the deepest, most significant themes of his stories through them. Schakel concludes by analyzing the uses and abuses of imagination. He looks first at “moral imagination.” Although Lewis did not use this term, Schakel shows how Lewis developed the concept in That Hideous Strength and The Abolition of Man long before it became popularized in the 1980s and 1990s. While readers often concentrate on the Christian dimension of Lewis’s works, equally or more important to him was their moral dimension.” (From Amazon)

*Schakel, Peter J. 2005. The way into Narnia: A reader’s guide. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

The Chronicles: The Author and the Books: 1) The Story-maker and His Stories (2-12); 2) Controversies over Texts and Reading Order (13-21). The Chronicles as Fairy Tales: 3) The Storytelling: Fairy Tale, Fantasy, and Myth; 4) Magic and Meaning in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (39-49); 5) Believing and Seeing in Prince Caspian (50-59); 6) Longing and Learning in The Voyage of the “Dawn Treader” (60-70); 7) Freedom and Obedience in The Silver Chair (71-81); 8) Place and Personal Identity in The Horse and His Boy (82-93); 9) Endings and Beginnings in The Magician’s Nephew (94-102); 10) Endings and Transcendings in The Last Battle (103-113); 11) The Stories Told: Fairyland and Its Effects (114-118); The Chronicles: Annotations (121-162); Sources and Notes (163-194); Further Reading (195-198);

“This book reuses some material from those earlier [Narnia] studies, but it is a new book in approach, emphasis, and insights. Its unifying theme is that the best way to enter Narnia is to read the Chronicles as fairy tales. This book brings out the influence on the Chronicle of the ideas about Faërie developed by Lewis’s friend J.R.R. Tolkien in his essay ‘On Fairy-Stories’” (ix).

Schakel, Peter J. 2008. Is your Lord large enough? How C.S. Lewis expands our view of God. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Books.

Contents: Preface. 1) Is Your Lord Large Enough? 2) God’s Time and our Time; 3) The Meaning of Prayer; 4) What Can We Pray For? 5) God’s Grace and Our Goodness; 6) Keeping Love Alive; 7) Why We Need the Church; 8) Keeping Things Under Control; 9) Making Sense Out of Suffering; 10) Room for Doubt; 11) Coming to an End; 12) Picturing Heave. Appendix A: Lewis’s Life; Appendix B: Lewis’s Thought; Appendix C: Lewis’s Works; Appendix D: A Selective List of Books About Lewis. Source Abbreviations. Notes. Acknowledgments. Index.

“This book explores twelve central issues that appear as major recurring themes throughout Lewis’s nonfiction and fiction. Its focus is not how to become a Christian, but how to grow in faith, in understanding God and in practical living as a Christian” (8).

Schakel, Peter J. and Charles A. Huttar, eds. 1991. Word and story in C.S. Lewis. Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press. [ISBN: 0 8262 0760 X]

Section I. Language: 1) C.S. Lewis and the making of metaphor by Lyle H. Smith Jr (11-28); 2) C.S. Lewis as a student of words by Michael A. Covington (29-41); 3) The sound of silence: Language and experience in Out of the Silent Planet by Verlyn Flieger (42-57); 4) Essential speech: Language and myth in the Ransom trilogy by Gregory Wolfe (58-75); 5) Sanctifying the literal: Images and incarnation in Miracles by Thomas Werge (76-85); 6) A Lifelong Love Affair with Language: 7) C.S. Lewis’s poetry by Charles A. Huttar (86-108); 8) Language and self-consciousness: The making and breaking of C.S. Lewis’s personae by Stephen Metcalf (109-144); Section II. Narrative. Theology in stories: 9) C.S. Lewis and the narrative quality of experience by with articles by Gilbert Meilaender (147-156); 10) Orual’s story and the art of retelling: A study of Till We Have Faces by Mara E. Donaldson (157-170); 11) Bent language in Perelandra: The storyteller’s temptation by Donald E. Glover (171-181); 12) C.S. Lewis and the tradition of visionary romance by John D. Haigh (182-198); 13) Myth or allegory? Archetype and transcendence in the fiction of C.S. Lewis by Paul Piehler (199-212); 14) C.S. Lewis’s Ransom stories and their eighteenth century ancestry by Jared C. Lobdell (213-231); 15) The multiple worlds of the Narnia stories by Michael Murrin (232-254); 16) “Caught up into the large pattern”: Images and narrative structures in C.S. Lewis’s fiction by Colin Manlove (256-276); 17) Perelandra revisited in the light of modern allegorical theory by Marius Buning (277-298); 18) Afterword by Owen Barfield (299-301). Contributors (303-305). Index (309-316).

Peter J. Schakel (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin) is Cook Professor of English at Hope College in Holland, Michigan. Charles A. Huttar was Professor of English at Hope College.

*Schakel, Peter J., Smith-Thesbald, Sharen and Edwin Posey. 1996. Appraisal of the Brown Collection. Appraisal Association Intern: W. Lafayette, Ind.

Schofield, Stephen. 1983. In search of C.S. Lewis: Interviews with Kenneth Tynan, A.J.P. Taylor, Malcolm Muggeridge and others who knew Lewis. South Plainfield, NY: Bridge Publishing, Inc.

Contents: Preface: Who Was Lewis? Chapter 1) Part A: Lunch With Lewis by Stephen Schofield; Part B: Exhilaration by Kenneth Tynan; 2) The Butcher by Alan Rook; 3) Impressions of a Pupil by Norman Bradshaw; 4) Disappointment at Cambridge? by W.R. Fryer; 5) C.S. Lewis, the Teacher by E.L. Edmonds; 6) With Girls at Home by Patricia Heidelberger and Jill Freud; 7) With Women at College by Rosamund Cowan, Patricia (Thomson) Berry, Jan B. Pile and Muriel Jones; 8) Reactions from other Women by Kathryn Lindskoog; 9) A Guest in the House by George Sayer; 10) South African View by Peter Philip; 11) Stunning Effect by Erik Romiley; 12) Memories by H.C. Chang; 13) Surprise Encounter by Naoyuki Yagyu; 14) Poet to Poet by Ruth Pitter; 15) The Fun of the Thing by A.J.P. Taylor; 16) Observation of a Magdalen Don by Sir David Hunt; 17) The Mystery by Malcolm Muggeridge; 18) Impact; 19) Oxford Loses a Genius by Stephen Schofield; 20) The Master: George MacDonald; 21) Letters to an Editor by Stephen Schofield [formerly the editor and publisher of The Canadian C.S. Lewis Journal]; Epilogue. Notes.

“This book is an attempt to shed new light on Lewis, chiefly through friends and pupils. Some have written reminiscences. Others, I have interviewed, and a few chapters I have written myself, as indicated. It is not all favorable. Some Lewis enthusiasts will not like this book, at least certain parts of it. I cannot help that. “As far as I can ascertain, it is all true. “And surely that is what Lewis would have wanted” (xi).

Stephen Schofield is author of Musketoon and is editor and publisher of The Canadian C.S. Lewis Journal. Schofield has gathered a diverse and impressive company of people that comment in person on their encounters with Lewis—very personal and, on the whole, complementary.

Schriftman, Jacob. 2008. The C.S. Lewis book on the Bible: What the greatest Christian writer thought about the greatest book. Moonrise.

Contents: Book I. Why C.S. Lewis Believed in the Bible. Part I. Critique: Unwelcome Supporters: 1) An Outrageous Claim; 2) By Faith Alone? 3) Epistemological Capitulation; 4) Questioning One’s Beliefs; 5) A Chapter Not Strictly Necessary: The Open-Minded Christian; 6) But Did Jesus Not Recommend “Faith-Alone”? 7) The Alleged Freshness of the Bible; 8) The Alleged Evidence of Changed Lives; 9) The Alleged Evidence of the Bible’s Influence; 10) The Alleged Honesty of the Bible; 11) The Alleged Evidence of Messianic Prophecies. Part II. Defense: A Welcome But Debatable Case: 12) A Different Route; 13) Blasphemy Against Nature? 14) What Kind of God Would Work Miracles? 15) The Big Question; 16) The Reliability of the Gospels: Auerbach’s Evidence; 17) The Reliability of the Gospels: The Historical Evidence; 18) The Reliability of the Gospels: The Supportive Evidence of the Apocryphal New Testament: 10) The Reliability of the Gospels: The Additional Evidence of Paul; 20) Death and Resurrection: Absurd or Plausible? 21) From the Empty Tomb to God Incarnate; 22) The Divine Origin of Scripture. Book II. How C.S. Lewis Viewed the Bible. Part I. Critique: Observing the Facts: 1) Signs and Seasons; 2) Cicero vs. Matthew; 3) The Air of Myth and the Stamp of History; 4) The Wisdom of the Dufflepuds; 5) An Honest Look at the Psalmists; 6) Technical Twisting of the Gospels. Part II. Defense: Accommodating the Facts: 7) The High Tower of the Incarnation; 8) Judging by the Ancient Standards; 9) Can God Lie? Summing it Up. A personal Note. Books by C. S. Lewis.

“We will be looking at the reasons C. S. Lewis had for accepting the bible and compare it to that of other Christians. Do some believe the extraordinary claim of the Bible’s divine origin without having any evidence to do so? Do they bank on the priceless value of the Bible without having checked its authenticity? Do they, figuratively speaking, take their suitcase to the police or do they just start spending the money without thinking twice about the authenticity of their valuable resource? Different Christians arrive at the same basic conclusion in different ways, and some Christians simply assume their conclusion to be true” (15).

“I  am a German married to an American and currently live in Ireland. “Jacob Schriftman” is a pen name I adopted because people don’t know how to pronounce my real name, which is Jokim Schnoebbe.

Although I have a degree in Biblical Studies, I like to explore a wide variety of topics, engaging the world in which I find myself. I’m especially fascinated by great questions and influential ideas in the history of human thought.” (From

Schultz, Jeffrey D. and John G. West Jr., eds. 1998. The C.S. Lewis Readers’ Encyclopedia. Zondervan. Foreword by Christopher Mitchell [ISBN 0-310-21538-2].

Contents: Foreword by Christopher Mitchell; Clive Staples Lewis, 1898-1963: A Brief Biography by John Bremer: The C.S. Lewis Readers’ Encyclopedia; Appendices: A: C.S. Lewis Resources; B: C.S. Lewis Timeline; Entry Guides: Biographical Essay; The Works of C.S. Lewis; Concepts, Places, People, and Themes: Uncollected Published Letters; Individual Poems; List of Contributors.

“To begin with, the C.S. Lewis Readers’ Encyclopedia (CSLRE) is designed chiefly to help the reader to get more out of his reading Lewis—to gain a deeper and richer understanding of Lewis’s own work and thinking….The CSLRE helps facilitate this wider investigation by offering entries on hundreds of relate and interconnecting facets of Lewis’s intellectual and literary interests along with bibliographies directed toward further study” (8).

Jeffrey D. Schultz is a freelance publications manager and reference editor. John G. West Jr. is an assistant professor of political science at Seattle Pacific University and a senior fellow at the Seattle-based Discovery Institute.

Schwartz, Sanford. 2009. C.S. Lewis on the Final Frontier: Science and the supernatural in the space trilogy. NY: Oxford University Press.

Contents: Abbreviations. Introduction: Darwin in Deep Heaven; I) Out of the Silent Planet: Cosmic Anthropology: Race and Reason on Planet Mars; II) Perelandra: Paradise Reframed: Keeping Time on Planet Venus; III) That Hideous Strength: A Specter haunting Britain: Gothic Reenchantment on Planet Earth. Conclusion: Further Transpositions: Ransom, Violence, and the Sacred. Appendix A: “The Dark Tower”; Appendix B: Tables for Converting Page References to “Chapter Numbers. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

“The following chapters are designed to accompany readers through each of Elwin Ransom’s adventures and to offer some reflections on the series as a whole, including the unfinished story posthumously published as The Dark Tower….” (7).

Sanford Schwartz is Associate Professor of English at Penn State University and is the author of The Matrix of Modernism: Pound, Eliot, and Early Twentieth-Century Thought.”

*Shepherd, Michael. 2004. A guide for using the Lion, the Witch & the Wardrobe in the classroom. Teacher Created Resources. Tch edition.

“This resource is directly related to its literature equivalent and filled with a variety of cross-curricular lessons to do before, during, and after reading the book. This reproducible book includes sample plans, author information, vocabulary building ideas, cross-curriculum activities, sectional activities and quizzes, unit tests, and ideas for culminating and extending the novel.” (From Amazon)

Sibley, Brian. 1985. Through the Shadowlands: The story of C.S. Lewis and Joy Davidman. By arrangement with the British Broadcasting Corporation. London: Hodder and Stoughton. [ISBN: 0 340 38516 2]

Contents: Introduction. Prologue: The door slams shut; 1) The magician’s nephew; 2) The myth that really happened; 3) The middle-aged moralist; 4) Forbidden joy; 5) And God came in; 6) Surprised by joy; 7) ‘The Lord is my Shepherd, by gum! 8) A deeper magic; 9) Farewell to the Shadowlands; 10) A grief observed; 11) Further up and further in. Bibliography of works by C S Lewis, Joy Davidman, W H Lewis and William Lindsay Gresham. A select list of books about C S Lewis and Joy Davidman.

“Shadowlands tell the unique private story of his tragic love. In Joy Davidman, he truly found love and was drawn out of his shell. But only briefly, as she died months ]sic] after they married.” (From the back cover)

*Sims, John A. 1995. Missionaries to the skeptics: Christian apologists for the twentieth century: C.S. Lewis, E.J. Carnell and Reinhold Niebuhr. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.

“In this unique volume, Dr. John Sims, veteran teacher of apologetics at Lee College, Cleveland, TN, explores the approach of three twentieth-century apologists who sought to make the case for Christianity in a secular world: C.S. Lewis (1898-1963), Edward John Carnell (1919-1967), and Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971)…. Sims does not try to force the three “missionaries” into the same mold. He recognizes their differences: “They were not theological bedfellows, nor did they employ the same strategies for doing apologetics…they were distinctly different types” (p.3). Rather, he finds their community in their “creative and seminal minds and…passionate desire to defend the Christian faith against the ‘intellectual despisers’ of the twentieth century” (p.2). Despite their varied and at times contradictory theological perspectives, they addressed forthrightly the problems common to the whole Christian intellectual enterprise in the wake of modernity.” (From a review by Kenneth B. Mulholland, Columbia Biblical Seminary and School of Missions)

Smith, Mark Eddy. 2005. Aslan’s call: Finding our way to Narnia. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Contents: Abbreviations. Introduction. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; Prince Caspian; The Voyage of the Dawn Treader; The Silver chair; The Horse and His Boy; The Magician’s Nephew; The Last Battle. Afterword. Reflection and Discussion Questions. Editions Used.

“C.S. Lewis has created a wonderful place, a place where anything can happen. Even the stones can talk. In Aslan’s Call Mark Eddy Smith shows us how—in this fanciful world—we discover the truest reality. In the children who travel to Narnia we find ourselves. In Aslan we find Christ. And in the place of Narnia we find the very adventure for which God made us. We begin with the journey, and it is the journey that shapes us.” (From the back cover)

A graduate of the University of New Hampshire, Mark Eddy Smith is graphic designer at InterVarsity Press.

Smith, Robert Houston. 1981. Patches of Godlight: The pattern of thought of C.S. Lewis. Athens, GA: U. of Georgia Press.

Contents: Preface. 1) Lewis’s Christian Objectivism; 2) The Old Western Model of Reality; 3) Reality and God; 4) Cosmology; 5) Universal Truths; 6) Imagination and the Mystical Ascent; 7) The Self; 8) Evil and eschatology; 9) Lewis in Perspective. Notes. Lewis’s Works. Index.

“The task [of understanding Lewis’s thought] is not an easy one. Lewis’s world view was so much a seamless robe that there is on obvious starting point or ending….The task is made both more easier and more difficult because of Lewis’s immense production, which  ran to some ten thousand pages…. A book of this size has necessary limitations. On matters of Western cultural background I have obliged to generalize broadly, and in dealing with philosophical positions and problems I have had to focus largely on those matters which interested Lewis rather than attempting a balanced overview” (x).

Robert Houston Smith is Fox Professor of Religion at the College of Wooster in Ohio.

Starr, Charles W. 2012. Light: C.S. Lewis’s first and final short story. Hamden, CT: Hinged Lion Press.

Contents: Foreword. Introduction. Part One: Light. 1) Light. Part Two: The Origins of Light: 2) Rescued From the Fire; 3) Dr. Brown’s Pursuit of C.S. Lewis; 4) Authenticating Light. Part Three: The Meaning of Light: 5) Contemplation, Enjoyment and War; 6) Toolsheds, Truth and Knowledge; 7) Beyond Reason and Imagination; 8) Earthly Longing, Walmsleyly Light. Part Four: Light by Letters and Lines: 9) The Complete Parallel Light Stories; 10) Shedding Light on the Blind. Appendix: Describing the Manuscripts. Bibliography. Index.

“The story may be a window into Lewis’s pre-conversion thinking. It may be a key to understanding elements of a theory of knowledge which Lewis critics still wrestle to understand: enjoyment vs. contemplation, reason vs. imagination, thinking vs. experiencing, myth vs. fact, fact vs. truth—these key concepts in Lewis’s thought find new explanation in this tale of a former blind man’s search for light” (2).

Charlie W. Starr is professor of English and Humanities at Kentucky Christian University.

Stone, Elaine Murray. 2001. C.S. Lewis: Creator of Narnia. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.

Contents: Preface. 1) Belfast Days; 2) School Days; 3) War and Peace; 4) Conversion; 5) Off to Narnia; 6) And Joy Came In; 7) Love and Marriage; 8) Three Years of Happiness, 1957-1960; 9) Love Is Tears; 10) A Final Word. Further Reading.

“In this insightful new biography of the world-renowned fantasy writer and Christian apologist, award-winning author Elaine Murray Stone again proves her unparalleled skill at making the famous come alive for today’s reader.” (From the back cover)

Swift, Catherine M. 1989. C.S. Lewis. London: Marshall Pickering. Pickering and Inglis. Marshall Morgan and Scott. [ISBN: 0 551 01888 7]

Contents: 1) The magic lands of Boxon [sic] and ‘Little Lea’; 2) The magic ends; 3) Salvation—of a sort; 4) Miss Cowrie, Siegfried and Wagner; 5) Joy recaptured; 6) Back to earth; 7) The ‘Great Knock’; 8) From Oxford to hell; 9) …And back; 10) Under a different rule; 11) Aslan? 12) The final joy.

Tadie, Andrew A. and Michael H. Macdonald, eds. 1995. Permanent things: Toward the recovery of a more human scale at the end of the twentieth century. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

From a conference in June 1990 by Seattle University and Seattle Pacific University.  Contents: Introduction by Ian Crowther (xii); 1) The Great Mysterious Incorporation of the Human Race by Russell Kirk (1-13); From War to Affirmation: The Literature of Permanent Things: 2) Father Brown’s War on the Impermanent Things by John Peterson (17-30); 3) Chesterton’s Dickens and the Literary Critics: The Thing and the Theory by David Whalen (31-47); 4) Waugh’s Road to Affirmation by David Dooley (48-65); 5) “Little Systems of Order”: Evelyn Waugh’s Comic Irony by Gregory Wolfe (66-81); 6) C.S. Lewis Celebrates “Patches of Godlight” by George Musacchio (82-90); The Permanent Things in the Public Square: 7) Chesterton, Democracy and Permanent Things by Kent R. Hill (93-117); 8) G. K. Chesterton and the Science of Economics by William F. Campbell (118-136); 9) Finding the Permanent things in the Political: C.S. Lewis as a Political Thinker by John G. West, Jr. (137-148); Of Golden Threads: Poets “Set on the Marble of Exchange”: 10) What Dorothy L. Sayers Found Permanent in Date by Barbara Reynolds (151-163); 11) Perplexity in the Edgeware Road: Four Quarters Visited Yet Again by Thomas T. Howard (164-175); 12) G.K. Chesterton among the Permanent Poets by Aidan Mackey (176- 191); Dying and Rising: Toward the Renewal of Permanent Things: 13) Darkness at Noon: The Eclipse of Permanent Things by Peter Kreeft (195-221); 14) In Defense of Permanent Truth and Value by John A. Sims (222-239); 15) “There Are No Trees’…Only This Elm”: C.S. Lewis on the Scientific Method by Evan K. Gibson (240-252); 16) Some Ideas on a Christian Core Curriculum from the Writings of G.K. Chesterton, T.S. Eliot, and Dorothy L. Sayers by Alzina Stone Dale (253-269); 17) C.S. Lewis and the Conversion of the West by William J. Abraham (270-282); 18) The Recovery of Permanent Things: Eliot circa 1930 by Marion Montgomery (283-305). Contributors (306-309).

“The essays in this volume were among those presented at a conference hosted in June of 1990 by Seattle University and Seattle Pacific University. This was the second of three such conferences hosted jointly by these two universities, one Catholic and Jesuit, the other Protestant and Free Methodist” (x).

“This inspirational volume gathers eighteen essays on the work of C.S. Lewis, T.S. Eliot, G.K. Chesterton, Dorothy Sayers, and Evelyn Waugh—five of this century’s most imaginative writers, each of whom gave voice to the permanence of Christian truth amid the secularist spirit of the age. The contributors to this volume are well known scholars who themselves are concerned for the recovery of Permanent Things.” (From the back cover)

Andrew A. Tadie is professor of English and director of the Faith and Great Ideas program at Seattle University. Michael H. MacDonald is professor of European studies and philosophy and director of the C.S. Lewis Institute at Seattle Pacific University.

*Tandy, Gary L. 2009. The rhetoric of certitude: C.S. Lewis’s nonfiction prose. Kent, OH: Kent State U. Press. [Also on Kindle]

Contents: 1) “The stance of a last survivor”: C.S. Lewis and the modern world; 2) C.S. Lewis’s rhetorical theory; 3) The rhetoric of argumentation: Invention, arrangement and style in C.S. Lewis’s nonfiction prose; 4) The rhetoric of certitude: Some stylistic traits of C.S. Lewis’s nonfiction prose; 5) The unity of C.S. Lewis’s nonfiction prose. Notes. Bibliography. Index.

“This book offers a new discussion of Lewis’ thought and style. While numerous studies on C. S. Lewis’ literary achievements have been published in the past several years, “The Rhetoric of Certitude” brings much-needed attention to Lewis’ nonfiction prose, identifying his unique style and explaining why his writing has remained popular while that of so many of his contemporaries has not.In this thorough examination of Lewis’ religious essays and literary criticism, author Gary L. Tandy argues that Lewis’ style evolved from a “purposeful rhetorical stance” that unites his nonfiction prose, a style that was informed by his ideas on language, communication, and style, as well as his view of Christianity, and can be most accurately described as a rhetoric of certitude. Tandy begins with Lewis’ context, examines his comments to set up his theory of rhetoric and communication, treats Lewis’ argumentative approach, places him within a rhetoric of certitude, and suggests his style was similar in both his religious and critical writings. “The Rhetoric of Certitude” is certain to become a bellwether in the discussion of Lewis’ nonfiction prose and will be welcomed by C. S. Lewis scholars and specialists.” (From Amazon)

Gary L. Tandy is Professor of English and English Department Chair at George Fox Univeersity.

*Tennyson, G.B., ed. 1989. Owen Barfield on C.S. Lewis. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press. Republished in 2006 by the Barfield Press. [Used from $136.89]

Contents: Preface. Introduction by G.B. Tennyson. 1) C.S. Lewis; 2) Introduction to Light on C.S. Lewis; 3) C.S. Lewis in Conversation; 4) Either: Or: Coleridge, Lewis, and Romantic Theology; 5) C.S. Lewis and Historicism; 6) Some Reflections on The Great Divorce; 7) Lewis, Truth, and Imagination; 8) Lewis and/or Barfield; 9) The Five C.S. Lewises; 10) Conversations on C.S. Lewis (Walter Hooper, Clifford Monks and G.B. Tennyson); 11) C.S. Lewis in Barfield’s Fiction and Verse: “The Things That Are Caesar’s!”; Poems on C.S. Lewis. Index.

The C.S. Lewis Bible. No date. Notes to accompany the New Revised Standard Version. HarperOne. [Controversial, see NYCSLS for review and comments]

*Tillyard, E[ustace] .M[andeville] .W[etenhall]. 1939. The personal heresy: A controversy, with C.S. Lewis. Oxford University Press.

Listed on Amazon (6-16-14) as The personal heresy: A controversy. Paperback by Lewis Tillyard and Joel D. Heck (editor) for $9,974.86 [the price is correct!]. “This book is a debate between Lewis and Tillyard on the topic of objective value, i.e. whether a piece of poetry or other imaginative literature is primarily about the state of mind of the author or the subject on which the author writes. Reading this book is like taking a tutorial with Lewis back in 1939, since you see the exchange of views between the two authors.” Also listed on Amazon is a 1965 edition by Tillyard and Lewis for $40.00 (paperback).

Travers, Michael, ed. 2008. C.S. Lewis: Views from Wake Forest. Collected essays on C.S. Lewis. Wayne, PA: Zossima Press.

Contents: Preface and Acknowledgments by Bruce Little; Introduction by Michael Travers; Editing C.S. Lewis by Walter Hooper. Part 1. CSL as Social Critic—Philosophy, Psychology, Science and Ethics. 1) Culture & Public Philosophy: Another C.S. Lewis by James Como; 2) Hangman’s Duty: C.S. Lewis on Christian Citizenship in Wartime by Justin Barnard; 3) Can Science be Saved? C.S. Lewis on Science, Magic & Ethics; 4) “The Colour of Things in Dark Places”: C.S. Lewis & the “New Science” of Psychology. Part 2. Reasoned Truth and Truth Too Deep for Reason. 5) Compulsion and Liberation: God’s Sovereignty and Human Responsibility in CSL by Brad Mercer; 6) Reflections on the Psalms: C.S. Lewis as Biblical Commentator by Gregory M. Anderson; 7) A Kneeling and Sceptered Love by Stephen D. Boyer; 8) Wilderness, Arcadia and Longing: Mythic Landscapes and the Experience of Reality by Kip Redick. Part 3. The Baptized Cosmos—Narnia and The Space Trilogy. 9) The Spirit of Comedy in The Chronicles of Narnia by Samuel Joeckel; 10) A High and Lonely Destiny: Sources for Jadis, the White Witch by Elizabeth B. Hardy; 11) From Vampire to Venus: C.S. Lewis’ Affirmation of the Human Body by David Rosenberg; 12) Why Wells is from Mars, Bergson from Venus: Mapping Evolution in The Space Trilogy by Sanford Swartz. Part 4. Myths Retold—The Discarded Image and Till We Have Faces. 13) The Discarded Image: Patterns of Truth& Fantasy by David Hogg; 14) The classical Sub-test to Till We Have Faces by Ian C. Storey; 15) Medieval Models of Loss in Till We Have Faces by Stephen Yandell. Contributors. Names and Subjects Indexes.

“The essays in this volume have been selected from those delivered at the “C.S. Lewis: The Man and His Works, a 21st Century Legacy” conference sponsored by the L. Russ Bush Center for Faith and Culture at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina on October 26th and 27th, 2007. The conference brought together a varied group of C.S. Lewis scholars who spoke from multiple points of view. Speakers addressed Lewis from the stand point of theology, philosophy, psychology, and literature—often in overlapping and mutually-beneficial ways;” (1).

“Michael Travers was born and raised in Niagara Falls, Ontario. He holds the B.A. and M.A. from McMaster University, the Diploma in Education Post-Baccalaureate from the University of Western Ontario, and the Ph.D. from Michigan State University. For most of his career he has taught in Christian colleges, where he seeks to integrate the Christian faith with learning in his classrooms and writings. Dr. Travers has taught English literature at Cornerstone University (MI), Liberty University (VA), Mississippi College, and The College at Southeastern. In addition, he served as Vice President for Academic Affairs at Louisiana College. He is a member of the Evangelical Theological Society.” (From

Turner, Charles. 1985. Chosen vessels: Portraits of ten outstanding Christian men. Vine Books. Ann Arbor, MI: Servant Publications. [ISBN: 0 89283 226

Contents: Contributors. Preface. 1) C.S. Lewis by Harry Blamires; 2) Paul Brand by Philip Yancey; 3) William Wilberforce by Charles Colson; 4) Thomas Aquinas by R.C. Sproul; 5) Ott C. Keller by W. Phillip Keller; 6) David Martyn Lloyd-Jones by J.I. Packer; 7) Philip E. Howard, Jr. by Thomas Howard; 8) Blaise Pascal by Robert E. Coleman; 9) T. Stanley Soltau by Charles Turner; 10) Alexander Solzhenitsyn by Malcolm Muggeridge.

Urang, Gunnar. 1971. Shadows of heaven: religion and fantasy in the writings of C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams and J.R.R. Tolkien. Philadelphia: A Pilgrim Press Book and London: SCM Press Ltd..

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) C.S. Lewis: Fantasy and the metaphysics of faith; 2) Charles Williams: Fantasy and the ontology of love; 3) J.R.R. Tolkien: Fantasy and the phenomenology of hope; 4) Conclusion: Fantasy and the “Motions of Grace”. Notes.

“…a study such as this must ask two large questions. First, how does the shape of each writer’s belief correlate with the unique literary qualities of his fiction?…can the pattern of belief represented by the work be considered adequate to the experience and the developing consciousness of modern man?” (3).

Gunnar Urang [at the time the book was published was] associate professor of English at Newark State College and former assistant professor of English at the College of Wooster.

Van Leeuwen, Mary Stewart. 2010. A sword between the sexes? C.S. Lewis and the gender debates. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press.

Contents: Introduction. 1) Surprised by Jack: An Ambivalent Journey; 2) A More fundamental Reality than Sex? C.S. Lewis’s Views on Gender; 3) “Mere” Christianity? Sources and Results of Lewis’s Views on Gender; 4) “Not the Only Fundamental Difference”: The Edwardian World of C.S. Lewis and Dorothy L. Sayers; 5) A better Man than His Theories: C.S. Lewis as a Mentor and Colleague to Women’ 6) “You Can Only Get to Know Them”: C.S. Lewis and the Social Sciences; 7) Men Are from Earth, Women Are from Earth: The Psychology of Gender Since C.S. Lewis; 8) “Nature Speaks Chiefly in Answer to Our Questions”: C.S. Lewis and Some Neglected Issues in the Psychology of Gender; (P) “True to the Kind of Things we Are”: C.S. Lewis and Family Life; 10) “Suppressed by Jack’: The Two Sides of C.S. Lewis. Index.

“The purpose of this book is to trace the route by which Lewis moved slowly from the former to the latter position—from an often-polemical defense of gender essentialism and gender hierarchy to a much more gender-egalitarian view. In the process, I have neither lionized nor demonized him….” (10)

“Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen (Ph.D., Northwestern University) is professor of psychology and philosophy at Eastern University, where she is also resident scholar at the Center for Christian Women in Leadership” (From the back cover)

Vanauken, Sheldon. 1977. A Severe mercy. [Includes 18 previously unpublished letters by C.S. Lewis.] SF: Harper and Row. [ISBN: 0 06 068821 1]

Contents: I) Prologue: Glenmerle Revisited; II) The Shining Barrier (the Pagan Love); III) The Shadow of a Tree; IV) Encounter with Light; V) Thou Art the King of Glory; VI) The Barrier Breached; VII) The Deathly Snows; VIII) The Way of Grief; IX) The Severe Mercy; X) Epilogue: The Second Death; Dates of the C.S. Lewis Letters; Index of poems by title and first line.

Sheldon Vanauken [deceased] was a professor at Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, Virginia.

*Vanauken, Sheldon. 1988. Under the mercy: A sequel to A Severe Mercy. Ignatius Press.

Vander Elst, Philip. 1996. Thinkers of our time. C.S. Lewis: A short introduction. London: The Claridge Press.

Contents: 1) C.S. Lewis—The Man and His Significance; 2) The Repudiation of Atheism; 3) In Defense of Christianity; 4) Political and Cultural Conservatism; 5) Christian Truth in Lewis’s Fiction’ Appendix A: Works by and about C.S. Lewis. A Note about Biographies. Appendix B: Further recommended reading. Index.

[C.S. Lewis’s] life and work not only challenges the prevailing assumption of modern, secularized intellectuals that Christianity is outmoded, irrational, gloomy and obscurantist; it is also the perfect antidote to that spirit of ‘scientific’ rationalism and humanism which has so dominate the twentieth century and which is incarnated in the works of men like “Bertrand Russell, H.G. Wells, and their successors today” (14).

Philip Vander Elst is editor of Freedom Today and General Director of the Freedom Association.

Vaus, Will. 2004. Mere theology: A guide to the thought of C.S. Lewis. InterVarsity Press. [ISBN 0-8308-2782-X]

Contents: Foreword. Acknowledgments. Permissions. Introduction. 1) Defending the Faith; 2) Scripture; 3) The Three-Personal God’ 4) God’s Sovereignty and Human Responsibility; 5) Creation; 6) The Fall; 7) The Person and Work of Christ; 8) The Holy Spirit; 9) Forgiveness of Sins; 10) Faith and Works; 11) Satan and Temptation; 12) The Tao; 13) Venus; 14) Marriage and Divorce; 15) Men Are from Mars; 16) I Am the King’s Man’ 17) War and Peace; 18) What’s Love Got to Do with It? 19) The Church; 20) Prayer; 21) The Sacraments; 22) Hell; 23) Purgatory; 24) Heaven; 25) The World’s Last Night. Conclusion. Notes. Bibliography. Subject Index. Scripture Index.

“If you are picking up this book and have never read anything by C.S. Lewis, I hope that this introduction to his thought will serve as the beginning of a lifelong pilgrimage. And if you have been reading Lewis for some time, may the signposts in this guidebook proved helpful direction along the way” (17).

“Will Vaus (M.Div. Princeton Theological Seminary) has served as a pastor in California, the Carolinas and Pennsylvania. He is the president of Will Vaus Ministries, an international creative communications outreach.” (From the back cover)

Vaus, Will. 2010. The hidden story of Narnia: A book-by-book guide to C.S. Lewis’ spiritual themes. Cheshire, CT: Winged Lion Press.

Contents: Preface. Introduction. I) The Magicians Nephew, Creation & Fall; II) The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, Crucifixion & Resurrection; III) The Horse and His Boy, Calling & Conversion; IV) Prince Caspian, Restoring True Religion after a Corruption; V) The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, The Spiritual Life; VI) The Silver Chair, War against the Powers of Darkness; VII) The Last Battle, The Coming of the Antichrist, the End of the World, and the Last Judgment. Conclusion: How to Live Like a Narnian. Bibliography. Index. Acknowledgments.

“In a number of Lewis’ letters he comments on how children almost always recognize who Aslan is, whereas grown-ups seldom do. However, this book is written for people of all ages who have read the Narnia books and want to understand more of the hidden story behind them all. What I attempt to do in this book is to share with the reader the correspondences I see between Narnia and certain spiritual and biblical themes in our world, as well as demonstrating the connection between what Lewis wrote in the Narnia books and what he wrote elsewhere” (5).

Vaus, Will. 2011. Speaking of Jack: A C.S. Lewis discussion guide. Hamden, CT: Winged Lion Press.

Contents: Why Another Book About C.S. Lewis? A Timeline of C.S. Lewis’ Life. A Reading Schedule. Introductions & Discussion Questions to Lewis’ Works. Boxen; Spirits in Bondage; Dymer; The Pilgrim’s Regress; The Allegory of Love; Out of the Silent Planet; The Personal Heresy; The Problem of Pain; The Screwtape Letters; A Preface to Paradise Lost; Perelandra; The Abolition of Man; That Hideous Strength; The Great Divorce; Miracles; The Weight of Glory; The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe; Prince Caspian; Mere Christianity; The Voyage of the Dawn Treader; The Silver Chair; The Horse and His Boy; English Literature in the Sixteenth Century; The Magician’s Nephew; Surprised by Joy; The Last Battle; Till We Have Faces; Reflections on the Psalms; The Four Loves; Studies in Words; The World’s Last Night and Other Essays; A Grief Observed; An Experiment in Criticism; Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer; The Discarded Image; Poems; Letters of C.S. Lewis; Christian Reflections; Letters to an American Lady; God in the Dock. Books about C.S. Lewis. Jack: A Life of C.S. Lewis by George Sayer. Lenten Lands by Douglas Gresham. Surprised by Joy: An Introductory Class on C.S. Lewis. Planning a C.S. Lewis Tour. A Select Bibliography. Resources for Further Study.

“Some of the discussion questions in this book are designed to highlight certain important facts in various Lewis books. Other questions are more open-ended. In almost every case I have written more questions than can possibly be discussed in one meeting of a book discussion group….In addition to the discussion questions there is: a timeline of Lewis’ life, a reading schedule that will take you through most of Lewis’ major works in a little under three years—one book per month, some suggestions for how to organize an introductory six-week class on Lewis’ life and work, a guide to planning a C.S. Lewis Tour of Ireland and England, a bibliography, and a listing of resources for further study” (3).

*Velarde, Robert. 2008. The heart of Narnia: Wisdom, virtue and life lessons from the Classic Chronicles. Colorado Springs, CO: NAVPRESS. Previously published as The Lion, The Witch and the Bible.

“Robert Velarde…shares the heart of Narnia and explores the great moral themes of Lewis’s seven-volume series, paying particular attention to key vices and virtues, including: Courage and Cowardice; Honesty and Dishonesty; Mercy and Cruelty; Humility and Pride. With biblical understanding and practical insight, Velarde helps readers cultivate virtue in today’s world of moral confusion.” (From

Velarde, Robert. 2008. Conversations with C.S. Lewis: imaginative discussions about life, Christianity and God. InterVarsity Press. [IS BN 978-0-8308-3483-9]

Contents: 1`) Surprised by C.S. Lewis; 2) We Visit Jack’s Childhood Home; 3) Atheism and a Man I Can Relate To; 4) Evil in the Trenches; 5) Can Ideas Destroy Humanity? 6) Conversion on a Motorbike; 7) A Mere Christian on the Air; 8) Friends at the Pub; 9) Mrs. Lewis and the Meaning of Grief; 10) Devil in the Gray Town; 11) Narnia and the World of Imagination; 12) Immortality, Hell and the Great Story. Epilogue. Appendix A: Where Does Lewis Say That? Appendix B: Who’s Who? Bibliography. Acknowledgments. Name Index. Subject Index. About the author.

“[A former atheist], Robert Velarde is a writer and editor for Sonlight Curriculum. He is the author of The Heart of Narnia (NavPress, 2008), Inside the Screwtape Letters (Baker, forthcoming), The Power of Family Prayer (National Day of Prayer, 1999), The Lion, the Witch and the Bible (NavPress, 2005) and Examining Alternative Medicine (InterVarsity Press, 2001). A former editor for Focus on the Family, he received his M.A. in Religion from Southern Evangelical Seminary.” (From

Wagner, Richard. 2005. C.S. Lewis & Narnia for dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing Co. [ISBN 0-7645-8381-6]

Contents at a Glance: Part 1: C.S. Lewis: Christian Apologist and Storyteller; Part II: All Things Narnia: Voyaging to the World of Aslan; Part III: Tell Me More Stories: Lewis’s Other Novels and Fantasies; Part IV: Getting Real: Discovering Lewis’s Nonfiction; Part V: The Part of the Tens; Appendix: Complete List of the Works by C.S. Lewis; Index. (The main Table of Contents is detailed and covers over 9 pages.)

“Richard Wagner is the author of Christianity for Dummies and Christian Prayer for Dummies. He has been an avid student of C.S. Lewis’s works for more than 20 years and has let discussion groups on his writings.” (From the back cover)

Walker, Andrew, and James Patrick, ed. 1998. Rumours of heaven: Essays in celebration of C. S. Lewis, Guildford, Surrey: Eagle, an imprint of Inter Publishing Service Ltd. [ISBN 0863472508]. Originally published by the C.S. Lewis Centre as A Christian for all Christians.

Contents: Introduction by James Patrick. 1) Reflections on C.S. Lewis, Apologetics and the Moral Tradition by Basil Mitchell in conversation with Andrew Walker; 2) Did C.S. Lewis Lose his Faith? by Richard L. Purtill; 3) Under the Russian Cross: A Research Note on C.S. Lewis and the Eastern Orthodox Church by Andrew Walker; 4) The Christian Influence of G.K. Chesterton on C.S. Lewis by Aidan Mackey; 5) A Peculiar Debt: The Influence of Charles Williams on C.S. Lewis by Brian Horne; 6) Journeys into Fantasy: The Fiction of David Lindsay and C.S. Lewis by Bernard Sellin; 7) Elusive Birds and Narrative Nets: The Appeal of Story in C.S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia by Peter J. Schakel; 8) C.S. Lewis the Myth-Maker by Paul S. Fiddes; 9) C.S. Lewis and Idealism by James Patrick; 10) ‘Look Out! It’s Alive!’: C.S. Lewis on Doctrine by Jacques Sys; 11) How to Save Western Civilisation: C.S. Lewis as Prophet by Peter Kreeft; 12) Researching C.S. Lewis by Lyle W. Dorsett; 13) Biographies and Bibliographies on C.S. Lewis by Joe R. Christopher. Notes. Select Bibliography. Notes on Contributors. The C.S. Lewis Centre.

“This book is a reissue of a collection of original essays written for the C.S. Lewis Centre and first published in 1990 as A Christian for All Christians: Essays in Honour of C.S. Lewis (Hodder & Stoughton, 1990). The C.S. Lewis—1987-1994—was a Christian educational trust under the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury…In 1994 it merged with Gospel And Culture under the presidency of Bishop Lesslie Newbigen while still retaining the Archbishop of Canterbury as it patron. Since the summer of 1997 Gospel And Culture has become part of the work of the Bible Society” (ix).

“The essays in this volume are arranged in a ‘family resemblance’ or ‘cluster’ approach, beginning with biography and apologetics, and moving on to literary and personal influences of Lewis” (x, xi).

James Patrick is Provost of the College of Saint Thomas More in Fort Worth, Texas and …is a Roman Catholic theologian; Andrew Walker is at present [1998] director of the Centre for Theology and Culture at King’s College, London.

Walker, Andrew and James Patrick, eds. 1990. A Christian for all Christians: Essays in honour of C.S. Lewis. London: Hodder and Stoughton. [0-340-51384-5].

This book has the same contents as Walker and Patrick, eds., 1998, with a slightly different introduction.

*Walmsley, Lesley, ed. 2000. C.S. Lewis: Essay collection and other short pieces. London: Harper Collins. [$514.85]

“This is an extensive collection of short essays and other pieces by C.S. Lewis brought together in one volume for the first time. As well as his many books, letters and poems, C.S. Lewis also wrote a great number of essays and shorter pieces on various subjects. He wrote extensively on Christian theology and the defense of faith, but also on various ethical issues and on the nature of literature and story-telling. In the ESSAY COLLECTION we find a treasure trove of Lewis’s reflections on diverse topics.” (From Amazon)

Walmsley, Lesley, compiler. 1998. C.S. Lewis on grief. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Contents: Introduction. 30 quotations from Lewis on grief.

Walsh, Chad. 1949. C.S. Lewis: Apostle to the skeptics. NY: Macmillan.

Contents. Preface. 1) Briefly Biographical; 2) The Man; 3) Over The BBC; 4) Into Deeper Waters; 5) The Myth-maker; 6) Dreams and Letters; 7) The Poet; 8) The Scholar; 9) “Mere Christianity”: 10) Unpopular Doctrines; 11) Myth, Fact, and Truth; 12) Last Things, First Things; 13) Reason and Intellectual Climate; 14 “Romanticism”; 15) The Christian Day by Day; 16) Science and Satan; 17) Influences; 18) the Psychologist; 19) The Word-Weaver; 20) A Bird’s-Eye Retrospect; 21) One Straw in the Wind. Bibliography.

“When the authorities disagree, and disagree with such heat, one suspects that the subject of their disagreement is worth further study. That is why I have written this book. No Christian apologist in the English-speaking world is today as much talked about and argued about as C.S. Lewis” (ix).

“Walsh received a fellowship to the University of Michigan where in 1939 he earned a master’s degree in French. In the same year, he won the Hopwood Award in the drama division at the University. He stayed to take a Ph.D. in English in 1943 and after receiving his doctorate, Walsh served as a research analyst in the War Department. In 1945 he joined the faculty of Beloit College as a professor of English and was chairman of the department for many years. He retired in 1977 and afterwards devoted the majority of his time to writing. Walsh died in 1991 at the age of 76.” (From

Walsh, Chad. 1979. The literary legacy of C.S. Lewis. NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Contents: 1) The Shape of His Sensibility; 2) Epistles to a Young Tempter; 3) The Almost Poet; 4) Visionary Worlds; 5) The Womb of Space; 6) The Parallel World of Narnia; 7) The Road Taken Too Late; 8) The Hopeful Critic; 9) Apostle at Large; 10) A Backward and Forward Look. Bibliography. Index.

“Lewis, however [i.e. despite the cult-like followings]—and this is why I wrote this book—is not a writer for one season or one public. His Roman Catholic readership has been large from the beginning, and many Jewish boys and girls, or children of no religious background, have responded to all seven Narnia tales, sometimes aware of the Christian symbols and sometimes not, but in any case reading the books because they are very readable. That is the right approach. Literature first” (xi).

Walsh, Chad, ed. 1981. The visionary Christian: 131 reading from C.S. Lewis. NY: Macmillan Pub. Co.

“The Joyful Christian is confined to Lewis’s expository and apologetic religious books. It deliberately excludes the fantasies, except that Screwtape manages to sneak in. It represents Lewis 1 [“logician, ruthless in debate with his adversaries, but equally strict with himself”] and dramatizes the power and profundity of the rational mind….I set about putting together the present book…so that the reader can see the second Lewis at work….[It] is a candid invitation to revel in the many imagined world of Lewis’s vision, and to find in the the same preoccupation with major themes of spiritual life and death that dominate his apologetic books” (xvi, xvii).

Walsh, Chad. 1998. Chad Walsh reviews C.S. Lewis. With a memoir by Damaris Walsh McGuire. Attadenda, CA: The Mythopoetic Press.

Contents: 1) Foreword: Joe R. Christopher, “The Lewisian Significance of Chad Walsh”; 2) Introduction: Damaris Walsh McGuire, “Memories of Joy, Jack and Chad”; 3) The Reviews: The Abolition of Man; Miracles; The Weight of Glory and Other Addresses; The Chronicles of Narnia; Surprised by Joy; Till We Have Faces; Reflections on the Psalms; The World’s last Night and Other Essays; Letters to Malcolm; The Discarded Image; Letters to an American Lady; The Joyful Christian; A Severe Mercy. 4) Bibliography: Joe R. Christopher: “Chad Walsh’s Writing on C.S. Lewis”.

Ward, Michael. : 2008. Planet Narnia The Seven Heavens in the imagination of C.S. Lewis. Oxford University Press.

Contents: 1) Silence; 2) The Planets; 3) Jupiter; 4) Mars; 5) Sol; 6) Luna; 7) Mercury; 8) Venus; 9) Saturn; 10) Primuum Mobile; 11) The Music of the Spheres; 12) Coda. List of Abbreviations. Notes. Bibliography. General Index. Biblical Index.

“Drawing on the whole range of Lewis’s writings…Ward reveals how the Narnia stories were designed to express the characteristics of the seven medieval planets…which Lewis described as ‘spiritual symbols of permanent value’ and ‘especially worthwhile in our own generation’.

Planet Narnia is a ground-breaking study that will provoke a major revaluation not only of the Chronicles but of Lewis’s whole literary and theological outlook. Ward uncovers a much subtler writer and thinker than has previously been recognized, one whose central interests were hiddenness, immanence, and knowledge by acquaintance.” (From the dust jacket)

Michael Ward is Senior Research Fellow at Blackfriars, Oxford and Professor of Apologetics at Houston Baptist University. His Ph.D. is in Divinity from the University of St Andrews.

*Watson, George, ed. 1992. Critical essays on C.S. Lewis. Aldershot: Scholar Press.

*Weber, Carolyn. 2011. Surprised by Oxford: A Memoir. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

“The title of the book…reflects the author’s discover of deep joy, things finally making sense and real purpose in life….C.S. Lewis had a role in Weber’s coming to faith….Now married with three children, Weber has taught literature at Oxford, Seattle University, Westmont College and the University of San Francisco.” (Reviewed in CSL, The Bulletin of the New Your C.S. Lewis Society, March/April 2014).

Wellman, Sam. 1997. C.S. Lewis: Author of Mere Christianity. Uhrichsville, OH: Barbour Publishing, Inc. [ISBN 1-55748-979-3]

No table of contents, but chapters are as follows: 1) No-Man’s-Land; 2) Otherness; 3) Peaks and Valleys; 4) Shrapnel; 5) Oxford; 6) Real Life; 7) Fellow in English; 8) God’s Grace; 9) Myth-Making; 10) The Silent Planet; 11) Success; 12) Mixed Reviews; 13) Changes; 14) Surprised by Joy; 15) Love; 16) Grief; 17) Homecoming. Acknowledgments.

“Sam Wellman, PhD, is a writer of numerous biographies. He has traveled to Germany many times and twice stayed for several months (in Berlin and Wittenberg). He blogs and tweets on Martin Luther and Frederick the Wise. He lives near Wichita, Kansas.” (From

White, Michael. 2004. C.S. Lewis: A life. NY: Carroll & Graf Publishers. [ISBN 0-7867-1376-3]

Contents: Introduction. 1) ‘Call Me Jack’; 2) The Call of Learning; 3) Scholarship and War; 6) ‘Mother’; 6) Fellowship; 6) Fantasy; 7) Friendship; 8) From War to Joy; 9) Joy; 10) Life without Joy; 11) Legacy; Notes. Appendices: A Guide to the Publications of C.S. Lewis; A Chronology of the Life and Times of C.S. Lewis; Those Who Survived C.S. Lewis. Bibliography. Index.

“I wish to consider C.S. Lewis from the position of a fan, certainly, but I did not want to dwell too much on his religious devotions or his academic accomplishments. In many ways I am the polar opposite of my subject. I am an atheist and I very much enjoy the twenty-first century, whereas Lewis had little time for the ear in which he lived…..The things that drew me to Lewis were his fiction, his creativity and his ability to express himself in such diverse ways” (x).

“…Michael White is now a globally bestselling author of 38 books. He has the unique distinction of being the only person in the world who has appeared in three Top 10 charts – as a novelist, as a non-fiction writer and as a pop star. Michael has sold over 2 million books in 40 languages. He has appeared on TV and Radio around the world.” (From

*White, Michael. 2005. C.S. Lewis: Creator of Narnia. Da Capo Press.

“…Clive Staples Lewis’s path to renown not only as a groundbreaking literary critic, novelist, and Christian theologian was an intellectual and emotionally chaotic one, as Michael White reveals in this probing new biography. He follows the young Lewis, a nervous man profoundly depressed by the death of his mother, in a spiritually tormented course that would take him through the trenches of World War I to the upper ranks of English letters. White cleverly deconstructs Lewis’s novels and religious works to reveal the frequently tormented soul and imagination from they sprung. Most importantly, he delves into the mythos that has long surrounded Lewis and rediscovers the man beneath.” (From Amazon)

White, Roger, Judith Wolfe and Brendan Wolfe, eds. 2015. C.S. Lewis and his circle: Essays and memoirs from the Oxford C.S. Lewis Society. NY: Oxford University Press.

Contents: Foreword by Suzanne M. Wolfe and Gregory Wolfe. Preface by Roger White, Judith Wolfe and Bendan N. Wolfe. Part I: Essays. Philosophy and Theology: 1) C.S. Lewis, defender of the faith by Alister McGrath; 2) C.S. Lewis’s rewrite of Chapter III of Miracles by Elizabeth Anscombe; 3) C.S. Lewis and the limits of reason by Stephen Logan; 4) Sacramentalism in C.S. Lewis and Charles Williams; 5) Charles Williams and the problem of evil. Literature: 6) That Hideous Strength: A reassessment by Rowan Williams; 7) Yearning for a far-off country by Malcolm Guite; 8) W.H. Auden and the Inklings by Michael Piret; 9) The Lewis diaries: C.S. Lewis and the English Faculty in the 1920s by Tom Shippey; 10) It all began with a picture; The making of the C.S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia by Walter Hooper. Part II: Memoirs. Memories of and his family and friends. 11) The Lewis family by Joan Murphy; 12) Recollections of C.S. Lewis by George Sayer; 13) C.S. Lewis as a parishioner by Ronald Head; 14) Marrying C.S. Lewis by Peter Bide; 15) Memories of the Socratic club by Stella Aldwinckle. Memories of the Inklings: 16) The Inklings by Walter Hooper; 17) Lewis and Barfield by Owen Barfield; 18) Brothers and friends: The diaries of W.H. Lewis by John Wain; 19) Nevill Coghill and C.S. Lewis: Two Irishmen at Oxford by John Wain. Afterword: A brief history of the Oxford C.S. Lewis Society by Michael Ward. Index.

[From lectures and talks given many years earlier, many published elsewhere.]

White, William Luther. 1969. The image of man in C.S. Lewis. Nashville: Abingdon Press.

Contents: Introduction. I) C.S. Lewis—The Man and His Reputation; II) Myth, Metaphor, and Religious Meaning: III) Poiema, Logos, and Literary Fantasy; V) Man as He Was Intended: Creation, with Fresh Images of Composite Creatures; VI) Man as He Has Become: The Fall, with Fresh Images of “Bent” Men; VII) Man as He May Become: Redemption with Fresh Images of New Men, Part 1; VIII) Man as He May Become: Redemption with Fresh Images of New Men, Part 2; IX) Man as He is Yet to Be: Echatology [sic], with Fresh Images of Human Destiny. Conclusion. Appendixes: 1) Original Publication Dates of Lewis’ Major Works; 2) General Classification of Books by C.S. Lewis; 3) A Chronology of Some Major Events in Lewis’ Life; 4) A Glossary for Out of the Silent Planet; 5) A Letter from J.R.R. Tolkien. Bibliography: Primary Works; Secondary Sources. Index.

“I will be considering all forty-nine of Lewis’ books, but it is not essential for my purposes to survey all of Lewis’ articles, book reviews and letters….I will offer no extended biographical treatment….” (18)

“White’s 1969 study is the first to examine the entire Lewis corpus and the first to offer such an extensive bibliography. To these invaluable aids for Lewis scholars, White adds his own training in theology and literary criticism and a sensitivity to the complexities of the artist and the religious man. His interpretation of the intricate skeins of belief to be found in Lewis’ work make this study as significant to the theological as to the literary world.” (From

Wielenberg, Erik J. 2008. God and the reach of reason: C.S. Lewis, David Hume, and Bertrand Russell. Cambridge University Press.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) The Love of God and the Suffering of Humanity: 1.1 The Problem; 1.2 Hume’s Presentation of the Problem; 1.3 Lewis’s Attempt to Solve the Problem; 1.4 The Case of Ivan Ilyich; 1.5 The Incompleteness of Lewis’s Solution. 1.6 conclusion. 2) Beyond Nature: 2.2 Introduction; 2.2 The Moral Argument; 2.3 The Argument from Reason; 2.4 The Argument from Desire; 2.5 Conclusion. 3) Miracles: 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Debating Miracles in the Eighteenth Century; 3.3 A Preliminary Skirmish; 3.4 Hume’s Main Assault; 3.5 Lewis’s Counterattack; 3.6 The Fitness of the Incarnation; 3.7 Lewis’s Mitigated Victory and the Trilemma; 3.8 Conclusion. 4) Faith, Design, and the True Religion: 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Faith; 4.3 Design; 4.4 True Religion. Notes. References. Index.

“My main goal here is to put these three great thinkers in conversation with each other, shedding light not only on the views of each but also on the quality of their arguments….We study great thinkers not just to learn about them but also to learn from them” (6).

Erik J. Wielenberg teaches in the Philosophy Department at DePauw University. “I did my graduate work at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and was fortunate enough to spend a year studying at the Center for Philosophy of Religion at the University of Notre Dame. (From

Williams, Donald T. 2006. Mere humanity: G.K. Chesterton, C.S. Lewis, and J.R.R. Tolkien on the human condition. Nashville, TN: Broadman.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Prelude: The Body Human. Introduction: Is Man a Myth? Interlude: Apologia. 1) Chesterton and the Everlasting Man; Interlude: Here’s the Marvel; 2) C.S. Lewis and the Abolition of Man; Interlude: Proposed…; 3) J.R.R. Tolkien: Humanity and Faerie; Interlude: A Parable for Demythologizers; 4) The Abolition of Hnau; Interlude: Earth; 5) The Abolition of Talking Beasts; Interlude: Commentary, Genesis 2:19, No. 1; 6) The Everlasting Hobbit; Interlude: Commentary, Genesis 2:19, No.2. Conclusion; Interlude: The Saints Believe What Every Lover Knows. Appendix A: Stories and Stock Responses; Interlude: The Logic of Postmodernism; Appendix B: The Great Divide; Interlude: The Quest Motif. List of Works Consulted. Endnotes. Index of Names. Index of Characters. Index of Subjects.

“’Is Man a Myth?’ asks the title of one of Mr. Tumnus’s books. In the world of Narnia it was apparently an open question until a certain daughter of Eve named Lucy showed up to have tea with him” (1). “In this book we will take this question seriously and attempt some steps toward an answer” (2).

“Donald T. Williams is chair of the Department of Humanities and Natural Sciences at Taccoa Falls College in George. He holds degrees from Taylor University, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and the University of Georgia.” (From the back cover)

Williams, Peter s. 2013. C.S. Lewis vs the New Atheists. Pasternoster [On my Kindle]

Contents; Foreword by Revd. Dr Michael Ward. Author’s Preface. 1) Old-Time Atheism; 2) The Positively Blunt Sword of Scientism; 3) A Desire for Divinity? 4) The Argument from Reason; 5) The Problem of Goodness; 6) Jesus in the Dock; Conclusion: First Things First. Selected Resources. Notes.

“The book will counter the ‘new atheist’ movement using the arguments of C.S. Lewis, thereby appealing to readers interested in both loci and showing that there is nothing especially ‘new’ about the new atheism. How might C.S. Lewis, the greatest Christian apologist of the twentieth century, respond to the twenty-first century ‘new atheism’ of Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens and company? Might Lewis’ own journey from atheism to Christian belief illuminate and undercut the objections of the new atheists? Christian philosopher Peter S. Williams takes us on an intellectual journey through Lewis’ conversion in conversation with today’s anti-theists. ‘This book shows the breadth, depth, and durability of Lewis’s Christian apologetics.’ Michael Ward, chaplain at St Peter’s College, Oxford”

“Christian philosopher and apologist Peter S. Williams (MA, MPhil) is Assistant Professor in Communication and Worldviews at Gimlekollen School of Journalism and Communication, Norway. (From

Williams, Rowan D. 2013. The lion’s world: A journey into the heart of Narnia. NY: Oxford University Press.

Contents: Preface. Introduction. 1) The point of Narnia; 2) Narnia and its critics; 3) Not a tame lion; 4) No story but your own; 5) The silent gaze of truth; e6) Bigger inside than outside. Conclusion. Notes.

“…Lewis is trying to recreate for the reader what it is like to encounter and believe in God” (16). “In Narnia, you may be on precisely the same spiritual level as a badger or a mouse” (21).

“Former Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams offers fascinating insight into The Chronicles of Narnia, the popular series of novels by one of the most influential Christian authors of the modern era, C. S. Lewis. Lewis once referred to certain kinds of book as a “mouthwash for the imagination.” This is what he attempted to provide in the Narnia stories, argues Williams: an unfamiliar world in which we could rinse out what is stale in our thinking about Christianity–“which is almost everything,” says Williams–and rediscover what it might mean to meet the holy. Indeed, Lewis’s great achievement in the Narnia books is just that-he enables readers to encounter the Christian story “as if for the first time.” How does Lewis makes fresh and strange the familiar themes of Christian doctrine? Williams points out that, for one, Narnia itself is a strange place: a parallel universe, if you like. There is no “church” in Narnia, no religion even. The interaction between Aslan as a “divine” figure and the inhabitants of this world is something that is worked out in the routines of life itself. Moreover, we are made to see humanity in a fresh perspective, the pride or arrogance of the human spirit is chastened by the revelation that, in Narnia, you may be on precisely the same spiritual level as a badger or a mouse. It is through these imaginative dislocations that Lewis is able to communicate–to a world that thinks it knows what faith is–the character, the feel, of a real experience of surrender in the face of absolute incarnate love.” (From Amazon)

Willis, John Randolph. 1983. Pleasures forevermore: The theology of C.S. Lewis. Chicago: Loyola University Press.

Wilson, A.N. 1990. C.S. Lewis: A biography. Hammersmith, London: Flamingo, an imprint of HarperCollins Pub [First published in Great Britain by William Collins & Co. ISBN: 0 00 654428 2]

Contents: Illustrations. Preface. 1) Antecedents; 2) Early Days 1898-1905; 3) Little Lea 1905-1908; 4) Schools 1908-1914; 5) The Great Knock 1914-1917; 6) The Angel of Pain 1917-1918; 7) Undergraduate 1917-1922; 8) Heavy Lewis 1922-1923; 9) Redemption of Parricide 1925-1929; 10) Mythopoeia 1929-1931; 11) Regress 1931-1936; 12) The Inklings 1936-1939; 13) Screwtape 1939-1942; 14) Separations 1942-1945; 15) Narnia 1945-1951; 16) The Silver Chair 1951-1954; 17) Smoke on the Mountain 1954-1957; 18) Marriage 1957-1959; 19) Men Must Endure 1959-1960; 20) Last Years 1960-1963; 21) Further Up and Further In. Sources. Acknowledgements. Notes. Select Bibliography. Index.

“It is not the rational Lewis who makes this enormous appeal, the Lewis who lectured on medieval and Renaissance literature with such superb fluency and wide-ranging erudition to generations of English students. It is the Lewis who plumbed the irrational depths of childhood and religion who speaks to the present generation” (x). This book is not intended to be iconoclastic, but I will try to be realistic, not only because reality is more interesting than fantasy, but also because we do Lewis no honour to make him into a plaster saint. And he deserves our honour” (xviii).

A.N. Wilson was born in 1950 and educated at Rugby and New College, Oxford.

“Former atheist A. N. Wilson has slowly emerged from the closet as a believer – again. The renowned journalist and biographer, who was raised in the church of England and who had once considered himself a believer, had a “conversion” to atheism 20 years ago at age 38 (midlife crisis, anyone?)…. After that conversion, his biographical writing turned to demythologizing gospel stories about Jesus and viewing C. S. Lewis through a Freudian lens. (That effort provoked an outcry among Lewis lovers.) …Because of the gradual nature of Wilson’s re-conversion, we trust he will continue to grow in grace and understanding and trust in God – as should we all, whether our conversion happened in a flash or stretched over many years.” (From…/born-again-atheist-makes-…)

Wirt, Sherwood Eliot, ed. 1991. Spiritual witness: Classic Christian writings of the 20th century. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

Contents: Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1) The Traffic of the Temple by Amy Carmichael; 2) The Soul of Prayer by Peter T. Forsyth; 3. The Paradoxes of Christianity by G.K. Chesterton; 3) Why I am a Christian by Ole Hallesby; 5) With and Without Christ by Sundar Singh; 6) Grace and Discipleship by Dietrich Bonhoeffer; 7) What Christians Believe by C.S. Lewis; The Attributes of God by A.W. Tozer; 9) Ravensbruck by Corrie ten Boom; 10) The Significance of the Resurrection by Carl F.H. Henry; 11_) Why You should Come to Christ by Billy Graham; 12) Living by Faith by Francis A. Schaeffer; 13) Signs of the Kingdom by Charles W. Colson. Afterword by Michael KI. MacIntosh.

Sherwood Eliot Wirt, author of over a dozen books, was a founding editor of Decision magazine.

Wolfe, Judith and Brendan Wolfe. 2011. C.S. Lewis and the Church: Essays in honour of Walter Hooper. London: Bloomsbury T & T Clark.

The front matter contains a list of abbreviations of the works by C.S. Lewis, Notes on Contributors, and an Introduction (1-20): Oxford, 1963, and a Young Boswell by Andrew Cuneo. Part I: The Church in Lewis’ Life: 1) C.S. Lewis and Early Christian Literature by Mark Edwards (23-39); 2) ‘You Must Throw Yourself in’: C.S. Lewis and the Victorian Literary Church by Jonathan Herapath (40-51); 3) Lewis’ Involvement in the Revision of the Psalter by Francis Warner (52-63). Part II: The Church in Lewis’ Writings: 4) The Church in C.S. Lewis’ Fiction by Michael Ward (67-89); 5) C.S. Lewis’ Quantum Church: An Uneasy Meditation by James Como (90-102); 6) C.S. Lewis and the Eschatological Church by Judith Woolfe [sic] (103-116); 7) C.S. Lewis on Relations between the Churches by B.N. Wolfe (117-125). Part III: Lewis and the Churches: ‘Mere Christianity’ and Catholicism by Ian Ker (129-134); 9) C.S. Lewis, an ‘Anonymous Orthodox’? (135-153); 10) Lewis and Historical Evangelicalism by Christopher W. Mitchell (154-173); 11) Lewis as the Patron Saint of American Evangelicalism by Philip Ryken (174-185). Index of C.S. Lewis’ Works (187-188); Index of Subjects (189-193).

“I think nobody has done more for the promotion of C.S. Lewis’ writings than Walter Hooper. It is therefore an appropriate token of gratitude to commemorate this with a Festschrift in his honor. The excellent contributions in this volume deal with the question of C.S. Lewis’ relation to the Church. To what extent was he an Evangelical, a crypto-Catholic, or just a devout Anglican? But they also underline what I, as one of his millions of “fans,” personally think: that he was above all a real Christian, and that this is the true reason for his immense and lasting popularity.” Cardinal Dr Christoph Schönborn, Archbishop of Vienna, Austria. (From the back cover).

Judith Wolfe is a Research Fellow at Wolfson College in the University of Oxford. Brendan N. Wolfe is past President and Secretary of the Oxford C.S. Lewis Society and Executive Editor of the Journal of Inklings Studies (formerly The Chronicle).Zaleski, Phi

*Zaleski, Philip and Carol Zaleski. 2015. The fellowship: The literary lives of the Inklings: J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S Lewis, Owen Barfield, Charles Williams. NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

“In The Fellowship, Philip and Carol Zaleski offer the first complete rendering of the Inklings’ lives and works. The result is an extraordinary account of the ideas, affections and vexations that drove the group’s most significant members. C. S. Lewis accepts Jesus Christ while riding in the sidecar of his brother’s motorcycle, maps the medieval and Renaissance mind, becomes a world-famous evangelist and moral satirist, and creates new forms of religiously attuned fiction while wrestling with personal crises. J.R.R. Tolkien transmutes an invented mythology into gripping story in The Lord of the Rings, while conducting groundbreaking Old English scholarship and elucidating, for family and friends, the Catholic teachings at the heart of his vision. Owen Barfield, a philosopher for whom language is the key to all mysteries, becomes Lewis’s favorite sparring partner, and, for a time, Saul Bellow’s chosen guru. And Charles Williams, poet, author of “supernatural shockers,” and strange acolyte of romantic love, turns his everyday life into a mystical pageant.” (From Amazon page)